Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 40.73477°S / 71.9165°W
Activities Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Additional Information Elevation: 12388 ft / 3776 m
Sign the Climber's Log


Volcán Osorno and Lago...
Volcan Osorno and Lago Llanquihue



South America's so-called Lake District is a land of stark contrast and sharp transitions that exists where the High Andes have finally subsided after thousands of imposing kilometers and Patagonia is just starting to begin its march to Antarctica. The region is home to amazing landscapes with snow-capped volcanoes, enormous lakes, and enchanting forests. The region has become a popular tourist destination for Argentinos, Chilenos, & Gringos alike. For the outdoor enthusiast, there is no shortage of activities, with a good mix of infrastructure and wilderness. There are endless mountains to climb, including a handful of glaciated volcanoes, with Tronador, Lanin, & Osorno perhaps the most famous. The region boasts two world class climbing venues: Chile's Valle de Cochamo and Argentina's Cerro Catedral that attract climbers from all over the world. There is virtually unlimited back-country skiing terrain, as well as a few decent ski resorts. There is decent rafting on the Rio Trancura near Pucon, Chile & the Rio Manso near Bariloche, Argentina, as well as proximity to the stored Rio Futualefu and Rio Biobio. There are several National Parks with popular back-packing circuits and excellent networks of Refugios. And let's not forget the crystal clear lakes, or the proximity to the Pacific Ocean. The best part is that there is generally reliable transportation, good food, and nice hostels & campgrounds filled with friendly people. There's no doubt that the region ranks high on the list of places to visit in the Andes, or anywhere on the continent for that matter.

For the purposes of this page, this area will be defined as the portion of the Andes bounded by the Rio Bio Bio to the north and the Rio Manso to the south.  In Chile side, this includes Region de la Aruacania, Region de Los Rios, and the northern part of Region de Los Lagos. In Argentina, this includes the southern part of Provincia de Neuquen and the Provincia de Rio Negro

 (Undoubtedly it is a region to visit, if you happen to go one day in Chile or Argentina !) Interestingly enough, although most of the tourist guides reeer... located in southern Argentina and Chile roughly 600 km south of Santiago and roughly 1200 km south-west of Buenos Aires. (Lago Llanquihue near Puerto-Varas is the 3rd largest in South America
Volcan Calbuco (2015m)
Frutillar Bajo - flower 03


Here is a list of all the 2000m peaks in the region with over 400m of prominence, taken from John Biggar's List.

#MountainPhoto#     MountainPhoto#     MountainPhoto

Lanin - 3717m

(Neuquén, Argentina)

(Aruacania, Chile)

Volcan Lanin (3776m)

Tronador - 3470m

(Río Negro, Argentina)

(Los Lagos, Chile)

Monte Tronador, Patagonia, Argentina

Llaima - 3125m

 (Aruacania, Chile)

Vol. Llaima, Patagonia, Chile

Villarrica - 2842m

(Aruacania, Chile)

Volcan Villarrica (2840m)

Tolhuaca - 2806m


Lonquimay - 2726m

(Aruacania, Chile)

Volcán Lonquimay from Curacautín

Osorno - 2652m

(Los Lagos, Chile)

Volcan Osorno (2680m) 

Sierra Nevada - 2554m

Unnamed Image

Puntiagudo - 2493m

(Los Lagos, Chile) 


Unnamed - 2441m 


Azul - 2437m


Choshuenco - 2415m

(Los Lagos, Chile) 


Catedral - 2409m

(Río Negro, Argentina)

Catedral from Tres Reyes

Unnamed - 2400+ 


Chapelco - 2394m 


Quetrupillan - 2360m

(Los Lagos, Chile)

Volcan Lanin (3776m)

(Bayo Norte) - 2342m 


Lancu - 2296m

Cerro Lancu

Rucachoroi - 2296m 


Huanquihue - 2260m 


Bonete - 2257m

Cerro Bonete

Puyehue - 2240m

(Los Lagos, Chile)

Unnamed Image

Picudo - 2224m 


Cuyin Manzano - 2220m


Crespo - 2225m


Agujas de Queni - 2214m

Agujas de Queni

(Repollo) - 2210m


????? - 2193m


(Negro) - 2168m


(Punta Negra) - 2166m

Punta Negra

Aserel - 2146m


Capilla - 2146m

Cerro Capilla

Batea Mahuida - 2139m

Batea Mahuida

Punta Blanca - 2134m


Currihue - 2130m


Ezpeleta - 2124m


Alto - 2123m


Tres Picos - 2116m


Nevados de Sollipulli - 2100+

Nevados de Sollipulli

Cuernos del Diablo2100+

(Río Negro, Argentina)

Cuernos del Diablo

V. Lopez - 2076m

(Río Negro, Argentina)

Lopez from Navidad

Unnamed - 2035m


Rancahue - 2060m


Bastion - 2063m

(Río Negro, Argentina)
Cerro Bastion

de los Lagos - 2044m


Picos del Caburga - 2042m 

Picos del Caburga

Traful - 2040m


Penascoso - 2036m


Unnamed - 2035m


C. de Chihuihue - 2032m


Divortium - 2030m


Pantojo - 2024m

(Los Lagos, Chile)

(Río Negro, Argentina)


Calbuco - 2015m

(Los Lagos, Chile)

Volcan Calbuco (2015m)

Trelel - 2006m


Unnamed -  2000+


Ljungner - 2000m


Casablanca - 1990m

(Los Lagos, Chile) 


The elevations listed here are taken from John Biggar's List, which I believe to be the definitive reference for the region at this time.


No doubt there are other excellent climbing locales in the region, but there are two places that really stand out:

Refugio Cochamo
Refugio Cochamo - Chile
Camping @ Frey
Camping @ Frey - Argentina
Cochamo: A full day's journey from Puerto Montt, hidden deep within the temperate Valdivian rainforest, you will find some of South America's finest big wall climbing. A private refugio is surrounded by the thousand meter granite walls that form the Valle de Cochamo. Heavy rains, thick brush, and half day approaches guard the walls, but there are plenty of new routes are just waiting to be opened if you persevere.    
Frey: On the back side of Bariloche's Cerro Catedral Ski Resort, tucked along Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi's most popular hiking circuit, right next to Laguna Toncek, lies the epic Refugio Frey: a local climber's mecca featuring two alpine cirques surrounded by countless granite spires. It may be the best alpine training ground in the Andes. It's where I learned to climb and it's where I fell in love with Argentina.   


Cerro Catedral - Bariloche, Río Negro, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Pucon - Aruacania, Chile
Cerro Otto - Bariloche, Río Negro, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Antillanca - Los Lagos, Chile
Cerro Chapelco - San Martín de los Andes, Neuquén, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Las Aruacarias - Aruacania, Chile
Cerro Bayo - Neuquén, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Corralco - Aruacania, Chile
Cerro Caviahue - Neuquén, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Las Arenales - Aruancania, Chile
Centro de Esqui Batea Mahuida - Neuquén, ArgentinaCentro de Esqui Osorno - Los Lagos, Chile

National Parks

To protect this wonderful area, both countries have created several National Parks : (from North to South)

In Chile :
PN Conguillio (near Temuco)
PN Huerquehue (near Pucon)
PN Villarrica (near Pucon)
RN Mocho Choshuenco (near Choshuenco)
PN Puyehue (near Puyehue)
PN Vicente Peres Rosales (near Puerto Varas)
PN Alerca Andino (near Puerto Montt)

In Argentina :
PN Lanin (near Junin de Los Andes)
PN Nahuel Huapi (near Bariloche)
PN Los Arrayanes (near Bariloche)
Map of Lake District

Red Tape

This region has a lot of infrastructure. Unfortunately, it can also have a lot of red tape, at least compared with many other parts of Argentina and Chile. That said, if you don't ask too many questions and you seem to know what you're doing, you will generally be allowed to do what you want. Many of the volcanoes are located in National Parks, where you will often be required to pay an entrance fee. Sometimes you will be asked to show your equipment and a mountaineering club card to prove your preparedness, but the rules are often negotiable and/or avoidable, if you can figure out how to work the system.

Getting There

Unnamed Image
CHILE (Via Santiago): The main cities in the region are Temuco, Osorno, and Puerto Montt. Puerto Varas & Pucon are popular adventure tourism locales. 
You can take a night bus to one of the three main spots, offering hiking and climbing : Temuco (for Llaima), Pucon (for Villarrica) and Puerto Varas (for Osorno and Calbuco). Other sites would require to take a local bus. You can also fly directly to Temuco (for the northern part of Lake District) or Puerto Montt (for the southern part of Lake District).

Unnamed Image
ARGENTINA (Via Buenos Aires) :
San Carlos de Bariloche, the regional tourist center, is a 20-25 Hour Bus Ride from Buenos Aires. Andesmar & Via Bariloche are the major companies. Alternatively, there are several flights daily with both Aerolineas Argentinas & LAN Argentina. San Martin de los Andes and Villa La Angostura are also popular tourist destinations with mountains nearby. Junin de los Andes, a top fly-fishing destination, is right near Volcan Lanin.

Books & Maps

Petrohue Falls 

Two good guidebooks for hiking would be :
Trekking in the Patagonian Andes(Lonely Planet)
Chile and Argentina Trekking Guide(Bradt)

For Climbing a good one is :
Andes - A guide for climbers (John Biggar)

Good maps of the area can be found in any outdoor shops.
Those edited by JLM Mapas are recommendable.


Frutillar Bajo - flower 01

Weather forecast for :

1. Chile
Los Lagos (Region X)
Araucania (Region IX)

2. Argentina

Additions and CorrectionsPost an Addition or Correction

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Ski Mountaineer

Ski Mountaineer - Jul 8, 2007 4:54 am - Hasn't voted

Llaima Elev.

Llaima official IGM elevation is 3125m. No idea where that 3050m number on the map comes from. Stick to official numbers (unless it is an Argentine Map) if in doubt. Nice page otherwise. Will browse through more and see if I can add something. T.A.


Andino - Jul 10, 2007 5:54 am - Hasn't voted

Re: Llaima Elev.

Hello T.A. Thanks for your comment, I update the page, and double-checked all altitudes. I'll be please for more information if you have any, I can add up. Feel free to vote ;o)


Jose84 - Apr 20, 2013 11:39 pm - Hasn't voted

Lanin location

Lanin volcano is also located at the Araucanía region of Chile.

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