|Ojos del Salado 6887m Argentina/Chile |
An active stratovolcano which sometimes shows activity (fumaroles). Also there was an unconfirmed minor gas and ash eruption in 1993. Last known eruption 700 AD ±300 years.
First Ascent: Justyn Wojsznis and Jan Szczepanski 1937.
Ojos del Salado is the highest volcano on earth. It's located right at the Argentinian/Chilean border and it can be climbed from both countries. The approach is longer and much harder on the Argentinian side, but you don't have to deal with some semi-technical climbing, which can be a problem for unexperienced climbers trying out the Chilean option. There's no peak fee on the Argentinian side, but there's on the Chilean.
More information - Go to Ojos del Salado's main page!
|A detailed map of Ojos del Salado.|
The five highest volcanoes in South America.
|Vulkan/Ka-er-daxi, in Ashi Shan, 5810m China|
First Ascent: Most probably unclimbed.
Ka-er-daxi or Vulkan is very obscure volcano in the heart of the Kunlun Shan on the Tibetan High Plateau in China. I don't know anything about the peak and no one seems to either. Location: 35°30'33"/80°11'06".
For much more information - Go to Vulkan's main page!
The only info I have found.
Here and here.
|Google Earth image of the volcano and the surrounding area.|
Recent information, handed over by some Chinese friends indicates there are some even higher volcanoes in China. More about this soon, if it can be confirmed these peaks are of volcanic origin.
The five highest volcanoes in Asia.
|Kilimanjaro 5895m Tanzania|
A dormant stratovolcano.
First Ascent: H. Meyer and L. Purtscheller 1889.
Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania, close to the Kenyan border. It's a lone volcano with great prominence. It attracts lots of climbers every year and is considered an easy non-technical climb. High park fees and tough regulations makes it a moderately expensive venture.
For much more information - Go to Kilimnajaro's main page!
|A detailed map of the Kilimanjaro area.|
The five highest volcanoes in Africa.
|Elbrus 5642m Russia|
Stratovolcano, active, solfataric. Last known eruption about 50 AD.
First Ascent - East Peak: D. W. Freshfield, C. C. Tucker, A. W. Moore and F. Devouassoud 1868.
First Ascent - West Peak: F. Gardiner, F. Crauford Grove, H. Walker and P. Knubel 1874.
Elbrus is a snowcovered peak in the Caucasus. Low temperatures and sudden weather changes can cause problems for climbers, but apart from that, it's regarded as an easy climb. There's a small conservation fee to paid upon arrivel.
For much more information - Go to Elbrus's main page!
|A map of the Elbrus area.|
The five highest volcanoes in Europe.
|Pico de Orizaba 5611m Mexico |
An active stratovolcano which had its last eruption 1687.
First Ascent: Henri Galeotti, Nicolas Funck, Jean-Jules Linden and Augusto Ghiesbreght in 1838.
The peak is located in central Mexico and rises high above the surrounding area. It's located quite near Mexico City and access is easy. There are no fees or red tape. The peak is an easy target for the experienced mountaineer, but a hard trek for the normal hiker.
More information - Go to Pico de Orizaba's main page!
|A detailed map of the Orizaba area.|
The five highest volcanoes in North America.
|Giluwe 4368m Papua New Guinea|
A very old and highly eroded volcano. Last eruption probably about 30 000 - 40 000 years ago.
First Ascent: Unknown.
This hard to reach volcano is located in the central highlands of Papua New Guinea. Days of travel on bad roads is required, but the climb itself is straight forward and easy. No peak fees or permits.
No further information on Summitpost, nor anywhere else on the Web.
The only reference I have is Michael Kelsey's book about volcanoes.
|A map of the route on Giluwe. |
The five highest volcanoes in Oceania.
|Mount Sidley 4181m (Marie Byrd Land) |
Dissected shield volcano with caldera. Dormant, probably extinct.
First Ascent: Unknown.
Mount Sidley is very hard to reach and an expensive flight is the only option, unless you want to try out an over 500km long walk from the sea. High costs in terms of insurances and other fees are also to be taken into account. The climb itself is regarded as easy, though potentially very cold.
For much more information - Go to Sidley's main page!
|A map of the Sidley area.|
The five highest volcanoes in Antarctica.