Welcome to SP!  -
Breitachklamm
Canyon

Breitachklamm

 
Breitachklamm

Page Type: Canyon

Location: Bavaria, Germany, Europe

Lat/Lon: 47.37447°N / 10.20372°E

Object Title: Breitachklamm

Activities: Hiking

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

 

Page By: Gangolf Haub

Created/Edited: Dec 15, 2011 / Dec 15, 2011

Object ID: 765784

Hits: 1883 

Page Score: 79.78%  - 11 Votes 

Vote: Log in to vote

 

Overview


Enlarge
Breitachklamm in winter

Near the town of Oberstdorf in the Allgäu Alps the Iller River one of the tributaries of the Danube springs. Unlike your regular river, however, the river doesn't spring in a source but is formed by the confluence of its three tributaries, Breitach, Stillach and Trettach. Thus, the Iller River is unique - there is no other river worldwide which is formed by three tributaries in the same place.

One of the tributaries, Breitach has cut a deep canyon into the rock only a few kilometres before it reaches its two brethren. The canyon, Breitachklamm is 2,8km long and 150m deep, a slot canyon, in which only very few spots ever see the light. Geologically the groundwork for the canyon was laid in the last ice age when glaciers ground away all soft material in what is now Breitachtal (Kleines Walsertal). After retreating the glacier creeks had to cut through the hard dolomite rock (main dolomite) to form this very impressive canyon.
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 

As usual within any inhabited mountain area a gorge like this was deemed the home of the devil. "Höllenschlucht", Hell Canyon, it was called and only few people dared to get near. Before the turn of the century 1900 the first locals tried to make the gorge accessible to the public but it took until 1901, when a new priest, Johannes Schiebel, started on his own plansto create a trail through the gorge. In 1904 the work was started and on July 4th 1905 it was completed. Ever since Breitachklamm has been one of the main attractions of the Oberstdorf area.
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 
Breitachklamm
 

The canyon is closed during the time of snow melting since huge amounts of awter press through. Occasionally, but rather regularly, these floods are so strong that they take away much of the trail. In recent years, floods destroyed the bridges and protection in the years 1996, 1999, 2000 and - most devastating - in 2005. In that year days of torrential rains produced a flood, which in the narrowest part of the gorge, rose to more than 6m (18feet) above the hiking trail, which itself is leads across the creek 4m above its regular level. In that year any construction, created by humans in the canyon was washed away.

A year later everything was back and again you can hike the cave-like canyon on protected trails and bridges. Breitachklamm is a popular bad weather destination as you'll get wet in any case and there's little light in the canyon even on sunny days. Most popular and most beautiful are winter visits when the creek freezes over and the Klamm tuns into a crystal cave of ice.

Getting There


Enlarge
Breitachklamm in winter

Breitachklamm is located close to Oberstdorf in the Allgäu Alps. The closest airports are at Stuttgart and Munich, both cities being connected by motorway A8.
  • Take motorway A8 to the intersection Kreuz Ulm-Elchingen.
  • Turn onto motorway A7 south, direction Kempten and Füssen.
  • At the intersection Dreieck Allgäu switch to A980.
  • A few km later turn onto B19, direction Oberstdorf.
  • Right before Oberstdorf take the road towards Kleinwalsertal Valley and follow the signs to Breitachklamm.
  • There is a huge parking lot at the Klamm entrance

Red Tape

To visit Breitachklamm you will have to pay a fee of 3€ (1,5€ children). Opening hours are 9:00 a.m. through 5 p.m. (4 p.m. in winter).

Accommodation

You can choose between campgrounds, farm holidays, vacation homes and hotel rooms on most of the sites of the Allgäu villages. A good starting point for your search is:

Weather Conditions


Maps & Books

Maps


  • Allgäuer Alpen / Kleinwalsertal
    1:50000
    Kompass Map WK 3
    Kompass Verlag
    ISBN: 3-85491-005-3
  • Alpenvereinskarten : Allgäu-West
    1:25000
    Deutscher Alpenverein
    ISBN: 3928777130


Books


  • Allgäuer Alpen und Ammergauer Alpen Alpin
    D. Seibert
    Alpenvereinsführer
    Rother Verlag
    ISBN: 3-7633-1126-2
  • Allgäu 1 - Oberallgäu und Kleinwalsertal
    D. Seibert
    Rother Verlag
    ISBN: 3-7633-4289-3

Images

BreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklamm
BreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklammBreitachklamm