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Peleaga
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Peleaga

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Peleaga

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Transylvania, Romania, Europe

Lat/Lon: 45.36600°N / 22.89300°E

Object Title: Peleaga

County: Hunedoara

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Skiing

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 8232 ft / 2509 m

 

Page By: peterbud

Created/Edited: Oct 1, 2007 / Sep 3, 2011

Object ID: 342714

Hits: 5338 

Page Score: 91.14%  - 34 Votes 

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Overview


Romanian Vârful Peleaga - Hungarian Pelága-csúcs

Peleaga peak
The west face of Peleaga

With its elevation of 2509 m, this peak is the highest point of Retezat Mountains. It is located in the middle section of the northern main ridge. Four ridges run down from the rocky summit of Peleaga, the NW and NE ridges being part of the main ridge. The north side of the NW ridge is split into several towers with steep walls. This rugged section is called Colţi Pelegii ("Tusks of Peleaga"). Where the "tusks" end, a side-ridge (called Culmea Pietrele) departs towards the north from the main ridge (which continues towards the west).
Glacial erosion has left its fingerprints on and around this mountain. The "king of Retezat" has remarkable tarns under its west, south and east face (Lacul Bucura, Lacul Peleguţa and Lacul Peleaga, respectively), and a dozen more in its vicinity (more information about these tarns can be found on the Retezat Mountains parent page). All the water from Peleaga runs into river Strei /Sztrígy/: from the northern slopes via Nucşoara /Nucsóra/ creek, from the southern slopes via Lăpuşnicu Mare /Nagy-Lepusnyik/ creek.
In good weather the peak offers beautiful 360° panorama, from here you can see all other major peaks of Retezat.
Peleaga peak and Tău Porţii
Peleaga from the distance

West view from Peleaga peak
West view from Peleaga

East view from Peleaga peak
East view from Peleaga


Getting There


As Peleaga peak is located in the northern region of Retezat, I would suggest approching it from Nucşoara village. Getting to Nucşoara is described in detail on the Retezat Mountains parent page (follow instructions for North Retezat).

Alternatively, you might get a taxi to Poiana Pelegii campsite from Haţeg town, and stay there or hike up to Bucura Lake campsite. Bear in mind that the upper section of the road (from Rotunda hut) is often not passable for vehicles due to flood damage or fallen trees.


Routes


Hiking


Hiking routes in Romania are marked by red, yellow and blue colors, and use three shapes: stripe, dot and triangle. From this point, I will use abbreviations for these (for example: YT=yellow triangle, RD=red dot, BS=blue stripe, and so on...)

Peleaga can be scaled by following two marked paths (described from west to east, but of course they can be walked the other way as well):

  • RS: coming from Curmătura Bucurei (saddle, 2206 m), via Custura Bucurei peak (2370 m) towards Păpuşa peak (2508 m)

  • Red stripe to Peleaga
     

  • YC: coming from Bucura Refuge (2052 m) towards Păpuşa peak (between Peleaga and Păpuşa the same as RS)

  • Yellow cross to Peleaga
     


Neither of these paths require any climbing, but if you intend to come (or leave) from (or towards) either Bucura Lake or Păpuşa peak, be prepared for some steep sections with occasionally unstable ground. Take care not to kick rocks down on people below you. The YC signs get hard to spot after you reach the rocky region, because the lychen cover on the rocks has similar color. But anyway, you should follow the gradient up until there's no more gradient...

Retezat peak from Peleaga peak
Reaching the summit


Curmătura Bucurei is actually the junction of the west-east RS (which continues towards Bucura peak in the west) and the north-south BS (connecting Cabana Pietrele with Cabana Buta, via Bucura Lake and Poiana Pelegii). Thus, if you are staying at Bucura Lake, there are possibilities of doing circle-trips:

  • small circle ("just" mountains):

    Bucura Lake (2041) - YC - Peleaga (2509) - RS - Custura Bucurei (2370) - RS - Curmătura Bucurei (2206) - BS - Bucura Lake
    |total elevation gain: ~480 m|


  • large circle (includes passing by a handful of tarns):

    Bucura Lake (2041) - YC - Peleaga (2509) - RS - Custura Bucurei (2370) - RS - Curmătura Bucurei (2206) - RS - Bucura peak (2433) - RD - Tău Porţii (2230) - RD - Florica Lake - RD - Viorica Lake - RD - Ana Lake - RD - Bucura Lake
    |total elevation gain: ~700 m|



From Şaua Pelegii (the saddle between Peleaga and Păpuşa peaks, 2285 m) there are further marked paths to Pietrele hut (RS, then YT) and Genţiana hut (RS, YT and RC).


Climbing

If you are a climber, then Colţi Pelegii is the way to go.

The following list of climbing routes is adopted from this external source (you can also find hand-drawn sketches here). Difficulty ratings are according to the Russian grading system, which is used in Romania.


Easier routesDifficulty
Creasta Fraţilor2B
Ţancul Singuratic2B
Traseul Prieteniei2B
Traseul Începătorului2B
Creasta Pionierului2A
Creasta Luceafărul2A
Vîlcelul Sfinxului2A
Vîlcelul Verde2A
Vîlcelul Alb2A
Hornul Etapelor2A
Creasta Mijlocie din Valea Rea2A
Harder routesDifficulty
Traseul Mezinului5A
Corvinul5A
Fisura Ascunsă4B
Muchia Ascuţita4B
Muchia Mare4B
Traseul Curajului4A
Fisura Verde3B
Traseul Vostok II3B
Traseul Capra Neagră3B
Diedrul Sfinxului3A
Traseul Schiorului3A
Creasta Însorită3A
Traseul Diedrelor3A
Creasta Frumoasă3A
Hornul Zăpezii3A

Colţii Pelegii
Colţi Pelegii


Red Tape

 
<b>Round-headed rampion</b> - <i>Phyteuma orbiculare</i>
Take care of us!

Vf. Peleaga is inside the territory of Retezat National Park (further information about the park itself can be found on the Retezat Mountains parent page). It is forbidden to leave trails, camp outside of designated sites, or put up a fire. Swimming is prohibited in Bucura Lake (and the others as well, I suppose). If you plan to climb, it might be advisable to contact the National Park administration (see External Links section below) and/or Salvamont (Mountain Rescue, see Retezat Mountains parent page) in advance.

You should bring all your trash back down with you when leaving (just like elsewhere)! Please do a favour for the mountains by fetching garbage that others have left behind (furtunately this does not happen very often, but if you look, you'll find).

Beginnig from May 2010, a small admission fee of 5 RON shall be paid upon entry into the National Park. The ticket is valid for 7 days, independently of the number of entries within this period. The main NP visitor center is located by the road about halfway between Mălăieşti and Nucşoara villages.


Huts and Camping


The closest huts are Cabana Genţiana (1670 m) and Cabana Pietrele (1480 m). The latter consists only of scattered bungalows and a designated campsite now, since the old hut burned down in February, 2007. From either of these huts, follow the BS until Curmătura Bucurei (Bucura saddle) and turn left (east) on RS.

The nearest campsite is the one at Bucura Lake. From here to the peak it takes about 1.5 hours on the YC (ascending ~460 m). From Poiana Pelegii campsite the ascend is about twice as much (~900 m) - first you have to get to Bucura Lake on BS/RC combo. From Stâna din Râu campsite it is even more demanding, since you have to scale Păpuşa peak first (~900 m up), descend from there (223 m down), and then ascend to Peleaga (224 m up). There is an emergency bivouac place just below the summit, but it has only a circular rock fence against wind.

More information about these campsites and huts can be found on the Retezat Mountains parent page.


When to Climb


The most welcoming weather can be anticipated around late summer - early fall, when precipitation is relatively little, but temperatures are still warm. Though it is not impossible to ascend the peak in the winter, you have to be an experienced mountaineer to do it safely, as the chances of avalanches is generally high in the area. There is no mountain rescue service in this time of the year, either (see Retezat Mountains parent page). Probably it's safer to go if you have already been there in the summer, and know the terrain.


Peleaga peak and its lakes
Perfect summer weather around Peleaga in the end of July.

Panorama from Peleaga
Perfect winter weather around Peleaga in March.

Weather


For general weather information please refer to the Retezat Mountains parent page.

Online weather information for Nucşoara (idea borrowed from Nanuls):




Please note that these are data for a village at the feet of the mountains, they're good to get a general feeling of what's around. In the high regions the situation may be quite different.


Maps


Paper maps


See the Retezat Mountains parent page.

Online maps


A powerful online map is being developed by the Open Maps Project. Below you are provided with its embedded version for Peleaga's area. In order to display the map properly, javascript must be enabled!


Map and viewer courtesy of: Open Maps Project and turistautak.hu


Miscellaneous


Currency

The new Romanian leu (RON) was created in 2005 from the old leu (ROL) by chopping off the last 4 zeros (so that 10,000 old lei - plural of leu - is 1 new leu). While nowadays the banknotes in use are the new ones, sometimes it happens that people tell you prices in old lei, but doing it in units of thousands, which can be quite confusing. An example: "80" can easily mean 80,000 old lei, which is actually 8 new lei... What really helps is to convert the amount to a currency that is familiar to you (exchange rates can be found on xe.com) and compare it with "Western European" prices for the same thing. The Romanian price should generally be less (or about the same but never higher).


Time zone

Romania is in the Eastern European time zone (GMT+2)


External Links


Retezat National Park official homepage

Retezat on PAN Parks page: short introduction

Retezat page on alpinet.org: only in Romanian, but has up-to-date news section, maps (SRTM map, topo map) and huts info


Images