What Are Waterbirds?The term "waterbird" refers to bird species dependent on aquatic habitats to complete portions of their life cycles. Waterbirds can be further characterized by other non-technical terms relating to where they typically forage.
seabirds -- primarily feeding in open ocean; often colonial.
coastal waterbirds -- primarily utilizing the interface between land and both salt and fresh water; often colonial.
wading birds -- principally feeding by wading in fresh or brackish waters; often colonial.
marshbirds -- often secretive, feeding in primarily fresh waters
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