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Veluwe
Area/Range

Veluwe

 
Veluwe

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Gelderland, Netherlands, Europe

Lat/Lon: 52.09000°N / 5.82000°E

Object Title: Veluwe

Activities: Hiking

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 359 ft / 109 m

 

Page By: Proterra

Created/Edited: Nov 7, 2002 / Nov 26, 2007

Object ID: 151332

Hits: 6916 

Page Score: 83.43%  - 20 Votes 

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Overview

Depending on what one would consider "wilderness", the Veluwe could very well be the largest wilderness area of the Netherlands.
The total area covers about one-third of the province of Gelderland, and boasts the nation's tallest "mountain" outside of the Ardennes' foothills in the southernmost part of Limburg province.

60 percent of the Veluwe is covered in woods, mostly stretches of mixed decideous and coniferous forest. (The Netherlands tallest tree, a 170 ft /52 meter tall Douglas fir grows here, as well as the most voluminous tree, a 147ft/ 44 meter Sequoiadendron Giganteum, both of which not native to The Netherlands)

Of the remaining 40 percent, large areas are covered in heather, and even some small sand deserts, which started to appear in late medieval times, after extensive overfarming of the area.
Stripped of all the topsoil, these sandy plains at one time covered half of the region, and some small farming towns were engulfed by sand dunes, forcing the inhabitants to move out.

Hoge Veluwe
Hoge Veluwe National Park


In the late 19th century the Dutch government planted a large number of Douglas Fir trees throughout the region to get these large dunes under control. "Hoge Veluwe Nat'l Park" was the first national park in the Neterlands, incorporated in 1909.

Getting There

Depends on where you want to go. There are numerous railwaystations around the edges of the area, and Bus #107 (BBA) connects Arnhem in the southernmost part of the region with Putten in the Northwest.

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

TRAINSTATIONS

South Veluwe

 
More Hoge Veluwe
Open dunes and heather landscape, Hoge Veluwe

Lunteren
Ede-Wageningen
Wolfheze
Oosterbeek
Arnhem
Velp
Rheden
Dieren

Central Veluwe

Apeldoorn

North Veluwe

Putten
Ermelo
Harderwijk
't Harde
Nunspeet
Wezep
Zwolle

Station names in bold indicate that all trains will stop there, except international express trains, they'll only stop in Arnhem, which offers good connections with the rest of Europe.
Except for Lunteren, every station is on a main East-West line, and is located less than 5 miles from the forest. Lunteren is on the Ede-Wageningen-Amersfoort branch.


Bus 90

This service runs straight North from Apeldoorn, connecting it to Zwolle, just off the Northeasternmost point of the Veluwe, about 35 miles / 55 km North. Most of the trip will be just east of the Veluwe proper, and this is probably one of the least scenic routes in the area, but still important, because there aren't any other public transportation options in this part of the region.

Towns served by Bus 90

Apeldoorn
Wenum
Vaassen
Emst
Epe
Heerde
Wapenveld
Hattem
Zwolle


Bus 104

This service cuts for 40 miles / 65km through the Northcentral part of the Veluwe, connecting the City of Apeldoorn with Harderwijk in the Northwest.
Very scenic route, although it runs through the densest populated area of the Veluwe region.

Towns and Villages served by Bus 104

Apeldoorn
Hoog-Soeren
Nieuw-Millingen
Uddel
Elspeet
Staverden
Leuvenum
Ermelo
Harderwijk


Bus 107

This service runs 55 miles / 90km from Arnhem to Putten.
Probably one of the most scenic bustrips one can make in the Netherlands, and excellent for not having to start your hiking trip in the middle of a city.

Villages and Areas served by Bus 107

 
Frosty mist over Veluwe Hills
Veluwezoom National park, Winter.

Arnhem
Schaarsbergen
Oud-Reemst
Hoge Veluwe Nat'l Park
Otterlo
Harskamp
Kootwijkerzand
Stroe
Wittenberg
Garderen
Koudhoorn
Putten


Bus 108

Bus 108 connects Ede with Apeldoorn, and runs for 25 miles / 40km through the Southcentral part of the area. Hoge Veluwe Nat'l park is served by this bus as well.

Villages and Areas served by Bus 108

Ede
Otterlo
Hoge Veluwe Nat'l Park
Hoenderloo
Apeldoorn



Red Tape

Landowners
Much of the South Veluwe region is a Nat'l Park (either Hoge Veluwe or Veluwezoom)
Most of the Central Veluwe is a royal estate, called "Het Loo", just west of Apeldoorn.
The North and West Veluwe is mainly military trainingground, largest areas are "Woldberg" in the Northern tip, "Harskampsezand" in the West, just east of the village of Harskamp, and "Ginkelse Heide" in the Southwest, inbetween the cities of Ede and Arnhem.
Most of the remaining 35% of the Veluwe region is owned by organizations like "Geldersch Landschap", "Natuurmonumenten" and "Staatsbosbeheer", and are either nature/wildlife preserves, or National Forest. (Staatsbosbeheer)

This may seem a bit tricky, but their rules look a lot similar.
Generally you're not allowed to camp, and you have to be out by dark.
Off-trail hiking is generally not permitted, as are dogs without a lead.
some areas have location-specific rules, and i'll explain the most important ones here:

Hoge Veluwe Nat'l Park: Entrance Fees. No Vehicles.
Het Loo: Not allowed off the paved trails during hunting season.
Harskampsezand: No Entry.
Ginkelse Heide: Not allowed off the paved trails during military exercises.

Kootwijkerzand
Kootwijkerzand, Veluwe.


My view on Veluwe regulations
The Netherlands is an overregulated country.
Personally, i do not recommend camping illegally in the military zones, especially not "Harskampsezand" because they train with live ammo there. Same goes with "Het Loo" during fall.
In areas maintained by Staatsbosbeheer, Natuurmonumenten (includes Veluwezoom Nat'l Park) and Geldersch Landschap (all posted) you should be fine, as long as you keep a low profile and don't disturb the wildlife. Camping outside a designated camping area is illegal everywhere in the Netherlands, but as long as you keep a low profile and pack up around dawn, you're likely to get away with it.

Climate and Weather

The Netherlands have a mild maritime climate, although, with plenty of continental influence, due to the lack of North-South oriented mountain ranges in Northern Europe. (The Urals, on the western edge of Siberia is the first) The following are averages for three places in or near the Veluwe: Rheden, South Veluwe, 15 meters/ 50 ft, Hoog-Soeren, Central Veluwe, 84 meters/ 276 ft and Nunspeet, North Veluwe, 4 meters/ 13 ft.

Rheden, 52.00N, 6.03E, Elevation 50ft/15m

Jan Hi/Lo: 42/31F 6/-0C
Apr Hi/Lo: 57/37F 14/3C
Jul Hi/Lo: 74/55F 23/13C
Oct Hi/Lo: 58/43F 14/6C
Annual precip: 794mm/31.3 inches
Days with:
Precip >1mm/0.04 inch : 134
Hi temp > 80F/26C : 22
Hi temp > 90F/32C : 4
Lo temp <32F/0C : 68
Lo temp <10F/-12C : 1


Hoog Soeren, 52.22N, 5.87E, Elevation 276ft/84m

Jan Hi/Lo: 39/29F 4/-1C
Apr Hi/Lo: 56/35F 13/2C
Jul Hi/Lo: 73/54F 22/12C
Oct Hi/Lo: 57/42F 13/6C
Annual Precip: 952mm/37.5 inches
Days with:
Precip >1mm/0.04in : 147
Hi temp >80F/26C : 17
Hi temp >90F/32C : 2
Lo temp <32F/0C : 73
Lo temp <10F/-12C : 2


Nunspeet, 52.37N, 5.78E, Elevation 13ft/4m

Jan Hi/Lo: 41/32F 5/0C
Apr Hi/Lo: 54/40F 12/4C
Jul Hi/Lo: 71/56F 21/13C
Oct Hi/Lo: 57/44F 13/7C
Annual Precip: 772mm/30.4 inches
Days with:
Precip >1mm/0.04in : 134
Hi temp >80F/26C : 14
Hi temp >90F/32C : 1
Lo temp <32F/0C : 54
Lo temp <10F/-12C : 1



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