Setting Sun in Cholistan Desert Pakistan
|[ Sizes: Orig | Large | Med | Small | Thumb ]|
Cholistan desert, locally known as Rohi once used to be a prosperous,lively and thriving forest, is now by and large a deserted piece of land.
Cholistan is over 16000 kilometers It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. Cholistan is located just 35 kilometers from Bahawalpur City. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Cholistan thus means Land of Desert. This desert is situated at 112m above the sea level with mean annual temperature of 28.33o C, occasionally surpassing 46oC. The hottest month is June with average monthly temperature of 38.5 o C.
The Hakra River dried up here.Dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found. The main source of fresh water is the surface water collected in natural depressions or man made ponds, called “Tobas” during monsoon period. The water in these “Tobas” does not last long due to seepage and high rate of evaporation. The secondary source of water is underground which is mostly brackish and is found at the depth of 30–40 meters.
Peoples who live here are nomads who lead a simple life herding and trading in camels. Their culture is strong with many romantic legends dating back to ancient times and they place great value in the power of song.The people of Cholistan wear embroidered and print coloured shirts, skirts and robe coats.