Ďumbierske Tatry

Ďumbierske Tatry

Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 48.93667°N / 19.64028°E
Activities Activities: Hiking, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Additional Information Elevation: 6713 ft / 2046 m
Sign the Climber's Log


The range of Nízke Tatry (Low Tatras) is usually divided into two parts: the Ďumbierske Tatry, which extends west from Čertovica Saddle, and the Kráľovohoľské Tatry east from it. The latter is lower and less interesting to the hiker, the former contains the highest summits and a limestone-and-dolomite area north of the main ridge. The name Ďumbierske Tatry (Ďumbier Tatras) comes from their highest peak. (Similarly, the eastern part of the Low Tatras is named after Kráľová hoľa.) Slovak geographers usually divide the Ďumbierske Tatry into four quarters (and the Lúžňa Basin):

  • The highest summits lie in the SE part of the area, called the Ďumbier Group, which contains the highest section of the main ridge of the Low Tatras – between sedlo (sedlo = saddle/pass) Čertovica at 1232m in the east and sedlo Zámostskej hole (the Pass of Zámostská hoľa) at 1591m in the west, south of the historic mining hamlet of Magurka – the parts of the side ridges running north from it which are, like it, formed of crystalline rocks (mainly granite and gneiss) and the long lateral ridges running south from it. There are about fifteen summits there which beat the highpoints of the other parts in elevation. The main ridge rises well above the treeline and features post-glacial cirques and a couple of tiny tarns. 
    Morning view of the Low Tatras
    Photo by Tomek Lodowy
  • The SW quarter, Prašivá Group, named after its most imposing massif, whose highest summit is Veľká Chochuľa at 1753m, extends west from the Ďumbier group. Less than four kilometres away from Zámostská hoľa Pass the main ridge, pushed southwards by the Lúžňa Basin, angles south-west to carry on in this direction as far as Hiadeľské sedlo at 1099m, beyond which lies the range of Starohorské vrchy.
    Nízke Tatry from Zvolen
    Photo by Konrad Sus
  • Salatín at 1630m, with 530m of prominence, is the grandest mountain in the NW quarter, i.e. the Salatín Group, separated from most of the Prašivá Group by the Lúžňa Basin. The domination of Salatín in its group is undisputed. It is the only summit in the group that rises above the natural treeline, but it has more assets than that – please see its SP page. The second highest mountain in the group, Tlstá at 1555m, is much more mundane and there is no waymarked trail to its summit. Most of the trails in the Salatín Group lead to Salatín. The group is believed to extend east as far as the Krížska dolina, which is the valley of Palúdžanka brook. The eastern chunk of the group, between the valleys of Ľupčianka and Palúdžanka, which logically should be classified as part of the NE quarter of the Ďumbierske Tatry as it is adjacent to the SE quarter, lies outside the national park and is hardly ever visited by hikers – it is the land of hunters, woodcutters and bears.
    Salatín massif (1630m)
    Photo by LukZem
  • The NE quarter is known as the Demänovské vrchy (vrch = peak). It is full of karst landforms, of which the most famous is the largest cave in the Demänovská Valley, Demänovská jaskyňa slobody. The highest summit is Krakova hoľa at 1752m.
    View from E side of Poludnica

Interesting Summits

Since the area of the Ďumbierske Tatry is vast, with plenty of summits, it made me think hard which of the summits are the most attractive and why. When I had made a list of summits which seemed the most interesting to me, I asked myself what traits made them more attractive than others. The answer was the following three factors: elevation, ‘boldness’ and topographic isolation. One more thing I have done, which I suppose most of you will find weird while my mathematical mind found it fun, was look for a formula (containing the three variables) that would result in a top ten list similar to my intuitive choices but a little more objective. The result of that trial and error search is the following table. Apart from the usual problem what weight should be applied to each criterion, the main issue was how to measure the ‘boldness’ of a summit. I couldn’t think of anything better than prominence, and the first thing I did was rule out summits whose prominence is less than a hundred metres.

The peaks in the table (with prominence of >100m) were ranked by my own, specially developed for this area, following formula: Elevation (in metres) + Prominence (in metres) + Topographic Isolation (in km) multiplied by 50

Summit Photo Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Isolation (km) Rank Pts (E+P+I*50) Location/Remarks
Ďumbier From Krakova Hoľa
2046 1176 27.04 4574 Ďumbier Group (SE), main ridge - see the mountain page for more info
Veľká Chochuľa
Summit of Veľká Chochuľa from S
1753 277 11.1 2585 Prašivá Group (SW), main ridge
Chopok from Poľana
2024 268 3.8 2482 Ďumbier Group (SE), main ridge, 4km west of Ďumbier; cable cars and ski lifts plus a mountain hut near the summit - see the mountain page for more info
1630 530 6.2 2470 Salatín Group (NW) - see the mountain page for more info
Skalka W face
1980 205 4.05 2388 Ďumbier Group (SE), south of main ridge (1km south of Kotliská which sits 9km west of Ďumbier)
Krakova hoľa
Krakova Hoľa from Green Trail
1752 273 4.1 2230 Demänovské vrchy (NE) - see the mountain page for more info
Chabenec from WSW
1955 115 2.3 2185 Ďumbier Group (SE), main ridge, 10.5km west of Ďumbier
Poludnica from SSW
1549 419 3.3 2133 Demänovské vrchy (NE), towers over Liptov Basin - see the mountain page for more info
Ohnište-Slemä Massif
1538 409 3 2097 Demänovské vrchy (NE), large rock arch near the summit - see the mountain page for more info
Rovná hoľa
Looking South-East
1723 218 2.9 2086 Ďumbier Group (SE), north of main ridge, 5km east of Ďumbier; aptly named Flat Pasture


And here is a list of the eight highest summits including those with a prominence of 30 to 100m (in italics):

  • Ďumbier 2046m, Štiavnica 2025m (over 30m of prominence), Chopok 2024m, Dereše 2004m (72m of prominence)
  • Skalka 1980m, Chabenec 1955m, Kotliská 1937m (72m of prominence), Zákľuky 1915m (78m of prominence)

Štiavnica is part of the Ďumbier massif, located in a nature reserve east of the main summit, away from the waymarked trail. Dereše sits on the main ridge nearly 1.5km west of Chopok. Kotliská lies farther west, about 6.5-km walk from Chopok. Zákľuky is the highpoint of a lateral ridge which forms the western border of the Demänovská Valley.

Dereše from the East
Zákľuky from SW
Å tiavnica from main summit
Kotliská from the West

Some of the peaks haven’t been mentioned yet although they do stand out of their surroundings (and were not far from qualifying into the top ten). These are Besná/Králička at 1807m (nearly 100m of prominence) sitting on the main ridge between Ďumbier and Čertovica Pass, Veľký Gapeľ at 1776m (over 100 of prominence) south of Ďumbier (away from the waymarked trail), Siná at 1560m (250m of prominence) in the Demänovské vrchy and Latiborská hoľa at 1648m (over 100m of prominence) on the main ridge near the west end of the Prašivá Group.

Veľký Gápeľ
Veľký Gapeľ
Latiborská hoľa W side
Latiborská hoľa


paper/waterproof map: 1:50 000 by Compass
online map on hiking.sk

Red Tape, Camping & Warnings

  • Disappearing trail
    Most of the Lower Tatra Mountains is protected as a national park (NAPANT).
  • You are supposed to stick to the waymarked trails.
  • Within the national park camping is only allowed in designated places, namely at Hiadeľské Pass, by Ďurková Hut, at Čertovica Pass and in the settlement of Magurka 'by 'Chata na Panskej lúke'.
  • In recent years there have been several bear attacks on people. Most resulted in serious injuries. In June 2021 a local man was killed by a bear outside the village of Liptovská Lúžna: Bears
  • In Slovakia those who do not carry commercial insurance have to pay for any rescue services rendered by Mountain Rescue Service (HZS).

Chamois near Kotliská 3
Chamois near Kotliská 1
Chamois near Kotliská 2

Getting There & Accommodation

Ružomberok train station
Above Liptovský Ján

To the north of the area lies the Liptov Basin with the towns of Ružomberok and Liptovský Mikuláš, a motorway (E50) and a major train line (one of the oldest railway lines in Europe, with several Intercity and fast trains a day). Similarly, National Road 66 and a railway line run along the south fringe of the Ďumbierske Tatry linking the towns of Banská Bystrica and Brezno. Along the eastern border of the area, including Čertovica Pass, runs NR 72. Access from the west is provided by NR 59. By car you can also get very near the summit of Chopok, either from the north (up the Demänovská Valley) or from the south. (From where the roads end you can travel to the summit by cable car.) The other local roads will not take you far into the mountains, except for the one connecting the villages of Liptovská Lúžna and Partizánska Ľupča, which can bring you near Salatín and from which a side road will take you to the settlement of Magurka, on the boundary between the Prašivá and Ďumbier groups, just about 2km away from the main ridge.

Early morning light on Chata Ďurková
View from Králička
Borová Sihoť Campsite

Mountain Conditions

The meteo station on Chopok
Weather station on Chopok - by dmiki
West of Kumštové Saddle



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Nízke TatryAreas & Ranges