Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 40.60398°N / 115.37636°W
Additional Information Elevation: 11387 ft / 3471 m
Sign the Climber's Log


Ruby Mountains at Roads EndRoads End view.

I first became acquainted with the Ruby Mountains in early 2004 after buying property in the nearby community of Spring Creek. While the mountain views from town are certainly inspiring, they don't even begin to tell the story of the breathtaking beauty of these majestic mountains. Take a drive on the Lamoille Canyon Scenic Byway and you'll see what I'm talking about. In the middle of the arid Nevada landscape lies this paradise, a tour de force respresentative of the classic alpine mountain wilderness.

The Ruby Mountains, misnamed for the garnets found there by soldiers in the late 1800s, stretch for about 80 miles and are known as the Alps of Nevada. At the heart of the Rubies sits Lamoille Canyon, a U-shaped canyon dubbed "Nevada's Yosemite" because of the hanging valleys, towering peaks and year-round snowfields. Nevada has more mountain ranges - 314 total - than any state in the United States, and the Rubies boast the largest alpine zone of any range in Nevada. There are 25 alpine lakes and 50 peaks above 10,000 feet, including 14 above 11,000 feet with the 11,387-foot Ruby Dome claiming top honors.

The Rubies are located in remote and rugged northeastern Nevada. This is a place of solitude and beauty. Gaining access to the Rubies can be agonizingly frustrating. The most common and easiest access is via Lamoille Canyon (see Getting There for specifics). The majority of the trailheads outside of Lamoille Canyon require a 4WD high-clearance vehicle. Even some of the trailheads that you can reach by 2WD vehicle, such as John Day and Soldier Creek, involve driving great distances (>10 miles) on dirt/gravel roads) that can exact punishment on your vehicle. In other words, if you want to really see the Rubies, you're going to have to work for it. But I think it's best this way. It typifies the people of northern Nevada, who are both hard-working and hard-playing, but not necessarily in that order :) If access were more accommodating, it might tarnish the special appeal of the Rubies.

Wildlife in the Rubies include mule deer, bighorn sheep, pronghorn antelope, mountain goats, mountain lions, coyotes, badgers, muskrats, porcupines, Hungarian partridges, and blue and ruffed grouse. The Rubies, along with the nearby East Humboldt Range, are also the only places in the United States that are home to the Himalayan snowcock, introduced in the late 1960s.


Island Lake drainageIsland Lake drainage
Liberty PeakLiberty Peak, 11036 ft.
Liberty, Favre, and Castle LakesAlpine lakes


Lamoille Creek drainage pondDrainage pond
Lamoille CreekLamoille Creek
Changing Canyon Trail viewChanging Canyon Trail


Ruby Mountains, NVJuly 2004
Ruby Mountains, NVOctober 2004
Lamoille CreekNovember 2007
Lamoille CreekOctober 2008


The Rubies and Lamoille CreekLamoille Creek
Verdi Peak and The TerracesThe Terraces
Secret PeakSecret Peak
John Day BenchmarkJohn Day Benchmark
Mount GilbertMount Gilbert
Camp LamoilleCamp Lamoille
Bighorn sheepBighorn sheep
Hennen CanyonHennen Canyon
Ruby Dome from Hennen CanyonRuby Dome

Ruby Mountains Wilderness Area

In 1989, 93,090 acres of the Ruby Mountains and the Humboldt National Forest were designated as the Ruby Mountains Wilderness Area. The majority of the Ruby Crest Trail, with the exception of the first several miles on each end, is located within the wilderness area.

Getting There

The Ruby Mountains are located about 20 miles southeast of Elko and I-80. State Routes 227, 228 and 229 head southeast from I-80 to various points in the mountain range. Directions provided here lead to the two trailheads associated with the Ruby Crest Trail, which are the most popular, Roads End in particular.

Ruby Mountains from SR 227View from Lamoille Summit
Ruby Crest TrailheadRoads End, start of Ruby Crest Trail (north)
Star Tungsten Mine homesStar Tungsten Mine, Harrison Pass


From Elko, take SR 227 south 18 miles to the Lamoille Canyon Scenic Byway. After about two miles on SR 227, you will go through the Lamoille Pass and see the Ruby Mountains. The 12-mile paved byway leads deep into the Rubies and terminates at a parking lot at 8,800 ft. elevation. At the far end of this parking lot is the trailhead for the Ruby Crest Trail.


From Elko, take SR 227 south for 5 miles; turn right on SR 228 and go about 6 miles past the town of Jiggs; turn left on Harrison Pass Road and follow this to the pass. The final six miles of this drive were on a 4WD road, but I've heard that it has recently been paved or graded (not confirmed).


During the week of 12/15/08, the U.S. Forest Service closed Lamoille Canyon Road for the winter. The closure point is between Camp Lamoille and Thomas Canyon. Snowmobiles and ATVs are the only motorized vehicles allowed beyond the closure point.

Lamoille Canyon access road winter closureLamoille Canyon closure
Lamoille Canyon Road closure pointMap with closure point

Hiking in the Rubies

The Ruby Crest Trail, a well-maintained National Scenic Trail, is the flagship trail of the Rubies. It is 42 miles one way and runs on or near the crest of the central Ruby Mountains in a north to south general diection. The Roads End trailhead is at the north end in Lamoille Canyon and the Green Mountain trailhead, near Harrison Pass, is at the south end. See the Getting There section for diections to both trailheads.


Ruby Crest Trail
Ruby Crest Trail view
Ruby Crest Trail

The table below summarizes hiking opportunities in the Rubies. This is a work in progress and will be updated as information becomes available.

Trailhead Region 2/4WD Length (miles) Elevation Latitude Longitude
Changing Canyon Central 2WD - - - -
Gardner Creek North 4WD - - - -
Green Mountain¹ South 2WD? 42 - - -
Island Lake Central 2WD 1.9 8,780' 40.60572 N 115.37570 W
Jon Day North 2WD - 6,967' 40.77464 N 115.32812 W
Krenka Creek North 4WD - - - -
Overland Lake Central 4WD - - - -
Roads End² Central 2WD 42 8,720' 40.60392 N 115.37582 W
Ruby Guard North 4WD - - - -
Soldier Creek North 2WD - 6,728' 40.77486 N 115.31261 W
Toyn Creek South 4WD - 6,659' 40.32512 N 115.55988 W

¹ This is the south trailhead for the Ruby Crest Trail, located near Harrison Pass.
² This is the north trailhead hor the Ruby Crest Train, located in Lamoille Canyon at Roads End.


Developed campgrounds are available in the area. Please see the External Links section for additional information and fees. Primitive camping is permitted at no fee. Campsites must be at least 100 feet from water sources.

Cherry Spring Wild Horse Territory

Wild horsesWild horses in Huntington Valley.

On the southern portion of the Ruby Mountain Range is the Cherry Spring Wild Horse Territory (WHT), comprised of 23,794 acres of National Forest land and 35 acres of private land. It is bordered by Sherman Mountain on the north, Overland Pass on the south, Ruby Marsh on the east, and Huntington Valley on the west. The WHT is managed for a level of 58 horses, many of which are 14.5 to 17 hands, large for wild horses. The best time to see the horses is in the winter, near the lower elevations (up to 7,000 feet) on the west side of the range. The horses work their way to the higher elevations as the snow melts.

Red Tape

For fees and other regulations, see the references in the External Links section below. USFS regulations apply. Firearms may be carried (open carry only and not concealed) in a holster.

Wilderness area rules apply in the Ruby Mountains Wilderness Area. Backcountry hiking and camping do not require any permits. There are no roads in wilderness areas. Mechanized transportation, including mountain bikes, are not permitted. All travel must be by foot or horseback. You will find no logging, resorts nor commercial uses of any kind except for grazing.

Food & Lodging

The small cities of Elko or Wells would provide the best options for food and lodging. I’m not too familiar with Wells, but Elko, though not large, is significantly larger than Wells and would have more options.

There are a number of hotels in Elko. I think the best deal in town is at the Stockmen’s Hotel and Casino. As of July 2007, a room with two twin beds went for $39.50. The rooms have AC, refrigerator, bathtub, hairdryer and many have a balcony. The hotel has a nice swimming pool and food is available 24/7 (including 24 hrs. breakfast) in the casino’s restaurant located right next to the hotel lobby. The Stockmen’s is located at 340 Commercial Street in Elko; 775-738-5141.

For good Sonoran-style Mexican food, try Sergio's on Idaho St. (between 8th and 9th Streets) in Elko. They also claim to serve the best burgers in town -- and they are! Be careful when ordering as the serving sizes are large.

Phone Numbers

Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest: 775-331-6444

Ruby Mountains Ranger District: 775-752-3357

Elko County Sheriff Dispatcher: 775-738-3421

Fire Dispatcher (to report wildfires): 775-738-5137

Nevada Division of Wildlife: 775-738-5332

Nevada Highway Patrol: 775-738-8035

External Links

Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest - Ruby Mountains Ranger District

Ruby Mountains Campgrounds and Trailheads

Ruby Mountain Road & Snow Report



Children refers to the set of objects that logically fall under a given object. For example, the Aconcagua mountain page is a child of the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits.' The Aconcagua mountain itself has many routes, photos, and trip reports as children.