The Florida Mountains are located in southern New Mexico. These rugged desert mountains rise abruptly from the desert plains about ten miles southeast of Deming. Located adjacent to Interstate 10, they are seen by many people and are very prominent in the area. Most of the range is located on BLM land. The Florida Mountains have two highpoints: a North Highpoint and a South Highpoint. The South Highpoint is designated as Florida Peak, and has an elevation of 7,448'. For years it was assumed that this was the range highpoint. However, more recent measurements have indicated that the North Highpoint, which has no name, is virtually the same height as Florida Peak, and may actually be higher.
With an elevation of 7,448', the Florida Mountains rank way down on the New Mexico elevation list. But the new field of Prominence had made the Florida Mountains a more important objective. With a prominence of 3,198', they're big enough to make an impressive appearance on the New Mexico Prominence Map.
From Deming, drive south on NM 11 for five miles, then go east on NM 141 for nine miles to Rockhound State Park. Once at the park turnoff, do not turn left to go to the park, but continue southeast on the paved road a short distance. You will then reach an intersection. The paved road heads right towards Spring Canyon, but you will go straight ahead on a good dirt road that goes through Florida Gap.
The Florida Gap separates the Florida Mountains to the south from the Little Florida Mountains to the north. Continue on the road as it heads for the northeast side of the Florida Mountains. You will pass by a sign that says no trespassing, but that only applies to the land on the side of the road, not the road itself. Just past the sign, you will arrive at a switchback curve in the road. About a half-mile past the switchback, you will see a rough dirt road that heads southwest up Windmill Canyon. Park here. High clearance vehicles may be able to drive further up the road.
No permits are required to climb in the Florida Mountains.
Rockhound State Park is a well-developed campground. You can also camp at the parking area.