The crater of Volcan de la Corona
With 605m height Volcan de la Corona
is one of the highest volcanoes on Lanzarote
, the northern- and easternmost island of the Islas Canarias
. It dominates the northern part of the island in more than one way. From wherever you approach, your eyes will be drawn to this perfectly shaped volcano cone.
About 5000 years ago, when Volcan de la Corona
erupted together with its four neighbours La Quemada de Maguez
, Los Helechos
, La Cerca
and La Quemada de Orzola
things were utterly different. At that time only the long cliff of Risco de Famara
existed, itself a small, long stretched island 90km off the coast of Africa. The four volcanoes erupted along a rift in the ground, perfectly aligned along a straight line running from the south-east to the north-west. Together (but mostly Volcan de la Corona) they emitted so much lava that the surface of the island nearly doubled over the years. Later, more volcanoes erupted further south, finally covering all the space between the Famara Island
in the north and the Ajaches Island
in the south. Thus, the island of Lanzarote
Volcan de la Corona
easily is the highest of the five volcanoes, even in the centre of its crater it reaches an elevation close to the taller ones of its neighbours. Its crater - like for most of the Lanzarotenian volcanoes - is open to the north-west. But unlike any other volcano on the island its rim and interior look still pretty wild. During the long eruption Volcan de la Corona
emitted incredible amounts of material. The ashes where blown south-eastward, creating wide plains, which today are used for farming. Its lavas, however, flowed eastward and created what today is called the Malpais de la Corona
. In this huge area even today barely anything grows. Malpais means "bad country" and if you venture inside you soon understand why. The lava is brittle and breaks easily beneath your step and - to make matters worse - the flowing lava created vast tunnel systems, the roofs of which are ready to crumble at any time.
These tunnels - or rather two of them - are among the most popular tourist attractions on the island. The late Lanzarotenian artist Cesar Manrique
developped Jameos del Agua
into a kind of museum near the coast while the many storey Cuevas de los Verdes
mostly remain in their natural state. Both are visited daily by many busloads of tourists.
itself remains rather solitary. It can be reached from the hamlet Ye
by a path which runs through the vineyards on its northern slopes. The path ends at the northern crater rim, from where some tracks lead into the impressive interior of the crater. Down there you are surrounded by near-vertical walls which shimmer in many reddish colours. Another path leads to a lookout spot on and beyond the eastern rim but ends there. Climbing the chasm towards the summit is not recommendable. The western outside part of the crater can be climbed but be sure that nobody observes you. Access to this part of the mountain is strictly prohibited, thanks to the statutes of the Parque Natural de la Corona
which protects the whole area. After climbing the steep slabs in the west of the crater the final stage takes you along the extremely (i.e. overhanging) exposed ridge to the summit.
The crater up close
Volcan de la Corona's crater seen from the north-east
Archipelago Chinijo, Risco de Famara and Volcan de la Corona
Though there are ferries from the Spanish mainland to the Canary Islands, they take more than 24h for the trip. Therefore most visitors therefore go by plane. Every travel agency in Europe offers flights, hotel rooms, apartments, rental cars etc. so that reaching the Canaries is rather a matter of money than opportunity. During the summer season flight fares can be reasonable but during the Easter and Christmas holidays you have to be prepared for additional fees of 500€ per person.
has its own airport between the capital Arrecife
and one of the main tourist centres, Puerto del Carmen
. There are public bus lines but – like on all the islands – they don't run too regularly. If you plan to stay on your own, better take a rental car right at the airport.
Volcan de la Corona
can be most easily reached from the hamlet Ye
, close to Mirador del Rio
on Risco de Famara
. The northern slopes of the mountain are covered with fields, in most of which vine is grown.
- From Arrecife take LZ1 through Tahiche to Arrieta.
- Take LZ201 north heading towards the crater of Volcan de la Corona
- Pass the volcano on its eastern side until you reach a crossing right at the entrance to Ye.
- Park the car in front of the little church
Argyranthemum maderense in front of Volcan de la Corona
Volcan de la Corona
and much of the northern tip of Lanzarote
belong to the Parque Natural de la Corona
. It was created to protect the huge Maplais de la Corona
. Farming is allowed in the park but there are only few places where anything can be grown. The northern slopes of Volcan de la Corona are among them and you have to pass several vineyards to get to the base of the mountain. Don't trespass, rather stay on the tracks. This can be difficult at times.
As for holiday homes, hotels or apartments either consult your nearest travel office, or – search for lodgings on Google. There are several sites on the web, dedicated to rent privately owned houses or apartments. Prices are generally a bit less expensive than for tour operators but you don't have as much security.
Volcanoes above the morning fog
Lanzarote is usually swept by fierce north-western trade winds. Though they deposit their humidity on almost all of the other Canary Islands, Lanzarote is simply too low to form a decent obstacle. Therefore the climate is very arid.
For some time of the year, eastern winds prevail, which almost always carry clouds of Sahara dust with them. Usually this means reduced visibility but in some occasions "Calima" occurs. Fierce storms take up the dust from the Sahara and sweep it across the islands. In these times visibility is nil and sometimes even the planes are grounded.
Maps & Books
Kompass Map WK241
Kompass is the only company known to me which offers GPS digital Maps. In addition for those of you with Garmin GPS receivers there is a map source map set of all Canary islands out there.
- Islas Canarias
Map Source custom map
By Manfred Pepper
My recommendation is a guidebook by Rother Verlag, available in German. The book is an excellent hiking guide covering all the interesting areas of the island. Since it comes with small maps for each excursion it might even be used without a map to support them.