While in the valleys around the mountain the remains of human civilisation were found even as old as from Ancient Roman times, the records of Monte San Simeone date back to the 13th century, when for the first time the church on its high plateau was mentioned. At that time and in the immediately following centuries it was more important than today. The church was several times renovated, the last time in 1976 when it was completely destroyed by an earthquake. The church stands on a not so small plateau which is stretching south of the summit. On the plateau there are nice meadows with several weekend huts, but a part of the plateau is also forrested. The summit is only some 300 meters above the plateau.
A very special feature is the access road on Monte San Simeone. It is narrow, but asphalted and well maintained. It ascends from the S-SE. In many hairpin curves it goes up over very steep and rocky slopes. The road is mostly wide enough only for one car, but on enough places it is broadened to avoid if you meet another car. This road and a nice panorama from the plateau are the reasons that Monte San Simeone is also very popular with bikers. From Bordano they do more than 1000 meters of altitude in ascent and then return by the same road.
The historical part of the fame goes partially back to the times of World War I and partially back in 1976. During the WW1 Italians had strongholds on the mountain. The most famous one was on Monte Festa, 1065 m, W-NW of the main summit. When Austro-Hungarian army invaded Furlania in 1917, this stronghold kept heroically. The military road to the stronghold is nowadays closed for public traffic, but the point is reachable on foot, by the road or by a marked path No. 838a, coming from the summit plateau of Monte San Simeone. The second historic fact was the strong earthquake in 1976. It had its epicenter just below Monte San Simeone. The neighbouring towns were all destroyed. Very fascinating is for example the story how Venzone was rebuilt after the quake. Today it is one of the most beautiful towns of Furlania, its medieval character was much restored.
Summit PanoramaFrom the clearing on the summit of Monte San Simeone you will enjoy mostly the view on the neighbouring mountain characters: Monte Chiampon / Veliki Karman, Plauris/Lopič and Monte Amariana. Very interesting is of course also the view on other summits of Carnic and Julian Alps and down towards the plane of Furlania.
Bordano lies just south of the mountain, west of Tagliamento river. If you're coming by the highway Udine-Tarvisio, the exit is near Gemona. You cross Tagliamento by a stone bridge near Braulins and drive northwards to Bordano. The second bridge across Tagliamento is opposite Venzone. It brings you to Pioverno from where you drive southwards to Bordano. The other option is to exit the highway near Amaro, NW of Monte San Simeone. From there you drive to Cavazzo Carnico and southwards by the lake of Cavazzo to Interneppo.
Between Bordano and Interneppo is a low saddle where from the main road the mountain road deters northwards. Soon there's a branching on it, the left branch towards Monte Festa is closed, so you drive by the right branch on Monte San Simeone.
The high plateau can be also reached by a marked path from the west, from Pioverno, 270 m. The path must be quite steep and demanding on some places (please post information if you've done the route).
From the plateau of San Simeone, on some 1200 m, you continue by the forrest road towards the NE until on some 1220 m towards the N a well marked mountain path deters. It goes up the steadilly inclinated slope, allways through a nice beech forrest. The clearing is only on the very top where you will find also some telecommunication devices. 45 minutes from the plateau, easy hike up.
Maps: Tabacco No. 020. Prealpi Carniche e Giulie del Gemonese. 1:25000.