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Western Bieszczady

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Western Bieszczady

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Subcarpathia, Poland/Slovakia/Ukraine, Europe

Lat/Lon: 49.08733°N / 22.56051°E

Object Title: Western Bieszczady

Activities: Hiking, Skiing

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 4416 ft / 1346 m


Page By: LukZem, agra

Created/Edited: Jan 12, 2010 / Dec 19, 2014

Object ID: 588878

Hits: 14570 

Page Score: 88.5%  - 27 Votes 

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Bieszczady Bukovské Vrchy Skhidni Beskydy Beszkádok (HU)

The Bieszczady Mountains belong to the Northeastern Carpathians - formed of flysch, their highest summits of hard sandstone - and they are usually divided into two mountain groups: the Western and the Eastern Bieszczady. Most of the main ridge of the Western Bieszczady constitutes the border between Slovakia and Poland. Its easternmost bit forms the Poland-Ukraine border, then ends just beyond it at the pass of Uzhok (Użocka Przełęcz/Uzhotskyi pereval) on the territory of Ukraine, where the Eastern Bieszczady begin. In Ukraine, the name "Bieszczady" is usually replaced with "Skhidni Beskydy". Their main ridge is part of the water divide between the drainages of the Baltic and Black seas, which is reflected by its Ukrainian name Vododilnyi Khrebet. South of the Western Bieszczady and about seven km west of Pikuy, the Eastern Bieszczady's highest peak, rise the massifs of Ostra Hora and Polonyna Rivna (Runa/Równa=flat), which are regarded as a separate mountain group.
Beech-fir woodland Primeval Beech-Fir Woodland
Tarnica and Borzava Tarnica (Borzhava afar)
Three polonynas Looking south

View from Mount Jaslo (1158 m) Home to big mammals
Sunrise in Bieszczady Mountains Looking north
The rocky ridge of Mount Wetlinska Meadow (1253 m) Sandstone on top

In the Bieszczady, the timberline is formed of beech and runs strikingly low, often below 1200m, which is due to a few centuries of grazing which in the Western Bieszczady ended in the middle of the 20th century, when after the Second World War the local Ukrainian/Rusyn population was deported from the part of the Northeastern Carpathians that remained within the borders of Poland. Until the 15th century few people had lived in the Bieszczady but the second half of the second millennium A.D. saw extensive colonization, exploitation of the woodland, and grazing enormous herds of livestock around the mountain tops. The shepherds, of whom the first may have been Romanian-speaking people specializing in what is called transhumance, cleared the woodland around mountain tops to establish pastures. As a result, the tree line has been considerably lowered. The high mountain pasture in the Bieszczady and elsewhere in the Northeastern Carpathians is known as polonyna (połonina in Polish).
On the slope of Mount Smerek (1222 m) Timberline on Smerek

Most of the area of the Western Bieszczady lies in Poland. The same goes for the highest summit of the Western Bieszczady, Tarnica at 1346m. The mountains extend between Łupków Pass in the west and Uż Pass (Użocka Przełęcz/Uzhotskyi pereval in the east). They are bounded on the west by the Osława and Laborec rivers and on the south by the uppermost course of the Uzh River. Their northeastern boundary generally runs several kilometers NE of the upper San River. (The Ukrainian bit which lies NE of the uppermost course of the San has been named Sanske Beskydy.)There are several mountain ridges in the Polish part of the Western Bieszczady:

  • The main ridge - both an international border and a water divide - whose highest summit is named Wielka Rawka (1304m)

  • Wysoki Dział in the west, east of the Osława River ridge (Wołosań, 1071m) - few human visitors, vast forest, good chance of seeing the big Carpathian mammals, such as the bear and the wisent

  • Łopiennik group (1069m), east of the ridge of Wysoki Dział

  • Krzemień - Halicz (1333m) [Bieszczady Mountains - Poland]
    The Połoninas of the Western Bieszczady - spring

  • The Ridge of the Połoninas, on which the highest summit of the Western Bieszczady stand: Połonina Wetlińska (1255m) NW of Wielka Rawka; Połonina Caryńska (1297m) NE of Wielka Rawka, W of the village of Ustrzyki Górne; Tarnica (1346m) in the Tarnica-Halicz subgroup, east of Ustrzyki Górne

  • Otryt (Trochaniec, 939m), on the north side of the San River just above Solina Dam (the ridge of Otryt can be classified as part of the Sanok-Turka Mountains, which form the foothills of the Western Bieszczady)

Movie created by LukZem during his eight visits to the Western Bieszczady: part 1/2

On the territory of Slovakia, the Western Bieszczady are called Bukovské vrchy (Beech Hills).

sunset in Bukovské Vrchy (Slovakia)
Bukovské Vrchy

A gap in the canopy of beech trees
Havešová primeval forest
In the west they are surrounded by the Laborec Hills and in the south by the Beskyd Hills. Its main ridge stretching along SK/PL border is covered by the clusters of primeval beech forests, inscribed to the World Heritage List. Bukovské Vrchy are divided into two mountain subgroups:
  • Bukovce - the northern part whose highest summit is Veľký Bukovec (1012m)

  • Nastaz - the southern part (800m) with Havešová primeval beech forest being a UNESCO’s World Natural Heritage

Stynka massif (1019m)
Skhidni Beskydy
Rainbow over the canopy of world s treasure
Stuzhytsia primeval forest

The Ukrainian corner of the Western Bieszczady between the Slovak and Polish borders, south of the main ridge, is called Skhidni Beskydy or Stuzhitski Beshchady. Their southern boundary is formed of uppermost course of the Uzh river, whose spring can be found near Uzhotska pass. Stuzhytsia primeval beech-fir forest – a UNESCO’s World Natural Heritage being part of Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany is the main landmark for the lovers of wilderness. Wooden church in Uzhok is part of a UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage called Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region in Poland and Ukraine. The border massif of Stynka is the place, where the largest meteor in Europe Knyahynskyi had fallen in 1866.

Movie created by LukZem during his eight visits to the Western Bieszczady: part 2/2

The table below lists the highest peaks in the Western Bieszczady.

Elevation in Meters
A few words about
Bieszczady's highest peak - to see the mountain page for more information, please click "Tarnica" to the left of the photo.
2nd highest peak, the rockiest of all in the Bieszczady, 1 km long sandstone ridge which was originally called Hreben (i.e. "Ridge"), blue stripes from Wołosate
3rd highest summit - see the mountain page for more information.
Kopa Bukowska
Its top part is free of heavy traffic (no marked trail to the summit), red stripe trail skirts its south face at 1240 m.a.s.l.
Szeroki Wierch
Four-summit ridge whose name translates as "Broad Peak"; its highpoint is called Tarniczka, red stripes from Ustrzyki Górne
Bukowe Berdo
Three-summit ridge with sandstone crags on the crest. According to W. Krukar until World War II the mountain was called Połonina Dźwiniacka by the local people. blue stripes Otryt-Wołosate, yellow stripes from Muczne
Wielka Rawka
The highest summit of the Western Bieszczday's main crest (which is part of the international border), dome-shaped ridge, half a kilometre long, with an avalanche-prone NE face. blue stripes from Ustrzyki Górne, green/yellow stripes from Wetlina/Mala Rawka
Połonina Caryńska
Four-summit, 5 km long mountain pasture, whose highest culmination is called Kruhly Wierch, red stripes Ustrzyki Górne/Berehy Górne, interpretive trail
At the southeast end of the Ridge of the Połoninas, close to its junction with the main, border ridge.
Mała Rawka
"Mała" translates as "little". Just north of the summit of Wielka (Great) Rawka. There is a small clearing, i.e. a tiny "połonina" on the top.
Połonina Wetlińska
The highpoint of Połonina Wetlińska rises in the eastern part of the massif and is called Roh (literally "horn" in Rusyn/Ukrainian); steep S face, Puchatka Hut (the highest hut in the Bieszczady) situated at the easternmost culmination, red stripes from Smerek/Berehy Górne, yellow stripes from Przełęcz Wyżna/Zatwarnica/Wetlina, interpretive trail
Kińczyk Bukowski
The highest summit of Uzhanskyi National Park, situated on the PL/UA border. The southernmost tip of Poland - Opołonek peak rises a few kilometers past Kińczyk Bukowski, access to the area is officially forbidden! grey stripes interpretive trail from Verkhovyna Bystra/Uzhok Pass
At the northwest end of the Ridge of the Połoninas, in the massif of Połonina Wetlińska. Smerek is separated from the main part of the massif by a low (1075m) pass named after Mieczysław Orłowicz, renowned Polish hiker, author of about a hundred guidebooks.
A T-junction of three international borders (Slovakia/Poland/Ukraine), the highest summit of Slovakia's part of the Bieszczady Mountains, called Bukovské Vrchy by the Slovaks, as well as the easternmost point of the Slovak Republic. yellow/blue stripes from Wetlina/Ustrzyki Górne, red stripes from Nová Sedlica/Stuzhytsia

Polonyna Bukowska (the Halicz range) W Bieszczady at their E end

When To Go & Weather

The climate of the Western Bieszczady is continental with snow cover lasting from November till the beginning of May. The annual amount of precipitation exceeds 1100 mm and July is the rainiest month. If you are seeking solitude, a hike in the Bieszczadzki National Park in the middle of the summer season is definitely not a good idea. September is often said to be the best option - for two reasons: fewer people and the trees turning colors.

Late summer and early autumn often offer favorable weather conditions, besides the gorgeous scenery of the colorful broadleaved woodland. Winter in the Bieszczady Mountains is very romantic as there are hardly any visitors and you have unique panoramic views for yourself: from the High Tatras on the western horizon to the Gorgany Mountains far east inside Ukraine.

Wilderness & Wildlife

Europe's largest area of montane beech forest is found in the Bieszczady Mountains, where the borders of Poland, the Slovak Republic and Ukraine meet.The dominance of beech (Fagus sylvatica) is reflected by the name of the Bukovske Vrchy (Beech hills). Special circumstances have made it possible for extensive remnants of virgin forests to persist in this transboundary area until today. The first forest reserve called Stuzhytsia was established in 1908. In 2007 this primeval forest with another well preserved forest reserves like Udava, Havešová, Rožok were inscribed to the UNESCO's World Heritage List as Primeval beech forests of the Carpathians.

Movie created by LukZem during his eight visits to this trilateral wilderness: part 1/2

Primeval ForestCore Zone (ha)Access From
Stuzhytsia - Bukovské Vrchy
2 950
red stripes from Nová Sedlica
Stuzhytsia - Uzhok
2 532
red stripes from Stuzhytsia village
yellow stripes from Osadné
unmarked forest road from Uličské Krivé
unmarked forest road from Kalná Raztoka

Western Bieszczady rank among the wildest corners of Europe and can be considered as a true "Wildlife hotspot". There is hardly any comparable place in continental Europe, where you can encounter the complete spectrum of ungulates (wisent, elk, red deer, wild boar, roe deer) and predators (brown bear, wolf, lynx, wild cat, fox). Another distinctive feature of the area may be that there is no other place in Europe where nature has replaced human management.

Video footage of extremely rare encountering with the wolf in Bieszczady Mountains by LukZem

The table shows the list of LukZem's recorded wildlife observations, which were taken during multi-year visits of trilateral Western Bieszczady territory:

Observed at
A few words
San Valley Landscape Park
About 150 individuals, the highest density of wolf packs in Europe.
Poloniny National Park
About 200 animals roaming free especially in Polish part.
Ural owl
Stuzhytsa primeval forest
Forest-dwelling species, its territorial call can carry up to two km
Poloniny National Park
Encountered on the trail without any signs of fear from my presence.
Black stork
Bieszczady National Park
Its favourite river valleys are San, Wetlinka, Prowcza and Osława.
Red deer
Poloniny National Park
Several hundred individuals, prefer remote forest complexes, rich food resources result in healthy populations of mature animals reaching the weight of more than 250 kg
Stuzhytsia primeval forest
This typical representative of spruce woodland also found refuge in Stuzhytsia's primeval beech forest.
Roe deer
Poloniny National Park
Game animals are common and serve as a nutritional basis for the large predators.
Silver-washed Fritillary
Uzhanskyi National Park
Its preferred habitat is thin, sunny, deciduous woodland.
Grey-headed Woodpecker
Poloniny National Park
This rare bird representative was observed near Stuzhytsia mixed woodland.
San Valley Landscape Park
Lucky to observe six isolated foxes on the meadows near Zatwarnica.
European Dipper
Poloniny National Park
Associated with running rivers and streams, it dives as well as walks into the water.
Grass snake
Poloniny National Park
It lives or reproduces in water filled depressions.
Bieszczadski National Park
It breeds in woodlands, usually on the fringes, but favours hunting over open land.
Poloniny National Park
Its diet consists primarily of a wide variety of plant food, including nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits and fungi.
Grey Wagtail
Poloniny National Park
Usually seen on open marshy ground or meadows where they walk solitarily or in pairs along the ground.
Common frog
Bieszczadski National Park
It breeds in shallow, still, fresh water. The females, which are generally larger than the males,lay about 1,000 eggs which float in large clusters.
Black woodpecker
Poloniny National Park
Typical representative of Stuzhytsia and Havešová primeval forests.
Wasp spider
Uzhanskyi National Park
The spider builds a spiral orb web at dawn or dusk, commonly in long grass a little above ground level, taking it approximately an hour.
Carpathian blue slug
Poloniny National Park
This species is endemic to the Carpathian Mountains in Eastern Europe.
White stork
Poloniny National Park
Nesting pair in the center of Runina village.
Spotty salamander
Havešová primeval forest
Lucky to observe more than 30 individuals in single one rainy day.
Meadow Brown
Uzhanskyi National Park
Its larvae feed on grasses, such as Sheep's Fescue.
White-backed Woodpecker
Rožok primeval forest
It is the largest of the spotted woodpeckers in the boreal and temperate climate ecoregions.
Blackspotted pliers support beetle
Poloniny National Park
Larvae develop in silver fir, hazel and European beech.

Movie created by LukZem during his eight visits to this trilateral wilderness: part 2/2

Getting there

Flights fromAirportRoadsRailroadsDestination
England, Ireland, Germany
Rzeszów - Krosno E 371 Krosno - Sanók 28 Sanók - Ustrzyki Dolne 84 Ustrzyki Dolne - Ustrzyki Górne 896
Rzeszów - Zagórz
Bieszczadzki NP
Austria, Czech Republic
Košice - Michalovce E 50 Michalovce - Humenné 18 Humenné - Stakčín 74 Stakčín - Nová Sedlica 558
Košice - Humenné Humenné - Stakčín
Poloniny NP
Uzhorod - Uzhok H13
Uzhorod - Syanky
Uzhanskyi NP

If you intend to visit the Ciśniańsko-Wetliński or the Dolina Sanu (the San Valley) landscape parks, the best option is to drive to Lesko (Sanok - Ustrzyki Dolne section) and then continue southwards to Baligród or Cisna. Ukraine's Nadsianskyi Regional Landscape Park is accessible by train.
Uzhorod 10:35 p.m.
Syanky 02:02 a.m.
Sokolyky 02:35 a.m.
Polish railroadsPolish buses Slovakian bus/train search Ukrainian search Transcarpathian suburban trains 
Autumn Colors Colourful canopy

Red Tape & Protected Areas

Wild camping on the Polish and Slovakian territories is forbidden.

The Western Bieszczady Mountains are one of the best protected areas in Europe. A large chunk of the mountains is part of the East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve - the first trilateral UNESCO's Man and Biosphere project in the world. It is the largest biosphere reserve in Europe with a total area of nearly 2 000 square kilometers. It contains six protected areas within the borders of three countries.

Movie created by LukZem during his visits to the Bieszczady, Poloniny and Uzhanskyi National Parks

Temple of nature Poloniny NP
In sunset light Bieszczadzki NP
The Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 
<i>(Boloria selene)<i> Uzhanskyi NP

Protection statusEstablished inTotal Area (ha)CampsitesFeatures
Bieszczadzki National Park
27 064
Brzegi Górne,Bereżki, Górna Wetlinka
Polonynas - the highest parts of the Bieszczady Mountains, endemic flora
Poloniny National Park
29 805
Čierťaž pass, Ruské pass, Nová Sedlica - Poľana
The least visited NP: the highest concentration of primeval beech forests in Slovakia, wooden churches
Uzhanskyi National Park
39 159
Stuzhytsia, Kostrino, Stavne, Uzotska pass
Stuzhytsia primeval beech-fir forest, Chorna mlaka crater
Ciśniańsko- Wetliński Landscape Park
51 014
Roztoki Górne, Rabe, Duszatyn, Buk k.Terki
Duszatyńskie Lakes, canyon called Sine Wiry, narrow-gauge railroad
San Valley Landscape Park
36 600
Rajskie, Wańka Dzial
Free-ranging herd of wisent
Nadsanskyi Landscape Park
19 428
Historical buildings

Wetlina river Ciśniańsko-Wetliński LP
Grazing wisent San Valley LP
Spring-time Nadsanskyi RLP

Movie created by LukZem during his visits to the Cisniansko-Wetlinski, San Valley and Nadsanskyi Landscape Parks

As most of the Bieszczady National Park area (70%) has the status of a strictly protected zone, public access to the park requires a well prepared system of marked tourist trails. Standard National Park rules apply, such as: no camping, stick to the marked routes, do not disturb wildlife, etc. During the tourist season a small fee (about 1 euro) is charged for entry to Bieszczady National Park.
Almost the same goes for Slovakia's Poloniny National Park except from fee charging. Hikers are allowed to make use of two PL/SK border-crossing points:

Border-crossing pointSeasonOpened dailyHiking trailLocated at
Balnica - Osadné
1.6. - 30.9.
9:00 - 18:00
yellow stripes
Westernmost part
Roztoki Górne - Ruské sedlo
1.4. - 30.9.
9:00 - 18:00
yellow/blue stripes
The west-central part

The situation in Ukraine's Uzhanskyi National Nature Park is now getting better and some campsites, hiking trails and rest places have been set up. You can follow newly marked red stripe trail (Velikiy Bereznyi - Yavirnyk - Dubovy Haj - Stynka - Stuzhytsia - Ceremcha - Lubnya - Verkhovyna Bystra - Scherbyn - Uzh Pass).

NB: Ukraine is not part of the European Union, so the regulations are much stricter, and border-crossing is out of question. According to my experience, it is good to ask the border police if you are allowed to visit Ukrainian piece. It is also advisable to report your plans at the headquarters of Uzhansky NNP at the town of Velikiy Berezniy. Nadsanskyi Regional Landscape Park is accessible only with a permit from Mostyska border office!

East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve

East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve is the largest biosphere reserve in Europe. In November 1992, under the Man and Biosphere Program, UNESCO designated a Polish-Slovak bilateral Biosphere Reserve. In October 1998 the Ukrainian part joined to form the first trilateral Biosphere Reserve “the East Carpathians” - a unique treasure of global importance, combining immense wildlife value with rich cultural heritage.The reserve contains some of the least disturbed ecosystems e.g. part of the largest European natural beech forest complex, Eastern Carpathian mountain meadows called “poloniny”,and protects endemic and threatened mountain plant species and communities. It constitutes one of the most important refuges for large animals of primeval habitats of Europe. Unique fauna is composed of all native big predators like the brown bear, wolf, lynx and golden eagle, as well as all big native herbivorous mammals like the European bison, red deer and reintroduced Hutzul horse.

Movie created by LukZem during his eight visits to the East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve

East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve covers 200,000 hectares (in Poland 53%, in Slovakia 19% and in Ukraine 27% of the total area) and encompasses six protected areas within the borders of three countries:

  • Bieszczady National Park, Cisna-Wetlina and San Valley Landscape Parks in Poland

  • Poloniny National Park and its buffer zone in Slovakia

  • Uzhansky National Nature Park and Nadsyansky Regional Landscape Park in Ukraine

Upper San valley San Valley LP - spring
Uzh pass (852m) Uzhansky NP/Nadsansky RLP - winter
Green lungs of Europe Poloniny NP - summer
Poloninas, mountain grasslands at timberline, are a species-rich and representative formation of the East Carpathian mountains. Most are secondary communities that arose due to cattle grazing on mountain ridges. Poloninas also includes species recognized as Dacian migro-element, such as bellflower (Campanula abietina), monkshood (Aconitum lasiocarpum), and compact pink (Diantus compactus). In recent years the polonina grasslands on the summits have undergone prominent floristic and faunistic changes due to lack of grass cutting and non-grazing of domestic animals. Generelly, the flower-rich polonina grasslands lose their human-induced biodiversity and thus create a problem for future management of the Biosphere Reserve.
Siberian Iris
<i>Iris sibirica</i> Siberian Iris
Dianthus compactus Compact Pink
Galanthus nivalis Snowdrop
The most valuable architectural landmarks are the wooden churches, with rare iconographic decorations in the interiors. Eastern Orthodox wooden churches are located in the villages of Ulicske Krive, Rusky Potok and Topola. The Eastern Slavic ethnic group, to which the Ruthenians belong, had their ethnic identity reflected in their architecture.

The international importance of the East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve can be illustrated by these facts:

  • Fragments of old Carpathian virgin forests are still preserved over vast areas of the Reserve and the natural beech stands are the biggest in Europe. No wonder in 2007 the clusters of primeval beech forests were inscribed to the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

  • East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve is the only territory, where mountain meadows called poloniny are being protected.

  • Also it is one of the wildlife hotspots, where big forest animals roam free.

  • Low population density over a relativelly large territory makes East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve unique within Europe.

Bieszczady National Park

Is established on August 4th, 1973 (gradually enlarged In 1989, 1991, 1996 and 1999). It covers an area of 29.201,62 ha now. It is the largest mountain and third largest national park in Poland. (after Biebrzański and Kampinowski Parks)
It protects:
Kingdom of poloninas
the map of BdNP
Map of BdNP

  • Natural forest ecosystems along with numerous animal populations
  • Poloninas stretching above upper forest limit with its distinctive flora and fauna of the Eastern Carpathian character
  • Picturesque valleys of former villages, called “the land of valleys

Since 1992 it constitutes a central part of the first trilateral International Biosphere Reserve “Eastern Carpathians”.
Bieszczady National Park (BdNP) conducts and supports scientific research and promotes ecological education by organizing public access of selected natural resources in the Bieszczady Mountains.
In 1998, as the second place in Poland, it was awarded a Diploma of the European Council for protected areas.
BdNP includes the most important and beautiful places like Polonyna Wetlinska, Polonyna Carynska, the highest summit of the Western Bieszczady – Tarnica and valley of the river San.
from Rozsypaniec
Beauty of Bieszczady

Around four hundred thousand tourists go trekking along the trails in the Bieszczady National Park each year, especially during summer season. Unfortunately (or fortunately, depending on one’s point of view - for example the inhabitants) the number of tourists is growing each year. This doesn’t change the fact that the Bieszczady Mountains, with its low population density, unique countryside and unforgettable scenery, are a perfect place for long, trekking excursions, which could provide one with experiences for a whole life. They are a cult location, a must see for everyone who admires wild nature, quiet and open stretches of land. Countless of people are drawn here in search of silence, clean air and crystal clear water. The serene nature of the Bieszczady is exceptionally gracious for those who love photography of wild nature.
However, these trips require proper preparation and experience, which is always worth remembering while planning a trip.

Tourist activities within the area of the Park are only allowed along marked trails and paths of individual purposes like trekking, skiing, cycling and horse riding. Trekking as a main activity of hikers is described in the separate section.
mountain bike tourism
Mb tourism - concrete road to Dzwiniacz Gorny

houseback riding
Horseback riding - road to Suche Rzeki

  • Mountain biking

    On BNP area it is forbidden to ride a bike along trekking route, nature paths or horse trails but cycling is allowed along public roads and marked bike trails. The total length of mountain bike trails running in BNP is 47,4 km. e.g. trip from the border of BNP across village (Łokiec), along concrete road to Dzwiniacz Gorny and to the border of BPN near Tarnawa Nizna (about 9km.)

  • Skiing
    Bieszczadzki Ski Event

  • Horseback riding

    Mountain Horse riding in the Park and its buffer zone is only allowed along marked trails and on the Park’s horses (the Hutsul horses which originate from the Eastern Carpathian Mountains) or on other horses with a special permit of the director of the park. Suggestion of trails:
    -Wolosate – Tarnawa (about 30 km / 6 h)
    -Tarnawa – Suche Rzeki (about 36 km / 8 h)
    -Wetlina – Wołosate (about 22 km / 5 h)

Bieszczady National Park is one of the few European mountainous areas with relatively well preserved native fauna and flora. It is worth to remark that the plant cover and the fauna have been created in result of spontaneous secondary, regenerative succession, which has lasted here since the end of World War II. That ecological phenomena doesn't occur so long and at so large scale in other mountainous areas of Central Europe. Wonderful mountain vistas, vast beech woodland and high probability of meeting wild animals – these are the main features of Bieszczady National Park - the area fondly known as the 'Polish Wild East'.

Movie created by LukZem during his two visits to the Bieszczady NP


I post here only a very little part of all possible route but in my opinion with the most important places and with the most unforgettable views.

  • Main destination – Tarnica, Halicz

    Ustrzyki Górne, blue marked trail with green marked natural trail (the sign: spotted salamander, 19 stops), there is possibility to take a bus because of long concrete road which is boring (about 1,5h by foot) – Wołosate, red marked trail with green marked natural trail (the sign: long-flowered primrose, 28 stops)and also concrete road but this time without possibility of taking bus (3h by foot) – Bukowska Pass, red marked trail (about 1h) via Rozsypaniec – Halicz, red marked trial (about 1h) – Siodło Pass, yellow marked trail (1/4h) – Tarnica (the highest peak in Bieszczady, 1346 m), yellow marked trail (1/4h) – Siodło Pass, red marked trail with green marked natural trail (the sign: Spring snowflake, 26 stops)via Szeroki Wierch (2h) – Ustrzyki Górne (total time 9h)
    view of Tarnica view of Tarnica (the highest peak in Bieszczady)
    Polonyna Bukowska (the Halicz range) Polonyna Bukowska (the Halicz range) from historical- natural trial “Upper San Valley”

  • Main destination – Polonyna Caryńska, Krzemieniec

    Ustrzyki Górne, red marked trail with green marked natural trail (the sign: beech tree, 35 stops) via Polonyna Caryńska (about 2,5h) – Kruhły Wierch, green marked trail with green marked natural trail (1h) – Wyżniańska Pass, green marked trail (1 3/4h) – Mała Rawka, yellow marked trail (0,5h) – Wielka Rawka, blue marked trail (3/4h) – Krzemieniec , blue marked trail (1h) – Wielka Rawka, blue marked trail (1 3/4h) – Ustrzyki Górne (total time 9 1/4 h)
    Polonyna Caryńska Polonyna Caryńska in very hot day in July
    Krzemieniec/Kremenaros Krzemieniec/Kremenaros

  • Main destination – Polonyna Wetlińska

    Smerek, red marked trail via Wysoka Smerek (1222 m) (about 3h) – Orłowicza Pass, red marked trail with green marked natural trail (the sign: alpine globeflower, 35 stops) via the ridge of Polonyna Wetlińska (2h) – Hasiakowa Skała (Chatka Puchatka – the PTTK Hostel), red marked trail with green marked natural trail (1h) – Berehy Górne
    Polonyna Wetlińska Polonyna Wetlińska - view from PTTK Hostel "Chatka Puchatka"
     to Polonyna Wetlińska the sign to Polonyna Wetlińska in the Osadzki peak (1253 m)

Nature paths in Bieszczady National Park go along tourist and routes. The stop points are marked in the field. The special guidebooks contain detailed descriptions which extend your knowledge about the Park. The guidebooks can be purchased in the information points. There is 12 natural paths and 5 of them run via this three examples of routes. Other:

  • Nature- historical trail “Wołosate – Tarnica”, sign: lesser spotted eagle, 25 stops
  • Nature trail “Wielka Rawka”, sign: rowan, 46 stops
  • Nature trail “Suche rzeki – Smerek”, sign: silver fir, 20 stops
  • Nature trail “Bukowe Berdo”, sign: rock pink, 24 stops
  • Nature trail “Suche Rzeki – Jaworniki”, sign: brown bear (only for participants of educational programmers organized by BPN)
  • Nature trail for disabled persons “Zwrót Valley”
  • Heritage trail “Upper San Valley”, sign: beaver, 19 stops.

    Bukowiec, blue historical – natural trial via non-existing village Beniowa and Sianki where is the grave of counts Klara and Franciszek Stroińscy – Wierszek, unmarked trail - spring of San river, length - 444 km., altitude - 950 m.
    Historical- natural trial “Upper San Valley” Moczarny - the grave of counts Klara and Franciszek Stroińscy
    spring of San river, length - 444 km., hight - 950 n.m.p., spring of San river, length - 444 km., altitude - 950 m.


    Online Maps

    Paper Maps

    Map TitleScaleLatest EditionPublisherArea Covered
    Bieszczadzki NP
    Ciśniańsko-Wetliński LP, San Valley LP, Bieszczadzki NP
    Bieszczady/Bukovské Vrchy
    VKÚ Harmanec
    Ciśniańsko-Wetliński NP, San Valley LP, Bieszczadzki NP (western part), Poloniny NP, Uzhanskyi NP (Stuzhytsia)
    Ciśniańsko-Wetliński NP, San Valley LP, Bieszczadzki NP
    Bukovské Vrchy
    VKÚ Harmanec
    Poloniny NP
    Bieszczady Wschodnie
    1:100 000
    Uzhanskyi and Nadsianskyi NP
    Użański Park Narodowy
    1:50 000
    Uzhanskyi NP


    There is a wide range of accommodation possibilities in the Bieszczady.

    DestinationMountain HutsGuesthouses, Hostels
    Bieszczadzki Natioanl Park
    Puchatka, Pod Małą Rawką Kremenaros
    Wetlina Ustrzyki Górne Wołosate
    Ciśniańsko-Wetliński Landscape Park
    Pod Honem Jaworzec
    Baligród, Cisna Balnica Okrąglik
    San Valley Landscape Park
    Chata Socjologa
    Sękowiec Zatwarnica Chrewt

    Accommodation in the Bukovské Vrchy
    Spring ritual The best accommodation
    Runina Spring green

    Guesthouses in the Skhidni Beskydy Overnight accommodatin in Nadsianskyi RLP is available here.
    Village Cottages owned by
    Boberka Mykola Butriy Galyna Pron'o Anatoliy Bizhyk Ivan Fedash
    Shandrovets Hanna Zgoba Mykola Saray Anna Pyptyk Ivan Startsun
    Verkhnya Yablunka Paraskoviya Semkiv Bogdan Shyika --- ---
    Former Czechoslovakian Javorník Hut (red stripes from Velikyi Bereznyi) built in 1936 is operational.

    Recommended accommodationAddresse-mailPhone
    Stavnoe pension
    Stavne 158
    +38 0997 340 177
    Club Slidopyt
    Rusky Mochar
    +38 0992 010 415
    Club "Visson"
    Kostryna 1
    +38 0312 444 107
    Sherbin pension
    Sherbin(150m from railroad station)
    +38 0965 205 266
    Hotel Uzhok
    Volosyanka 440a
    +38 0963 301 606
    Verkhovynsky Dvor
    Kostryna 187
    +38 0313 537 225

    Mountain Rescue

    Sunny snows of Bieszczady
    Szeroki Wierch
    Bukowe Berdo panorama
    Winter fairytale

    • GOPR (Poland) emergency number in the mountains: 601 100 300

    • GOPR's another Emergency Number: 985 (free of charge).

    • GOPR Head office Sanok, 49 Mickiewicza Street: tel. 13 4632204

    • Aviation Emergency – Sanok – 13 4630477

    • Emergency Signals:
      Please help! 6 times a minute (sound or light signal), then a minute's pause.
      Answer: 3 signals per minute.

    Emergency stationPhone
    Ustrzyki Górne
    13 4610606
    13 4684734
    Przysłup Caryński
    13 4611848
    Połonina Wetlińska, PTTK

    Mountain rescue service

    Name of MRSAddressTelefon/e-mailMobile phone
    Uzhorod, Vereshcahina 18, 88006
    +38 0312 671 413 zak.resque@tn.uz.ua
    +38 097 585 6685
    Zaliznichna 16, 79905
    +38 0342 222 165 resque_tur@ukr.net
    +38 0322 395 070
    Krasiya summit, 89023
    +38 0312 671 413
    +38 050 527 1705
    Karpatska 100, 89100
    +38 0313 622 290
    +38 068 502 8551
    GROUP Bieszczady - Sanok
    Mickiewicza 49, 38-500
    +48 134 632 204 bieszczadzka@gopr.pl
    +48 601 100 300
    Ustrzyki Górne
    +48 134 610 606
    +48 601 100 300
    Pod Małą Rawką
    +48 504 170 127
    +48 601 100 300

    Duty officer of Ministry of Emergency - (+38 0321) 660 701, 660 114 or (+38 0442) 473 103

    Emergency numbers of rescue services - 101 (only from UA operators)

    External Links

    Campanula serrata Campanula serrata
    Sunset ridge Good-bye Bieszczady

Bieszczady s westernmost ridge
W Bieszczady at their West end

Animated snapshots

The best shots of LukZem taken during his eight visits to the Western Bieszczady

Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
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Voted 10/10

There are 2 albums which you can attach to this area :



Congrats for starting the area page about this range. Keep going ! Don't hesitate to put more photos
Posted Jan 13, 2010 2:54 pm
JacekRe: Bieszczady


Hasn't voted

Done, thanks for pointing these out!
Posted Jan 14, 2010 5:11 am

Viewing: 1-2 of 2    


Sunrise over Mount CarynskaMt. Polonina Wetlinska at sunsetTatra Mountains from BieszczadyCarynska ridge in evening lightsWhen the valleys meet the sun...Rising Sun over Upper San valleySunny snows of Bieszczady
Autumn forest – slope of Połonina CaryńskaMount Polonina CarynskaHigh Tatras from Wielka RawkaKrzemien & Tarnica from CarynskaHnatowe Berdo at sunsetMount Kinczyk BukowskiWaiting for the night
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