The flora and fauna of Retezat is very rich. Thankfully, protection of this area is strong, it is a National Park and also a UNESCO MAB reserve.
The mountains are home to more than 1100 plant species (including Edelweiss, several species of Gentians, Rhododendron kotschyi
, Doronicum carpaticum
, Dianthus glacialis
, etc.), at least 62 of them being endemic (Rubus retezaticus
, Trifolium retezaticum
, Festuca pacyphylla
, Hieracium borzae
, just to name a few).
Retezat is inhabited by chamois, wolves, lynx, bears, otters and marmots (re-introduced in the seventies), several species of birds of prey, reptiles like salamanders and vipers (Vipera berus
and Cerastes cornutus
). Trouts are common in lakes and creeks.