Topographic isolation: 2.6 km
Nearest higher peak: D. Roşu (1544 m)
Prominence: 170 m
Bucolic land near Căţeilor
The summit cairn
Limited panorama from the summit
This summit has various names, like Deaulul Căţeilor or Vârful Căţînilor. It can be translated as Pups Hill. In the following I will refer to this summit as Căţeilor. The area belonged to Hungary during more than 1000 years (until 1920), and a big part of the tourists are Hungarians here. So I give the geographical names not only in Romanian but also in Hungarian language.
In reality this mount is an insignificant summit of the otherwise fantastic Padis
plateau. So why do I present this peak here on SummitPost? When I spent some days in this region, my real goal was to visit the famous Ordâncuşei
Gorge. But my trip wouldn’t have been complete with a gorge – I needed a peak for that day, too. The highest summit at Ordâncuşei
Gorge is Căţeilor. This mount is 2 km far from the head of the valley of Ordâncuşei
, in northwestern direction.
Căţeilor is at the border areas of the Padiş
plateau, and so its character is similar to the other parts of this Karst highland. The mount is built of limestone. With its 1480 meter elevation it is not much higher than the neighbouring highland. Its relative height could be seen only from south-western direction, from the valley of Vulturului. This valley is in 500 meter depth compared to the peak of Căţeilor. But the altitude difference cannot be seen neither from the peak nor from the valley. The area is covered with forest.
How does this forest look like? Well, it is beautiful, where there are no traces of human activity. But unfortunately it is not everywhere so. There are many ugly traces of unprofessional forestry work. Between the forested areas and Ordâncuşei
Gorge there are bucolic Alpine farmlands.
Cave Poarta Lui Ionel
One of the small caves
The valley of Ordâncuşei
is 9 km long. The lower 2 km long section of the valley has the character of a Gorge, with huge limestone walls long the river running in the depth. There are several attractions in the gorge:
Coming from south, first you can find a cave to the left side. The cave is called Corobana Mica
/Kőköz Kis Korobánja
. This cave is furnished for being a resting place tourists.
Also to the left side, you can find the trail and stairs leading to the cave called Peşteră Poarta Lui Ionel
. The cave can be visited inside. It is 120 meter long. But it is interesting also from outside: apart from the impressive entrance of the cave you can see spring tufa terraces. There is special microclimate in a radius of some hundred meters around the entrance of the cave. Temperature is constantly cool here and humidity is high. You can feel the difference when you walk in the gorge and you get near to the entrance of the cave, and when you leave this zone. This special microclimate has an effect also on the vegetation: trees have a thick coverage of moss and lichen here. I have seen similar things in subtropical forests in the Philippines.
In the hillside above Peşteră Poarta Lui Ionel
there is another ice cave: Gheţarul Zgurăşti
. These two caves are connected with each other.
How to Get There
An alternative way to CăţeilorFrom south
Road no.75 connects Lunca
. From any of the directions you can get to Gârda de Sus
. Here you must turn north. Only after 600 meters of driving you must turn right in order to get into the valley of Ordâncuşei
. After 8 km driving the road turns left and leaves the valley. The road reached its highpoint at the hamlet Stînișoară
. Here you can leave the narrow paved road and start hiking on the blue marked trail. After walking 2 km in north direction, you arrive to the saddle of Căţeilor. The highpoint of Căţeilor is in western direction of the saddle, in 200 meter distance. There is no trail to the summit – you can find it after a short bushwacking.
This route starts from Cabana Padiş
. This tourist hut can be reached with car on the road of Padiş
. From the tourist hut you must walk 1 km on the road in eastern direction. Then turn right (to south) where the marked blue trail leaves the road. After 7 km of hiking you will arrive to the saddle of Căţeilor. The highpoint of Căţeilor is in western direction of the saddle, in 200 meter distance. There is no trail to the summit – you can find it after a short bushwacking.
Mountain rescue service is provided by Salvamont Bihor, for details see their website: www.salvamontbihor.ro
Căţeilor and Ordâncuşei/Ördöngős Gorge are within the borders of the Apuseni Mountains National Park
. No entrance fee. But respect nature!
Daphne mezeron Viola tricolor Primula elatior
Camping and Tourist HutsCabana Padiş/Pádisi menedékház
(1298 m) – tourist hut and camping. Short video about the tourist hut: www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGHhmwGbFM0
Camping place near the entrance of the ice-cave called Gheţarul de la Săcrişoara
for online map of the Apuseni Mountains
Apuseni Mountains National Park