Area / Range overview
is a range within the so called Bavarian Prealps
(nevertheless those mountains are all belonging to the Alps and are NOT a kind of foothills) and is often seen as an independent area or range. Nearly the whole range is a huge karst plateau. Thus, Estergebirge is part of the Northern Limestone Alps.
The highest summit of Estergebirge, Krottenkopf
, is the highest summit of the Bavarian Prealps. And to ad to this, Weilheimer Hütte, the only alpine club mountain hut within Estergebirge, is the highest mountain hut of the Bavarian Prealps.
To the west Estergebirge is limited by the Loisach valley
with the villages of
The Loisach river is one of the most important rivers of the region. Loisach valley offers several interesting geographical features (see below).
The eastern limitation is built up by the Isar valley
and the Einsiedel valley
from Wallgau to Walchensee. The main villages of the east side are
To the south Estergebirge is limited by the valley which climbs steeply from Partenkirchen
to Kaltenbrunn, Klais
The northern limitation is the Eschenlaine
valley between Eschenlohe and Walchensee / Einsiedeln. This is a lonely and remote valley with a forest road closed to public traffic.
The adjacent areas and ranges are:
(to the west)
(to the south)
(to the southeast)
Walchensee mountains of the Bavarian Prealps
(to the north and east)
Panorama (Kramerspitz summit) with Estergebirge and Loisach valley in the center.
Estergebirge as seen from Alpspitze ascent
Estergebirge can be easily reached from different directions; nearly all surrounding valleys and all main trailheads are easily accessible by car and even by train or public busses.
or Inntal valley leave the highway A 12
(toll road) at the exit Zirl and follow the road number 177
to Scharnitz and B 2
to Mittenwald and Krün. From there choose B 2
to Partenkirchen and the Loisach valley or B 11
The railway München - Innsbruck gives access to the Loisach valley and the Partenkirchen – Wallgau / Krün valley trailheads Eschenlohe, Oberau, Farchant, Partenkirchen, Klais. There are railway stations at these villages.
See the railway schedule here
Regionalverkehr Oberbayern (RVO) runs the public bus lines
in the valleys around Estergebirge. The lines number 9605, 9606, 9607 and 9608 do the service between Ohlstadt, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Klais and Walchensee.
See the schedules here
Estergebirge is a more or less monolitic range with two exceptions: in the north and in the south there are subranges which are separated from the main range by hanging valleys.
The summits from north to south:
This is an isolated, u-shaped small ridge at the northeastern limitation of Estergebirge.
Estergebirge as seen from Eschenlohe
Estergebirge panorama as seen from Wörnersattel
Krottenkopf eastern subridge
Mountain Huts & Cablecars
Loisach valley and the central Estergebirge as seen from Kramerspitz
Geographical & Geological Features
A wintery view to Estergebirge from Pürschling
Estergebirge is a huge, oblique plateau, inclined to the east. Consequently the highest summits are all in the west of the range. Thus Estergebirge drops down steeply over about 1.300 m of altitude difference to the west (Loisachtal). It builds a steep rock slope with only one trail overcoming it.
To the east Estergebirge gets lower and lower reaching “softly” the valley ground between Walchensee and Krün.
To the south there is a not very prominent subridge culminating at the Wank summit, a mountain which stands directly above Partenkirchen.
The northern parts of Estergebirge around Eschenlaine valley are rather remote areas with the exception of the two northern main summits: Hohe Kiste and Simetsberg.
Estergebirge consists mainly of the limestones and dolomite rocks of the triassic Hauptdolomit / Plattenkalk. These limstones were built in a sort of huge lagoon and are now full of karst formations thus forming the biggest karst plateau of the Bavarian Prealps. There are famous karst caves
(Angerlloch, Frickenhöhle, both accessible only for experienced speleologists) and an interesting karst spring
above Farchant, called Kuhflucht
. This huge karst spring and the subsequent cascades are one of the sightseeing highlights of Estergebirge and thus well accessible by different trails.
Kuhflucht has nothing to do with a cow that flees (which is the proper translation of this strange name) but derives from the altered Latin word “confluctum”, the confluence of this karst creek and the river Loisach. During the snowmelting period or after long rainy periods Kuhflucht spring has an immense delivery and builds a huge cascade formed by several adjacent springs which come directly out of the rockface. This spring drains nearly the whole Estergebirge (a catchment area of about 5 km²) which was proved with several tracer tests years ago.
The whole Kuhflucht valley is a landslide area and the movements of the rock masses are monitored tightly.
Another beautiful geographical item is Loisachtal
between Farchant and Eschenlohe. Whereas the road and the railway use the west side of the valley, the east side is a lonely moor and marshland full of interesting plants and animals. Near Eschenlohe there are several neighbouring springs with a huge delivery, called “Sieben Quellen”. There is a forest road between Eschenlohe and Farchent using the very eastern rim of Loisachtal to avoid the moor and marshland. This is a very popular hike and bike trail.
Loisachtal groundwater supports Munich with fresh drinking water which is of top quality in Europe. The groundwater layers below the valley floor are several hundred meters thick.
Another interesting feature can be observed on the southern slopes of Estergebirge near the valley floor at Gerold and Kaltenbrunn and around Mittenwald: the so called “Buckelwiesen”
, meadows with countless little humps. It seems like those mountain meadows are getting goose bumps. Their formation at the end of the last ice age is rather complicated and is related to frost and melting processes and to the karst features existing in this region.
Estergebirge from Hoher Fricken to Hohe Kiste as seen from Karwendel
If you feel like swimming after a hike through Estergebirge there are several lakes
waiting for you. Wagenbrüchlsee, Barmsee, Tennsee and Grubsee, all between Gerold, Klais and Krün, are little moor and marshland lakes in depressions build by the melting glaciers of the last ice age. As moor lakes they have – despite of their height between 850 m and 920 m – warm water during summer times.
Walchensee on the other hand is a real challenge even in hot summers; the water is always very cold and there are mainly windsufers on (and sometimes in) the lake.
The Estergebirge hosts, despite of being a karst plateau, a little lake in a depression of the hanging valley between Platteneck and Klaffen: Wildsee. This, too, is a moor lake, a beautiful place amidst woods.
Estergebirge and Loisach valley as seen from Alpspitze summit
Hotels, Bed & Breakfast, restaurants and campgrounds can be found mainly in the following villages: