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Orjen
Mountain/Rock

Orjen

 
Orjen

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Montenegro, Montenegro, Europe

Lat/Lon: 42.55940°N / 18.55500°E

Object Title: Orjen

Elevation: 6213 ft / 1894 m

 

Page By: toc

Created/Edited: Jan 2, 2005 / Feb 9, 2007

Object ID: 153502

Hits: 15054 

Page Score: 86.37%  - 22 Votes 

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http://orjen.official.ws

Overview

Orjen is a highest elevation point of the subadriatic Dinarides,
a steep mountain group that spans accross Bosnia- Herzegovina/Montenegro border.

Less known and less frequently visited in comparison
to some other Dinaric alps mountains,
it does offer an interesting experience to anyone interested in scrambling
up and down the completely karstified limestone evironment.


Getting there and away

By plane:
Nearest intl airports are Tivat (Montenegro)
and Dubrovnik (Croatia)
By bus: There is a direct bus connection between
abovementioned Dubrovnik and town Kotor (Montenegro)
operating via Herceg Novi. Herceg Novi is most convinient place
to start digging deep into Orjen. Please refer to the Camping & Huts
section for further info.

Popular routes

south:
Dobrostica ridge:
Vratlo hut-Kabao (1384m) 1hour - Odijevo (1571m) 2 and 1/2 hours.
Route is marked till Kabao.
central:
Subra:
Vrbanje hut (1010m) -Subra´s "amphitheatre"- Subra peak (1679m) 4 hours,
walk-up with lot of scramble in upper parts
Orjen saddle (1594m) - Zubacki kabao (1894m-highest Orjen peak) 2 hours
walk up with some scramble
remote north:
Reovacka greda:
Vratlo hut (1160m) - Pazua (1769m) around 12 hours (i am not familiar with this one, said to be nice but difficult route)

Glimpse into history

Orjen`s first "hiking" route,
the path from Orjen saddle to Zubacki kabao (1894m, highest peak)
was built up in 1895. for military purposes,
more precisely in order to provide more pleasant way of trekking it up
for the Habsburg heir to the throne Erzherzog Rudolf.
If name rings the bell,
indeed, same cheerful character was already mentioned on this server on the Osorscica page
Man in charge for building it up was
Austro-Hungarian Army Generalmajor Marijan Freiherr Varešanin,
a Croat, born at eastcroatian town of Gunja in 1847.
(Back in 1883. Varešanin was already attached
to his royal household to continue the
heir to the throne's instruction in military history and military geography.)
So, Rudy and Marijan, despite slightly odd circumstances,
are considered as mountain pioneers for this area.

Real boom, however, started in late 1920s/early 1930s.
(At a time, Orjen was, together with Kotor Bay, part of
Croatia)
Giving credit where the credit is due,
one should mention ship captain Djuro Pany, author of numerous articles
about Orjen, published in "Hrvatski planinar" (magazine of Croatian alpine club) during the 1930s. His articles and fine photos
shed the initial light on this fairly unknown mountain area.

Camping & Huts

Camping: not prohibited

Huts
There are 3 huts on Orjen mt.
-one in use
-one that may serve the needs and
-one awaiting for the better days to come

-Vratlo hut, at 1160m. 50 bunks, electricity,
water from the vell
Getting there:
Follow the marked route from the bus station in Herceg Novi. 4 hours of footwork
By car, drive uphill toward the "Borici" motel. This will save you about 2 1/2 hours of footwork

-Orjen saddle hut, at 1594m
Built on the remains of the old tax office building
by Croatian mountaineering club "Orjen" from Dubrovnik in early 1930s.
Now owned by mountaineering club Subra from Herceg Novi.
Accessible by car (enhanced with the brave driver) if you fancy driving the narrow road winding through all the time from Crkvice village.
Unshielded, may serve as bivouac.
Perfect starting point for scrambling up
to the Zubacki kabao peak (around 2 hours from the hut).
Water in pond next to the hut is undrinkable,
however, there is a good and permanent water source at a 10 minutes distance.
Just follow the marked trail going east of the hut.

-Vrbanje hut, 1009m.
(Marked route from here leads to the Orjen saddle hut)
Old gendarmerie station located in the Vrbanje village.
Maintained for decades by Mountaineering club "Dubrovnik"
Served as a military base during the last war on the Balkans.
Now waiting for some legal issues to be solved. Building itself looks OK.
Interior should be refurbished a bit.
Accessible by car via Krusevice village.

When To Climb

Wind is fair in June and July.
August is usually very hot.

April, first half of May and November are considered as worst months
for any activities here.

Mountain Conditions

Up-to-date weather forecast for Montenegro
can be seen here
(For Orjen, look at the bottom left part of the image)

Othervise,
long, dry and hot summers,
sharp winters with great amount of precipitation, that is Orjen`s climate.
Weather station near the Crkvice village (1050m) measured 5317 mm/a.
Largest precipitation amount in Europe.
Precipitation galore usually occurs at the end of autumn, then again during the spring months.
For summer climbs, be sure to bring enough water with you.

Red Tape

No permits required, no fees whatsoever.

External Links

  • Mountaineering club Subra/Hercegnovi homepage

    All major routes accross Orjen are maintained by
    "Subra" mountaineers, these days.

    Linked is their web site in English lang,.
    Neccessary info is there, as well as mail and phone number.

Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
Viewing: 1-8 of 8    
Vid PogachnikUntitled Comment

Vid Pogachnik

Voted 10/10

Good info. Appreciate it!
Posted Feb 8, 2005 3:34 am
nuiaUntitled Comment

nuia

Voted 10/10

Thanks Vid!
Posted Feb 8, 2005 9:58 am
nuiaUntitled Comment

nuia

Voted 10/10

Hi, appreciate you noticed the variety of endemic plants. Of course other mountains have their endemics but for the Dinaric alps Orjen is the hotspot. Pinus heldreichii is a hard pine and a rare tree. It's distribution is localised to some mountains of Greece, Albania, Montenegro and Italy. Serbian spruce is missing and couldn't probably dwell because of summer draught. You find serbian spruce only in the interior mountains were summer rain is constant.


Greetings
Posted Apr 5, 2005 8:18 am
nuiaUntitled Comment

nuia

Voted 10/10

All mediterranean mountains are hotspots of biodiversity. Those particularly interested in flora and fauna can enjoy in the exploration and discovery ot the rich flora of mountains like Velebit, Biokovo and Orjen; the three main mountain nodes at the adriatic coast. Every of the three groups has its own unique features Some rare endemic species and a lot valuable plants, that offer digestive, aromatic and/or drug uses are commonlyf ound. Moreover many have a special aesthetic value and can be found exclusively on one of the mentioned mountains. Examples are found in the genera Iris, Paeonia, Tulipa, Crocus, Muscari, Primula, Lilium, Gentiana, Orchis, Ophrys, Degenia, Fritillaria and many more.
Posted Feb 7, 2005 4:34 pm
Vid PogachnikUntitled Comment

Vid Pogachnik

Voted 10/10

Good info. Appreciate it!
Posted Feb 8, 2005 3:34 am
nuiaUntitled Comment

nuia

Voted 10/10

Thanks Vid!
Posted Feb 8, 2005 9:58 am
desainmeUntitled Comment

desainme

Voted 10/10

You seem to dwell on quite a bit of botany here. For example you have shown some endemic plants, trout lillies, Acer heldreichii , Pinus heldreichii (is this a hard pine or a white pine?) . I was surprised that there are no Serbian Spruce.
Posted Feb 20, 2005 3:18 am
nuiaUntitled Comment

nuia

Voted 10/10

Hi, appreciate you noticed the variety of endemic plants. Of course other mountains have their endemics but for the Dinaric alps Orjen is the hotspot. Pinus heldreichii is a hard pine and a rare tree. It's distribution is localised to some mountains of Greece, Albania, Montenegro and Italy. Serbian spruce is missing and couldn't probably dwell because of summer draught. You find serbian spruce only in the interior mountains were summer rain is constant.


Greetings
Posted Apr 5, 2005 8:18 am

Viewing: 1-8 of 8    

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