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Tremzina
Mountain/Rock

Tremzina

 
Tremzina

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Croatia, Europe

Lat/Lon: 44.25000°N / 15.93528°E

Object Title: Tremzina

County: Zadar county

Activities: Hiking

Season: Spring, Fall

Elevation: 3894 ft / 1187 m

 

Page By: toc

Created/Edited: Jul 25, 2009 / Jul 25, 2009

Object ID: 533352

Hits: 2716 

Page Score: 78.27%  - 9 Votes 

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Overview

 
Satellite view
 
 
Crnopac
 
Tremzina is the last mountain of the Velebit massif.

 At this point, after 140km long span, the longest coastal mountain chain of the Mediterranean
loses its hight and gets terminated by the Zrmanja river.

Due to its outposted position, Tremzina offers reasonably interesting views;
partly to the Zrmanja river canyon  and accross it, down to the northdalmatian plain,
to Mt. Postak of the Licka Pljesevica group,
as well  as due west to its higher and larger neighbour, Mt. Crnopac.

Mountain itself is of the mainstream steepness, slopes covered  with thick woods.
Hogsback is grassy, with few rocky outcrops peeping from the shrubs.
Eventually, there are two separate summits on the mountain,
one on the NW end named Cardak, and the other one at the eastern end  named Oklinak,
about 1km walking distance between the two.

Approach and summiting:

From the  smalltown Gracac in the southern part of Lika, Croatia,
drive due east for Knin.
After 9km -  and about 200m before the Malovan train stop,
 side macadam road forks due right, overpassing the railway track.
After approx. 2km,  skid road diverges from the main road.
From here,  following the marked trail through the woods,
it takes about 45 minutes to reach the mountain hogsback,
and another quarter of an hour to the main summit, named Oklinak.

Gear required:
sturdy hiking boots,  food and water for about 2-3 hours.

After rain, skid road tend to get really muddy.

Mountain is also popular goal with the mountainbikers,
common route starting fro m the direction of Krupa river>
MTB route description

Panorama

Panorama of the Southeast Velebit: from left to the right: Mt. Tremzina, Mt. Crnopac and Mt. Celavac

Other Activities

 
Cerovac caves info
 
 
Lower  Cerovac cave
 
 
Zrmanja river source
 
As climbing Tremzina won't take much time - just a  few of either morning or afternoon  hours,
here are few proposals how to kill the rest of the day.

One option is to visit the Cerovac caves.
Those are  the largest showcaves in Croatia, located  at the northern foot of Mt. Crnopac.
En route from Tremzina to Gracac or vice versa.

Another is to visit the karstic spring of the Zrmanja river,
not so short but not too much of too long detour either.

  • Cerovac caves
     Cerovac caves  (Cerovacke spilje) are three Karst caves connected with several shafts.
    The Lower ( length 2682m) and  the Upper (length 1295m)  Cerovac Cave are famous for their speleothems,
    easy to visit and opened  to the public
    .

    Entrance hall of the Donja (lower) Cerovacka
    Cave was a shelter for prehistoric man.
    Remains of this people were found
    in the cave sediments.
    Bones of cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) were found
    in other parts of the cave.

    The lower cave was discovered during the construction of the nearby Gracac-Knin railroad in 1913.
    Pottery from the Illyrian tribe of Iapodes were found on the first 100m,  dating more then 3000 years in the past.

    Getting there: Drive direction mt. Tremzina (Gracac-Knin road),
     after 1km southeast of Gračac spot the large signpost and fork to the right from the main road.
    Paved road  till the parking lot.
    Caves are open year round  Mon-Fri 9-17, Sat, Sun, Hollydays  9-18.
    Last tour one hour before closing.
    Guided tours only.


  • Zrmanja river source
     Zrmanja is a karstic river, 69km long
    Spring of Zrmanja is located  under mt. Postak,
    at  the bottom of vertical,  200m high funnel shaped rock called Misije.
    From there, river  flows southward through the narrow  arable valley,
    encircling the southern end of Velebit  through a 200 metre  deep canyon,
    then turns westwards and  flows into the Adriatic sea in the  Novigradsko more
    bay.
    Canyon part of the river is popular with rafting fans,  karstic spring itself is , however, seldom visited.

    Getting there: Drive from Gracac direction Tremzina and down the Gracac-Knin road,
     till the road signpost
    labeled Vrelo Zrmanje (about 32km from Gracac, 22km from the foot of mt. Tremzina).
    Follow the paved downhill road into the karstic field till the Zrmanja vrelo village.
    From there, trail leads due NE first next to the river, then through few small villages,  
    cuts the  meadow carpeted with Horse Mint  (hard to miss the odour)
    bypasses the old orthodox cemetary and meets the river again.

    Foothpath bypasses small  dam from the left before reaching the river spring.
     From Zrmanja Vrelo village it takes under an hour to get here.

    For more mountaineering/hiking ideas, interested parties are kindly encouraged  to visit  Mt. Crnopac Sp page.


Getting There

Nearest town is Gracac.
  • getting there by car:
    From Rijeka, along the coast.
    Suitable if you're coming  via Trieste (Italy).
    Trieste - Rijeka 70 km
    Rijeka (Zadar, Split direction) – Starigrad Paklenica – Maslenica , here follow Gracac direction
    (round 40km via Prezid pass)

    From Zagreb.
    Suitable if you're coming from eastern or central Europe via Ljubljana (Slovenia), Maribor (Slovenia) or Budapest (Hungary).
    Zagreb – Karlovac (Plitvice direction) – Plitvice (Split direction) – Gracac.
    or
    A1 motorway Zagreb-Split, exit  Sv.Rok,  another 19 km to Gracac down the state road no.50


  • by train:
    Nearest railway station  is Gracac again.  Both passenger and fast trains stop there.
    In high season,  at least one train a day has bicycle compartment
    bicycle fare is fixed to 30 Croatian kuna, regardless of the mileage.
    (usually trains  no.824 Zagreb-Split and no.825 Split to Zagreb)
    Croatian Railways site  (query field is the green box on the left, labeled upit.(Od = From,  Do = To)

  • by coach
     coach  lines from Zagreb to Zadar stop at Gracac
    about 3x times a day
    query


  • by plane:
    The closest airport is  Zadar, located 46 km south west of Gracac>
    Served by number of low-fare carriers.
    Website

Weather, Maps, Security

 
SE Velebit large scale map
Large and detailed topographic map
 
SE Velebit print map
 
 
  • Weather

    7 - day forecast from Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service
    link

    More detailed forecast for Gracac (long term / hour by hour)
    link



  • Maps

    SMAND sheet 18b JUZNI VELEBIT III
    Sveto Brdo-Tulove grede-Crnopac-Zrmanja
    scale 1:30000
    online web shop



  • Security

    In case of trouble,  Mountain rescue service number to call  is 112.
    Mountain rescue service in Zadar:
    cellular:  091/721-0010
    website

    Mountain rescue service in Croatia is free of charge.


Images

The view towards Velebit massif...Zrmanja river sourceVelebit from PostakSE Velebit PanoramaCrnopacLower  Cerovac caveTremzina seen from the NW
SE Velebit large scale mapSE Velebit print mapMisije  rock, under the foot of Mt. PostakSatellite viewCerovac caves info