Campanile Basso Normal Route

Campanile Basso Normal Route

Page Type Page Type: Route
Location Lat/Lon: 46.15490°N / 10.89760°E
Additional Information Route Type: Trad Climbing
Seasons Season: Summer
Additional Information Time Required: Most of a day
Additional Information Difficulty: IV
Sign the Climber's Log

Overview

Campanile Basso di Brenta Normal Route

This view shows from the...
From the left: Torre di Brenta, Sfulmini, Campanile Alto, Campanile Basso and Cima Brenta Alta

 

 

 

Campanile Basso di Brenta 2877 m is a spire rising vertically towards the sky between the Brenta Alta and the Campanile Alto in the Sfulmini chain, Brenta Dolomites. 

It's the most famous spire of the Brenta group and even of the whole Dolomites. Not only! The Campanile Basso in reason of its particularly soaring and daring shape is considered as one of the most beautiful mountains in the world.

It has a very smart structure: a slender cylindrical pinnacle with a big shoulder on its Westside. Combining a route to the shoulder with a route to the higher part you can climb for over 500 m drop.

 

Formerly known (only by Germans) as the Guglia di Brenta, it was first climbed in the year 1899 by two students from Innsbruck, Otto Ampferer and Karl Berger. Due to its beauty and the surrounding environment, the Campanile Basso is a mountain that fascinates and still attracts many climbers to over a century from the first ascent.

Brenta group
Brenta group

There are no easy routes, even the Normal Route which follows the itinerary of the first summiters involves a climb up to the IV degree UIAA. Also the descent requires a good skill as you have to do a series of not easy abseils.

Basso? Not really!
Basso? Not really!

History

Otto Ampferer, the first summiter of Campanile Basso di Brenta
Otto Ampferer, the first summiter of Campanile Basso di Brenta
Great mountaineers of the past worked on these vertical walls to conquer the summit of Campanile Basso. The Trentino Carlo Garbari was the first to identify a logical route of ascent. On 12 August 1897 he attempted the climb with the porter Nino Pooli and the guide Antonio Tavernaro.
 
The three people climbed from the Bocchetta del Campanile Basso and overcome the first difficult starting wall,  which still bears the name of "Parete Pooli". Pooli then climbed through chimneys (Y chimneys) to a large ledge that crosses the wall, the "Stradone Provinciale".
 
Here the three climbers reached the Western side and climbed on ribs and chimneys to a terrace, the "Terrace Garbari", under the overhanging summit wall. Pooli climbed again for a few meters but a very difficult passage stopped him at about 20 meters from the summit. Garbari wrote a precise report of that climb,  that ended up in the hands of two young Austrian students: Otto Ampferer and Karl Berger.
 
On August 17, 1899  the two Austrians attempted the climb following the Garbari's report, but under the last wall they also had to desist. The next day (18 August 1899) the two climbers returned to the spire but this time, instead of going up the terrace Garbari, they took to a small pulpit "Terrazzino del Re di Belgio" along the North-West ridge.
 
After a bold traverse in full North wall they managed to win the overhang that characterizes the wall (today called "Parete Ampferer"). Pooli didn't accept the defeat and set off again with Riccardo Trenti to complete his climb. Once reached the terrace Garbari, July 31, 1904, Pooli faced and won the overhanging wall (today called "Parete Pooli-Trenti").

Getting There

Campanile Basso view taken...
View taken from the route "Bocchette Centrali"

The starting point to approach Campanile Basso is Madonna di Campiglio (TN) 1514 m, in upper Val Rendena. From here you must reach Vallesinella. By walk to the rifugio Brentei or alternatively the Rifugio Pedrotti.

Road access to Madonna di Campiglio m. 1514

- Coming from A22 Brennero Motorway (direction towards South) exit Trento Centro, then follow the SS 45 towards Riva del Garda and Tione, getting to the village Le Sarche. From here take the SS 237 reaching Ponte Arche and Tione. In Tione turn to right and follow the Val Rendena road getting to Pinzolo and Madonna di Campiglio.

- Coming from A22 Brennero Motorway (direction towards North) exit San Michele Mezzocorona, then take the Val di Non road, getting to Cles, Malé and Dimaro. In Dimaro leave the main road and turn to left on the Val Meledrio road, reaching Folgarida, Passo Campo Carlo Magno and Madonna di Campiglio.

Road access to Vallesinella

From Madonna di Campiglio m. 1514 a level road reachs the parking of Vallesinella (4 km. From Madonna di Campiglio). Pay attention: on Sundays from June 15th to September 21th, from 9.45 to 18.15, and all the days from June 28th to August 31th, same time-table, the road is closed to the private cars. In these periods a minibus-service starting from Madonna di Campiglio is available. In the same period paying parking in Vallesinella (5 euro). By walking in 45 minutes.

Walking approach to Rifugio Brentei
From Vallesinella on foot by the path 317 to Rifugio Casinei and then path 318 (Sentiero Bogani) to the Rifugio Brentei - in 1 more hour, along the wonderful path of the Bocca di Brenta you can get the Rifugio Pedrotti.

Route Description

Showing the upper section of...
The upper section of the route

Campanile Basso Normal route  (UIAA scale)

Summit altitude: 2877 m 
Difficulty: IV
Climbing length: 270 m
Equipment: equipped belays, pegs along the pitches
Starting point: Rifugio Brentei - Rifugio Pedrotti

Approach - From the Refuge Brentei take the path towards the Bocca di Brenta, passing in the upper part some rock outcrops aided by some iron ropes and some snowfields at the beginning of the season. Before reaching the Bocca di Brenta turn to left and go up to take the Via Ferrata delle Bocchette Centrali. 

Follow it up to the Bocchetta del Campanile Basso, where you leave the Sentiero delle Bocchette descending a few meters down to the left, then climb up on some steps to the base of the South-East wall, looking for the easiest passages up to a debris shelf where you will find the first equipped belay on the via Normale (anchors).

Route report

Campanile Basso, Normal Route
Campanile Basso, Normal Route

L1 - Climb the steps slightly to the left reaching the base of a chimney slanting right. Follow it to its end, reaching a comfortable equipped belay at the base of the yellow Pooli wall, III+, 50 m, 1 peg

L2 - Climb the wall vertically reaching a frame through which traverse for 5 meters to the right reaching a small terrace on the edge between the South and East walls, IV+, IV, 30 m, 5 pegs 

L3 - Go around the edge to the right and then climb vertically up to a ledge (on the left visible equipped belay which will be used downhill). Follow the ledge easily to the right for about 10 meters. Belay to be equipped on an outcrop, III+, III-. 35 m

L4 - Climb slanting right, passing easy rocks and ledges. Equipped belay on a wide ledge below the vertical of the "Y" chimneys, II, 40 m, 1 peg.

L5 - Straight up the wall above to reach the base of two divergent chimneys (the "Y" chimneys), where there is an equipped belay, III, 20 m.

L6 - Climb the left chimney. After 20 meters the chimney ends and there is a belay on a ring;  continue further, slanting left on easy rocks, to a large ledge, the famous "Stradone Provinciale". On the left, near the NE ridge, there is a good equipped belay,  45 Mt., IV-, III, 45 m, 1 peg, 1 intermediate belay.

L7 - The wide ledge runs across the north face of the Campanile Basso. Follow entirely the "Stradone Provinciale" in the right direction, turning around the spire and passing the NW ridge, reaching  the W shoulder and belay under an inclined dihedral, I, II, 100 m.

L8 - Climb entirely the dihedral-chimney up to the belay on a small pulpit, located under a large terrace called "Albergo al Sole" (this terrace is above, do not reach it), IV, 60 m, 2 peg, possible an intermediate belay. 

L9 - Climb on the left wall towards the NE edge until you reach a very small terrace just on the edge, called the "Terrazzino del Re del Belgio", where there is the belay, IV, 40 m

L10 - From the small terrace turn left behind the sharp edge and pass on the vertical North wall. Traverse to the left on a corniche. Ignore the first crack with a visible peg and continue the traverse the corniche widens. Belay at the base of the famous Ampferer wall, III, 10 m, 1 peg.

L11 - From the left head towards the overhang above the belay, without reaching it. Avoid it to the left. At this point it is possible to climb directly following a crack up to a few meters below the summit and belay here or go back to the right to the ridge belay here and then, with a further short and easy length, climb up to the summit, a broad plateau 15-20 meters wide where there is a historic tubular bell, IV, 45 m, 4 pegs.

Campanile Basso, Normal Route
Campanile Basso, Normal Route

Descent: the descent route follows the ascent one. The anchors are placed in an optimal manner. From the summit with 2 abseils of 55 m reach the "Stradone Provinciale" (it is advisable to make 4 short abseils instead of 2 to prevent the rope from getting jammed). Run the entire ledge to the left (facing in) until the next anchor.

5th abseil (40 m): leads down from the main road.

6th descent (25 m): down to the ledge. Go along the ledge to the left (facing inside) for 15 meters until you reach another equipped belay on the small terrace above the Pooli wall.

7th descent (40 m): reaching the base of the Pooli wall.

8th descent (40 m): at the large terrace where it starts the route.

Cima Brenta Alta (2960m) and...
Cima Brenta Alta (2960m) and...

 

Essential Gear

Full rack and two 50m ropes. There are pegs in place on the most difficult sections and belays are equipped with ring bolts (also used for abseiling).

Red Tape 

Logo of Parco Naturale Adamello - Brenta

No permits no fees required. Campanile Basso is part of Adamello-Brenta Natural Park, the largest protected area in Trentino, established in the year 1967. It's located in Western Trentino and with its 620.51 square kilometers includes the mountain groups of Adamello, Presanella and Brenta Dolomites, separated by Val Rendena.

Follow the "leave no trace" approach. The whole Brenta Dolomites area had been acknowledged inside the Unesco World Heritage and deserves the best care and respect.

More info on SP about "Dolomites Unesco World Heritage" here in my dedicated article: Dolomites living mountains

Huts

Rifugio Brentei
Rifugio Pedrotti

Rifugio Brentei
Rifugio Brentei
Cima Brenta Bassa (2812) and...
Rifugio Pedrotti and Cima Brenta Bassa

Other accomodation

Camping is available in S. Antonio di Mavignola (Campeggio Faè, +39-0465-507178).  Place for motorhomes and campers near the cable-car starting point in Campo Carlo Magno.  Unauthorized camping and wild camping are not normally allowed ... but near the Brentei none will tell you anything if you place a tent to spend the night; the refuge is much more comfortable and not expensive, but often full. 

When to climb

The best period is the summer season

Meteo

Meteotrentino

Guidebooks and maps

Brenta Dolomites guidebook

"Dolomiti di Brenta" - Gino Buscaini - Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI

 



Parents 

Parents

Parents refers to a larger category under which an object falls. For example, theAconcagua mountain page has the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits' asparents and is a parent itself to many routes, photos, and Trip Reports.