The Basque Country (País Vasco) is actually a region of North of Spain with three provinces call Gipuzkoa / Guipuzcoa, Bizkaia / Vizcaya and Araba / Álava but historically the region was greater, especially in the most glorious epoch of the old kingdom of Navarra, and for this reason is frequent to see many books and maps about the Basque Mountains with the other four provinces with historical relation: Lapurdi, Basse Navarre, Zuberoa and Navarra.
In order to avoid political conflicts that do not seem acceptable in summitpost, I will mention in this page only the mountains of the three main provinces (those forming the autonomous community of Euskadi). Anyway, three of the other four provinces are entirely included in the Pyrenees (Lapurdi, Basse Navarre and Zuberoa) and the highest and most important peaks of Navarra are as well in Pyrenees. As an introduction to the mountains of those four provinces you should consult the following areas: Bidasoa-Baztan, Roncesvalles-Irati and Belagua-Echo.
The official languages in the region are Euskera (or basque language) and Spanish (castellano) and for this reason many places and mountains have 2 names in the maps.
I have another page about the range of Bardenas at South of Navarra.
Vizcaya / Bizkaia
Bizkaia is in the northwest of Basque Country with the cantabric sea at North and the highest mountains at South, in the border with Alava (massif of Gorbea). Its mountains are geologically in the denomination "Cantabric mountains" (Cordillera Cantábrica).
The five main massifs:
Near of the main city Bilbao.
Mountains: Ganekogorta (998m), Gallaraga (902m), Eretza (880m), Ganeroitz (561m).
In Northwest of Bizkaia near of the province of Cantabria.
Mountains: Kolitza (879m), Burgüeño (1044m), Zalama (1336m), Moro (821m), Mazo (821m), Ranero (729m).
Great rocky wall over the valley of Orduña.
Mountains: Tologorri (1066m), Eskutxi (1180m), Ungino (1105m), Solaiera (1039m), Txolope (1027m), Txarlazo (927m).
Gorbea (or Gorbeia) is the highest mountain of Bizkaia and it's very popular with an easy normal route. This area is wonderfull for the contrast between the green fields and the rocky mountains.
Mountains: Gorbea (1481m), Aldamin (1376m), Lekanda (1302m).
The most important summit of Bizkaia for the mountaineers is the rocky Anboto. Gorbea is highest but the climbers love the rocky ridges of Anboto.
The peaks and ridges of this area are called "Peñas de Duranguesado".
Mountains: Anboto (1331m), Elgoin (1243m), Alluitz (1040m), Udallatx (1117m), Mugarra (964m), Unzillatx (934m), Orisol (1128m).
Alava / ArabaThe southest province of Basque Country with the main city in Vitoria.
The border ranges of Salbada, Gorbea and Anboto are described in Bizkaia.
The other main ranges:
In the border with Navarra and the range of Urbasa.
Mountains: Arrigorrista (1143m), Ballo (1197m).
Montes de Vitoria
South of the main city.
Mountains: Busto (976m), Pagogan (1029m), Kapildui (1177m).
At south of the range of Aizkorri. Aratz is a great mountain and it's the most important of the range of Alzania.
Mountains: Aumategi (1191m), Aratz (1443m), Arbarain (1118m).
At west of province near the province of Burgos.
Mountains: Atxabal (896m), Oteros (1038m), Marinda (984m), Repico (1184m).
At southwest of Koartango.
Mountains: Cueto (1367m), Recuenco (1240m), La Mota (1315m), Karria (1130m), Vallegrull (1226m).
At East of the province with the rocky presence of Toloño and Palomares in the border with the province of La Rioja.
-Mountains: Toloño (1271m), Peña del Castillo (1252m), Peña Colorada (1219m), Cervera (1384m), Palomares (1446m), Recilla (1381m), San Tirso (1329m).
-In the border with Navarra is the range of Codés: Peña Alta (1243m), Ioar (1416m), Muela (1055m), Costalera (1234m).
Guipuzcoa / Gipuzkoa
Gipuzkoa is the province of the Northeast of Basque Country with Cantabric sea in the north and rocky mountains of southeast. The range of Aizkorri has the highest point of Basque Country, the peak Aitxuri (1551m) and the range of Aralar the most beautiful, the peak Txindoki (1346m), the "Matterhorn of Gipuzkoa".
Massifs of the coast
Some individualizated mountains and ranges.
Mountains: Urko (793m), Andutz (612m), Erlo / Izarraitz (1026m), Ernio (1075m), Izazpe (947m), Murumendi (859m), Jaizkibel (543m), Adarra (817m), Peñas de Aia (837m).
This important massif has two ranges.
-Aloña: Gorgomendi (1236m), Butreaitz (1321m), Arkaitz (1315m).
-Aizkorri: Andreaitz (1433m), Arbelaitz (1513m), Aitxuri (1551m), Aketegi (1549m), Aizkorri (1528m).
The range of Aralar is shared between the provinces of Gipuzkoa and Navarra and it's a natural park.
Mountains: Txindoki (1346m), Balerdi (1195m), Aldaon (1411m), Gamboa (1412m), Irumugarrieta (1431m).
LinksVideo La Montaña Vasca
Wikipedia Basque Country
Wikipedia Basque Country (autonomous community)
Basque summits with prominence over 250m
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