On the South slopes of the Main Caucasus, between two high mountain ranges, lays one of the most authentic and fascinating countries of the world - Svanetia. Protected from enemies and foreign influence by its geographical location, Svanetia until nowadays keeps the atmosphere and traditions of the medieval times, welcomes its guests heartily and leave none of them indifferent.
But today everything is changing. Due to the personal interest and protection of the Georgian President Svanetia is very quickly becoming the most promising and fast developing mountain resort ideally fit for all the kinds of mountain activities - skiing, snowboarding, climbing, trekking, mountain biking, etc. Despite all the development Svanetia is still saving its originality and its authentic charm, attracting people by its natural and human treasury. As for the mountain climbing Svanetia has as much various possibilities as no one region in Caucasus has.
HistoryThe history of that small country located on the South slopes of the Main Caucasian Mountain Range roots in the very ancient times. In VII-VIIIth centuries while on the slopes if North Caucasus only wild bears and goats
were roaming, and vast expanses of north plains were trampled by fierce tribes of Huns, in that time the South side of the Main Caucasian Range where the up-to-date Svanetia is located, the art and religion were developing, and the independent country with a sound name of Free Svanetia was prospering. Today, in every Svanetian hamlet, even in the most tiny and abandoned, the first thing which the person who is in Svanetia for the first time sees - is plenty of the most ancient towers, churches, half-ruined castles and many evidences of the famous past of Svanetia.
Mountains of SvanetiaMost of the climbing objects as legendary as Ushba, Shkhara, Tetnuld are much more accessible from Svanetia as from nowhere else. In the reasonable future Svanetia can become something like Caucasian Chamonix perfect location for those who admire mountains.
Getting ThereAlthough Svanetia remains one of the most remote locations in Georgia, distance from Tbilisi is about 490 km, visiting that beautiful country becomes more and more convenient: the new highway Zugdidi - Mestia is to be finished in several months - that makes the road from Tbilisi much more comfortable and faster. Now average time from Tbilisi to Mestia ranges between 8 - 10 hours if you go by car but the chance of traffic delay is very high because of the road works.
The regular buses depart from Tbilisi from bus station in Tbilisi early in the morning (5 a.m.) Taxi service is also available but costy.
The regular air transportation connects Mestia with Tbilisi and Zugdidi, due to the reconstructed and improved airport in Mestia now it is possible to use new aircraft for carrying people to Svanetia. But flights need good weather and quite often are cancelled in the last minute, so ground transportation is still more reliable.
Red TapeAt the moment there is no limitation for trekking, climbing mountains
or going around Svanetia for sightseeing - everywhere you will meet friendly people ready to help and drink with you. There are some formalities connected with the proximity of Russian border - in case you go close to it (especially if you climb the mountains in the Main Caucasus - which is the border line) - you have to register in border guard station - that is not complicated procedure and takes just few minutes.
What you really should be aware of is total absence of any kind of rescue service. The nearest helicopter station is in Kutaisi and in case of need helicopter help can come very late. At the moment AlexClimb (UshbaGuides) company been the only professional guiding company working in Svanetia, voluntary provides all kinds of mountain rescue service, but we are very limited in sources to cover all the needs of the area. Hopefully the situation will change soon together with total developing of Svanetia and improvements of Georgian economy but now if something happens you should rely on your own capacities.
For the most of emergency cases contact the police: (from local phone) 022
AlexClimb (UshbaGuides): Georgian +995 595 93 7838 or Russian phone +7 926 233 3300
CampingNo limitations for camping
External Linkswww.flypgs.com Pegasus Airlines - the flight operator for Svanetia in Georgia
Svanetia About Svanetia on Wikipedia
AlexClimb (UshbaGuides) web site Information on the organized commercial tours treks and climbs in Svanetia