The Squaw/South Gate Meadow Trail is one of the most scenic and interesting trails on Mount Shasta. For a mountain of such epic size and so close to both communities and lines of travel, it is surprising how few developed trails there on Mount Shasta. There are many excellent destinations on the mountain but few are reached by maintained trials. Of the trails that do exist on the mountain, most follow old roads up to tree line and then fade into unmaintained routes used by climbers. The Squaw/South Gate Meadow area is probably the finest destination that is reached by a maintained trail on the mountain. Numerous spring fed creeks beset the verdant meadow. Presiding over this idyllic scene are Shastarama Point, Thumb Rock and the Konwakiton Glacier.
The meadow’s name is the source of some confusion. The creek birthed at the springs responsible for the meadow is Squaw Valley Creek, which flows off of Mount Shasta, through the town of McCloud and into Squaw Creek Valley, beyond which it courses its way into the McCloud River. Consequently, the meadow has traditionally been known as Squaw Meadow. The recent effort to realign names along politically correct sensitivities gave rise to an effort to rename the meadow. Therefore, the name was changed to South Gate Meadow, presumably named after the nearby Gate through which the trail to the meadow passes. This is probably intended to mirror the North Gate Trail on the north side of Mount Shasta. Consequently, South Gate Meadow is the source of Squaw Valley Creek. Many longtime visitors to Mount Shasta continue to refer to the meadow by its traditional name, which is why this page refers to both.
The Squaw/South Gate Trail has two trailheads, one found at Panther Meadow and the other at the Old Ski Bowl. Both trails see a fair amount of use, though the Panther Meadow route seems to be more popular. A loop can also be assembled connecting the two trailheads.
Route DescriptionThis description of the route to Squaw/South Gate Meadow will cover both the route beginning at the Old Ski Bowl and at Panther Meadows. The latter is a little more complicated and will receive a bit more attention to accommodate the potential confusion.
Old Ski Bowl Route
The trail departs to the north from the Old Ski Bowl, towards the summit of Mount Shasta. There are use trails all around the Old Ski Bowl, but the trail to the meadow is marked with an official trailhead display. Once on the primary trail, the route climbs north a ways and then switchbacks up a few hundred feet towards a gap in the ridge ahead. The ridge is a long spur that split off of Sargents Ridge at 10,000 feet. At the gap, the views are good, particularly to the west. At the top of the ridge one crosses into the Mount Shasta Wilderness. Once on the east side of the ridge, the trail descends toward the Gate, a gap between the south end of Sargents Ridge and Red Butte, a large volcanic dome unsurprisingly composed of reddish colored andesite. While descending towards Red Butte, the trail parallels a small creek flowing through an attractive yet diminutive meadow. The creek may dry up towards the end of summer. The trail from the Old Ski Bowl joins the Panther Meadow route right at the beginning of the Gate. One attractive aspect of this route is that it stays above treeline, meaning there are pretty constant views.
Panther Meadow Route
Though this is the more commonly used route to get to the meadows, it is a bit more confusing than the Old Ski Bowl route. The trail begins at the Panther Meadow campground, about a mile before the road ends at the Old Ski Bowl. After passing through the campground, the route cuts across Panther Meadow. Upon entering the meadow, there is a signed trail that splits off to the north, heading toward the upper section of Panther Meadows. This trail, along with some cross-country hiking or road hiking can combine the Panther Meadow route with the Old Ski Bowl route to form a very attractive loop. Continuing across the meadow, there are great views of Mount Shasta and a couple of small stream crossing before the trail plunges into a forest of Shasta Red Fir.
After 0.65 miles, the gradually climbing trail reaches a wooded saddle. Here the trail splits, with the route to the summit of Gray Butte heading off to the south. The Squaw Meadow Trail continues to the northeast. It is at this point that it is possible for confusion to ensue. While the trail is fairly well established, there has been a recent alteration to the route that creates two possibilities to proceed. Originally, the trail reached a set of cliffs that were about 30-40 feet high. Ducks were used to mark multiple route options to climb the cliff and regain an established trail. While this is still an option, a new trail has been developed that heads north, paralleling the base of the cliffs. This route goes about 0.15 miles up the gully before the cliffs subside and the trail is able to climb them easily. From here it is a short distance through the woods before the trail reaches the first really scenic area since departing Panther Meadow. Here, Red Butte rises steeply on the far side of a valley that can only be described as a moonscape. Only isolated clumps of grass and western pasque flower grow here. The trail drops quickly and then cuts through the center of the valley. With the cliffs of Red Butte on the right and Mount Shasta and Green Butte looming on the other side of the valley, it is a barren and memorable scene. On the far side of the valley, the trail climbs briefly to join the trail from the Old Ski Bowl at the mouth of the gate.
Squaw/Southgate Meadow Trail
Once the two trails have converged, the combined route descends a short distance into the Gate, a narrow defile between the southern end of Sargents Ridge and Red Butte. At first passing through more level moonscape, the trail soon enters a large boulder field cascading off of Red Butte. Winding through the rocks, the trail begins to gradually drop again. Views to the east are good, and include Black Fox and Buck Mountains. Beyond the boulders the route renters a red fir forest and continues at a fairly level grade for a short distance before finally depositing one at the edge of Squaw/Southgate Meadow. It is an idyllic scene. Prior to this point, the route to the meadow had been under forest canopy or through the spectacularly barren landscape of the Gate. Now lush grass carpets the ground as numerous spring-fed creeks course their way through the meadow. Above it all is Sargents Ridge, topped by Shastarama Point, Thumb Rock and the Konwakiton Glacier.
Although the official trail ends when one reaches the meadow, there are a couple of use trails that head north toward the upper meadow. As much as possible, it is important to stay on these trails in order to avoid impacting the fragile meadow environment. There are two primary trails available. The first, hugging the western fringe of the meadow ultimately fades out when it reaches a small ridge covered by trees. It is possible to bushwhack up the ridge to reach the upper meadow. Instead, follow use trails to the far, eastern side of the meadow. Here a well established use trail follows the main creek through more meadow to a large cascade that descends from the upper meadow. Continue along the trail, paralleling the cascade to reach the upper meadow. Here Shastarama Point looms dramatically over the meadow. It is possible to follow the meadow all the way to the springs that support verdant landscape. Beyond the springs, the ground is barren again, though cross-country travel leads to more dramatic landscapes further up the canyon.
As previously mentioned, a great loop can be formed by connecting the two trailheads. Although one can start at either trailhead, the Panther Meadow beginning is preferred, since it finishes the loop with a long downhill section and has a climatic conclusion with the massive views to the west, which one faces while descending down to the Old Ski Bowl. If returning via Panther Meadow, one must then climb up to the Old Ski Bowl and much of the return is through a dense red fir forest.
If one starts at the Panther Meadow trailhead end returns via the Old Ski Bowl, there is a fairly well established use trail that descends from the Ski Bowl parking lot to Panther Meadows. On the easternmost side of the parking lot, look for a trail about 10 feet down an embankment. The trail, inside a shallow dry gulch is well established at first, but eventually becomes faint. At this point, follow the dry gulch all the way to the four-way intersection with the Upper Panther Meadow trail. To the left, the trail leads to the springs that supplies the water that sustains the meadow. To the right leads to a small parking area that provides access to the upper meadow. Continue straight through the intersection, passing through a small glade before emerging into the lower portion of Panther Meadow, where it links up with the main trail. Turn right to return to the parking lot.