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Appennino Parmense Orientale
Area/Range

Appennino Parmense Orientale

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Appennino Parmense Orientale

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Parma/Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Europe

Lat/Lon: 44.38670°N / 10.02980°E

Object Title: Appennino Parmense Orientale

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Sport Climbing, Toprope, Bouldering, Ice Climbing, Scrambling, Skiing

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 6106 ft / 1861 m

 

Page By: Silvia Mazzani

Created/Edited: Jan 12, 2012 / Jun 21, 2014

Object ID: 770794

Hits: 5559 

Page Score: 93.81%  - 44 Votes 

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Overview

 
Appennino Parmense Orientale - View on Central Peaks
Central Area peaks seen from Monte Orsaro m. 1831
 
Appennino Parmense Orientale - View from NE
Central and Western peaks seen from Rocca Pumacioletto m. 1690
 
Appennino Parmense Orientale - View from NE
Lago Santo-Holy Lake Area peaks seen from NE
 
Appennino Parmense Orientale - View from SW
View on Western peaks from South-West (Tuscany)
 
Appennino Parmense Orientale - View from Passo Paitini
Monte Sillara m. 1861 and Rocca Pianaccia seen from Passo Paitini






 

 

 

 

 

Appennino Parmense Orientale 

The Apennines are the longest mountains’ chain in Italy. They are divided in three main parts: Northern, Central and Southern Apennines.
Northern Apennines run from West to East, separating the greatest Italian continental North Plane (Pianura Padana) from the Italian peninsula, bordered by Mediterranean Sea.
Northern Apennines are divided into two parts again: Appennino Ligure in West side and Appennino Tosco-Emiliano in East side. The Appennino Tosco-Emiliano, situated between Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany administrative districts, shows some different areas: it’s named Appennino Parmense Orientale (Eastern Parmese Apennines) the area located inside the Eastern part of Parma Province administrative boundaries and running between Passo del Cirone in the Western side and Passo del Lagastrello in the Eastern side.
The main valleys of this area are Val Parma in the Western sector and Val Cedra in the Eastern sector. As in all Northern Apennines there are not very high mountains and rocky ones are few.
The highest peak of all the district is the secluded Monte Sillara m. 1861, with its fine Laghi Sillara (Sillara Twin Lakes), situated one hundred meters below the mountain summit ridge, on its Northern side. Monte Marmagna m. 1851 is otherwise the best known and more frequently climbed peak inside the whole Appennino Parmense. The reason of its reputation is mainly due to three important factors: its closeness to Rifugio Mariotti, a popular hiking, mountaineering and ski-mountaineering destination; the easy access both in winter time and in the other seasons along its Normal route starting from the same shelter; the renowned view over Alpi Apuane and Tirrenian Sea with Gulf of La Spezia, Portovenere, Palmaria - and even Corsica in the clearest winter days - enjoyable from the summit.
In late spring, summer and early fall, when the area is the domain of the trekkers rather than the mountaineers, the highest peaks show a typical landscape: the majority of the summits are covered by high prairies, with few rocky buildings emerging from, and all of them are simply reachable by hiking.
Nevertheless, both rock climbers and ice climbers can find an interesting and suitable play ground. The most interesting peaks to climb multipitch routes are Monte Scala, Rocca Pumacioletto and Stagnoni. Moreover, some fine cliffs had been equipped to enjoy sport climbing in early spring and summer inside the magnificent Lagoni or Laghi Gemini (Twin Lakes) area, as Falesia del Lago Scuro, Falesia dei Lupi Mortacci, Il Canyon and the new Falesia degli Anelli.
The district is also renowned to practice bouldering on several blocks of excellent "macigno" in Lagoni and Lago Verde areas.
During the cold season the district offers magnificent winter ascents to several peaks, which summits can be reached along normal routes with low technical engagement, while ice climbers can climb some interesting gullies and little ice-falls.


Getting There

 
The forest road to Badignana
The forest road to Badignana


Parma is the nearest town to the area; it’s a 200.000 inhabitants town, the capital of food valley, the famous food production and factory district. Its airport offers some domestic flies and only a few international ones. A good choice of international flies is provided by Milano and Bologna International Airports, both at a reasonable distance (about 110 km to Milano and 90 km. to Bologna).
Parma is linked to other Italian and European towns by A1 (Autosole) and A15 (Autocisa) motorways, so logistic is not a problem.

Access from A15 (Autocisa Motorway) – Following A15 towards North exit Pontremoli and follow the road to Passo del Cirone and Bosco di Corniglio. From here follow the road towards the locality named Cancelli. If you’re driving on A15 towards South it’s better to exit to Borgo Val di Taro and follow the road to Passo del Sillara and Bosco di Corniglio.

Access from Parma

-To Lagdei and Lagoni sectors: from Parma follow the SP 665 (Massese) towards Langhirano and Capoponte; here turn to right, reaching Corniglio, Bosco di Corniglio and the locality named Cancelli.

-To Valditacca and Pratospilla sectors: from Parma follow the SP665 (Massese) towards Langhirano and Capoponte; here carry on straight following the road towards Palanzano and Monchio delle Corti.

Nature and climate

Nature and climate

 
A beech, still bare
Fagus Sylvatica (Beech)




The area, usually as far as 1.600 m. of altitude, is covered by a dense magnificent forest, perfectly preserved through several years of massive deforestation (in the beginning of the twentieth century), due to mountain people’s poverty situation in that period. Due to the great difference between winter climate – snowy and cold – and summer’s climate – relatively warm – the arboreal species that succeed in this environment have adaptations to both seasons.
The autochthonous beech (Fagus Sylvatica) is the original and largest specie in the area and can reach heights of 20-30 mts, with characteristic straight trunks.
Evergreen conifers as White Firs (Abies Alba) where added later as the result of forestation’s work.
Rocks, forests and climate create a landscape similar to the north Scandinavian one.
The climate is a sub-continental one, so we have cold and snowing winter and summer not too hot due to the sea influence and wind action.


Main Trails

MAIN TRAILS

Inside the area there is a thick network of trails marked and maintained by C.A.I. Club Alpino Italiano Sezione di Parma, introducing the hiker to the discovery of all the main landscape’s features, to visit the numerous small lakes and to the observation of the ancient glacier’s traces.
An easy and very satisfactory trail marked 00 and oriented W to E crosses the whole chain along the main boundary’s ridge dividing Emilia-Romagna to Tuscany. This trail constitutes the Parmese tract of G.E.A. Grande Escursione Appenninica (Great Apennines Trail) from Passo dei Due Santi to Bocca Trabaria.

Marmagna summit cross
Marmagna summit cross
On the trail to Lago Verde
On the trail to Lago Verde



The most interesting walks, on well worn paths, are:

- Trail 00 from Passo del Cirone m. 1255 to Passo del Lagastrello m. 1153 (Parmese tract)
- From Lagdei to Lago Santo Parmense
- From Lagdei to Capanna Schiaffino
- From Rifugio Mariotti to Monte Marmagna
- From Lagoni Forest road to Capanne di Badignana and Sella del Brusà
- From Lagoni Forest road to Fontana del Vescovo and Passo Fugicchia
- From Lagoni to Lago Scuro and Capanne del Lago Scuro
- From Lagoni to Lago Verde
- From Lagoni to Buca della Neve (Snow Hole)
- From Valditacca to Laghi Sillara and Monte Sillara
- From Pratospilla to Lago Ballano and Lago Verde
- From Pratospilla to Lago Palo

Main Summits

Main Summits (in order of height)

With a few exceptions, the peaks are mainly lined on the boundary crest - called "crinale" by the local mountaineers - between Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany and run along the North West - South East direction from Passo del Cirone m. 1255 to Passo del Lagastrello m. 1153.

M. Sillara m. 1861 - M. Losanna m. 1855 - M. Marmagna m. 1851 - M. Matto m. 1837 - M. Bragalata m. 1835 - M. Orsaro m. 1831 - M. Braiola m. 1821 - M. Paitino m. 1814 - M. Brusà m. 1796 - M. Bocco m. 1790 - M. Aquila m. 1779 - M. Uomo Morto m. 1773 - Rocca Pianaccia m. 1762 - M. Aquilotto m. 1747 - Cima Canuti m. 1743 - Torricella m. 1728 - Roccabiasca m. 1727- Scala m. 1715 - M. Malpasso m. 1713 - Rocca Pumaciolo m. 1711 - Rocca Pumacioletto m. 1690 - M. Fosco m. 1680 - Navert m. 1654 - M. Tavola m. 1508 - Sterpari

Lago Scuro at Fall
Sillara m. 1861
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Losanna m. 1855
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Marmagna m. 1851


Lago Scuro at Fall
Matto m. 1837
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Orsaro m. 1831
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Braiola m. 1821


Lago Scuro at Fall
Brusà m. 1796
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Rocca Pianaccia m. 1762
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Aquilotto m. 1747


Lago Scuro at Fall
Torricella m. 1728
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Roccabiasca m. 1727
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Scala m. 1715


Lago Scuro at Fall
Rocca Pumaciolo m. 1711
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Rocca Pumacioletto m. 1690
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Navert m. 1654

Rock climbing and ice climbing main peaks

Rock climbing and Ice climbing main peaks

 
Rocca Pumacioletto SW side
Rocca Pumacioletto

 
Torricella West Gullies
Torricella
 
After the storm
Monte Scala
 
Monte Roccabiasca
Roccabiasca

Monte Scala m. 1715 - Rocca Pumacioletto m. 1690 - Roccabiasca m. 1727 - Torricella m. 1726 - Stagnoni m. 1200


Lakes and ancient glaciers

Lakes and ancient glaciers

The area is best known as “100 Lakes Park”, because of the presence in the whole territory of several attractive very small and bigger lakes, having an ancient glacial origin, giving to the landscape a charming look.

Lago Scuro at Fall
Lago Scuro (Dark Lake) in Fall
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Sillara Lakes in winter time
Mist dropping over Lago Martini
Summer mist dropping over the small Lago Martini


During the Wurmian period the whole area was interested by a great glaciation. The landscape was sculpted by glaciers and today shows to the visitor’s eyes an undoubted evidence of the biggest glacier ever established in Apennines (very likely it was longer than 8 Kms, larger than 2,5 and higher than 200 mts). Rocks’ particular features and circular holes in the sandstone, rocky steps in the valleys and lateral moraines are a visible evidence of.

The Holy Lake (Lago Santo) seen from Monte Sterpara
The Holy Lake (Lago Santo) seen from Monte Sterpara
Lago Verde (Green Lake) in late Fall
Lago Verde (Green Lake) in late Fall
Rounded rocks around Upper Twin Lake
Marks of the ancient glaciers around Twin Lakes


The action of the huge glacier created numberless cirques, mainly oriented to North-North-East, having become the seat of the actual lakes. The best known of them are Laghi Sillara (Sillara Twin Lakes), Lago Santo (Holy Lake), the great Laghi Gemini or Lagoni (Twin Lakes), Lago Scuro (Dark Lake), Lago Pradaccio, Lago Verde (Green Lake), Lago Ballano, Lagastrello, Lago Verdarolo, Lago Palo, Lago Martini, Lago Bicchiere.

Pradaccio Lake from Roccabiasca summit
Pradaccio Lake seen from Roccabiasca
Twin Lakes (Laghi Gemini) from Rocca Pumaciolo
Twin Lakes (Laghi Gemini) from Rocca Pumaciolo
The little Glass Lake (Lago Bicchiere) in early spring
The small Glass Lake (Lago Bicchiere) in spring

Red Tape

Since 1995 the highest part of this area is situated under the regulation of a regional park having the evocative name of Parco dei Cento Laghi (One Hundred Lakes Park), in reason of quite a lot of small lakes existing inside the park’ s boundaries.
In late years this area was included inside a largest park, named Parco Nazionale Appenino Tosco-Emiliano (Tosco-Emiliano National Park); wood fires are prohibited as well as free camping and other harmful activity.
Walking and climbing are allowed and many trails are marked by Club Alpino Italiano Sezione di Parma.

Please respect the following rules inside Parco Nazionale Appennino Tosco-Emiliano:


When to hike and climb

The hikers can enjoy the trails all around the year; all the main summits can be easily climbed without the use of technical gear from May to November. Winter’s ascents along the normal routes - from December to April - are not difficult, but require the use of axe and crampons. Best months for ice-climbing (gullies) goes from middle December to the end of March, while the period to climbing ice falls is very short (from the end of December to the end of February); conditions can change very quickly even during the coldest months on account of marine wind’s action. Best season for rock climbing and bouldering goes from May to the end of October.

Huts, Bivouacs and Emergency Shelters

- Huts

- Rifugio CAI Giovanni Mariotti m. 1507 (CAI Sez. di Parma) +390521889334 Rifugio Giovanni Mariotti

- Rifugio Lagdei m. 1250 +390521889353 Rifugio Lagdei

- Rifugio Lagoni m. 1342 +390521889118 Rifugio Lagoni

- Rifugio-Hotel Pratospilla m. 1360 +390521890194 Rifugio Pratospilla

The frozen Holy Lake (Lago Santo)
Rifugio Giovanni Mariotti at Holy Lake (Lago Santo)
Capanne di Badignana
Capanne di Badignana
Capanna Cagnin (Cagnin Hut)
The Cagnin Shelter at Green Lake (Lago Verde)


- Bivouacs and Emergency shelters

Capanne del Lago Scuro m. 1528 (Keys available at Rifugio Lagoni), Capanne di Badignana m. 1480 (Keys available at Rifugio Lagoni), Capanna Roberto Schiaffino m. 1610 - always open, Capanna Cagnin m. 1589 – always open, Capanna Forestale della Pianaccia m.1250 – always open

Capanna Schiaffino
The shelter "Roberto Schiaffino" in winter
Capanne Lago Scuro (Dark Lake shelters)
Capanne Lago Scuro (Dark Lake shelters)
Pianaccia Forest cabin
Pianaccia Forest cabin

Meteo

METEO ARPA EMILIA-ROMAGNA

Guidebooks and Maps

Guidebooks

 
Arrampica Parma Guidebook
Arrampicaparma Guidebook: rock climbing, ice climbing and mountaineering in Appennino Parmense
 
Appennino Tosco Emiliano Guidebook
 



"Arrampicaparma - climbing, bouldering & mountaineering" by Silvia Mazzani and Alberto Rampini - Pareti e Montagne Edizioni, II ed. 2011

"Arrampicaparma - montagna, falesie, bouldering" by Alberto Rampini and Silvia Mazzani - Pareti e Montagne Edizioni, 2003

“Appennino Ligure e Tosco-Emiliano” by M. Salvo and D. Canossini - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI




Maps

“Le valli del Cedra e del Parma (The Cedra and Parma Valleys)” Map 1:25.000 (CAI-Regione Emilia-Romagna)

“Alto Appennino Parmense Est” Map 1:50.000 (CAI-Regione Emilia-Romagna)

External Links

Parco Nazionale Appennino Tosco-Emiliano

Images