- introduced in the second half o the 20th century, derived from the German word Spießglas, it is a reference to stibnite (antimonite) that was once mined nearby
Szpiglasowy Wierch seen from Szpiglasowa Przełęcz in May - photo by badyl
Glossary (Polish/Slovak = English)
wierch (pronounced vyerkh
)/vrch or szczyt/štít (shtit
) = peak
)/sedlo = pass/saddle
dolina/dolina = valley
)/pleso = tarn
schronisko/chata = hut
polana/poľana = clearing/glade
Getting There (to nearest huts)
On the tarmac road
Polana Palenica (Palenica Clearing
), where you will most likely be entering the national park, lies east of Zakopane, 12km away as the crow flies and nearly 25 km away by road. Zakopane sits at the foot of the Tatra Mountains about 100 km south of Kraków, where there's an international airport
. (BTW The city of Kraków
certainly boasts one of the most interesting old town
s in East Central Europe.) It should take you less than two hours to drive from Kraków to Zakopane, but at the weekend or in high season, it often takes more than 3.5 hrs, which is how long a journey by train
lasts. As for the buses, check out this website
. (The station adjoins the central railway station 'Kraków Główny'.) In Zakopane, minibuses to Polana Palenica (car park and bus/minibus terminus) leave from in front of the entrance to the railway station.
Polana Palenica sits in the valley of River Białka, at about 990 m. On sunny summer days the pay car park there (parking cost an equivalent of €6 per day in 2017; entry fee to the national park a little more than €1 per person) fills up very quickly, so unless you go at dawn it is a good idea to use public transport. From Polana Palenica you walk up the valley along the same tarmac road for 3 km until you get to the falls named after a famous Polish poet, i.e. Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza. From the falls you either continue along the tarmac road to Morskie Oko or turn right to follow green marks up the Roztoka Valley, whose uppermost part cradles the Five Polish Tarns and takes its name from them. The walk from Polana Palenica up the tarmac road (later with several shortcuts marked with red stripes) to the hut that sits by Morskie Oko is 8 km long, which translates to about 1 hr 45 min of walking, the elevation gain being 420 m. (About 25 min before Morskie Oko is Polana Włosienica, where you can also get by horse-drawn wagon (or sleigh in winter). A few hundred meters past the place is a restaurant with decent toilets next to it.) The hike from Polana Palenica to the Five Polish Tarns Hut takes about 2 hr 45 min (the distance is about 8 km with 670 m of ascent).
Valley of Roztoka & Five Polish Tarns - by Konrad Sus
Huts & Camping
Morskie Oko Hut Roztoka Hut Pięć Stawów Hut
- Schronisko przy Morskim Oku at 1410 m. It has two buildings: the 'new' one (built over a hundred years ago), which resembles a mountain hotel a bit, and the 'old' one - in fact the oldest existing mountain hut in the Polish Tatras
- Roztoka Hut at 1031m - a truly atmospheric place, one of the very best mountain huts in Poland, located at the mouth of the Roztoka Valley, 15 min off Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza falls
- Szałasiska campsite for rock climbers at about 1350 m, just above Polana Włosienica - a rudimentary campground that offers places in tents; the price is higher for those who are not members of UIAA
- Schronisko w Dolinie Pięciu Stawów Polskich at 1671 m
In high season expect all the huts (and the campsite) to be fully booked. If so, you can normally get a place on the floor, which in 2017 cost an equivalent of €10 in the Morskie Oko Hut and €7 in the other huts.
MapsONLINE MAP on hiking.sk
As for the analog maps, there are plenty of options readily available, for example please have a look here
Routes (from nearest huts) & Maps
Szpiglasowy Wierch can only be legally climbed via Szpiglasowa Przełęcz, which is crossed by the yellow trail connecting Morskie Oko to Pięć Stawów. From the pass an unmarked path, of which the last several meters are a bit exposed, will take you to the summit in less than a quarter of an hour. The yellow trail from Morskie Oko goes at YDS Class 1, whereas on the other side of the pass its highest stretch is a chain-assisted Class 3. The trail is usually crowded from the end of June to the end of August and on sunny Autumn weekends, unless you are there at dawn.
Trail from Pięć Stawów The pass from the summit Trail from Morskie Oko
Statistics (Way Up)
From Polana Palenica via Morskie Oko
Distance: 12 km Net elevation gain: 1182 m Time: 4 hr
From Polana Palenica via Pięć Stawów
Distance: 12 km Net elevation gain: 1182 m Time: 4 hr 15 min
From Morskie Oko Hut
Distance: 4.3 km Net elevation gain: 762 m Time: 2 hr 15 min
From Pięć Stawów Hut
Distance: 4 km Net elevation gain: 501 m Time: 2 hr
Szpiglasowy Wierch left of center (the pass further left, the Tatras' main ridge with Wyżni Kostur at 2083 m and Niżni Kostur at 2055 m to the right) and the yellow trail from Dolina Pięciu Stawów in early June - photo by visentin
Winter routes do not always follow the yellow marks, especially the section between the Pięć Stawów Hut and the final ascent of Szpiglasowa Pass is in fact completely different and traverses the lower slopes of the Miedziane ridge. Avalanche risk is often considerable.
SE side of Szpiglasowa Przełęcz in May - by badyl
The SummitSzpiglasowy Wierch
rises from the main ridge of the Tatras to a height of 2172 m
where the lateral ridge of Miedziane
, separating Morskie Oko (Sea Eye)
tarn and Pięć Stawów Polskich (Five Polish Tarns)
, connects to it around two kilometers west of Morskie Oko. The peak is the highest on the main ridge between Cubryna/Čubrina
and is easily accessible from Szpiglasowa Przełęcz
at 2110 m
, which divides Szpiglasowy Wierch from the massif of Miedziane and is crossed by the more demanding (waymarked with yellow stripes) of the two hiking trails linking Morskie Oko and Dolina Pięciu Stawów.
Szpiglasowy Wierch seen from Szpiglasowa Przełęcz in summer
The peak makes for a pretty easy winter goal, but bear in mind that avalanche danger is often considerable. In 2001 an avalanche on the northwest side of Szpiglasowa Przełęcz claimed the lives of two climbers and another avalanche killed two members of the rescue team that was called into action. The first recorded and successful winter ascent of Szpiglasowy Wierch was made by Adam Karpiński and Wilhelm Smoluchowski on 8 April 1925.
Nearing the summit in May - photo by badyl
Both Szpiglasowa Przełęcz and Szpiglasowy Wierch give impressive views into Dolina Pięciu Stawów to the west as well as the highest peaks in the Polish Tatras, especially Cubryna and Mięguszowiecki/Mengusovský Peak
, to the east. Szpiglasowy Wierch also commands southerly views including those of the massive wall of the Hrubý vrch ridge and Nižné Temnosmrečinské pleso. Summit views certainly are one of the main reasons for climbing the peak.
Nižné Temnosmrečinské pleso and Kôprová dolina from Szpiglasowy Wierch
Cubryna and Mięguszowiecki from Szpiglasowa Przełęcz - by Tomek Lodowy
Dolina Pięciu Stawów Polskich from Szpiglasowa Przełęcz - by Tomek Lodowy
Labelled panorama from the summit
The Tatra Mountains are a national park in which you must keep to waymarked trails. Bivouacking is not permitted. In theory, after dark you are supposed to leave the national park or stay in a mountain hut. Rock climbing is not permitted in the vicinity of Szpiglasowy Wierch, which means that you are not allowed to hike/climb along the adjacent sections of the main ridge of the Tatras. This is a pity, because the section of the ridge between Szpiglasowy Wierch and Przełęcz Chałubińskiego (Chałubiński's Pass
, accessible via red marks from Dolina za Mnichem--please see the map above), named Szpiglasowa Grań, offers a fine scramble of an easy YDS Class 4 (if you traverse the pinnacles).
Eastern face of Szpiglasowa Grań at dawn
Mountain Conditions & Rescue
Westerly view from very near the summit - by badyl