Devil’s Gap is the most accessible and thus one of the more popular waterfall ice climbing locations adjacent to the Ghost River Wilderness Area (The Ghost). The Ghost was established in 1967 on the front range of the Canadian Rockies and consists of 15,317ha (60 square miles) of raw wilderness bordering Banff National Park to the east and north. Its mountains include Mounts Aylmer, Apparition, Oliver and Costigan. The Ghost Valley actually entails a larger area that is more specifically located approximately 30kms north of Canmore along the eastern border of Banff National Park and east of the Palliser Mountain Range. The Ghost’s glacier carved valleys provide for steep water runoff creating some of the best waterfall ice climbing in Canada. Although Devil’s Gap is not technically in The Ghost, this whole area of provincial wilderness takes on that identity.
Devil’s Gap is the gap that forms at the east end of Lake Minnewanka and Ghost Lakes between Phantom Crag and Orient Point. It more than likely got its name from Devil’s Head (a large obelisk rock peak at 9833’) to the north which is one of the most recognizable peaks when viewing the Canadian Rockies from the hills of Calgary. Devil’s Head itself was named such by the Stoney Indians based on its shape. Devil’s Gap discerns the Banff National Park border and many of the waterfall ice climbs in this area are within the national park boundary.
The rated waterfall ice climbs in Devil’s Gap include Wicked Wanda, II, WI 4+, Weathering Heights at 100 meters, III, WI 4, Anorexia Nervosa at 130 meters, III, WI 4R, The Peanut Gallery III, WI 4, Little Devil, III, WI 3, Green Angel, III, WI 4, Frozen Fungi II, WI 3, Sunshine II, WI 3, Aquarius III, WI 4, Fearful Symmetry III, WI 6X, Rainbow Serpent at 75 meters, III, WI 6 and Malignant Mushroom, II, WI 5.
From Calgary or Canmore, access 1A which parallels the TransCanada to the north. 13.4kms west of the Hwy 22 junction in Cochrane is the Forestry Trunk Road (Route 940). Turn north on the Forestry Trunk Road for 23kms to a gated gravel road on your left. There is a trail head information kiosk board here, but no obvious sign. If you find the gate closed, it is imperative that you close the gate behind you. Most climbers only take 4-wheel drive vehicles beyond this point, but depending on conditions, other vehicles can travel the road. This rough road goes for another 17kms until it reaches the “big hill”. Along the way there is one ice/water crossing. If this hill is muddy or icy or has too much snow, it can be extremely difficult to navigate. Devil’s Gap can be viewed to the west from atop this hill. This is a remote area and very little exists in the way of facilities or emergency help.
To proceed to the Devil’s Gap area, turn left at the bottom of the “Big Hill” and follow the streambed to the east side of the dike and turn left and follow the dike for a short distance into some trees and cross to the west side heading for Devil’s Gap. The Banff National Park Boundary is well marked and you are not allowed to drive across it. Most of the ice in Devil’s Gap can be accessed from this boundary spot. In the winter the Ghost Lakes are mostly dry icy mud flats. There are plentiful whitetail and mule deer en route to this area.
There are no permit requirements to enter, climb and/or park in Alberta’s Provincial Parks. Cougars and Grizzlies can be more common place in the Ghost than the national parks due to its location on the front range. Take bear spray during non-hibernation months. This is avalanche terrain during the winter. Therefore it would be prudent to check recent notices posted on the park’s website regarding that issue. However, the ice climbs in the Ghost are considered less avalanche prone than most routes throughout the National Parks. The frequent Chinooks keep snow levels typically manageable in the Ghost.
CampingThere are no official campsites in the Ghost. Random backcountry camping is allowed, but open fires are prohibited in the Ghost River Wilderness Area. However, it appears that camp fires are tolerated or even allowed in the Ghost River Valley around Devil’s Gap. More camping information can be found at this site.
When to Climb
Waterfall ice climbing is typically a winter sport; however, I have explored the Ghost in the summer and found climbable ice still in place, particularly in the Recital Hall area.
External LinksThe Kananaskis Provincial Park website is a very thorough park website, including trail conditions or closures, wildlife notices, weather conditions, avalanche conditions, camping permits, whitewater conditions, etc. It is an excellent source if you are going to spend any time in the Ghost or surrounding area. Outside of the parks web sites, Canadian Avalanche Association is also useful, particularly for winter travel. Canadian Alpine Accident Reports are also extremely useful.
Alberta’s Provincial Parks