Pico del Grajal de Arriba and del Abajo

Pico del Grajal de Arriba and del Abajo

Page Type Page Type: Mountain/Rock
Location Lat/Lon: 43.19504°N / 4.72804°W
Activities Activities: Hiking, Scrambling, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Additional Information Elevation: 7707 ft / 2349 m
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Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
Pico de Grajal de Abajo as seen from the Collado del Mojon ascent

Despite of their low prominence in the Macizo de Andara main ridge between Pica del Jierro to the west and La Rasa de la Inagotable to the east, the Pico del Grajal de Abajo (2246 m) and its western and higher brother Pico del Grajal de Arriba (2349 m) receive quite a lot of visits and are popular among the Spanish hikers. The both Grajales, as they are named too, are lined up at one of the Andara main routes, the one which goes from Collado del Mojon to the Morra di Lechugales summit. This explains the frequent visits of these two peaks. With respect to the popularity – I can only guess ….

The lower brother– as its name already tells us – Pico del Grajal de Abajo stands west of Collado del Mojon with a prominence of about 40 m to the western and eastern cols within the main Andara ridge. To the north there is the 300 to 400 meters deeper Valle del Andara and the route from Caseton de Andara to the Collado Valdominguero, which uses the north slopes of our summit, is called “Traviesas del Grajal de Abajo”.

To the south the huge Canal de las Arredondas ends below the lower Grajal summit. Despite of having “only” a height of 2246 m the Grajal de Abajo offers good views to the east (eastern parts of Andara massif, western Cantabrian mountains), the south (Liebana region) and the west (main Andara summits and parts of the Valdominguero group and the Macizo Los Urielles).

The higher brother, de Arriba, offers even better views, due to its higher position within the Andara main ridge. Nevertheless, this “summit” is just a culmination point in this main ridge without any noteworthy prominence to the west. From the col west of Pico del Grajal de Abajo you have to ascend about 140 m to reach a heap of rocks which form the Grajal de Arriba “summit”.

South of Pico del Grajal de Arriba is the impressive Hoyo del Evangelista, a high and huge sinkhole where the highest ore mine of the Andara massif is located. The southern border of that Hoyo is the huge summit of Silla del Caballo Cimero, which dominates the southern scenery of Grajal de Arriba.

To the north, deep in the Andara valley and the Jou Llerosu there are the “Traviesas del Grajal de Arriba, the continuation of the Traviesas del Grajal de Abajo.

To the west the ridge continues first near level, then steeply ascending, to the Pica del Jierro summit cairn.

Both summits are easy hiking summits, ski touring and snow shoe hikes are possible, too. Their traverse in combination with some other summits within Macizo de Andara is a great outing and great fun.

Getting There

Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
Pico de Grajal de Abajo as seen from Pico de Grajal de Arriba

Main trailheads are

  • Sotres or Jito Escarandi

  • Caseton de Andara

  • Lon or Brez

  • You reach Sotres or Jito Escarandi on road number AS-264 from Arenas de Cabrales (look up the Macizo de Andara SP page how to get to Arenas de Cabrales) to Poncebos. Turn there on road number CA-1. Follow CA-1 until you reach Sotres, leave the village on that road to the east and park your car at or near the first switchback after the village limits.

    For Jito Escarandi follow CA-1 until you reach this col between Sotres and Tresviso; there is a hiker parking area on the right side of the road.

    For Caseton de Andara leave your car at Jito Escarandi and follow the old mine road in southern direction until you reach the Caseton (about 1 hour to walk).

    For Lon or Brez follow road number CA-185 from Potes in the direction of Espinama / Fuente De.

  • For Lon leave CA-185 at San Pelayo and follow the signposts to Lon

  • For Brez leave CA-185 at Camaleño and follow the road in direction of Brez, passing by the village of Tanarrio.

  • Main Routes Overview

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    View from the Grajal de Abajo to the de Arriba peak and the Pica and Picos del Jierro

    Route from Jito Escarandi / Caseton de Andara

    Trailhead: Jito Escarandi parking area

    From Jito Escarandi take the old mine road in the direction of Caseton de Andara.

    Pass by the Caseton on a trail west of the hut and regain the mine road above or go to the hut and follow the mine road. Above the route junction stay left at a broad road switchback and follow the steep road up to the Minas de la Providencia. Instead of entering the huge Vega del Hoyo Oscuro stay right and ascend to Castillo de Grajal on a mine road. Follow that road up to Collado del Mojon.

    This is the ski route / snow shoe route, too!

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Pico de Grajal de Arriba
    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Pico de Grajal de Abajo
    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Pico de Grajal de Abajo and the "Traviesas" within Valle de Andara

    Canal de las Arredondas route

    Trailhead: villages of Lon or Brez

    Follow the road from both villages in northern direction to Prao La Mayor, where these roads meet. Ascend now the long Canal de las Arredondas to Collado del Mojon (long ascent!)

    Summit route

    Both routes meet at Collado del Mojon. From there ascend the east slopes of Pico del Grajal de Abajo to the summit – some cairns, rests of a trail, talus and scree – an easy route. From the summit turn southwest and descend to a house ruin some meters below the summit. Follow the narrow trail below the ruin down to the col between Pico del Grajal de Abajo and de Arriba. There you regain the rests of the old mine route or trail to the Minas in the Hoyo Evangelista.

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
     Samelar (left), La Sagrada Corazon (right) and the Grajal de Abajo in front
    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Collado del Mojon, view to the southeast
    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Collado del Mojon, view to Silla del Caballo Cimero

    This road starts at Collado del Mojon and uses the south slopes of Pico del Grajal de Abajo, first descending a bit and then ascending back to the ridge crest and the above mentioned col. Follow this road/trail in western direction. First the ridge is steep, narrow and rocky. After a while you enter a gentle meadow slope. Follow the mine road until its enters the Hoyo del Evangelista. Leave the road there and ascend the meadow slope on a narrow and marked trail to the summit of Pico del Grajal de Arriba.

    This trail / route continues to Pica del Jierro, Picos del Jierro, Morra di Lechugales and Silla del Caballo Cimero.

    The ski route / snow shoe route is nearly the same, depending on the snow conditions.

    Red Tape & Accommodation

    Macizo de Andara
    National Park boundaries

    Red Tape

    The Grajales are part of the Parque National de los Picos de Europa.
    The entrance to the national park is free, you need no permits.

    The regulations for the park can be seen here.

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    Pico Samelar as seen from Pico del Grajal de Abajo


  • Arenas de Cabrales

  • Sotres

  • Tielve

  • Tresviso

  • Poncebos / Camarmeña

  • Potes and the adjacent villages

  • Mountain hut

    Caseton de Andara with 20 places, food and drinks; guarded throughout summer

    Gear & Mountain Condition

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    The ascent to the Andara hut with Pico Macondiu

    Picos de Grajales are mainly a spring, summer and autumn outing.

    As the Collado del Mojon and the Canal de las Arredondas is one of the main ski routes within Macizo de Andara, the Pico del Grajal de Abajo and de Arriba, too, are a ski tour summit aim.

    You need normal hiking gear for a summer and autumn tour on Picos de Grajales. Gaiters and hiking poles may be useful in springtime.

    In winter and early spring you need full ski tour gear / snow shoe gear and avalanche protection.

    A Spanish avalanche bulletin for the Picos de Europa (Boletin de Peligro de Aludes) can be seen here.

    Current Weather for Sotres:

    Current weather for Potes

    Maps & Guide Books

    Pico del Grajal de Arriba, de Abajo
    The upper Hoyo del Evangelista with Silla del Caballo Cimero and to the right the Grajal de Arriba peak


    Picos de Europa; Central and Eastern Massifs (Los Urielles Y Andara); Topographic Map, scale 1 : 25.000 with Hiking Trails; Adrados Ediciones

    the best and most detailed map as far as I know

    For more information see the Adrados website (only in Spanish).

    A good hiking map, not too detailed but sufficient for simple hikes:

    Parque Nacional de Picos de Europa; 2 Mapas Excursionistas, Escala 1 : 40.000, Macizo Central y Oriental; Macizo Occidental; Editorial Alpina

    Guide Books

    Standard guide book in English:

    Robin Walker: Picos de Europa, Walks and Climbs, Cicerone guide

    Spanish publications and more maps can be purchased in the towns and villages round the Picos.