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Mountains & Rocks
Mountains & Rocks



Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Poland/Slovakia, Europe

Lat/Lon: 49.12300°N / 20.03200°E

Object Title: Cubryna

Elevation: 7795 ft / 2376 m


Page By: dynercia

Created/Edited: Nov 7, 2005 / Nov 29, 2005

Object ID: 154950

Hits: 5643 

Page Score: 85.36%  - 20 Votes 

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It is inconspicuous summit in the main ridge of High Tatra, pressed down by its big neighbour Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Wielki / Mengusovský Štit, but very important as regards Tatra’s geography – here begin a big lateral ridge with Kôprovský Štit / Koprowy Wierch, Hrebeň Bašt / Grań Baszt with Satan / Szatan, Hrubý Vrch / Hruby Wierch, Soliska / Grań Solisk and Krivaň / Krywań on the end. Moreover here the main European watershed between Black Sea and Baltic Sea leaves the main ridge of Tatra and turn into south.
But not only for its geography it is described here. Cubryna is the one of my favorites Tatra’s summit too, because of its very nice panorama. For climbers Cubryna’ walls are a paradise.

Cubryna and Mnich in an autumn fog (november 2005)

It ascends over Rybiego Potoku / Rybiho Potoka Valley in north-west, its branch Za Mnichem Valley in north, Piargova / Piarżysta Valley in the east and Mengusovská / Mięguszowiecka Valley in the south. By the north-west ridge connects with Zadni Mnich / Druhý Mnich (through Przełączka Pod Zadnim Mnichem / Štrbina za Druhým Mnichem), to the south-east connects with Wielki Mięguszowiecki Szczyt / Mengusovský Štit through Hińczowa Pass / Hincovo Sedlo and to the south-west with Kôprovský Štit / Koprowy Szczyt.

The name becomes from highlander dialect: word “Cubryna” means crop of hear. Why? No idea :)

First ascend

As firsts Cubryna was achieved by Karol Potkański and his guides Kazimierz Bednarz and Jan Fedra in 1884 year. In winter just in 1913 by Istvan Laufer and E. Maurer.

Summit view

The view from the top is beautiful and very extensive. Only in south-east direction it is covered by the neighbouring Mięguszowiecki Szczyt. You can see from Cubryna the whole of West Tatra, north and east part of High Tatra and Krivaň Group.

Getting There


From Polish side:

The best point to stars the journey is Zakopane – the biggest town on Polish side of Tatra Mountains. You can get there from Kraków by bus (most recommended), car or train:

By bus: there are a lot of buses from Kraków to Zakopane - time table of PKS and private lines Frey and Szwagropol.

By train: the road is much longer and dearer than by bus - time table from Kraków 0.00-11.59 a.m., 12.00-11.59 p.m. and from Zakopane.

By car: from Kraków take a road number 7 to Chyżne and follow it to Rabka. Here this road turn right to Chyżne, but you follow still straight a head in south direction by road number 95. In Poronin 5 km before Zakopane turn left (east) to border crossing point in Łysa Polana. Pass this point and go another 2 km to Polana Palenica, where you can leave your car on a big car-park. In a high season there is a problem with a place on this park (you must wait for a place sometimes a few hours) –in this case you can cross the border and leave your car on Slovakian side – the car-park is 100m after border crossing point on the right (and is much cheaper than on Polish side).

From Zakopane: Take a bus to Polana Palenica (time table of PKS, in high season there are a lot of private buses, too – a station is opposite to PKS) and go to the end to Polana Palenica (Attention! private buses sometimes has a direction-board “Morskie Oko”).

From Slovakian side:

The major city in this area is Poprad, where you can get by bus or train. From Poprad there is a lot of buses and trains to Starý Smokovec (13km) at the foot of Tatra:
train time table
bus time table
train time table from Poprad to Starý Smokovec Tatranská elektrická železnica

Maps of Starý Smokovec and Tatranská Lomnica

From Starý Smokovec take a bus to Tatranská Javorina - Lysá Pol’ana (time table) and cross the Slovakian-Polish border. From Łysa Polana you can take a bus or walk about 2 km to Polana Palenica.

In mountain:
From Polana Palenica take a asphalt road leading to Morskie Oko Chalet - it’s 8.5 km (about 1 h 30 min). If you wish you can get a horse and cart.


From Slovakian side

How to get to Starý Smokovec see above.
From Starý Smokovec take a Tatranská elektrická železnica (better) or bus to Popradské Pleso (it is only a little station among a forest) or Štrbské Pleso.

From Polish side:

How to get to Zakopane see above.
From Zakopane take a bus to Polana Palenica (time table of PKS, in high season there are a lot of private buses, too – a station is opposite to PKS) and get off in Lysá Pol’ana / Łysa Polana. Cross the polish-slovakian border . Bus station on Slovakian side is about 100m after border crossing point on the right. Take a bus to Poprad, which goes through Starý Smokovec (time table).

From Starý Smokovec take a Tatranská elektrická železnica (better) or bus to Popradské Pleso (it is only a little station among a forest) or Štrbské Pleso.

In mountain:
From Popradské Pleso: take a a blue-marked trail leading to Chata Popradské Pleso (about 1 h).
From Štrbské Pleso: follow a road (blue-marked trail) leading to the lake (Štrbské Pleso) as you reach a shore and turn right and take a red-marked trail leading to Chata Popradské Pleso (about 1 h 30 min).

Routs overview


1. Through Galerie Cubryńskie - the most popular rout from Polish side and very interesting. In a fog difficult to find. In winter very danger because of avalanches.
2. Right Abgarowicz - not so interesting like previous, but in winter the most safe (but it does not mean that safe in each conditions!)
3. From Hincova Valley – the most popular rout from Slovakian side
4. From Piargova Valley – made especially from Morskie Oko via Wrota Chałubińskiego or Pod Zadnim Mnichem Pass, but by the way you must to cross illegally the Slovakian-Polish border


Czas pogardy UIAA VII A3+ , 27 pitches TOPO

When To Climb

The best time is a summer and early autumn (july-september). But all the year Cubryna is available.


Map of Cubryna' area

Tatry Wysokie, in scale 1:25 000, description in 6 languages, ISBN 83-87873-26-8, available in all shops in Zakopane. Here you can look at net version.
A high quality maps in scales 1:25 000 and 1:50 000 are produced VKU Harmanec, too. They are available at all chalets and shops in cities under Vysoke Tatry.

Red Tape

The “High Tatra” is a National park, UN Bioheritage area and a European BioHeritage - if you are not a member of any climbing club you can move only on marked trails - so you can visit Cubryna only with tatra guide.

In winter time (from November the 1st – June the 15th) The Tatra Mountains in slovakian part are closed for normal tourists (not for climbers). In Polish part you can move the whole of year.

For more informations look at High Tatra/Vysoke Tatry GROUP page.
For climbing regulations look at
Gerlachovsky Stit page.


There are 3 chalets near by Cubryna:

1. Schronisko przy Morskim Oku – situated in Poland in the Rybiego Potoku Valley by the Morskie Oko (Sea’ Eye). Chalet is opened all the year for hiking, climbing and ski mountaineering. Exactly there are to buildings: „new” – it’s a mountain hotel with restaurant and „old” - maybe less comfortable, but with unforgettable climate (but there is a hot water in coeducational bath, kitchen and boots-dryer J).
Access from:
1. Polana Palenica przed Morskim Okiem - red marked trail, 3 hours
2. Schronisko w Dolinie Pięciu Stawów Polskich (Hut in Five Polish Lakes Valley)
- blue marked trail (by Świstówka), 1 h 40 min
- blue/yellow marked trail (by Szpiglasowa pass), 2 h 45 min
3. Chata pod Rysmi - red marked trails, 4 h (attention! by the way you cross the Polish-Slovakian border!)
Poland, 34-500 Zakopane, skr. poczt. 201
telephone: +48 18 20 776 09

2. Schronisko w Dolinie Roztoki is situated in Poland by mouth Roztoki Valley to Bialej Wody (Bielovodska) Valley. Chalet is opened all the year for hiking, climbing and ski mountaineering, but in winter time it’s better to phone earlier. If you don’t like crowded Schronisko przy Morskim Oku, here you find calmness and silence (but not in very high season).
Access from:
1. Polana Palenica przed Morskim Okiem – red/green marked trail, 1 hours (in high season there is a lot of buses from Zakopane to Palenica, but in low season you can only depend on PKS - time table: http://www.zakopane.biz/poradnik/pks.php)
2. Schronisko w Dolinie Pieciu Stawów Polskich (Hut in Five Polish Lakes Valley)
- green marked trail, 2 h
3. Schronisko przy Morskim Oku - red marked trails, 1 h 30min
Poland, 34-500 Zakopane, skr. poczt. 200
telephone: +48 18 20 77 442

3. The mountain hotel Chata pri Popradskom plese - situated in Slovakia in the picturesque surroundings of Mengusovská Valley on the bank of mountain lake Popradské Pleso. To the south from chalet, by the yellow-marked trail is located a memorial of victims of the High Tatras and other mountains Symbolicky cintorin which is worthy of visit.
Access from:
1. Štrbské Pleso via the red-marked trail “Tatranská Magistrála” (1 h 30 min)
2. Popradské Pleso (TŽE station) via blue-marked trail (1 h)
3. Sliezky Dom via the red-marked trail “Tatranská Magistrála” (3 h 30 min)
4. Chata pod Rysmi via red/blue – marked trail (1 h 45 min)
phone: ++421-52-4492177 or ++421-52-4492765
mail: popradskepleso@horskyhotel.sk

Absolutely no camping is permitted in the nature park. The nearest camping in Polish side is in Zakopane:
1. Camping pod Krokwią, 34-500 Zakopane Żeromskiego Str., phone/fax: + 48-18-201-22-56, email: camp@podkrokwia.pl
2. Camping KS SN PTT-1907, 34-500 Zakopane Za Strugiem 39 Str., phone/fax:+48-18-201-55-12
3. Camping Harenda, 34-500 Zakopane oś. Harenda 51b, phone/fax: +48-18-20-147-00
For members of any climbing club there is a one camping place - obozowisko taternickie PZA “Szałasiska” in Rybiego Potoku Valley (not far from Morskie Oko) – contact: Ania Szymkowska-Czyż, phone: +48-607 431790, e-mail ASC@interia.pl.
The nearest camping in Slovakian side is in Stara Lesna and Tatranska Lomnica.

There are plenty of cheap hotels and pensions in the area of Zakopane and Štrbské Pleso.
accommodation in Štrbské Pleso
accommodation in Zakopane

Mountain Conditions

Web forecast:
situation at this moment and forecast

Information of avalanche danger:
TOPR (in English) and HZS

On Slovakian side acts HZS (Horska Zachranna Sluzba)
Starý Smokovec 23, 059 60 Vysoké Tatry
phon.: 052/4422820, fax: 052/4422855,
mobil: 0903624869
e-mail: vtatry@hzs.sk

On Polish side acts TOPR (Tatrzanskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe)
adress: 34-500 Zakopane, ul.Pilsudskiego 63a,
phone: (+48)(18) 2014731 fax : (+48)(18) 2015560
E-mail: topr@topr.pl
rescue phone: (+48) 601-100-300