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Volcanoes of El Salvador
Area/Range

Volcanoes of El Salvador

 
Volcanoes of El Salvador

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: El Salvador, North America

Lat/Lon: 13.65666°N / 89.05518°W

Object Title: Volcanoes of El Salvador

Activities: Hiking

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 7812 ft / 2381 m

 

Page By: stinkycheezman33

Created/Edited: Mar 9, 2012 / Mar 10, 2012

Object ID: 780449

Hits: 9271 

Page Score: 82.48%  - 15 Votes 

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Overview

Having been to a number of these volcanoes while serving in the Peace Corps in El Salvador, I thought it appropriate to gather them together in one place for a one-stop-shop list of the major volcanic peaks in El Salvador. This country has an incredibly active volcanic system, with numerous large peaks, a very active tectonic setting, and a large amount of natural beauty to go along with it all.

The geologic setting of El Salvador puts it along the "Ring of Fire" that we are all familiar with from gradeschool geology. The small country's situation along a subduction zone on the Pacific means that all of that molten rock being dragged underwater ~90 miles out at sea makes its way back to the surface through a line of volcanoes almost perfectly situated 20 miles (+/-) inland from the ocean. Look at a satellite image, or Google Maps terrain view, and one can easily make out the distinct line of peaks rising many hundreds, or thousands as it may be, of meters above the surrounding terrain.

This area has been volcanically active for a long time, between the Caribbean and Cocos Plates, and there are many old craters that blew their tops thousands of years ago (Lago Ilopango, for example). This fascinating area is surely due the respect of a page grouping the major peaks to make for easier browsing! This list goes from west to east, hitting the major ones, even those without Summitpost pages. There were a few peaks already on SP, and I made a couple pages for volcanoes I climbed and was familiar enough with to do so, but there are others that I do not know enough to complete a page on.

Volcàn Chingo

 
Volcan Chingo
 
1775m
Straddling the border of Guatemala, Chingo is best climbed from that side but it is accessible from the El Salvador side as well. A brief page on SP gives more detail...

Apaneca Range

 
Santa Ana Hike
 
2036m
A group of old and new volcanoes, this is the highest terrain in El Salvador. There are no major peaks, per se, but with Apaneca and Ataco, as well as the famous Ruta de las Flores, this is one of the prettiest and most traveled areas in El Salvador.

Volcàn Santa Ana

 
Santa Ana Hike
 
2381m
The tallest volcano in El Salvador, Santa Ana is near the Volcanoes National Park. A guided tour leaves Cerro Verde daily to climb, given the weather is nice enough to do so. Fantastic views and a good trail await those who climb Santa Ana! SP page for more info.

Volcàn de Izalco

 
Santa Ana Hike
 
1950m
A huge cinder cone, Izalco is also near the Volcanoes National Park. Guided climbs leave Cerro Verde daily as well. SP page

Cerro Verde

 
Santa Ana y Cerro Verde
 
2030m
The Volcanoes National Park is based from this extinct volcano. There are hiking trials, with great vistas to both Santa Ana and Izalco, and the hikes to both peaks leave from here. SP page

Volcàn San Salvador

 
Ilopango and San Salvador
 
1893m
The San Salvador volcano lords over the sprawling metropolis of San Salvador, the capital city of El Salvador. The hulking dome is due west of the city, and there is a road leading right up to the crater, called "El Boqueron" No SP page for this one, since it is not really even a hike, but it is quite impressive and if anybody has pictures please feel free to add them to spice it up.

Volcàn San Vicente

 
Chichontepec
 
2182m
This is the second-highest volcano in the country, and has the largest vertical gain from the surrounding terrain. Supposedly the toughest of all to climb due to terrain and accessibility. From the top, it is possible to see almost the entire country. SP page

Chinameca Range

 
Chinameca Group
 
1600m
This is another hot spot of volcanic peaks, similar to the Apaneca Range. The best known peak is Tecapa. There are numerous peaks here, as well as the touristy and beautiful Alegria area. Not enough info on my part for an SP page, but a beautiful area!

Volcàn Usulutàn

 
San Miguel Volcano
 
1449m
Probably the least-known major volcano, this one has almost no information out there on it. It is similar to the San Vicente volcano, in that it is not really presently active and forested to the top, but it is not extinct and it is an impressive sight from the coastal plains in the area.

Volcàn San Miguel

 
San Miguel Volcano
 
2130m
The most active of Salvadoran volcanoes, San Miguel is climbed via a grueling scramble up the steep sides. This volcano has an incredible double crater, of which you can walk in the outer and peer into the inner. SP page with more info

Volcàn Conchagua

 
Conchagua
 
1225m
The easternmost major peak, this volcano lords over the Golfo de Fonseca, shooting almost straight out of the water. I have not climbed it, but it is climbable. No SP page, sorry

*El Pital

 
El Pital
 
2730m
While not actually a volcano, it is the highest point in El Salvador and I thought it deserved a place on this page nonetheless. There is an SP page with more information on this Honduran border peak.

More Information

If you have any more information you would like to add, please let me know. Photos, peak pages, etc. are all welcome!

Some external links:

MTU Volcano Page a very informative page from my department at Michigan Tech

SNET Geology Page (in Spanish)

Images