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Using the
Graduated Density (GD) Filter to Control Lighting in Outdoor Photography Using the Graduated Density (GD) Filter to Control Lighting in Outdoor Photography  by Mark Doiron

One of the most common situations that the outdoor photographer runs into is variance in lighting that exceeds the dynamic range of the film or sensor (think of dynamic range as the ability of the film or sensor to capture both the lighter and darker elements of the picture). Often you’re in the situation where you feel that you have to give up one part of the photograph or another. This is especially true in situations where the sky is much brighter than the land, or where strong shadows exist within parts of the photo. And, with the popularization of digital cameras, this is even more critical, since digital cameras are generally considered to have about one f-stop less of dynamic range than film (making this a strong plus for the continued use of film in certain situations). A very noticeable symptom of this loss of dynamic range for the outdoor digital photographer is the loss of delicate texturing in clouds, giving them a “cartoonish” look. But, regardless of whether you shoot film or digital, the GD filter offers you the opportunity to better control certain lighting challenges.

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SummitPost Resource Central SummitPost Resource Central  by Saintgrizzly

This page is and will be a continual work in progress. Resources and references will be added routinely. This page is designed to address common writing mistakes seen on SP regarding posts in the forum or in contribution of various page objects. This page also serves as a "link hub" to many of SP's excellent "how to" resources. Please add any suggestions in the COMMENTS section and we’ll incorporate them into the page content periodically (and erase the comment suggestion once that is done).

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Cold Weather Test for Water
Bottles Cold Weather Test for Water Bottles  by Scott

Staying hydrated in the winter is very important. It is hard to drink frozen water! Here is a simple test of waterbottle done to simulate typical conditions in Colorado.

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To a
Climber unknown To a Climber unknown  by Gabriele Roth

I started to climb in the summer 1963, easy mountains ... After that holiday, while speaking with one of my childood friends (two years older) I told him about my new "keennes" : so I heard that he was a rock climber (one day he showed me the loft of his house: in the wooden beams he had driven some pitons so that he could train in aided climb along long "overhangs") Some months later he dropped from the summit of the Sigaro (one of the Grignetta's spires) dying (his name was Lucio and many years later I set up a rock climbing school named to him). But this is another story ...

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Climbing and Hiking in
France Climbing and Hiking in France  by Andino

From time to time, I see in forums, people asking about what to do in France. The first thing they mention is usually Mont-Blanc and French Alps. It is undoubtedly the most impressive part of our mountains. But France do have other sites in terms of hiking and climbing. This article will provide you with highlights of what you can do. Of course there is much more than what is listed here, but the idea is to give an overview, as many SP pages about French areas and mountains already give complete information.

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Report of
Mountaineering Expeditions Visited Pakistan During 2006 Report of Mountaineering Expeditions Visited Pakistan During 2006  by Karrar Haidri

In 2006 a total number of 91 applications were received for grant of Permission to climb various peaks in Pakistan. Out of which 78 applicants were granted permission to climb respective Peaks of their choice including 10 applicants who were granted permission to climb 02 peaks each, whereas 10 expeditions could not be granted permission to climb peaks situated in Hindu Kush Range being too close to troubled Afghanistan border and peaks situated close to war zone Siachen Glacier, 03 expeditions withdrew their applications. Out of 88 expeditions attempting 22 peaks, 40 expeditions have succeeded in putting 199 climbers on the summit of 08 Peaks. A brief resume of successful climbs on various peaks is given here:

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Terms of Mountain
Dictionary Terms of Mountain Dictionary  by nikolai79

These are the first steps of the idea some summiposter we have some weeks ago: make a list of useful mountain terms in some languges. I have just added some of the terms I think It must be included.

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Too stupid to be scared? Too stupid to be scared?  by Nigel Lewis

In March 1992, I was lucky enough to spend a couple of weeks in Sierra Leone, a country in West Africa that most people had never heard of at that time. It's situated a couple of countries South of the Gambia, just before the big Western bulge of Africa starts to level out toward Ghana, and is between 5 and 9 degrees North of the equator. Then, it had a population of around 5 million, in a country about the size of Scotland. Amongst the many indigenous languages, some people speak English or Krio, a sort of Pidgin English. As a nation, it started to exist around the late 1780s when freed slaves from America and the UK bolstered the local population, and it became a Crown Colony on 1st January 1808. It was granted independence from Britain on 26th April 1961. I don't know what I said or did, but six weeks after I left, there was a fairly popular revolution, which overthrew the Government of Major General Momoh, who had been the stable but corrupt leader of the party that had ruled for around 30 years!

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Pierre Mazeaud Pierre Mazeaud  by Bor

Pierre Mazeaud was born on 24th of August, 1929 in Lyon, in France. He was studying law in Pariz and had a doctorate in law from the University of Paris. Later he became a professor on the univesity. From 1961 to 1964, he was a member of the judiciary. In the 1973 he got subordinate governmental positions regarding sports. In 1976, he became a counsellor in the Conseil d'État, a position from which he retired in 1995. In February 2004, he was appointed president of the Constitutional Council of France by president Jacques Chirac, till February 2007. He had been a member of the council since February 1998. He is a politician and it is interesting how he found free time for climbing. In his famous book Montagne pour un homme nu (A mountain for a naked human) he described how he was driving thousand times from Pariz to Chamonix and all over the Alps for climbing. In the late hours of Friday he went from Pariz, he started climbing in Chamonix till Sunday evening and then he drove back to Pariz because he had a job on Monday morning.

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Walter Bonatti Walter Bonatti  by Bor

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