Małe Pieniny Mts. - the nature reserve
In the area of the Małe Pieniny Mts. several nature reserves are established. One of them is called Biała Woda and it is situated eastward on the edge of Małe Pieniny. In this site the village of Biała Woda was located previously. This area was inhabited by Lemks, an ethnic group of Ukrainians, called also Rusini Szlachtowscy (Russians of Szlachtowa), people who came here from the southern Carpathians and settled in this place in the XVIth century. This mountainous people were shepherds. The village of Biała Woda was streched along the Biała Woda stream. At present only scarce remnants of this village can be observed – a small chapel, original crosses, some old gardens. This chapel was renowed in 2006 thanks to Filip Ikoniak, a local Lemk. In the reserve steep lime rocks creating a beautiful landscape, and flora are protected. A little before an entrance into the reserve a small basaltic rock is also protected as a nature monument. It is here a unique object among lime outcrops. On a northern slope of a high lime outcrop called Smolegowa Skała some rare plants grow: Dryas octopetala
, Crepis jacquinii
and Trisetum alpestre
. They are recognized as postglacial relics and can be find also in the Tatra Mts. In some places beautiful large trees being remnants of a primeval forest can be seen. The reserve is divided into two parts by the sheep pastoralism in this area.
It will be continued.......