Page Type Page Type: Mountain/Rock
Location Lat/Lon: 46.23524°N / 11.59628°E
Additional Information County: Trentino Alto-Adige
Activities Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Scrambling, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall
Additional Information Elevation: 8182 ft / 2494 m
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Overview

Cauriòl 2494

Cauriòl 2494 is a mountain belonging to the northern sector of the Lagorai Group and located at the head of Val Sàdole,  between the Val Vanoi and the Val di Fiemme in eastern Trentino. It is a beautiful rocky mountain that together with the Cauriòl Piccolo 2396 m, from which it is separated by a high saddle called Selletta Cartéri, forms a mighty rocky bastion. These two peaks are among the best known of the Lagorai chain because of the battles that took place on these summits during the First World War. The mountain can be climbed through two different standard routes, the Italian Normal and the Austrian Normal that converge to the Selletta Cartéri. The Italian route skirts counterclockwise the Cauriòl Piccolo and leads inside the Busa della Neve, which is climbed straightforward to the Selletta Cartéri.  The Austrian route on the contrary skirts the CauriòI Piccolo in a clockwise direction. It's longer, less steep and very well paved with flat stones,  but now there are some short stretches on blocks where the war-pave has been damaged. In this page it will be reported the crossing of the Cauriòl with the ascent on the Via Italiana and the descent on the Via Austriaca, an advisable and very interesting ring itinerary through the places of the Great War.

Another reason to climb the Cauriòl is the wide panorama visible from the summit. On clear days you can see a great view that literally leaves you speechless. A 360 degree turn of the horizon over all the most important peaks of the district, with a view that spans from the close peaks of the Lagorai chain, such as Cima d'Asta and Cardinal, to the Western Dolomites, with the groups of Catinaccio, Latemar, Sassolungo, Sella, Marmolada and Pale di San Martino, from the Adamello, Presanella and Brenta Dolomites groups to the South-West, to the Ortles-Cevedale, Alpi Venoste and Alpi Breonie.

The Cauriòl group seen from Val Sadole
The Cauriòl group seen from Val Sadole

 

Il Cauriòl 2494 è una montagna appartenente al settore settentrionale del Gruppo del Lagorai e situata alla testata della Val Sàdole tra la Val Vanoi e la Val di Fiemme nel Trentino orientale. È una bella montagna rocciosa che insieme al Piccolo Cauriòl 2396 m, da cui è separata da un'alta sella chiamata Selletta Cartéri, forma un imponente bastione roccioso. Queste due cime sono tra le più conosciute della catena del Lagorai a causa delle battaglie che si sono svolte su queste cime durante la Prima Guerra Mondiale. La montagna può essere scalata attraverso due diversi percorsi standard, la Normale italiana e la Normale austriaca che convergono alla Selletta Cartéri. La via italiana costeggia in senso antiorario il Cauriòl Piccolo e conduce nella Busa della Neve, che sale direttamente alla Selletta Cartéri. La via austriaca al contrario costeggia il Piccolo Cauriò in senso orario. È più lunga ma meno ripida e pavimentata con piatti lastroni nella prima parte, ma in alcuni brevi tratti sui blocchi il parapetto di guerra è stato danneggiato. In questa pagina verrà riportata la traversata del Cauriòl con la salita lungo Via Italiana e la discesa lungo la Via Austriaca, un itinerario ad anello consigliabile e molto interessante attraverso i luoghi della Grande Guerra.
Un altro motivo per scalare il Cauriòl è l'ampio panorama visibile dalla cima. Nelle giornate limpide è possibile godere una splendida vista che lascia letteralmente senza parole. Un giro di orizzonte a 360 gradi su tutte le vette più importanti del comprensorio, con una vista che spazia dalle cime vicine della catena del Lagorai, come Cima d'Asta e il Cardinale, alle Dolomiti occidentali, con i gruppi del Catinaccio, Latemar, Sassolungo, Sella, Marmolada e Pale di San Martino, dai gruppi Adamello, Presanella e Dolomiti di Brenta a Sud-Ovest, fino all'Ortles-Cevedale, Alpi Venoste e Alpi Breonie.

 

Close-up of Sassolungo Group seen from Cauriòl
Close-up of Sassolungo Group seen from the summit
Close-up of Sella Group from the summit of Cauriòl
Close-up of Sella Group from the summit

 

Getting There

Cauriòl can be reached from the Rifugio Cauriol, located in the Val di Sadole, a side road of the Val di Fiemme. The starting point to climb is the village of Ziano di Fiemme 980 m.

Another longer approach is along the high valley of the Vanoi, through the path that starts from Rifugio Refavaie 1116 m, accessible by road from Caoria

Road access to Ziano di Fiemme

- coming from Trento: follow the Brennero Motorway towards North, exit Egna-Ora and take the road S51 towards Val di Fassa, getting to Cavalese and Ziano di Fiemme (37 km from Egna-Ora)

- coming from Bolzano:  follow the Brennero Motorway towards South, exit Egna-Ora and take the road S51 towards Val di Fassa, getting to Cavalese and Ziano di Fiemme 

Malga Sadole
Malga Sadole
Horses on Pian delle Maddalene, on the way to Cauriòl
Horses on Pian delle Maddalene

Once reached Ziano di Fiemme, leave the main road, turn to right to cross the Avisio stream and after passing the hamlet of Bosin, continue to drive on the paved road inside the wood of firs (signpost for the "Rifugio Cauriol"). After passing a bar that closes the road in winter, continue on the road at first paved, then unpaved (but always well traveled by normal vehicles) to the meadows where arise the Rifugio Cauriol and the Malga Sadole (1594 m, parking).

Cauriòl traverse across Val Sadole

Cauriòl traverse across Val Sadole

Summit quote: 2459 m - Difficulty: EE - Difference in level: 930 m - Exposition: different - Starting point: Rifugio Cauriòl parking lot

An easy and excellent panoramic route to get the summit of Cauriòl.  An advisable trips across the WWI remains. The views from the top are breathtaking. From the parking lot near the refuge continue straight on the mule track (path n. 320), entering the wood.  After passing a wooden walkway, the route reachs the beautiful meadow of Pian delle Maddalene (30 minutes from the shelter),  where there is also a small shelter on a tree. At the next junction ignore the path on the left to the Forcella del Cardinale; arriving in front of a small water reservoir, on the right the path continues and start to climb gently always on a good trail, in the direction of Passo Sedole.  Further on, on the left, you will see on the left the valley between the Cardinàl and Monte Cauriòl, where it runs clearly obvious the first part of the route "Via Austriaca". 

Erratic block on Pian delle Maddalene
Erratic block on Pian delle Maddalene
The rocky castle of Cauriòl group from Valle Sadole
The rocky castle of Cauriòl group from Valle Sadole

 

With a slight ascent and some hairpin bends the trail gets the junction between the two routes: on the left the Austrian route and on the right the Italian one (signpost to Passo Sadole). Continue to the right along the Italian road, passing the junction to Monte Castel de le Aie. You arrive at an altitude of 2057 meters where there are conspicuous and well-preserved remains of a military barricade. Ignore the junction on the right and continue straight about 10 minutes to reach Passo Sadole 2066 m,  where a wooden crucifix is placed.  The itinerary continues crossing a steep slope and bypassing the Cauriòl Piccolo 2393 meters. We arrive at a crossroads where a large boulder with the signpost to Cauriòl. With a steep ascent the route enters the hidden Busa della Neve, with the Cauriòl Piccolo on the left and the Selletta Cartéri in front of. 

Cauriòl Piccolo seen from the Busa della Neve
Cauriòl Piccolo seen from the Busa della Neve
Selletta Carteri
Selletta Carteri

 

The path crosses the gravely ground and then continues along the gully on very steep ground of stones and soil, getting the high Selletta Cartèri 2343 m, carved between Monte Cauriol to the right and the rugged ridge of Piccolo Cauriol to the left; here our itinerary joins the trail of the Austrian route that climbs from the opposite side. To the right we see the summit of Monte Cauriol rather nearby. 

Above Selletta Carteri up to the summit of Cauriòl
Above Selletta Carteri up to the summit of Cauriòl

 

From the saddle turn to right and climb up the rocky Western slope of Cauriol on a signposted war path and with some very easy climbing. There are some different variants, anyhow all the routes are easy and converge near the summit at 2494 m,  marked by a cross and various memorial plates. The panorama is unforgettable! 

 

Admiring the view to the Dolomites from the summit of Cauriòl
Admiring the view to the Dolomites
Pale di San Martino seen from the summit of Cauriòl
Pale di San Martino seen from the summit

From the summit reverse the same route till Selletta Cartéri. From the saddle we now descend to the right in the opposite direction to that one of ascent along a broad gully crossed by the path of the Austrian route. It comes down with wide bends between boulders and rocks with sections still perfectly paved with stones dating back to the First World War. 

Cardinal seen from the Austrian route
Cardinal seen from the Austrian route
Cauriòl, signposts on the Austrian route
Signposts on the Austrian route

The path is always well marked by red-white signs, but in some places the pavement no longer exists and you move along large boulders. You reach the end of the gully and oblique to the left passing near the "Pozzo Austriaco" (Austrian Well). After a flat stretch you reach the junction with the Via Italiana and you find yourself on the path n. 320, which leads back to the Baita Monte Cauriol.  

Red Tape

No fees no permits required

The WWI on Monte Cauriòl 

Cauriòl, well preserved remain of WWI near Forcella Sadole
Cauriòl, well preserved remain of WWI near Forcella Sadole

 

The Cauriòl is famous in reason of the events of the First world war (1915-1918) between the Italian and the Austro-Hungarian armies.  The mountain was in the hands of the Austro-Hungarian troops which considered it absolutely strategic for the control of the territory because of its dominant position.  Obviously the Italian command wanted to conquer this peak. At the beginning the Italian troops attempted to conquer the mountain by climbing it, but all were massacred. Only on August 27, 1916, at about 7:50 pm, two platoons of Alpini, also thanks to the artillery coverage, managed to conquer the summit, capturing 17 enemies and a large quantity of weapons and war material. This was the fourth attempt, after the Austro-Hungarians rejected three Italian assaults. During the conquest, the second lieutenant Attilio Carteri of the 65th company of the Feltre mountain battalion perished. Successively the Austro-Hungarians renounced to reconquer the summit, and the Italians managed to conquer the saddle fork, but did not go further along the Fiemme valley. Only in October 1917 when the route of Caporetto took place the Italians abandoned this summit, which had involved about 10,000 Italian soldiers fallen (assumed to be the same number by the enemy), both during the war-action and the "white death".

Il Cauriòl è famoso per gli avvenimenti della Prima Guerra Mondiale (1915-1918) tra gli eserciti italiano e austro-ungarico. La montagna era nelle mani delle truppe austro-ungariche che la consideravano assolutamente strategica per il controllo del territorio a causa della sua posizione dominante. Ovviamente il comando italiano voleva conquistare questa cima. All'inizio le truppe italiane tentarono di conquistare la montagna salendola, ma furono tutti massacrati. Solo il 27 agosto 1916, intorno alle 19:50, due plotoni di Alpini, anche grazie alla copertura di artiglieria, riuscirono a conquistare la vetta, catturando 17 nemici e una grande quantità di armi e materiale bellico. Questo fu il quarto tentativo, dopo che gli austro-ungarici avevano respinto tre assalti italiani. Durante la conquista, perirono il sottotenente Attilio Carteri della 65a compagnia del battaglione di Feltre. Successivamente gli Austro-ungarici rinunciarono a riconquistare la vetta e gli Italiani riuscirono a conquistare la forcella, ma non andarono oltre lungo la valle di Fiemme. Solo nell'ottobre del 1917, quando ebbe luogo la sconfitta di Caporetto, gli Italiani abbandonarono questa cima, che aveva coinvolto circa 10.000 soldati italiani caduti (più o meno lo stesso numero in campo nemico), sia durante l'azione bellica che nella "morte bianca".

When to Climb

Mountaineering: from June to October

Ski-mountaineering: March, April

Where to stay

Various possibilities in Ziano di Fiemme.

Bibliography

 

Cauriòl map

Guidebooks

"Lagorai Cima d'Asta" by Mario Corradini - Collana Guide Monti d'Italia, Milano 2006 - a complete and exaustive guide to hiking and climbing into the most large wilderness-area of Trentino. Edited by the Touring Club Italiano in collaboration with the Club Alpino Italiano 

Maps

Val di Fiemme-Lagorai-Latemar - Tabacco 14 1:25000

Meteo Forecast

Meteotrentino



Parents 

Parents

Parents refers to a larger category under which an object falls. For example, theAconcagua mountain page has the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits' asparents and is a parent itself to many routes, photos, and Trip Reports.

Lagorai GROUPMountains & Rocks