Soloing the Grand: Exum Style

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Trip Report
Colorado, United States, North America
Date Climbed/Hiked:
Jul 15, 2007
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Soloing the Grand: Exum Style
Created On: Jul 24, 2007
Last Edited On: Jul 26, 2007


I had started a trip report on my free-solo excursion on the Grand Teton and was not going to finish it since I did not have very many pictures to supplement my story; however the recent death of renowned free-soloist Michael Reardon has got me contemplating and reflecting about this form of climbing. When I first began climbing I immediately discounted free-soloists as crazy. These were obviously people on a power-trip and searching for the tingly feeling caused by an adrenaline rush. It was not until I had watched Return2Sender and had already been climbing for half a year that I began to open up and listen to what these extreme outliers had to say. In the film Michael Reardon explains that free-soloing is, to him, the ultimate form of climbing. It is a complete mastery of body and mind, and being able to control those two in unison is what allows him to climb sans cord. He continued by saying that he does nothing too crazy and is always aware of his limits; in fact he takes more care and is calmer without a rope than with one.
Le Gran TetonLe Gran Teton as it looks close to the lower saddle.

Some of this made a lot of sense to me, but I was still leary of solo climbing. Making the decision to take your life in your hands and pit it against a single climb was too much. Even if you are able to control yourself, both mentally and physically, how do you control factors such as rock fall, holds ripping off, bad weather, etc? For some reason though, I was drawn in by the concept of soloing. To me it looked beautiful and was the purest form of climbing possible. Just the rock and you. I continued to climb, always with these questions and thoughts in the back of my mind.
My Grand RouteMy route to the top.

The Decision

I had all but forgotten this unresolved topic as my annual trip to Jackson Hole came around the corner. In the summers I work with the United States Geological Survey and help maintain and repair remote seismic sites around the country. For the past few years we have been upgrading the Jackson Hole Network, and luckily we get a day or two off to enjoy the surrounding Tetons. I had already climbed the Southwest Couloir on the Middle Teton last year with my fellow co-worker and SPer Jeff. We had set our sights on a higher goal this year and were to do the upper Exum on the Grand. I tried to convince Jeff to do the lower Exum as well since I wanted to climb a little harder than 5.5, but I could not and settled for the upper only. Jeff, unfortunately, began to become sick, and it was pretty clear at the end of the week that he was not going to be fit enough to do the climb.

Middle and AlepenglowMiddle Teton with some morning Alpenglow.

I was truly bummed. I was in some regards angry. How could Jeff get sick? I had asked him earlier if he was up to climbing and could have posted a note at the Climber’s Ranch to find a partner! I was also very frustrated. I had been planning this for some time now, and I had not climbed in a week. I was going to go crazy, I needed to climb to relax and to train. Well, there was nothing much that I could do, and a little depressed I walked through the local mountaineering shop to look at books and dream. I stumbled upon a book that caught my eye. It was a chronicle of the life of Glenn Exum. I opened it up and looked at the slightly off-brown photos of him climbing the Grand in the 30’s. One picture in particular made me think a while. In the picture Glenn Exum is wearing baggy clothing, (undoubtedly made of cotton), a golfer-style cap, and large boots. He is on a vertical face and only protected by a thick, (and probably really heavy) rope attached with a bowline around his waist. This is incredible, how much faith he must have in his abilities and how much passion he must have to fuel his ground breaking climbing. I continued reading along and found that he had established the upper Exum ridge in one day, free-solo.
Middle TetonMiddle Teton, (with obvious black dike) as viewed from close to its base.


I suddenly became motivated and that funny free-solo bug in the back of my mind jumped to the front and began to make more and more sense. If Glenn Exum did it, in that kind of gear, then I can surely do it. The upper is pretty straight forward and the climbing is well below my max limit of 5.11. This is really do-able. The frustration and anger of being in the Tetons and not being able to climb also helped to seal my decision to free-solo the route. Somehow I channeled my other problems and fears, (such as graduating from college soon, not being able to climb harder than I was, and a particular girl that I had been on a long roller-coaster ride with for some time now) into representing the Grand Teton as well. In the shop I made my decision, I am going to do this.
Gorgeous Middle TetonMiddle Teton as viewed partway up the Grand.

I came home and packed for the outing. I packed as light as humanly possible. Unfortunately I needed a rope to the mandatory rappels down the Owen-Spalding Decent Route. I also wanted to make sure that I could bail if I had to, and without a rope this might be difficult. Nevertheless, I was not too happy to be bringing up my 10mm 70m sport rope on the long trip. I also packed my LaSportiva Mythos and decided to wear the Raceblade Trailrunning shoe as an approach shoe. My plan was to switch to the Mythos at the base of the climb to help me move fast and safe. After I packed I tried to go to sleep, I knew I had to wake early, (2 in the a.m.) to get a good start. I was too nervous and excited though. I began to second guess myself and started playing out all the bad scenarios in my mind. Sure it is only 5.5, but what if I fall regardless? Not to mention this is alpine climbing, with near 3,000 feet of climbing. Do I really want to risk my life, I am only 21? After I calmed myself and relaxed I realized that the only way I could do this was to think positive and ignore everything else. I did so and ended up with a three or so hours of sleep before I started on my journey.

Exum HutsLower saddle between the Middle and Grand Teton. The huts are owned by Exum guides and used for paid climbs.

I got up and was still really nervous. I drove to the park playing the most positive and happiest music I could think of. I arrived at the Lupine Meadows lot listening to ‘Bohemian Like You’ and got out. It was dark and quite now, with the only light coming from my headlamp and the stars above. The morning went quick and I was soon already near the base of the Middle Teton. As the sun began to rise I headed north towards the lower saddle between the Middle and the Grand. The hiking was arduous, but I was focused and ready to get climbing. After taking a quick break at the saddle and borrowing another parties’ water filter to refill my Nalgene, I headed up. The Grand looked much different from this angle and I was not quite sure where to go. I guess in all my planning I should have taken along a route page to help clarify where I need to go.
Owen Spaliding Belly CrawlOwen-Spalding Route, this is just before the 'Belly Crawl'.

The Climb/Further Reflection

I saw a ledge that spanned a large distance along the Grand and decided that this was Wall Street. I headed here and traversed to the east. Soon the ledge ended and I had to go up. I took out my rock shoes, laced up, then set off. The climbing was enjoyable and I found myself being intensely focused on the moment. I was completely aware of what I was doing, what I needed to do, and how I was to do it. Nothing else entered my mind, nothing about school, nothing about work, and nothing about the girl. I moved higher and higher, taking care to makes sure each foot and hand was solid. Soon the climbing became more vertical and I followed a crack system higher and higher. I looked down and saw that if I took a fall here, it would kill me. I moved higher and the climbing became harder and harder. I began to question if I was on the right route. After reaching a good ledge to rest, I heard some voices and moved towards them. I had found a roped team and asked them if they knew where they were on the face. They told me that they were still on the lower Exum, about two pitches from where it meets the upper. They looked at me a little confused since I was sans-rope and had no clue where I was. After realizing that I just soloed some of the lower Exum, it made sense why the climbing was so scary and seemed so hard. Had I done this with Jeff I would most definitely have roped up!
Free Solo SummitMandatory summit shot. Luckily there were others at the top, so I asked one of them to take the shot.

I thanked them and decided to follow the ledge I was on to the west where it appeared to ease off a little. I back-tracked and down climbed a little as well. Soon I was on rock that I once again felt comfortable with. I still had no clue where I was, but knew that if I moved upwards and to the west I would eventually run into the Owen-Spalding Route. I moved higher and found an old piton, a good sign that someone had climbed here at some point. I reached a large drop off to the west and knew that I had found the infamous ‘Belly Crawl’ section of the Owen Spalding Route. After this I was soon at the summit along with many others. I took some time on a rock to think about what I had just done.

Startin  The Lower RapStarting one of two raps down the Owen Spalding Route.

It felt really easy, really smooth, and really right. I did it pretty quick too, car-to-car time was 12 and half hours for 15.5 miles and 7000' feet vertical elevation gain. I began to discredit my climb, something I usually do after sending something that is challenging for me. If I could do it, then it must not have been that hard. It is probably a good thing to keep my ego in check. I knew that many others had done what I just did. Heck, Glenn Exum did this in the 30’s without all of the fancy lightweight gear. Nevertheless, I could not help but feel proud and accomplished, and I knew that my trip would make for a good story. I had tasted some of what free-soloing is about and it was amazing. I know that soloing is dangerous and do not plan to do so in the near future, but after this trip, I will not necessarily say no to climbing a line solo. Only the future will tell…

A man who goes alone can start today; but he who travels with another must wait. Henry David Thoreau



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Viewing: 21-39 of 39

fossana - Jul 30, 2007 7:18 pm - Hasn't voted

excellent work

Great TR & a perfect quote to top it off (I might have to borrow that one). I'm jealous. IMHO, there's nothing like the intense focus and freedom you get from soloing. Way to commit!


climbxclimb - Jul 30, 2007 9:04 pm - Voted 10/10


....for the great achievement! and well written report!

Aaron Johnson

Aaron Johnson - Jul 30, 2007 10:42 pm - Hasn't voted

Well written

and great route photos too. Thoughtfully composed and introspective. Congrats on this great climb and kudos to your eloquent writing contribution for your SP peers to behold. Nicely done, sir.


Gareth - Jul 30, 2007 10:44 pm - Voted 10/10

Strong Work

That's a hellova climb you made! So, does you mom know?


littlefrantz - Jul 31, 2007 12:58 am - Hasn't voted


Dan, that's impressive. Congrats -- what a great personal victory.


Diggler - Jul 31, 2007 12:37 pm - Voted 9/10

Nice read

"Somehow I channeled my other problems and fears, (such as graduating from college soon, not being able to climb harder than I was, and a particular girl that I had been on a long roller-coaster ride with for some time now) into representing the Grand Teton as well." Funny how so many climbs (often more dangerous than the climber usually will do) are channels for the frustrations of relationships.

You might find yourself doing this again sooner than you thought :)

You should check out some of the Cascade scrambles that involve some 'easy' technical stuff thrown in as well- North Sis, Broken Top, Mt. Washington, 3 Fingered Jack... While the climbing's not hard, the rock is utter crap. This adds an exciting element to the mix!

Read some of Josh's early (for the website) exploits- interesting reads.

Fun read. Glad your luck & skills weren't surpassed by conditions, ego & bad luck. Be safe & happy climbing in the future.


mt_daydream - Jul 31, 2007 10:57 pm - Voted 10/10

Well written!

Nice introspective TR!


jclements - Aug 2, 2007 12:11 am - Hasn't voted

nice, man

Thanks for the TR. Inspiration.

Dan Dalton

Dan Dalton - Aug 2, 2007 9:33 pm - Hasn't voted

Re: Upper Exum

Yeah, guess I should create a route page for my 'unique' line! I hope I wasn't on the black face, and pretty sure I would have soiled myself if I was! I would love to go back and do the entire route, roped of course.

I was really blessed with good weather too, this could have turned much more epic had there been bad weather. Sounds like you had an awesome time, and I am glad that you did the upper sans cord, that must have been a great experience. I cannot even imagine trying any of this in the cold, or in the winter. Maybe some day...

Thanks for the comment and the read. Happy climbing.


p.s. it's a secret how I got my job... ok, it was really just luck and having an interest in geology.


rasgoat - Aug 5, 2007 1:03 pm - Voted 10/10

Nice Report!

I was on that exact ledge early this july. there was slow team just beginning to lead it when Seth and I got there. We turned back and went higher to wall street. It was the large vertical crack below the black face. WOW you rock, I think it was at least 5.6-5.7. good job, but scary. It's funny, Wall street is very difficult to make out from below, it almost melts into the mountain until one gets higher up. I too thought this ledge was wall Street at first.

Well I guess we both have a score to settle with both the lower and upper Exum!



Eleutheros - Aug 17, 2007 5:08 pm - Voted 10/10

Great TR Captain Solo

You have my admiration Dan. Be careful out there - climb on.


PS Can you please remove this TR as a "parent" of Grand Teton and attach it as a trip report. Thanks.

Dan Dalton

Dan Dalton - Aug 17, 2007 7:39 pm - Hasn't voted

Re: Great TR Captain Solo

Thanks bro, and I have romoved this as a parent and re-attached it as a TR. Thanks for the heads up, must have been in a rush.



midwestpaul - Aug 21, 2007 3:38 pm - Hasn't voted

"Tricky Beta? Forget to ask"

I'm having trouble figuring out where you went. Sounds like you picked the ledge that ends at the bottom of pitch 3 on lower exum, climbed to the wall street ledge and switched to the owen spalding. Which means you soloed the black face. Props. My partner told me my face was so white he thought I would pass out when I led it.

Climb Safe.

Dan Dalton

Dan Dalton - Aug 21, 2007 6:36 pm - Hasn't voted


To tell you the truth, as written in my report, I have no clue where I was. I definately was on the lower exum, and it seems like that large ledge that ran across the face was the only ledge there. I know I hit wall street because it looked familiar and by then I was seeing other people. Decided to continue on because I knew what the Owen Spalding route was like up top. I was pretty freaked the whole time though. Looks like I did solo the Black Face, I cannot think of anything else that is up there. Thanks for the comment, I will most definately climb safe. Have a good one,



Snowpuppy - Sep 19, 2007 8:02 pm - Voted 10/10


Really enjoyed reading about your solo climbing adventure-I've had a short one myself-only problem I ran into a snake and well-I'll solo again, but free solo might be awhile. I totally agree with the way free soloing feels-I climb better without a rope myself than with one. Keep on rockin'

zeroforhire - Oct 15, 2007 1:07 pm - Hasn't voted


awesome trip report! Props to you!

Dan Dalton

Dan Dalton - Oct 15, 2007 1:38 pm - Hasn't voted

Re: wow

Thank you very much.



221wyo - Jul 12, 2011 2:23 am - Hasn't voted


Thanks Thanks for the inspiration, iv just started my journey into climbing. Any bit of knowledge and insight is golden. I appreciate what you have shown here. Dan Mickelson


alpine345 - Jan 19, 2012 12:32 am - Voted 9/10


You captured most of the things I feel when I solo, including how I sometimes stumble around off route. I've been looking for beta for solo-ing the upper exum, and viola, here it is. The GT has been in my top 10 targets since the '70's. Very well written

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