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Pyrenean lexicon (under construction)

 
Pyrenean lexicon (under construction)

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Location: Andorra/France/Spain, Europe

Lat/Lon: 42.67638°N / 0.07141°E

Object Type: Pyrenean lexicon (under construction)

Object Title: Pyrenean lexicon (under construction)

 

Page By: om, Diego Sahagún, eza, Rafa Bartolome, visentin, ojo

Created/Edited: Oct 26, 2011 / Jan 27, 2012

Object ID: 756143

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Table of Contents

Images

Note

This table is from a Word document with the etymology of the names or names parts we find the most commonly in the Pyrenees.
I'm trying to make it complete with translations into Spanish and Catalan as well, so help is highly welcome !
The English translations are from myself a long time ago, and far to be perfect, many can be improved (Ojo ? :)
In the "name" column perhaps some Spanish or Catalan terms can appear too, I should move them to an existing column.

Updates:
10/26 a few of terms in Spanish (Rafa).

The dictionary

Name French Spanish Catalan English
Achar
Passage étroit
Hoz, Paso estrecho, Collado
Coll estret
Narrow pass
Agulle, Agulla
Aiguille, cime pointue
Aguja
Agulla
Needle, sharp summit
Aigüe, aygue, ague, aigue, agudes
Eau
Agua
Aigua
Water
Aigüalluts, aigüamoll
Marécage
Pantano
Pantà
Bog
Añes, agnes
Cours d'eau, ruisseau, torrent
Arroyo, torrente
Riu
Stream, little river, brook
Ara
Vallée
Valle
Vall
Valley
Arredoun, arou, aroun, redo, redon
Rond
Redondeado
Arrodonit
Round shaped
Arraillé, arralhé, araillous, arralhos, raillère
Pierraille, pente d'éboulis
Canchal, canchalera, Pedrera, Pedregal
Canchal, canchalera, Pedrera, Pedregal
Hillside of fallen rocks, scree
Argelès, argelas
Argile
Arcilla
Argila
Clay
Arres, lapiaz
Rochers calcaires crevassés
Lapiaz
Lapiaz
Cracked limestone rocks
Arribet
Petit cours d'eau
Aroyo, Pequeño curso de Agua
Rierol, Petit curs d'Aigua
Brook, stream
Arriou, arriu, arroys
Ruisseau
Arroyo
Riu
Brook
Arrouy, Arroy, rouy, royo, rouyo, roig
Rouge
Roig
CA
Red
Artigue
Pâturage acquis par défrichement
Pasto, prado, pradera
Pastura, prat, prada
Pasture acquired by clearing
Abet, avet, avetouse
Sapin, sapinière
Abeto, Avetar
Avet, pines
Fir trees, fir plantation
Albe, alba, aube
A l'Est, oriental
Oriental
Oriental
On the East, Oriental
Ast
Pointe rocheuse
Cima rocosa
Cim Rocós
Crag
Auliou
Du lac
Del lago
Del llac
Of the lake
Ayous
Myrtille
Arándano
Nabiu
Bilberry
Bac, baga, obaga, paco, ubac, baco
Versant à l'ombre
Lado a la sombra
Costat a l'ombra
Shaded hillside
Baigt
Vallée
Valle
Vall
Valley
Baix
Bas
Bajo, profundo
Baix
Low, deep
Barradat
Lieu clos
Lugar Cerrados
Lloc tancats
Closed place
Barranc, Barranco
Vallon encaissé
Cala
Cala
Steep hollow valley
Bassia, bastan, baztan
Lieu de rassemblement des moutons
Arroyo, torrente
Riu
Place for gathering the sheep
Bat, bal, batch, baigt, badette, baillette, vath
Petite vallée
Vallecito
Vallecito
Small valley
Bedoura
Lieu planté de bouleaux
Lugar plantado de abedules
Lloc plantat de bedolls
Place with birch trees
Bieilh,vielh
Vieux, ancien
viejo/mayor/anciano/antiguo
vell/major/ancià/antigalla
Old, ancient
Bielle, bilhères, bielsa, vielha
Village
pueblo, villa
poble, vila
Village
Blanque, blanca
Blanc
SP
CA
White
Boala
Lieu des bovins
SP
CA
Place for the cattle
Boucoua, Boucòu
Au confluent de 2 rivières
SP
CA
At the cross of two rivers
Bocou, boucau
Encaissé
SP
CA
Steep hollow
Bosc
Bois
Bosque
CA
Wood
Boucharo
Averse avec beaucoup de vent
SP
CA
Rain storm with a lot of wind
Boum
Petit lac profond
Laguito profundo
Estany profund
Small deep lake
Bony
Sommet arrondi
Cabezo, Cerro
CA
Round shaped top
Borde, borda
Grange, bergerie, étable sur prairie de fauche
Borda, Choza, Cabaña
CA
Barn, sheepfold, cowshed on a harvest meadow
Brèque, esque
Brèche
Brecha
CA
Breach
Caillauas, Caillaouas, Cailliaou, caillau, calhau
Pierraille
SP
CA
Fallen rocks
Cairn
Pile de pierre
Hito, Mojon
Fita
Stony heap
Calm
Chemin, sentier
camino / senda
camí / sendera
Path, bridleway, footpath
Cami
Sommet arrondi, haut plateau
Cabezo, Cerro
CA
Round shaped top, wide flat
Capera, Caperan, campana
Rocher pointu, aiguille, gendarme
Pináculo, Aguja
Pinacle, Agulla
Sharp rock, crag, pinacle
Canal, Canau, Canaou
Couloir raide
Canal
CA
Steep corridor
Cap
Plant à capsule (thym)
SP
CA
Overshanging summit
Cascoelhe, Couscoùlhe
Sommet avancé
SP
CA
Plant with capsule (thyme)
Castet
Château
Castillo
CA
Castle
Cayolar, cuyala
Enclos et bergerie d'estive
SP
CA
Enclosure and pasture sheepfold
Clot, cloutou, esclot, esclose, escloze
Vallon fermé, cuvette
SP
CA
Closed valley, basin
Commète
Col
Collado
CA
Col
Collada, collel, collet, couret, pas
Petite combe
SP
CA
Small corrie
Corral, cortal
Enclos pour le bétail
SP
CA
Fenced place for the cattle
Costardoune
Monticule arrondi
SP
CA
Round shaped hillock
Coste
Côte, monticule
SP
CA
Rib, hillock
Couillac, Couillade
Col large en herbe
SP
CA
Grassy wide col
Coume, coma
Combe, haut d'un vallon resserré.
SP
CA
Corrie, height of a narrow valley
Courade, corada, couret
Col, passage
Paso, collado
Coll
Col, Pass
Courtaou, courau, coueyla, courtau, cuyeou
Cabane de berger
SP
CA
Herdsman's hut
Coustète
Petite côte
SP
CA
Small slope
Crabe
Chèvre, isard
Cabra, rebeco, sarrio
CA
Goat, Isard (Pyrenean Chamois)
Culaous, Culaus
Creux
SP
CA
Hollow
Cuns
Sommet pointu
SP
CA
Sharp summit
Dalt
Haut
SP
CA
Tall
Doline
Dépression de terrain
SP
CA
Depression of ground
Earrat
Crête dentelée
SP
CA
Jagged ridge
Embarrat
Enfermé
SP
CA
Closed
Escalette
Passage en forme d'escalier
SP
CA
Stair shaped pass
Espade
Epée
Espada
Espasa
Sword
Espuguette, espelunya, espugne, espalungue, Espelunga
Grotte
Cueva
Cova
Cave
Esquirete, esquirry
Clochette
SP
CA
Little bell
Estaing, estanh, estany, estanio
Etang
SP
CA
Pond
Estanyet, estagnol, estanyoso
Laquet, petit lac
Lago pequeño
Estany petit
Small lake ("lochan" !)
Estibe, Estibère, Estiouaou, estibadoù
Pâturage d'été
SP
CA
Summer pasture
Estiouère
Pâturage de moyenne montagne
SP
CA
Middle level mountain pasture
Estaque
Lieu où l'on parque les bovins
SP
CA
Parking place for the cattle
Fache, faja, faxa, feixa
Vire, corniche sur une falaise
SP
CA
Ledge, pinnacle on a cliff
Fag, fach, faig, faigt
Hêtre
SP
CA
Beech
Fite, fita
Pierre levée, pointue
SP
CA
Standing stone, sharp
Font, fuen
Fontaine
Fuente
Font
Spring
Forat, forrau, hourat, foya, hoya, hours
Trou
SP
CA
Hole
Forcall, forcat, fourc, fourcat, forqueta
Fourche
SP
CA
Fork
Foz
Canyon
Cañón
Canó
Canyon
Freschou
Frêne
SP
CA
Ash tree
Frondella
Montagne resserrée, en forme de cirque
Monte afilado y estrecho
Muntanya afilat i estret
Narrow, corrie shaped mountain
Gabre
Ravin
SP
CA
Ravine
Galay, gallay, esgallay
Eboulement
SP
CA
Mass of fallen rocks
Gargante, garganta
Gorge profonde
Garganta
CA
Hollow gorge, canyon
Garit
Germe de plante
SP
CA
Germ of plant
Garmo
Sommet abrupt
Cima escarpada
CA
Steep summit
Gau
Passage étroit, escarpé
Paso estrecho, collado
Coll estret
Narrow steep pass
Gaube
Canal dans une vallée
SP
CA
Canal into a valley
Gave
Rivière pyrénéenne (affluente de l'Adour)
Rio (afluent del Adour)
Riu (afluent del Adour)
Pyrenean river (flowing in the Adour)
Gar, Ger, gère, germ
Prairie d'altitude
Aradera de pastos altos
Prada de pastures altes
High meadow
Gispet
Herbe dure, glissante par mauvais temps
SP
CA
Hard grass, sleepy on bad weather
Glère, glare, glero
Pierrailles, éboulis, gravières
Pedrera, Cancha
CA
Collapse mass of rocks, small rocks, screes
Gourg, gourga, gorg
Lac profond
Gorgo, basa
CA
Deep pond
Graouès
Pierrier, éboulis
SP
CA
Fallen rocks
Gretilhat, gretilhe
Anfracuosité
SP
CA
Crack, opening
Güell
Résurgence d'eau
SP
CA
Water spring
Hèche
Inculte
SP
CA
Uncultivated
Herm
Fer
SP
CA
Iron
Herran, Herrere
Source
SP
CA
Source
Hount, font, fount
Trou, resurgence,
SP
CA
Hole, source, resurgence, spring
Hountarrouya
Col élevé
Paso alto
pas alt
High col
Hourat
Source ferrugineuse
SP
CA
Rusty source
Hourquette
Menhir, borne
SP
CA
Menhir, standing stone
Hitte
Falaise
Precipicio
CA
Cliff
Ibón, Ibónet, Lacot
Laquet, petit lac
Lago
CA
Small lake
Illa, Isla, Isclot
Ile
SP
CA
Island
Jasse, jaça, jassa
Replat herbeux ou les troupeaux passent la nui
SP
CA
Grassy flat where beasts spend the night
Llauses
Lauses, dalles, pierres plates
SP
CA
Tile, flat stones, paving stones
Llena
Sommet abrupt
SP
CA
Steep top
Labas, Labasse, Labassa, lauze, lause
Dalles escarpées, pierres plates
SP
CA
Thin sharp stones, flat stones
Laquette, laqueta
Petit lac, laquet
SP
CA
Small lake
Letouso, leitouso
Lait (bon lait..)
SP
CA
Milk (good milk..)
Lez, Lèze
Eau qui court
SP
CA
Fast water
Lis, Lits, Iys, llisa
Avalanche
SP
CA
Avalanche
Litaras
Couloir d'avalanche
SP
CA
Avalanche corridor
Louseras
Ardoise
SP
CA
Slate
Lousserio
Sources
SP
CA
Sources
Ludeto
Abri de berger
SP
CA
Sherperd's shelter
Mailh, mail
Sommet escarpé, pinnacle
Mallo
CA
Steep summit, pinnacle
Major, majou
Le plus grand
SP
CA
The biggest
Majada, mallada, mallata
Replat herbeux
Majada
CA
Grassy flat
Male, mau
Mauvaise
SP
CA
Bad
Mata
Bosquet, petit bois
SP
CA
Bush or undergrowth
Marcadau
Marché
SP
CA
Market
Mij, mieil
Milieu
SP
CA
Middle
Mondon, moundougn
Tas, talus
SP
CA
Heap, hillock
Monjoia
Cairn, tas de pierres
SP
CA
Cairn, pile of stones
Mouillère
Terrain marécageux
SP
CA
Marsh, peat, bog
Mourène
Brun
SP
CA
Brown
Muela
Cote escarpé
Muela
CA
Steep hillside
Muga, mugo
Frontiere
SP
CA
Border
Néou, Neo
Neige
Nueva
Neu
Snow
Nère, Né, Nègre
Noir
SP
CA
Black
Neste, Noguera
Rivière de montagne
Río de montaña
Riu de muntanya
Mountain river
Nouie
Falaise calcaire
SP
CA
Limestone cliff
Ombret
Versant exposé au nord, donc à l'ombre
SP
CA
Northern hillside, in the shaddow
Orrhi, orri, orry
Cabane ronde en pierres sèches
Cabaña de piedra
CA
Round shaped hut made of dry rocks
Oueillère, houeillassat
Brebis
SP
CA
Ewe
Oule, Oulette
Cuvette
SP
CA
Hollow basin
Ourtiga, Ourtigué
Lieu où il y a des orties
SP
CA
Place with nettle
Pale
Pelouse en pente raide
Colina empinada
CA
Steep grassy hillside
Paloume, paloma
Palombe
SP
CA
Grouse
Paquiza
Versant nord
SP
CA
Northern hillside
Pas, Passe
Passage délicat
SP
CA
Dangerous pass
Paúl
Lieu marécageux
SP
CA
Boggy place
Pedrous, pedrosa, pedros
Pierreux
Rocoso
Rocós
Rocky
Pène, peyne
Sommet aplati et allongé
SP
CA
Flat and long summit
Peyre
Pierre, roché isolé
SP
CA
Lonely stone or rock
Peyrada
Amas, tas de pierres
SP
CA
Pile of fallen stones
Pica, pique
Pic, cime, sommet
Pico
Pica, Pic
Peak, top, summit
Pichalei, pichaley
Lieu de rassemblement des bovins
SP
CA
Parking place for the cattle
Piches
Cascades, cascadelles
SP
CA
Waterfall, small waterfalls
Pla, planelle, pleta, ras, llano
Terrain plat, plateau, replat
SP
CA
Flat ground, high flat, flat hillside
Pleta, pletiu
Bergerie
SP
CA
Sheepfold
Port, Pourtère, portaro, portella, portillon, pourtère
Col frontalier
SP
CA
Boundary col
Porteille
Col étroit, aux versants abrupts
SP
CA
Narrow col, with steep sides
Posets, pocets
Gouffre, puit
SP
CA
Hole, cavity
Pourtet, Portalet
Petit col
SP
CA
Small col
Prat, Pradère
Pré
Pra
Prado
Meadow
Puig, puech, pouey, pujol, puyo, pouy
Eminence
SP
CA
Overstanding top
Punta
Pointe, sommet
Punta
CA
Top, summit
Quebe, quieba, cova
Abri sous roche
SP
CA
Shelter under a stone
Quer, kar
Rocher
SP
CA
Rock
Ralla, raya
Partie verticale du sommet
SP
CA
Vertical part of a summit
Raso
Colline sans arbre, haut plateau
SP
CA
Hill without trees, high flat
Restanca
Barrage, prise d'eau
Presa, hidrante
Presa, hidrant
Dam, hydrant
Rey, aurey, ourey
Roi ou vent (selon contexte)
Rey o viento (Dependiendo del contexto)
Rei o vent (Depenent del context)
King, or wind (depending on context)
Ribera
Vallée, rivière
Rivera
CA
Valley, river
Ribereta
Vallée secondaire
SP
CA
Secondary valley
Rio, rau, rec, riu
Cours d'eau
SP
CA
Water stream
Ros, arros, darros
Rosée
rocío
rosada
Dew
Sagette, sayette
Epée, lance
Espada, Lanza
Espasa, Llança
Sword, spear
Sarrat, serra, sierra, serra
Chaînon de montagnes, chaine allongée, mont non rocheux
Sierra
Serra
Small mountain range, long-shaped range, non rocky range
Sède, seda
Siège, éminence
SP
CA
Overstanding top, high place
Seilh, Seil
Glacier
Glaciar
Glacera
Glacier (icy mass on high mountains)
Selva, seuva
Bois, bosquet
SP
CA
Little wood, small forest
Senda, sente
Sentier cré par le passage d'animaux
trocha
trocha
Animal track
Solan, Solana, Solelhar, Soula
Versant exposé au sud, donc ensoleillé
SP
CA
Southern hillside, then in the sun
Sec, Seque
Aride, à sec
Seco
Seca
Dry, empty of water
Sesques
Marécages
SP
CA
Marsh, bog
Soubette
Edelweiss
Flor de las nieves
Flor de les neus
Edelweiss
Soum
Sommet arrondi
Monte, Cabezo, Cerro
Muntanya, Monte
Round shaped top
Tartera, tarter
Terrain rocailleux, pierrier
SP
CA
Rocky ground, fallen rocks
Tasca
Paturâge
SP
CA
Pasture
Tech
If
SP
CA
Fir tree
Tormo, turmo
Bloc, roche compacte
Canto, bloque
Cant, blocs
Block, boulder
Tóssa, tossau, tossal, tozal, tuc, tuque
Pic, sommet escarpé. Sommet portant une tour.
SP
CA
Peak, sharp summit. Summit with a cairn.
Toue
Abri sous roche
SP
CA
Shelter under a stone
Tourbet
Cyclone
SP
CA
Cyclone
Tourrat, torrat, gelat
Glacé
Helado
Gelat
Frozen
Tort, Tortes
Tordu, tortueux, sinueux
SP
CA
Twisted, tortuous, sinuous
Tramezaygues
Entre deux cours d'eau
SP
CA
Between two water streams
Turon, turrou
Sommet arrondi
SP
CA
Round shaped summit
Tusse, tusset, tussot
Butte, motte gazonnée
Colina
CA
Hillock, grassy top
Ubago, ubac
Versant à l'ombre
SP
CA
Shaded hillside
Ull
Fontaine
SP
CA
Fountain, spring
Usclat
Partie brulée
SP
CA
Burnt field
Uzious
Des deux lacs
SP
CA
From two lakes
Vic
Village
SP
CA
Village

Images

Cassini\'s map sample, Pyrenean oldest map