Marmolada - Punta Ombretta

Marmolada - Punta Ombretta

Page Type Page Type: Mountain/Rock
Location Lat/Lon: 46.43363°N / 11.85936°E
Additional Information County: Veneto, Trentino
Activities Activities: Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Sport Climbing, Ice Climbing, Big Wall
Seasons Season: Summer
Additional Information Elevation: 10653 ft / 3247 m
Sign the Climber's Log

Overview

Marmolada d’Ombretta 3247 m

Panorama from Cime Cadine
Marmolada S wall - in the middle - seen from Cime Cadine

 

 

Marmolada d’Ombretta 3247 m. is a superb ridge running for almost 2 km. showing a succession of eleven amazing spires, pinnacles and towers, all overcoming 3000 meters, amongst which the highest point touching the altitude of 3247 m is Punta Ombretta. Each of these eleven summits matchs as many pillars 900 meters drop on the Southern side of the mountain. From the Eastern side of Marmolada Ombretta the walls continue, originating a mountain range called Serauta. It consists of four summits: Serauta, Piz Serauta, Monte Serauta and foresummit. While the North side of Marmolada d'Ombretta is rarely climbed because it doesn’t offer particular mountaineering interest, on the contrary the Southern wall forged in shape of tremendous smooth slabs has a special importance because here run some of the most beautiful and challenging routes of Marmolada, Dolomites and whole Alps. These extraordinary walls are one of the temples of world mountaineering as well as the walls of Punta Rocca.

The Marmolada seen from the west
The Marmolada seen from the west
The huge and smooth Parete d'Argento (Silver Wall), Marmolada d'Ombretta
The huge and smooth Parete d'Argento (Silver Wall)

The South face of the Marmolada Ombretta is a gigantic wall situated between the South face of Punta Rocca, to the left, and Serauta to the right. Ombretta counts about 90 climbing routes, bounded to the left (West, towards Marmolada di Rocca South wall) by the "Gran Diedro Martini" and to the right (East) by the deep gully that separates Ombretta from Serauta. The wall is characterized by these main sectors: Torri di Marmolada d'Ombretta, Dorso dell'Elefante, Specchio di Sara, Pilastro Sud-Est, Agnese, Franca, Rosanna, Dante, Uli, Upo pillars and Parete d'Argento (Silver Wall). A wide ledge cuts horizontally the wall, from Dorso dell'Elefante to "Torri di Marmolada d'Ombretta", and finally it stops giving a great continuity to the sector "Parete d'Argento", where it falls a long waterfall. In the middle of this fascinating Silver Wall it is located a niche in the shape of a whale, become worldwide famous in the history of extreme climbing: in fact on this wall and "across the fish" the Czechs Igor Koller and Sustr in the year 1981 climbed the famous route "Attraverso il Pesce" ("Through the Fish"), a real challenging test for extreme climbing that here touches the limits of the VIII grade UIAA.

The Queen
Marmolada Northern side in winter

Getting There

Road access

The starting point to climb on Marmolada d’Ombretta is the resort of Malga Ciapèla m 1435 in Rocca Pietore commune (BL).

- coming from Brennero Highway exit Ora and take the road SS51 towards Val di Fassa, getting to Cavalese, Predazzo, Moena, Pozza di Fassa and Canazei. From Canazei take the road to Passo Fedaia m. 2054, situated between Canazei and Malga Ciapèla, then continue to Malga Ciapèla. This resort is the starting point of the trail to Rifugio Falier and Malga Ciapèla - Punta Rocca cable car.

- coming from Belluno take the road to Agordo, Alleghe and Caprile. Pass Caprile and take on the left the road to Malga Ciapèla.

Lago Fedaia
Lago Fedaia
A view of Marmolada SE site...
A view of Marmolada SE site...

Walking approach to Rifugio Onorio Falier 2074 m.

Refuge Falier on Vallon d’Ombretta is an excellent base to climb all the routes of Marmolada SW and S walls, so it’s excellent also to climb on Punta Ombretta. All the climbing routes on Punta Ombretta are long and very demanding. An alpine start is required, so it is convenient to stay overnight at the shelter. From Malga Ciapèla m. 1435 follow the road to the campsite and beyond, as far as the ban on driving. By walking reach the confluence of Val Franzedas in Val Ombretta and further on the trail, path n. 610, continue to Malga Ombretta m. 1904, placed at the Eastern edge of Pian de Ombretta and surrounded by the walls of Piz Serauta on one side and Marmolada on the other one. Crossed all Pian de Ombretta reach the base of the ridge from where, after a short climb, you will reach the Rifugio Falier m. 2074 (2 hours from Malga Ciapèla)

Ombretta seen from the approach trail
Ombretta seen from the approach trail

History

The whole crossing of the long and serrated crest of Marmolada d'Ombretta was realized for the first time by Kurt Leuchs and Karl Finckh in the year 1909. The great Southern wall of Marmolada d'Ombretta was won by Umberto Conforto and Franco Bertoldi with an itinerary that takes advantage of the weak points along cracks and chimneys with difficulties up to VI UIAA (1939). Missing only Comici, Carlesso and Cassin, the greatest protagonists of mountaineering in the Sixth Grade Age measured with Marmolada walls, like Gino Soldà, G. Battista Vinatzer, Luigi Micheluzzi, Ettore Castiglioni, Bruno Detassis, Umberto Conforto. More recently Armando Aste, Reinhold Messner, Sergio Martini, Heinz Mariacher, Maurizio Giordani and the Czech Igor Koller.

Umberto Conforto and Gino Soldà

U. Conforto and G. Soldà

Armando Aste

Armando Aste

Heinz Mariacher

Heinz Mariacher

Igor Koller

Igor Koller

Maurizio Giordani

Maurizio Giordani

Marmolada d'Ombretta selected routes

The South face of the Marmolada Ombretta is a gigantic wall with about 90 climbing routes. Here is related a small selection. UIAA scale

- Via Conforto - Bertoldi TD-, VI- 870 m. Dev. 1000 m., 26 pitches - U. Conforto, F. Bertoldi, dal 17 al 19/8/1939 - A historic route, not frequently climbed, the first to be climbed on Marmolada d'Ombretta. The Silver Wall is bounded on the right by a deep cleft. The first half of the route follows this natural line, then turn to left along a more direct line. Few pegs in place, friend and excentrics are very useful.

- Via Pisoni-Castiglioni D+, V 800 m. 20 pitches - G. Pisoni, E. Castiglioni 21/8/1942 Another historical route, low frequented, few pegs in place. See here the route topo: Via Pisoni-Castiglioni

 

Marmolada South wall labelled

Marmolada South wall

- Via dell'Ideale , TD+, VI+ - 920 m., Dev. 1300 m. 31 pitches - Armando Aste and Franco Solina 24/25/26/27/28/29-8-1964 - The route climbs the Silver Wall (Parete d'Argento), so nicknamed by Armando Aste, in the sector lying on the left of the waterfall by following the natural opportunities given by the rock. A great classic route of the Sixties, smart, techical and on beautiful limestone. See here the route's report and topo Pareti Verticali - Via dell'Ideale

- Fortuna EX, 6c+ - 920 m. Dev. 1335 m., 32 pitches - M. Giordani, F. Zenatti, 5-8 and 1-9-1985 - Magnificent route, amongst the most fine on Marmolada, almost completely equipped; almost all the 80 pegs used were left in place

- Via Irreale ED+, 7a+ - 920 m. Dev. 1390 m., 33 pitches - M. Giordani, F. Zenatti 17/18/19-8-1983

- Specchio di Sara EX, 7b+ - 800 m. Dev. 1085 m, 22 pitches - M. Giordani, R. Manfrini, august 1988 - This route climb one of the most compact areas of the wall. A "classic- extreme" of the wall.

- Schwalbenschwanz TD, VI obbl. - 800 m. Dev. 900 m., 24 pitches - L. Rieser, R. Schiestl 19-11-1978 - Nowaday a route become a classic of the wall, frequently climbed and almost completely equipped. The route runs on the right of Parete d'Argento (Silver Wall). See here the route's topo: Schwalbenschwanz - Planetmountain

- Via Don Quixote TD, VI - 950 m., 21 pitches - H. Mariacher, R. Schiestl, 24-6-1979 - One of the most affordable of Ombretta, become a great classic of the Dolomites and frequently climbed

- Attraverso il Pesce ABO, VII+ and A0, or VIII+ in free climbing - 920 m. Dev 1220 m. - J. Koller, J. Sustr il 2/3/4-8-1981 - A great and challenging route that made Marmolada d'Ombretta worldwide famous and rightly passed in the myth. It climbs through the fish, a peculiar whale-shaped niche, the only sign of weakness in the vast compactness of the impressive wall. Today it has become one of the classic extreme of the Dolomites, and even if the initial equipment has been changed, it's still a route absolutely not to be taken lightly. See here the route's topo: Via Attraverso il pesce - Planetmountain

 
Deep view: South Face of Marmolada

Sebastian Hamm Marmolada S face

Don Quixote upper pitches, Marmolada d'Ombretta

Don Quixote upper pitches

Marmolada d'Ombretta, the descent on Northern side

The descent on Northern side

Approach to the wall - Follow the trail n. 610 as far as the path, after a few bends, heads strongly to the West, in the direction of Passo Ombretta. Just here the vertical fall of water marks, in its middle, the impressive "Placca d'Argento" (about half a hour from Rifugio Falier). Leaving the path, climb the steep meadows keeping to the left of the waterfall if you are searching the central routes. Descent: the descent isn't the same for all routes. Some routes exit directly on the "plateau" of the snow cap of the glacier, a few meters from the cable car station of Punta Rocca; other routes exit the wall instead on the jagged ridge of Marmolada of Ombretta, east of the cable-car station. For these latter 2 rappels 50 meters long are needed to approach the less steep area of the glacier below, then across the ski slopes to the intermediate station of Punta Rocca - Malga Ciapela cable-car.

Red Tape

No particular restrictions in climbing and hiking. Punta Ombretta belongs to Marmolada area, shared between the provinces of Trento and Belluno, one of the nine mountain systems of the Dolomites acknowledged as UNESCO World Heritage Site. More info about Dolomiti Unesco World Heritage here: Dolomites living mountains

Hut

Marmolada map
Rifugio Onorio Falier 2074 m. Club Alpino Italiano Sez. Venezia Situation: Pian d'Ombretta (Marmolada, Val d'Ombretta) Open: 20 of June - 20 of September Size: 44 pers. Winter shelter: yes, 4 persons Owner: C.A.I. Sezione Venezia Guardian: Dante Del Bon - Franca Busin Hut's phone : +39 (0) 437 7220050039 Hut's reservation phone : +39 (0) 437 5901930039 Getting There: from Malga Ciapèla m. 1435 path n. 610 (2 hours)

When to climb

The best season to climb goes from June to September

Meteo

ARPAV DOLOMITI METEO ARPAV DOLOMITI METEO Phone +390436780007 fax +390436780008 CENTRO VALANGHE DI ARABBA Phone +390436755711 fax 043679319 e-mail cva@arpa.veneto.it METEO TRENTINO

Guidebooks and maps

 
 Marmolada Parete Sud  guidebook
 
Marmolada map
"Marmolada Parete Sud" - Maurizio Giordani Ed. Versante Sud Marmolada Parete Sud IGM 1:25000 n° 11 II NE - Marmolada, Kompass 1:50000 n° 59 Gruppo del Sella-Marmolada


Parents 

Parents

Parents refers to a larger category under which an object falls. For example, theAconcagua mountain page has the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits' asparents and is a parent itself to many routes, photos, and Trip Reports.

Marmolada GroupMountains & Rocks