Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge

Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge

Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 33.80476°N / 106.89078°W
Additional Information Elevation: 4538 ft / 1383 m
Sign the Climber's Log


Bosque del Apache wetlandsWetlands view from the Flight Deck.

Established in 1941, the Bosque del Apache (Spanish for "Woods of the Apache") National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) comprises 57,191 acres along the Rio Grande at the northern edge of the Chihuahuan Desert in southern New Mexico. It is part of a system of 548 such refuges in the United States. The landscape of this refuge is diverse, ranging from the low-lying floodplain of the Rio Grande to the arid foothills and mesas of the Chupadera Mountains to the west and the San Pascual Mountains to the east. Elevations range from about 4,500 feet at the Rio Grande to 6,272 feet at the summit of Chupadera Peak. Wetlands account for about 13,000 acres of the refuge. Bosque del Apache, which means “Woods of the Apache,” is home to more than 340 species of birds as well as other wildlife such as the mule deer, coyote, porcupine, and muskrat. The NWR is managed by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
Snow geese taking flightSnow geese in flight.

Riparian habitat dominates the lower-level region. There are natural permanent wetlands that lie to the west of the Rio Grande that provide excellent year-round opportunities for wildlife viewing. The biggest attractions at the NWR are the daily mass flights of as many as 50,000 snow geese and 17,000 sandhill cranes in the winter months. At sunrise, they ascend from the wetlands and fly to the grain fields to the north to feed all day. Then at sunset, they lift off from the grain fields and return south to the wetlands to spend the night, safe from predators. This occurs daily like clockwork from about mid-November through mid-February.

Wildlife viewing can be done entirely by driving the 15-mile auto loop. This is a one-way loop with a dividing two-way connector that runs across the center of the loop. The route takes you by the marshes, grain fields, and seven observation decks situated around the refuge for wildlife viewing. Four of the seven observation decks have wheelchair access.
Sandhill cranesSandhill cranes.

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Getting There

From the north: From Interstate 25, take exit 139 at San Antonio (south of Socorro); proceed south of Hwy 1 for about 8 miles. The visitor center will be on your right, and just past it is the vehicle tour route to the left.

From the south: From Interstate 25, take exit 124 at San Marcial; proceed north on Hwy 1 for about 9 miles. The visitor center will be on your left and the vehicle tour route will be on the right just before the visitor center.
NM Hwy 1NM Hwy 1 in the Bosque del Apache NWR.

Hiking & Camping

The table below summarizes the hiking trails in the NWR.

Trail Length Hiking Biking
Canyon Trail Loop 2.5 miles Yes No
Chupadera Trail 9.7 miles round trip Yes No
Lagoon Trail <0.5 miles Yes No
Marsh Overlook Trail 3.0 miles round trip Yes No
Rio Viejo Trail 2.0 miles loop Yes Yes

The Chupadera Trail leads to the summit of Chupadera Peak (6,272 feet), which transferred from private ownership to the NWR in May 2007.

Camping is not available to the general public. Primitive camping is restricted to educational and volunteer groups on a reservation basis only.

Red Tape

There is a daily fee of $3 per vehicle that can be paid either at the visitor center or at the fee booth at the entrance of the vehicle tour route.

Food & Lodging

The town of Socorro, located about 18 miles north of the visitor center, has plenty of options for food and lodging. The town of San Antonio, about 8 miles north of the visitor center, has several places for food but is very limited.



Children refers to the set of objects that logically fall under a given object. For example, the Aconcagua mountain page is a child of the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits.' The Aconcagua mountain itself has many routes, photos, and trip reports as children.