Dopo il versante italiano (in realtà doppio, con Vallone di Menouve/Molline oppure Moline ed omologa ad Oriente Conca di By) , al di là del Colle di Valsorey (3107 m), invece, s'espande il ghiacciaio omonimo che scende in direzione Nord verso il promontorio (giusto 600 metri al di sopra del Gran Plan, 2501 metri, ed al di sotto dei Grand Combin du Meitin (3622 m) e Grand Combin de Valsorey (4184 m), collocato più a Nordest ) sul quale é collocata la Cabane de Valsorey (3030 m). Sempre dalla Valsorey, ma precedentemente e giusto dalla Cabane du Velan (2569 m), si diparte un valloncello secondario che si distende verso Meridione tramite il Ghiacciaio di Teseudet; il quale, aprendosi a ventaglio, raggiunge sulla sinistra il Col de la Gouille (3149 m), la base della spettacolare Parete Nord del Velan (520/30 metri) e verso destra o Nordovest va a cingere l'Aiguille du Velan (3635 m), Les Dents de Proz (3330 m) ed al margine Settentrionale il Petit Velan (3223 m). Infine, sempre dalla Val d'Entremont ai piedi del Colle del Gran San Bernardo (2449/69 m), e più precisamente sopra il Comune di Bourg - Saint - Bernard (1914 m) sale, solcato dal Torrent Perché, il Vallone di Proz; il suo ghiacciaio si infrange contro la Cresta Nord-nordovest e la Parete Ovest (circa 610/30 metri) che, da Les Dents de Proz, raggiunge la Quota 3678 metri, subito prima della calotta glaciale formante la vera Vetta (3734 m). Anche per quanto concerne il versante svizzero riscontriamo una serie di quote che circondano la calotta glaciale (3734 m), però le medesime sono più facili da individuare poiché si stagliano nettamente sulle creste contro il cielo, anche per quelle altitudini meno evidenti sul versante italiano. Avremo così da Est ad Ovest, ovvero partendo dal Mont de la Gouille (3212 m) ed il sottostante Col de la Gouille (3149 m), le Quote 3252, 3421, 3580, 3622 metri sulla sua Cresta Nordovest, detta anche "Arête de la Gouille". Tra queste in maggior evidenza per la sua importanza l'ultima delle medesime o Cupola Nordovest, poiché vi confluiscono le due vie della Parete Nord (Luglio 1939) e Nord-nordovest (Agosto 1936); due itinerari di grande classe, che resistono nel tempo ancora oggigiorno nelle valutazioni da parte degli "ice climbers" ovvero ghiacciatori esperti. Sempre da questo valloncello glaciale del Tseudet, ma verso destra, si diraman le altre tre vie (due in ghiaccio ed una sull'orlo roccioso) che rispettivamente raggiungono la selletta 3607 metri, posta tra la Quota glaciale 3670 metri e l'Aiguille du Velan (Luglio 1935), la via in diagonale tra questa ultima e la Quota rocciosa 3561 metri (Via Bianchi, 1970?) ovvero la via più diretta per raggiungere il Velan partendo dall'omonima Cabane (2569m) e la via sullo spigolo (in roccia, nevoso ed ancora roccioso) dello Sperone Est-nordest conducente alla Quota rocciosa 3561 metri, od Antecima Settentrionale della medesima aiguille (datazione e primi salitori sconosciuti e probabilmente primo itinerario tracciato da questo lato). Oltre questo contrafforte va a formare i Denti di Proz (3488 m, 3330 m, dove si sdoppia inviando verso Ovest un ramo secondario che raggiunge il Mont de Proz, 2803 m), le due sommità del Petit Velan (3223 m, 3201 m) per andare ad esaurirsi a destra sopra la Cabane du Velan (2569 m) mentre a sinistra o Nordovest cala sul Mont Orge (2880 m) e la Croix de Tousse (2822 m), proprio al di sopra del Lac des Toules (1810 m), giust'addesso in piena Val d'Entremont. E proprio nella parte superiore di questa ultima, quella proiettata verso il Colle del Gran San Bernardo (2449/69 m), che si eleva, ( al di sopra di Bourg - Saint - Bernard (1914 m), l'ampio Versante Occidentale del Mont Velan con ai piedi il Ghiacciaio e la Montagna di Proz presso il "Plan du Jeu" (2074 m). Un più largo vallone opposto a quello del Teseudet in Valsorey, nonché rappreso tra Les Dents de Proz a Nord-nordovest ed il Colle di Annibale a Sud, questa volta dominato proprio dalla calotta glaciale della Vetta. Sul medesimo si snodano una serie di canaloni che, partendo da sinistra o Nord, si contraddistinguono per la stretta incisione tra le costole rocciose: 1)- il canale verso l'Aiguille du Velan (1887 in discesa e Luglio1966 in salita solitaria); 2)- il secondo couloir inizialmente nevoso e poi roccioso alla Quota 3670 metri; 3)- il canalone ad Y che sfocia tra la suddetta quota e la Quota 3678 m, un mio vecchio obiettivo sempre rinviato a poi perso per far qualcos'altro, poiché gli svizzeri se lo sono meritatamente acchiappato) ed infine 4)- il "mezzo canale" verso destra o Sud, utilizzato dai primi salitori (1799). Questa la sintesi delle vie svizzere che, rispetto a quelle dei due versanti italiani ormai quasi del tutto spogli dai ghiacci, si contraddistinguono per la possibilità di un notevole numero di vie in ghiaccio. Finché dura ...
From Orsières towards Fontaine Dessous-Rive Haute (1223m), Liddes (1346m) and Bourg St. Pierre (1346m) in Entremont Valley and at the beginning of Valsorey to the Southeast.
Access for the swiss routes from Aosta Valley and in particular to North.northwestern Ridge, Western Face and Crest (of Annibale): go up towards the Gran San Bernardo and enter Switzerland with the tunnel; immediately after exiting the tunnel take the detour to Super St. Bernard reaching the plant square.
From Great Saint Bernard Hill (2473m) towards the principal Val d'Entremont and secondary to the right or East Valsorey
Great Saint Bernard Pass (2449m), by Swiss State Road, with descent towards Le Tronchet, Plan des Dames, Hospitalet (2113m), Bourg Saint Bernard (1927m) up to Bourg Saint Pierre and previous route.
* * Northeast Crest from Col de la Gouille (3149m): September 03th, 1872, H.J. and Walter Leaf with Mountain Guides Hans Baumann and Daniele Bich; in ascent from Velan 's Cabane with route on Glacier de Valsorey and through the ridge up to the "Rock Hump 3622 meters" and towards the Ice Cup in the highest final part. Very panoramic climb on the entire Northern slope and in a very wild environment.
From F+ to PD-. From Col de la Gouille (3149m), reached through the Valsorey 's Glacier (in East-northeast) or from Velan 's Cabane towards Tseudet 's Glaciers (in North-northwest), go up on Northeast Ridge bypassing the Quotas 3252, 3421, 3580 meters on Arête de la Gouille, reaching before the Dôme 3622 meters (or with deviation to the South just before) and from this easily to the Summit Ice Cup (3734m). Ascent scarcely frequented, with path that can also be easily made downhill to the col (3h00' uphill and 5h.00' from Cabane du Velan); moreover it can be tackled starting from Italy, that is from the Rosazza Savoie Bivouac with the crossing of the Glacier de Valsorey (see above the "Double Connection" ). Ascension worthy of greater attention by climbers also because this is certainly the most scenic route in comparison of the two glaciers of Valsorey 's Tseudet 's. In any case, it is preferable to departure from Switzerland, which eliminates the crossing of the glacier and is certainly more direct and with less time. It should not be forgotten that the first ascent of September 03th, 1872 (during the first North / South crossing of Mont Velan with descent of the rocky/snowy gully on the Southwestern Face) took place from the Valsorey and through the homonymous glacier, in order to reach the col. But this remains exclusively a historical note because otherwise the ascension on this side would become very anachronistic.
* * East Slope from Valsorey 's Glacier: summer 1826, the two Monks of Gran San Bernardo Pass or the swiss D'Allèves and Marquis; in ascent from Saint Bernard Hospice and the next Valsorey, with route on Glacier de Valsorey with descend through the Western Crest to Hannibal 's Pass and Great Sain Bernard. In day (!). This route is the most used for the ascent to Mont Velan, not only starting from Switzerland, and far exceeds that starting from the Rosazza-Savoie Bivouac at Colle del Boègno Bàs (2674m) from the Italian side; not to mention the "historic" one through the Glacier de Valsorey in the first case, or the "mystical" ones that took place in other eras starting from the Champillon 's Plain (2050m) at the beggining of mouth of the Conca di By or even from the Village Glacier also Glassier (1562m) in Ollomont Valley.
* * Eastern Slope from Col de la Gouille (3149m): unknown; in ascent from Velan 's Cabane (in ancient times from Valsorey 's Cabane with an initial descent of 600 meters!!) with route on Glacier de Valsorey and connection up to the Standard Route near the Testa d'Ariondet (3485m) or just behind the five Dents du Velan (3495 meters the tallest) and with this itinerary, common to Italian Via from Valsorey Pass, towards the Ice Cup in the highest and always glacial final part. Climb less scenic than those on the ridge, as it is "occluded" first by the ramparts that rise from Col de la Gouille, after by the Dôme of Mont V'lan.
From F+ to PD-/PD: starting by the Cabane du Velan (2569m) look for the most convenient point to get to the Teseudet Glacier (generally following the water pipeline) and keep going against the basal debris slopes of the Eastern side of the Petit Velan (3223m, Kurz Map), where they "sink" into the same glacier : having reached an altitude of about 2830/70 meters turn left and, passing an area with many crevasses, head towards the Col de la Gouille keeping a safe distance from the rocks of the South-southwest slope of the Mont de la Gouille (3212, 3209m). Reached the wide upper glacial basin it "points" decidedly to the hill, which here opens opposite; a last section (25/30 meters, red markings in general with fixed rope) formed by detrital and broken rocks leads to the same, immediately on the right of two characteristic gendarmes (1h.45'/2h.00 '). The descent on the opposite or East verant takes place through a small wall of about 60/65 meters formed by quite steep but broken and unstable rocks, on which fixed ropes have been installed. In short you are on the glacier rejoining with the street of 1826 (departure from the Ospizio del Gran San Bernardo!); go up the snows on the right (orographic and hydrographic left), as well as between the large left-hand serac and the base of the shoulder rocks 3321 meters and the altitude of 3622 meters. With a winding path, you will go around a rocky island on your left (East) reaching the large serac next to the Testa d'Ariondet After an icy passage (40°/45°, delicate) to go up along the highest part reaching in succession a little rounded and glacial "conca" (basin) preceding the small rocks of Quota 3672 meters and, with circular route to the North, the Ice Cup (3734m). From Col de la Gouille (3149m) 2h.45'/3h.15'; by Velan 's Cabane (2569m) 4h.45'/5h.15'; from Bourg-Saint-Pierre (1632m) 8h'.30'/9h.30'.
VELAN Northern and Northeastern Faces (Valsorey Valley) from left (East):
* * North-northwestern Slope of Mont de la Gouille 3212 meters: unknown; from Cabane du Velan crossing on middle part of Tseudet 's with deviation to the right or Southeast to a first rocky couloir up to the small and higher Gouille 's Glacier and through this to double Summit (SE 3209m, NW 3212m), with successive traverse to Col de la Gouille (3149m) and traverse towards the Summit by the Northwest Ridge.
From F+ to PD-/PD:. This itinerary can serve as a descent route, after short ascent from Col de la Gouille to Mont (about sixty meters in altitude and about 330 meters in distance from it); in any case it constitutes a variant making the trip "more complete". Thus for the adjacent routes along Northwest Ridge, after crossing Glacier de Tseudet at an altitude of about 2620/30 meters 2h.30'; or with a climb on the Eastern Side starting by Valsorey Glacier reaching a rocky Shoulder 3028 meters with an uncomfortable climb on mobile debris and not difficult but very broken rocks (pay attention to who is behind); 2h.00'.
* * NorthWall (Central Eperon of North-northeast Ice Cup 3622 meters): July 29th, 1939, Loulou Boulaz with Mountain Guide Pierre Bonnant; from Cabane du Velan through the lower Tseudet 's Glacier with "Direct Route" up to the "Icy Hump" 3622 meters and traverse towards the Vlan 's Summit (3734m). First in winter: January 26th, 1964, François Beth, Jean Délère, André Praz and Jean-Jacques Saudan.
From D to D+: a classy itinerary aimed at very strong and experienced mountaineers, such as those of the two group of climbers of July 1939 and the first winter ascent, January 1964; directly exceeds a mixed wall along its central spur, with more than 500 meters high starting from the double crevasse at the base at about 3100/3120 meters (3167 meters the lowest rocky point). Path exposed to the ice fall from the altitude of 3622 meters (ovever still less than those of the parallel via on the Northwestern Face, August 1936), which requires a lot of attention and adequate equipment (rope, carabiners, rock pitons and ice screws) with glacial slopes of 60 ° and over; small wall of ice (2/3 meters) in the final part just before the exit on the summit hump. By this last easily on the Top. From base 5.30'/6.00', Cabane 7.15'/7.30'.
* * Northwestern Face of North-northeast Ice Cup 3622 meters: August 27th, 1936, Joseph Cheseaux and Etienne Max; from Cabane du Velan through the Tseudet Glacier and subsequent Hanging Tseudet 's Glacier with deviation to the left or East at the altitude of about 3420/30 meters in respect the successive Route 1935 up to the "Icy Hump" 3622 meters and traverse towards the V'lan 's Summit (3734m).
From AD+ to D-/D/ D+: a difficult route, even this for experienced mountaineers, as the two climbers of August 1936; directly exceeds a mixed more Western wall along its narrow face and with prevalent glacial route, of more than about 220/40 meters in high; starting from the crevasse at the base at about 3390/3400 meters. Path exposed to the ice fall from the altitude of 3622 meters (ovever still less than those of the parallel via on the North Face, July 1939), which requires a lot of attention and adequate equipment (rope, carabiners, rock pitons and ice screws) with glacial slopes of %°/60°50° ° in the final part just before the exit on the summit hump on the Northeast Ridge. From this last easily on the Summit. Keep in mind that the slope decreases in the terminal stretch, but that in case of poor snow (as for the first ascent) the difficulties certainly tend to increase due to the apparition of a outcrop of rocks that are certainly difficult and very likely covered by verglass. From base 5.00'/5.30', from Velan 's Cabane 6.45'/7.15'.
* * Northern Face from Tseudet 's Glacier, "Hanging Tseudet 's Glacier ad in final part to the right or West towards the Little Saddle 3607 meters and Northwest Ice Cup 3670 meters on North-northwest Ridge: July 21th, 1935, Georges de Rham and Rodolphe Tissières; from Cabane du Velan to the V'lan 's Summit (3734m) , through the "Hump" 3670 meters and in final part crossing towards the true Mont Velan 's Top.
key remark: this last two routes are conditioned by the situation of the fall of seracs (about 110/20 meters) below the tallest glacial basin (around 3380/3420 meters): the route can be made on the right(West, not easy via) or in the center through rounded seracs (certainly more difficult). And in any case the same can vary from year to year and is never simple. Furthermore, the road on the left (August 1936) towards the snowy hump or Ice Quota 3622 meters appears to be quite dangerous because it is very exposed to falling ice and seracs. Most likely, also for this reason these two almost twin routes do not result repeated.
* * Northeast Wall from Tseudet 's Glacier to Aiguille du Velan (3635m): summer 1970, Jean Bianchi with its wife; from Cabane du Velan through Tseudet 's Glacier towards Aiguille du Velan (3635m).
From AD+ to D-: if not a difficult route, surely not simple and exclusively this for experienced mountaineers, as the two climbers of Summer 1970 (?); directly exceeds a mixed more Western wall along its before narrow rocky face and after with complete in diagonal right/left glacial route, of more than about 535/45 meters in high; starting from the crevasse at the base at about 3090/3100 meters. Path exposed to the rocks falling in the first sector before the entrance on snowy slope, which requires a lot of caution and adequate equipment (rope, carabiners, ice screws) with glacial slopes of 45°/50°55°; in the final part just before the exit on the North-northwest Ridge, in distance of around 50 meters by the Top Aiguille du Velan. From this last easily on the Summit. From base 4.00'/4.30', from Velan 's Cabane 6.45'/7.15'.
* * East-northeast Eperon of Quota 3561 meters: Years '60?, unknown montaineers; from Cabane du Velan through the Tseudet 's Glacier towards Aiguille du Velan (3635m)..
From AD- to AD+: less difficult route in respect to the previous, even more simple but exclusively always for enough experienced mountaineers; equally to the preceding via directly exceeds a mixed more West wall always along its before narrow rocky East-northeast Edge with route of more than about 500/10 meters in high; starting from crevasse at the base at about 3090/3100 meters. Path probably exposed to the falls of rocks in the first sector nearby a couple of gendarmes (turn the second to the left or South), which requires a lot of patience, much attention and adequate equipment (rope, carabiners, some rock pitons) with exit in the North-northwest Ridge on Quota 3561 meters; this last to reach, by North-northwest Ridge, Aiguille du Velan. Again this last easily on the
Summit. From base 2.45'/3.15', from Cabane 4.30'/4.45'.
* * First (from North) Western, Couloir directly to Summit of Aiguille du Velan, even named in old times "Northern Couloir", while now by the ski-mountaineers even as "Ypsilon Couloir" (3635m): August 25th, 1887, Charles Bioche with Mountain Guides François Biselx and Jean-Michel Genoud; in descent towards Glacier de Proz; July 03th, 1966, Jean Sanseverino, in lonely ascent. Besides, apparently, this gully was not effectued, or more simply its realization is unknown, on ski with relative descent; at this to regard see various "Considerations" just below. However, it is much less popular than the opposite "Annibal Couloir" and also of second Central or "Asdrubal Couloir". In any case the difficulties are of 4.3/E2; with an overall length from attack to direct exit of 600meters 40°/42°/45°/50°; to the right branch or South 43°/45° .
From PD-/PD to PD+: this was the last route effectued on the Western Face of Mont Velan through the more Northerly of its couloirs; not difficult via, but very dangerous in not good conditios or with increasing of temperature because much exposed to the falls of stones or, with great quantity of snow, to snowslides. In these situations It requires a lot of caution up to the renonce at the ascent. The same goes up with few diagonal via right/left to the less large saddle just preceding on the left or North the Aiguille du Velan (3.45'/4.15', from Proz 's Glacier; from Municipality of Bourg - Saint - Bernard 6h.45'/7h.15' ).
* * Second (idem) Western Couloir directly to Quota 3670 meters, also known as "Central Couloir" and even as "Asdrubal Couloir", unknown, with ascent probably by the Monks of Great Saint Bernard.
From PD-/PD to PD+: go East along the lifts and then to the plateau 2786 meters, then head southeast along the Proz Glacier.
Three main canals are visible from the glacier (the one on the right or South or "Hannibal 's Couloir" is only partially visible).The one indicated here is the :"Central Couloir" (also said as "Asdrubal Couloir", but it is not known which Asdrubal refers to, since there are several among the Carthaginians) one that emerges on the ridge between the Aiguille du Velan (3635m) and the Tip 3670 meters, from here along the snowy ridge and then the cap up to the Top of Mont Velan. This was the last route effectued on the Western Face of Mont Velan through the Central Couloir. Climbing before by a scarce inclination to the left or North, after with more direct route to the Western rocky Face of Quota 3670 meters; or continuing through the gully up to the its end and reaching a small snowy saddle in North of the same. Then with the double possibility to exit out on the left on the Aiguille du Velan or on the right towards the altitude 3670 meters. In any case with the same remarks of the previous route into the first or more Northern couloir. (3.15'/3.45', from Proz 's Glacier; from Bourg - Saint - Bernard 6h.30'/7h.00' ).
* * Third (idem, in reality Fourth Couloir) West Couloir (also known as Ypsilon Couloir", by the mountaineers of Years 60/70 and as "Couloir d'Annibal", by the ski-mountaineers) directly to Icy Cup between Quotas 3670/ 3678 meters in final part of North-northwestern Ridge: at the end of Years '80, an unknown swiss rope. Nowadays, he is ascended and descended very frequently, especially on skis.
* * From PD-/PD to PD+/AD-; same times: this was the last route effectued on Western Face of Mont Velan through the more Meridional of its couloirs, which splits into a rocky islet after about 250 meters, with the right or more Southern branch to the Quota 3678 meters know by the Swiss mountaineers as the "Virgule" (i.e. "Comma Couloir also Comma Route) and very rarely made (in this regard there is no precise information, even if it appears logical enough that the same has already been done or realized). In the total 600 meters in lenght or, better, in high of the entire snowy or icy climbing; probably one of the few ways to climb the Velan in day with "reasonable" times and gradients. Follow the famous steep ski route. Trip to be made in spring (max just at the end of June). Foresee the use of skis or rackets for the approach.Go back east following the skilift route. After the last pilon go up again in the same direction but more steeply until you reach a place at an altitude of about 2800 meters; from this turn towards Southeast following the Western slope of the mountain in the direction of the Proz Glacier and subsequent Col d'Annibal (2922m), which leaves on the right taking the most obvious conoid often crossed by a crevasse. Channel has a 600 meters of drop with slopes between 40°/42°/45° and is characterized by a large rocky island that divides the lower part into two branches (possibility of verglass surface after a scarce snowfalls). From the rocky islet, which wanders on the North, the channel bends to the left and becomes straight and evident until the exit out. Near the samet the slope also reaches about 48°/50° a final little (3 meters) wall of 70°(with scarce or low snow there may be emerging ice). Reached the "Dôme" (glacier tableland, presence of some dangerous crevasses), it points towards the right (Southeast) to the little evident Summit.
CONSIDERATIONS in this regard:, until the 1970s these slopes with respective channels, couloirs and gullies were reserved exclusively for mountaineers. The evolution of the construction of the tools and the improvement of the relative techniques have meant that they have become a field of action also, if not mainly, for ski-mountaineering. It being understood that the same return to being exclusively mountaineering in particular conditions, ie with the presence of live ice or "verglass". In this case, an ice ax and crampons and some ice screws become indispensable again.
The indication of the first skiers taken from the guide by Francois Labande (Edizioni Olizane Sport) refers to the first (to the left or North) channel which immediately emerges North of the Aiguille du Velan; instead of reading CAS mountaineering it appears that the "Central Couloir", also "Asdrubal Couloir", was first descended the same year (March 28th, 1986) by Patrick Vuilleumier himself together with Jean-Marie Bettems. Furthermore, it must be remembered that in the case of ski-mountaineering, as it is not advisable to return via the same route, the descents often become long and sometimes problematic. Finally, last but not least, the advice to always have the helmet because it is true that the climbing technique and the tools have evolved, but it is equally true that the stones and the boulders do not care about progress. Always continuing to fall ...
* * West Crest or Hannibal's Ridge in descent and in integral: summer 1826 (as above, the two Monks of Gr. St. Bernard Pass or the Swiss D'Allèves Marquis, with large tour by Great Saint Bernard Hospice).
From F to PD- (rocky steps of I°/I°+): from Hannibal 's Col (2992m) climb before on easy crest with broken rocks, then crossing in North (Swiss slope) some asperities reaching an evident rocky shoulder named Aiguille du Dèjeuner (3346m); from this point to reach (in corrispondence with an Italian couloir from Molline Valley) the Southwestern Ridge from Faceballa Saddle (2880m) and, just after the Quota 3678 meters, the Summit Ice Cup (3734m); 3h.00'/3h.30' from Hannibal Pass; from Molline Bivouac (2415m) 5h.00'/5h.30'; from the ban of transit into Menouve lower Valley at Quaye Alps (1614m) 7h.00'/8h.00.