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Mexican Volcanoes

Mexican Volcanoes

Mexican Volcanoes

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Mexico, North America

Object Title: Mexican Volcanoes

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Scrambling

Season: Spring, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 18409 ft / 5611 m


Page By: Scott

Created/Edited: Jan 12, 2006 / Jan 15, 2010

Object ID: 171041

Hits: 39122 

Page Score: 88.65%  - 28 Votes 

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When most people speak of the Mexican Volcanoes, they are usually referring to the thee highest and glaciated peaks of Pico de Orizaba (Citlateptl) 5611 meters/18,409 feet, Popocatepetl (“Popo”) 5459 meters/17,910 feet, and Iztaccihuatl (“Izta”) 5286 meters 17,342 feet. There are many other volcanoes in Mexico, however.

In addition to the “big three”, two volcanoes surpass 4500 meters and 15,000 feet. They are Sierra Negra and Nevado de Toluca. La Malinche (and possibly Nevado Colima) surpasses 4300 meters and 14,000 feet. Cofre de Peorte is over 14,000 feet as well.

There are many smaller volcanoes scattered throughout the country. In fact, out side the Baja region, most mountains in Mexico are actually volcanoes.
Pico de Orizaba, November 10,...


Elevation readings vary greatly between different maps and from different sources. This is especially true of Orizaba, Sierra Negra, and Nevado Colima. Orizaba, for example, is sometimes listed as high as 5760 meters/18,897 and as low as 5610 meters/18406 feet! For this page, I have used what I believe to be the latest maps and sources available, but don’t be surprised to see a different elevations using different sources, including possibly even the Summitpost pages!

Popocatepetl Closure

This photo of Popo was taken...
Popocatepetl-during eruption
Though also mentioned on the mountain page, this situation deserves special mention. Popocatepetl started erupting in December 1994, and thousands of people were evacuated from the area, though the evacuations are over--for now. As a result of the eruption, the mountain was closed to all climbing. There are no indications of when the mountains activity will die down, and when the mountain will be once again open to climbing, but it doesn’t appear that this will happen anytime soon. Occasionally, someone has been allowed to visit the mountain to film the eruptions. Some of the last visitors were killed. In other words, the mountain is active and dangerous and should not be climbed!

I was lucky in that I climbed the mountain in December 1992. Back then, the mountain had some really nice and rather large glaciers. They are now all gone, and the mountain is bare.
Popo from Tlamacas in...
Popocatepetl-My photo December 1992

Hiking and Climbing Overview

Assuming Popocatepetl remains closed, Izta and Orizaba are the only volcanoes that usually require an ice axe and crampons, though Nevado Toluca can require one too, at least after recent storms.

By their easiest route, most (all?) volcanoes are considered to be easy in technical difficulty. Orizaba and Izta have some nice (non-standard) snow and ice routes that are fairly challenging and require roped travel. Even on the standard routes, you should rope up, just in case. Don't under estimate these mountains, however, as climbers are killed on the Mexican Volcanoes, every year, mostly on the standard routes.

Not much rock climbing is done on the Mexican Volcanoes, due to the poor nature of the rock. Other than Izta and Orizaba, most Mexican Volcanoes are simple walk ups.
The sleeping lady. (photo...


As with any moderately high mountains, acclimatization is important. This is especially true on Orizaba and Izta (and Popo if it ever opens!). It is too easy to get too high too fast on these volcanoes, and this is a serious concern. If climbing Orizaba and/or Izta, you should plan on spending at least a few days between 3000-4000 meters/10,000-13,000 feet before attempting to climb to the summits. Nevado Toluca and La Malinche are good acclimatization climbs.

Even on the lower volcanoes, you should at least plan on a day or two acclimatizing before going over 4000 meters/13,000 feet. This is especially true if you are coming from or near sea level.
Above treeline. Jan 2005.
La Malinche


November through March is the dry season, and has the best weather, on all volcanoes in Mexico. For the three glaciated peaks, conditions are usually best in November, December, and January. February and March can be icy in some years.

Christmas time is the most popular time to climb, and it can be crowded. Expect big crowds and crowded huts at that time, at least on Izta or Orizaba.
Sunset on Orizaba is a view...


The most popular guidebook is certainly Mexico's Volcanoes-A Climbing Guide, by Secor.


If you have any recommendations for other guidebooks, please post and addition/correction to this page, and I will incorporated the information on the book.

Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
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bodofztAdditional Guidebook


Voted 10/10

Hi Scott,

first of all, very nice page. :)

There is a recent guidebook in Spanish which I deem the most complete available: "Guía de las altas montañas de México y una de Guatemala", by Jorge Neyra Jáuregui. It encompasses every Mexican mountain higher than 4000 m, as well as Ajusco and Tajumulco.

The book was self-published in collaboration with CONABIO. You can buy it in outdoor shops in Mexico, and the author also sells it through Facebook. Hit him up and also ask him for his "practical guides", a series of leaflets for field use.

Cheers, Bodo
Posted Feb 22, 2017 11:50 am

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