BazZ - Passportenkofel / Croda Passaporto
What's New On This Page?
> June 2oth, 2009: A short geographical overview (chapter) added and pictures attached/detached.
> August 5th, 2007 - All the best newcoming pictures inserted on the page.
> August 3rd, 2005 - The new 'Summit Shots' chapter added, various pictures linked.
> July 5th, 2004 - Link to the schematic map inserted (Thanks Gangolf!)
Paternkofel Gets Introduced
All right, all eyes are turned to Tre Cime / Drei Zinnen
, but should because of that Monte Paterno / Paternkofel be neglected? It's a beautiful mountain, having also a rich history - not so much a climbing one but a more sad one - from the World War I. Paternkofel rises north-east of Tre Cime di Lavaredo / Drei Zinnen and belongs to a broader group of Sexten Dolomites
. The mountain rises only a few hundred meters from the high plateau, but is beautifully shaped. It has 3 strong ridges (N, S, E) and over all three nice and popular ferratas go.
The mountain is popular because of its famous view on Drei Zinnen
and because of its short ascent. It is for hikers with good experience in rock so they can overcome steep sections, secured by pegs and steel ropes. In Paternkofel's walls there's probably not many harder climbing routes.
In order not to repeat information, please see all relevant information on the Drei Zinnen/Tre Cime di Lavaredo
page. There's good information about:
- getting there,
- when to climb,
- all three huts (Rif. Auronzo, 2320m, Rif. Lavaredo, 2344m and Drei-Zinnen-Huette, 2405m),
The first ascent was done on September 11th, 1882 by Franz Innerkofler and E. Kuenigl, they reached the summit over Gamsscharte. The N-NW ridge was first ascended in 1986 by guides S. and C. Innerkofler, with E. Biendl.
A short geographic overview
On the north the small Paternkofel/M. Paterno group starts on the saddle, called Toblinger Riedl / Forcella di Toblin
, 2405m. The N-NW ridge goes from the saddle just on top.
Longer is the E ridge, which starts on Buellelejoch / Forcella Pian di Cengia
, 2522m. The ridge first rises with a group of towers, called Boedenknotten / Crode dei Piani
and then after Forcella dei Laghi
continues sharply towards the top. Just before the summit there's the famous Gamsscharte / Forcella di Camoscio
Between the N-NW ridge and the E ridge a steep wall is falling some 250m down on the plateau called Boedenalpe / Alpe dei Piani
. There are a couple of nice lakes (Boedenseen / Laghi dei Piani
), allways mirroring the walls and the summit of Paternkofel / M. Paterno.
The S ridge is shorter. It steeply lowers down to Passportenscharte / Forcella Passaporto
. But beyond this saddle a nice fortress rises. It is called Passportenkofel / Croda Passaporto
, 2719m. The mountain is formed of many towers and is rarely climbed. On the SW it attaches to the Drei Zinnen / Tre Cime group on Paternsattel / Forcella Lavaredo
The walls falling down from the N-NW ridge and the S ridge are steep and rocky, but short. Below them the broad touristic promenade goes.
Between the E ridge and Passportenkofel / Croda Passaporto there's a basin called Ciadin del Passaporto
. From the SE an unmarked path enters it.
360° Summit panorama
360° Panorama from Paternkofel / Monte Paterno
Views On Tre Cime / Drei Zinnen
Other Summit Shots
Three ferrattas climb the mountain, each along one of the main ridges. All three meet on Gamsscharte/Forcella di Camoscio (notch), cca 2650m, from where there's only a jump to the summit. But this jump can be tricky, as just above the notch there's allways a rush hour. The bottleneck is some 15 meters high vertical rock, which is well protected and can be climbed by the majoritiy of hikers in a free manner, but as some use rope, besides delays there's also a constant danger of falling stones.
The north route (Via ferrata De Luca - Innerkofler)
starts at Drei-Zinnen-Huette, 2405m, goes by the north ridge, through galleries (from the WW1) and over open walls to the Gamsscharte.
The south route
starts at Paternsattel/Forcella Lavaredo, 2454m (between Paternkofel and Drei Zinnen), ascends the south ridge (reached on Passportenscharte/Forcella Passaporto) and goes to the Gamsscharte along it on the other (eastern side).
Bor - On the E route
The east route
starts at Buellelejoch/Forcella Pian di Cengia, goes first on the southern side of the east ridge and later over many notches on the ridge very attractively to the Gamsscharte.
So, after reaching Gamsscharte/Forcella di Camoscio, we now have only this short wall to climb and above it some 50 meters of scree scramble.
Flex - On the N-NW ridge
It has 280m of altitude, 2 hours. III+, mostly II and III.
A Glimpse into History
WW1 tunnels From a WW1 cave
Paternkofel saw its most sad and also brave days during the World War I. As all three routes follow military routes, many relics from that time can be even now seen: caves, tunnels, guns nests. You need only a little imagination to see soldiers fighting on these rock needles - no pause allowed, for many years, in summer and winter.
The most prominent victim of Paternkofel was the famous mountain guide and climber from Sexten, the legendary Sepp Innerkofler (1865-1915), who lost his life during a summer attack on Italian summit positions. A group of 40 carefully chosen soldiers was approaching the summit from north. Early in the morning a patrouille, led by Sepp tried the summit ascent through a chimney. Sepp was climbing as first. He was spotted by Italian soldiers and shot. Not only Austrians, also Italian soldiers (many of them were local climbers) were horrified, realising who was shot. Innerkofler's body was put to rest on the summit of Paternkofel / Monte Paterno and was taken in Sexten only after the war.