Nowadays it looks that Gosadon is prevailing, so despite the territory where four ethnic groups live, I'm keeping in the title only this name. The Slovenian and Geman name can also be found: Tri špice and Dreispitz (both meaning the same - three peaks). But old sources are also revealing that the mountain was in the past called only Cuel delle Tane dell'Orso (meaning: The peak of bear hole). As obviously bears are not residing on summits, today on the Tabacco map 'Le Tane dell'Orso' is located on the southern slopes of our mountain - if opted, I would also choose a sunny balcony.
Due Pizzi (from Cima Alta, 2046 m), the main ridge lowers on a saddle of some 1850 m, and then towards the SW rises again on the highest peak of Gosadon, 1968 m. Further to the west in the rocky ridge there are also the middle peak, 1937 m, and the western peak, 1902 m. Both have no distinct names and the whole ridge is anyway sharp and very rugged. Even the military path from the World War I avoids it low by the northern side, coming up on the ridge again already close to the next distinct mountain, called Cuel dei Piez, 1943 m.
Both sides of our three-peak ridge are steep and rocky, at least in the summit part. Towards the north some vertical walls are falling on quite broad scree slopes, towards the south crags are more intermitted and overgrown by dwarf-pines and steep grassy slopes. East of Gosadon, below the summit rocks, the broad screes are filling the valley, descending from below the south wall of Due Pizzi. Northwest of Gosadon, there's on 1528 m a broad alpine pasture, called Malga Granuda (in Slovenian: Planina v Dupljah).
As all other summits in the Malborghetto chain, also Gosadon is made of a friable triassic Schlern (Sciliar) dolomite. In lower regions, the lithology of Malborghetto mountains is more complex (especially on the northern side).
The views on all other sides are completely opened, as Gosadon is exceeding by altitude the easternmost summits of Carnic Alps. So, Gailtal Alps, Hohe Tauern, Carnic Alps and Southern Carnic Alps can nicely be seen. Towards the west all the remaining summits of Malborghetto chain are stretching and on the other side of Dogna valley there's the wild group of Monte Cimone.
World War IEven if on Gosadon there were no severe fightings, the summit was well fortified. From Plan dei Spadovai in Dogna valley even a material cable way was reaching it. All paths on the mountain were done during the war and especially the southern ascents are revealing many remains from that time - buildings, caves, trenches, fortifications, posts. During the war the frontline was not moving much. The Austro-Hungarian army was keeping only the eastern fore-summit of Iof di Miezegnot/Poldnašnja špica, far on the eastern end of Malborghetto chain. The main summit of that mountain, and all the summits towards the west were held by the Italian army. Actually it all revolved around the question who will hold the strategically important Val Canale, north of the Malborghetto chain, which was, as centuries ago, opening the door into Kaernten.
Getting ThereThe tours on Gosadon can be started either from the north (Val Canale) or south (Val Dogna). Through Val Canale the A23 highway runs. You exit it either in Pontebba or in Camporosso and then drive to trailheads by local roads. The highway exit for Dogna valley is also Pontebba, then you drive southwards and deter eastwards into the valley. All trailheads are listed in the next chapter.
Hikers with a certain level of mountaineering experience are the only visitors of Gosadon. Here are the main routes, which can be also combined:
1. From Malga Granuda, 1528 m.
While the path straight continues towards Due Pizzi, we plunge into dense dwarf pines towards right. But the path is fine and easy to follow (it's not marked). At first it is cut through the grenery and it horizontally crosses much towards the right. So it detours the first ridge bump. Then it turns steeply up, climbs over another steep rocky passage (T3) and then continues in more comfortable turns up. Just below the summit there's the last crossroads. A wooden arrow directs us left down towards Dogna valley, while we deter right up and reach the summit in a few minutes.
This is the easiest ascent route on Gosadon. By the Swiss Hiking Scale it would be rated T3. Some short passages require a safe step, but none is really difficult or too exposed. Some attention when orienting is needed only in the last part. From Malga Granuda 1 h 30 min. Gear: only good hiking shoes and poles.
2. From Plan dei Spadovai, 1100 m.We reach Casera Plan dei Spadovai (46.461835, 13.423213) by the narrow, but well maintained asphalt road through Dogna valley. From there we continue up the slope until we hit the marked path No. 605 (starting on the road a bit lower). Along the ravine of Rio Cjanalut we ascend towards the N-NE until we reach the crossroads on 1608 m (on the bottom of big screes below Due Pizzi). There we turn left and continue by the ex military path (not marked). One exposed ledge is secured, then we continue steeply up (westwards). After another path comes up from the valley, we turn right towards the summit. First we gain the ex cableway station and from there on old, unreliable pegs and cables help us to climb some steep rocks. Just below the summit we hit the route #1. This route is more often used, but is supposedly a little harder than the route #1. Some 3 h.
3. From Ricovero Bernardinis, 1907 m.
Also the continuing from the notch and bivouac is quite demanding and very exposed. That's the very attractive ascent route on Cima Alta (the higher of Due Pizzi). It first crosses the steep northern slopes of Cima Valdiver, then it enters the ex military tunnel. Having a lamp for it is very recommended! After exiting on the southern side of the main ridge, the path continues towards the natural rock window - another attraction. After we go through it, the path descends steeply and finally hits the attractive artificial ledge, which horizontally crosses the whole vertical, southern wall of Cima Alta. Also there the protection devices (cables) are not always in good conditions. The crossing finishes on some 1910 m, when this route hits the marked path, coming up from the SW saddle. For Cima Alta we turn right and reach the summit in some 15 minutes, for Gosadon we descend some 60 m and then find the place where we deter left into dwarf-pines (route #1). From Ricovero Bernardinis we need to Gosadon summit 1 h, difficulty would be T4 (depending on conditions of security devices). Gear: Good shoes, poles, battery.
The combination of routes #2 and #3 is a wonderful, very attractive tour. Other combinations are more rarely done.
Along the whole Malborghetto mountain chain the marked Sentiero Battaglione Alpini Gemona goes. But maintaining of that nice path was abandoned, so nowadays (2017) many sections are dangerous and hardly passable. Those who would attempt to cross all summits from Iof di Miezegnot to Iof di Dogna should count on collapsed bridges, free hanging cables, missing path sections due to landslides and other challenges. Those who can manage them, can easily do a side jump on Gosadon as well.
Maps: The above OpenStreet Map is very accurate, also the paths. Otherwise the Tabacco No. 018 map can be recommended (Alpi Carniche Orientale, Canal del Ferro).