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Piatra Craiului (Romanian)    Fogarasi-havasok (Hungarian)   Fogarascher Gebirge (German)

Munţii Parâng (Romanian)   Páreng-hegység (Hungarian)  

Munţii Parâng (Romanian)   Páreng-hegység (Hungarian)  


Полонина Боржава (UA) Borzsa-havas (HU) Polonina Boržava (ČS) Połonina Borżawa (PL)

Baníkov (Slovak)   Banówka (Polish)   Bánya-hegy (Hungarian)

Waligóra Old German name: Heidelberg Elevation: 934m Prominence: 366m





Climate table

Bucegi mountains - Clincea-Tiganesti ridge
February - photo by Cristina
  Sinaia Omu
Highest temp. recorded +32°C +22°C
Lowest temp. recorded -27°C -38°C
Days with fog per year 23 258
Snow lasts 78 days 208 days
Annual precipitation 808 mm 1346 mm
On Albisoara Gemenelor
Sunset from Omu
November (Bucura Dumbravă in the foreground)
  • coldest month: January; warmest: July
  • wettest month: June; driest: October
  • first snow falls in October, last in May
  • on La Verdeaţă in Valea Albă you can sometimes ski until July



West face - by Tomek Lodowy
South face of Sokolica
South face


There are two outstanding mountains in the Pieniny: Trzy Korony and Sokolica. Both are located on the Polish side of the grand Dunajec Gorge. Sokolica - part of the Pieninki ridge divided from the broad massif of Trzy Korony by the valley of Pieniński Potok - is much lower and smaller than Trzy Korony, but proudly claims the title of the prettiest crag in the Pieniny. At just 747m (with 97m of prominence), the peak towers around 300m over the river not far from the lower end of the canyon. The summit gives sublime views into the canyon and towards the Tatras. Trzy Korony to the west and the highest summit in the Pieniny, Wysoka/Wysokie Skałki/Vysoké Skalky to the east can also be viewed from here. People admiring the views are protected by a guardrail, first set here at the beginning of the twentieth century.

West face - by visentin
River Dunajec and Trzy Korony seen from summit - by visentin


The name of the mountain is a one-word version of what means Falcons’ Rock. Whereas the north side of Sokolica is fairly steep and forested, its south face is a sheer, bare, white limestone cliff. Big falcons have stopped nesting here, but kestrels are still around. On the summit grow some ancient pine trees, estimated to be up to five hundred years old. One crooked specimen was so pretty and brave that it became a top photography model (next two photos). Unfortunately, it was broken by a helicopter during a rescue operation in September 2018. 

From Sokolica toward Wysoka
Photo by Konrad Sus
Tatras from Sokolica
Towards the Tatras
SE view from Sokolica
SE view
Westerly view from Sokolica
Towards Trzy Korony (W)

OLD Pop Ivan

Pip Ivan (Marmarosh)
Pop Ivan (RO)

Піп Іван (UA)

Iván-havas (HU)

Straddling the border between Ukraine and Romania, Pop Ivan is the highest mountain in the main ridge of the Marmarosh Mountains as well as being the highest summit of what Ukrainians often call Rakhivskyi hory (the Rakhiv Mountains). The peak is often called Pip Ivan Trebushanskiy (by Czech people Pop Ivan Trebušanský),by Polish people Pop Iwan Marmaroski) so that it will not be mistaken for one of his neighbours - Pip Ivan Chornohirskyi - at 2020m, a conspicuous summit in the southeast corner of the Chornohora).In my opinion, Pip Ivan is the most spectacular mountain of all in the Ukrainian Carpathians.

The top of Pop Ivan peak (1938m)

Four cirques were carved in its sides in the Pleistocene. One of these corries, on Pip Ivan's northeast side, looks like a perfect rocky amphitheatre, composed of a range of cliffs and small tarns. No wonder that Pop Ivan's steep rocky face is where the most frequent avalanches in the Ukrainian Carpathians have been registered. The highest peak of this three-summit, massive gneiss pyramid is marked with a rather ugly, concrete pylon.

Lost world
Craggy NE face
Pop Ivan with alpine roses
N face
Pip Ivan Marmaroskyi (1937m)
Gentle NW face

The Marmarosh Pip Ivan used to be a very popular destination for the passionate hikers of the interwar times (1920-1938). The atmosphere of that bygone time can be described as follows: It is hard to believe that on the top of Pop Ivan one can find carpets of blooming narcissuses and red alpine roses (Rhododendron kotschyi). A silhouette of a golden eagle can be seen high in the air. A spectator feels like he has been transferred to a lost world, surrounded by mountain ridges, submerged by divine tranquility of undisturbed nature.

Mount Pip Ivan from MezipotokyThree corries of Pip Ivan

Precambrian gneiss is one of the oldest rocks in the Carpathians and partly thanks to the location of the summit right on the international border, this picturesque scenery has remained virtually unmarred up to now.

Glacial cirque of Pip Ivan Maramoroskyi
Morning under Pop Ivan
Pop Ivan massif (1938 m)
UA Pip Ivan
Blossoming paradise
Alpine roses with Pop Ivan
Mount Pip Ivan over Bilyi valley