The Gailtal Alps from their easternmost summit Dobrac
The Gailtal Alps are located in the wedge between the Drau / Drava and Gail rivers in the southern Austrian states of Carinthia and East Tyrol. While the bulk of the range which is located in the eastern two thirds is composed of rather unimaginative mountains (with some notable exceptions) the western part - the Lienz Dolomites
- makes up for this lack of drama. Here you find the vertical limestone faces which are typical of any of the Dolomites ranges and with the Hochstadel North face the subgroup is home to the third highest north face of the whole eastern Alps.
The eastern part of the Gailtal Alps is much lower and less impressive. Its highest summit is Reisskofel
(2371m); also the likes of Torkofel (2275), Latschur (2236) and Spitzegel (2119) reach an elevation considerably higher than 2000m while the rest of the range stays below or around that mark.
Still most of the Gailtal Alps have not
been developed for downhill skiing. There is one ski area around Goldeck near Spittal (to the north-east of the group and several lifts around Villach in the south-east. The remainder of the group is unmarred by construction. Actually most of the mountains are still below the timber line so that views are rare except from the highest or most rugged summits.
Stepping aside of (or rather down from) the mountains you can find two noteworthy lakes in the area. The largest one is Weissensee, a fjord-like narrow lake, which stretches for more than 20km in west - easterly direction between the Latschur- and Spitzegel Groups. The lake reaches a depth of almost 100m in is thus one of the most profound lakes of the eastern Alps. It is located in a sheltered valley and is the most important tourist attraction in the Gailtal Alps. Consequently you can find a lot of tourist villages, all concentrated on the north-western shore. The eastern part is free from any construction and offers a beautiful hike along the shore line. In contrary to the other large lakes Weissensee is not the product of glacial processes. It has a natural dam formed by debris flows (thanks to wuedesau
for this info).
The second of the lakes is Pressegger See east of Hermagor, the main and central town of the Gailtal Valley. It is also a tourist attraction and is imbedded in a large moor. The lake itself used to be about 6 times larger in historical times but has silted up. There is a campground near the lake, also quite a number of hotels but beware of the mosquitos!
|Overview map of the Gailtal Alps|
The Gailtal Alps can be divided in the following six subgroups (listed from west to south-east):
- Lienz Dolomites
- Jauken Group
- Reisskofel Group
- Latschur Group
- Spitzegel Group
- Villacher Alpe
Geology Of Gailtal Alps
Lithology of Gailtal Alps
Even if Gailtal Alps are usually considered as part of Southern Alps, they geologically belong to Eastern Alps (Austroalpine, the so-called 'Drauzug' - Drau Chain), as they are lying north of Periadriatic fault. When the Central Alps (Hohe Tauern window) were rising, these sedimentary mountains were pushed towards the south, while the majority of other sedimentary mountains remained on the northern side, today forming the Northern Limestone Alps.
On the image above we see that the big majority of Gailtal Alps summits is built of sedimentary rocks (light blue) of various age. The exception is Goldeck massif (but not also south of it lying Latschur and Staff). This one is built of crystalline rocks and geologically belongs to the nearby group of Kreuzeck, on the other side of Drau valley. Crystalline rocks are seen also on many places in the valley of Gail (in the southern part of the group), where we can find also old paleozoic rocks (quartz phyllite, slate and sandstone).
Going back to the highest mountains, made of sedimentary rocks, we observe that the majority of Lienz Dolomites (exception are some summits on the south) is built of dolomia principale, but the high Gailtal Alps summits more towards the east are built of limestones and dolomites of a bit older Wetterstein formation, but also of Werfen and Dachstein limestones (the latter are on Dobratsch). In general the bedrock lithology of Gailtal Alps is quite complex.
(Written by Vid Pogačnik)
1 - Lienz DolomitesInteractive map of the Lienz Dolomites. The numbers refer to the respective subgroups as given below
The Lienz Dolomites Subgroup
has been described in its own page. You can find the highest summits of the Gailtal Alps in this group. Almost all of the mountains are higher than Reisskofel, the highest one outside the Lienz Dolomites. The Group is bounded by the Gail rivers (Tyrol Gail, Carinthia Gail) to the south and the Drau / Drava River in the north. To the east it ends at Gailberg Saddle between Kötschach Mauthen and Oberdrauburg. As seen above and on the Lienz Dolomites Page, the group is divided into five subgroups:
- Eggenkofel Group
- Kreuzkofel - Spitzkofel Group
- Laserz Group
- Hochstadel Ridge
- Lumkofel Group
For the summit listings please refer to the Lienz Dolomites Page
2 - Jauken Group
The Jauken Group is one of the smallest groups of the Gailtal Alps. It is (again) bounded by the Drau / Drava River in the north and the Gail River in the south. Its eastern boundary is Gailberg Saddle between Kötschach Mauthen and Oberdrauburg, its eastern one is formed by Ochsenschlucht in the north and Finstertal in the south. With a few solitary exceptions all summits of the Jauken Group are located along one short ridge. There are a lot of old and abandoned mines on Jauken, all for the exploration of various metals. The highest summit of the subgroup is Torkofel at its centre.
Main Ridge (listed west to east)
Western secondary ridges
- Moosbichl (1728m)
- Jaukenstöckl (2202m)
- Jaukenhöhe (2234m)
- Torkofel (2275m)
- Mitterkofel (2247m)
- Spitzkofel (2227m)
- Ranzkofel (1765m)
- Mittagskogel (1627m)
- Elferkopf (1735m)
- Jukbichl (1888m)
- Kaserlahnkopf (1811m)
3 - Reißkofel Group
Reißkofel is the highest summit of the Gailtal Alps outside of the Lienz Dolomites Subgroup. The corresponding group is very similar to the Jauken Group, It consists of a single ridge with the odd summit included at one of the sides. The group is bounded by Ochsenschlucht and Finstertal to the west, Drau / Drava Valley to the north, Gail Valley to the south and highway B87 along Kreuzberg Pass to the east. Most of the group remains below the timberline only Reißkofel and the surrounding summits loom above it.
Main Ridge (listed west to east)
Summits aside of the main ridge
- Grafendorfer Kofel (2288m)
- Alplspitz (1959m)
- Reißkofel (2371m)
See the Reißkofel Page for more information.
- Kleiner Reißkofel (2148m)
- Dristallkofel (2094m)
- Sattelnock (2033m)
- Kumitsch (1734m)
- Grafenweger Höhe (1438m)
- Hochwarter Höhe (1688m)
4 - Latschur Group
The Latschur Group is located to the north of Weissensee in the northern bend that the Drau / Drava River does before reaching the city of Spittal. With Goldeck it has the most developed ski mountain of the Gailtal Alps and the proximity to Wessiensee ensures that it is much visited. The highest mountai, Latschur, is a rounded, hill-like summit, which is a ski tour destination, just like Eckwand to its east. The ascent routes to both summits start in the vicinity of Weissensee. The mountains are located on several short ridges, one for Latschur, one for Goldeck and one western ridge with lower summits. Again there are some lower mountains, which have to be treated apart.
Latschur Ridge (listed south-west to north-east)
Latschur northern side ridge (turning of at Latschur)
- Fellkofel (1569m)
- Felgenbichl (1797m)
- Hühnerspitz (2002m)
- Latschur (2236m)
See the Latschur Page for more information.
- Eckwand (2221m)
- Kopasnock (2087m)
- Hochstaff (2217m)
- Staffeck (1931m)
Goldeck Ridge (listed south to north)
- Ochsenkopf (2024m)
- Kreuzbühel (2060m)
- Kuhstand (also Daxennöckl, 2046m)
- Seetaler Nock (2130m)
- Goldeck (2142m)
- Martennock (2039m)
- Moschenriegel (1862m)
- Matzenkofel (1536m)
Goldeck SE panorama
Otherwise Goldeck is, despite of its relative decent altitude, a mountain, which is much degraded by civilization. All sorts of roads and cart-roads, chair-lifts and ski-lifts, huts and restaurants cover the area. And, on top of it, the summit is "decorated" by a high telecommunication tower. In winter it is a quite broad ski resort, in summer, people easilly get on high altitudes and then walk around. The summit is most easilly reached by a cable-car from Spittal and by a good mountain road (toll) from the east, from Zlan. All this said, Goldeck is nevertheless a fine panoramic summit, offering nice views on all sides.
Western Ridge (listed west to east)
Single mountains across the Group
- Nockberg (1515m)
- Hochtraten (1646m)
- Pentelitz (1667m)
- Weißwände (1636m)
- Alpenbühel (1759m)
- Bergerberg (1564m)
- Kaserkofel (1551m)
- Klausenberg (1546m)
5 - Spitzegel Group
The Spitzegel Group is located to the south of Weissensee between the lake and the Gail River. Its western boundary is B87, the road to Kreuzberg Pass, its eastern one is the Drau / Drava River as it nears the city of Villach. The Group is a long west - easterly ridge with several smaller grouplets (how about ridgelets?) to the north. Most of the summits don't top the timberline with Spitzegel and Graslitzen being the notable exceptions. The going along the long ridge, which can be hiked, is rather rocky and exposed. You'll find several serious scrambling sections. Around Kriebhöhe and Vellacher Egel you can find two Klettersteige (Ferrate) with sections secured by fixed cables.
The Spitzegel Ridge
Main Ridge (listed west to east)
- Hühnernock (1508m)
- Mittagsnock (1473m)
- Brennernock (1433m)
- Geißrücken (1500m)
- Großboden (1806m)
- Sattelköpfe (1684m)
- Golz (2004m)
- Möschacher Wipfel (1911m)
- Spitzegel (2119m)
- Kriebhöhe (2065m)
- Vellacher Egel (2108m)
- Rote Wand (2078m)
- Plerscha (1965m)
- Graslitzen (2044m)
- Gaisrücken (1531m)
- Tschelnock (1797m)
- Tschekelnock (1892m)
- Kobesnock (1820m)
- Zebernock (1555m)
- Sattlernock (1583m)
- Laka (1852m)
- Marchlärch (1694m)
- Sorgonock (1404m)
- Zlannock (1487m)
- Wiederschwinger Höhe (1640m)
- Spitznock (1533m)
- Meisternock (1743m)
- Mitterberg (1474m)
Gailtal Alps / Ziljske Alpe - Spitzegel group and behind Latschur group, as seen from the south, from Ojstrnik.
6 - Villacher Alpe
This is a little group to the south-east of the Gailtal Alps. Its highest summit is Dobratsch
, a mountain renowned for its views of the Carnic
and Julian Alps
, as well as the Karawanke Group
. Moreover it was the site of a gigantic rock fall which was induced by a massive earthquake in 1348 burying a number of villages beneath it. Today the Villacher Alpe Subgroup is one of the most frequently travelled locations within the Gailtal Alps. The city of Villach, main city of the area, is very close by and you can reach the group from all sides. Its boundaries are the Gail River in the south, the confluence of the Drau and Gail Rivers to the east (in other words the city of Villach, where this confluence occurs), Nötschbach Valley to the north and the town of Nötsch to the west.
- Grünnock (2022m)
- Dobratsch (2168m)
See the Dobratsch Page for more information.
- Elfernock (2031m)
- Zwölfernock (2049m)
- Zehnernock (1957m)
- Wabenriegel (1458)
The Gailtal Alps on SP
So far there have been quite a number of Gailtal Alps Mountains, notably in the Lienz Dolomites, which have been submitted to SP. This section is supposed to give an overview. The general direction is west to east.
- Lienz Dolomites
- Jauken Group
- Reißkofel Group
- Latschur Group
- Spitzegel Group
- Villacher Alpe
Getting ThereReaching the east of the range
Getting to to the east of the Gailtal Alps, notably to the cities of Spittal and Villach, is rather easy. They are located on motorway A10, which starts at Salzburg in the north of Austria and ends at Villach. From the south you can reach it via motorway A23 from Udine (Italy) which turns into A2 in Austria. This Motorway also ends at Villach.
Reaching the western part of the range
The western part of the mountain range is harder to reach since only narrow highways lead to it.
- From the West (Brenner Motorway A22)
Leave the Brenner Motorway near Brixen / Bressanone and follow SS49 to the east through Pustertal / Val Pusteria. To the east of Innichen / San Candido you cross the Austrian - Italian border. Here the road is called B100 and heads for the city of Lienz. At Sillian you reach the western tip of the group and now can either choose to go on to Lienz via B100 or into Lesachtal Valley via B111, which turns east at Tassenbach.
- From the North
There are two possible roads:
- From Kitzbühel over B108 through the Felbertauern Tunnel to Lienz, then east to Oberdrauburg. Again you can decide for the northern route (B100 to Lienz) or the southern one (B100 to Kötschach Mauthen and B111 into Lesachtal Valley.
- From Salzburg along motorway A10 to Spittal. Turn west on B100 to Oberdrauburg, from there like stated above.
- From the South (Udine)
Take Motorway A23 to the exit Camia Tolmezzo. Follow SS52 north to Tolmezzo where you turn onto SS52 bis. This leads to Plöckenpass, where it crosses the Austrian-Italian border. In Austria the road turns into B100 and at Kötschach-Mauthen you need to decide either for the northern road (B100 to Oberdrauburg) or the southern one (B111 through Lesachtal Valley).
The Gailtal Alps mountain range can be climbed / hiked without any restrictions. The most impeding restrictions you can find in the villages around Weissensee. It is very hard to find parking places there since every spot seems to belong to a hotel or an apartment building. Like all alpine mountain ranges, the Gailtal Alps are used for extensive farming. Much of the area therefore has been fenced off - you can however cross the fenced off meadows without permits but be sure to close all gates and keep dogs on leash.
When To Climb
Hiking season is late June through late September. All summits (with the exception of the most vertical Lienz Dolomites ones) are accessible in winter using tour skis. Goldeck in the Latschur Group is a well known downhill ski mountain.
Mountain Huts and Refuges
Listed here are the refuges as well as the Alms, Farms where you can get food and lodging.
|Refuge / Hut||Height||Open||Tel.|
|Hochstadelhaus||1780m ||mid June - end Sept.||+43 4710 2778|
|Kalserhütte||1790m ||beg May - end Oct.||+43 664 9750399|
|Karlsbader Hütte ||2261m||mid June - end Sept.||+43 4876 8323 / +43 664 9759998|
|Kerschbaumer Schutzhütte||1902m||mid June - end Sept.||+43 4852 63374|
|Lienzer Dolomiten Hütte||1616m||all year (except mid Nov - mid Dec.)||+43 664 2253782|
|E.T.-Compton-Hütte||1650m||mid June - end Sept||+43 4712 8203|
|Kohlröslhütte||1534m||all year||+43 65071 67100|
|Goldeckhütte||1945m||end May - end Oct||+43 650 9456348|
|Ludwig Walter Haus||2143m||Pentecost - end Oct||+43 4242 219512|
AccommodationFree camping in the group is discouraged. There are three quite a number of refuges all over the Gailtal Alps (see above) so it should be not neccesary to pitch a tent. In the Lesachtal and Gailtal Valleys you can find a campground attached to almost each village.
If you are looking for hotel rooms or apartments follow one of the links below
Weather ConditionsFor a weather report look at one of the pages below:.
Maps 'n' BooksMaps
I have been using maps by Kompass Verlag, both scaled 1:50000. Especially for the Lienz Dolomites this scale is a little too large.
- Lienzer Dolomiten / Lesachtal
Kompass Map WK47
- Gailtaler Alpen / Karnische Alpen / Oberdrautal
Kompass Map WK60
Y I have used the following books two of which are available in German and Italian:
- Osttirol Süd / Tirolo Orientale Sud
ISBN: 3-7633-4132-3 - German
ISBN: 3-7633-4307-5 - Italian
Good descriptions of hiking trails with maps covering: Defregger Berge, Villgrater Berge, Carnic Alps, Lienz Dolomites
ISBN: 3-7633-4187-0 - German
Good descriptions of hiking trails with maps covering: Gailtal Alps, Carnic Alps, Julian Alps, Karawanke
- Gailtal – Lesachtal – Karnischer Höhenweg
Kompass Wanderbuch 982
Good descriptions with maps and elevation profiles covering: Carnic Alps, South-western Lienz Dolomites, Gailtal Alps