, ricco di Flora e di Fauna. I suoi valloni sono d'una bellezza selvaggia unica e terminano nella parte superiore con il Vallone dei Laghi, confinante a Sud con la Valle di Champorcher ed ad Ovest con il Vallone di Savoney, ramo secondario di quello di Fénis-Clavalité-Alta Comba Tersiva.
The vallons that characterize this long area of triangular shape, which is a large Appendix North of Gran Paradiso, are all fascinating for the roughness of their Nature
. It extends from the Municipalities of Aymavilles, at the Valley of Cogne, in the West up to that of Pontey with its beautiful Castle of Ussel, recently renovated and deserves a visit (in front of we, beyond the Dora, the Municipalities of Châtillon Saint Vincent and the foot of Mount Zerbion); interested progressively down towards East the Communs of Jovençan, Gressan (with the above renowned Pila Basin), Charvensod, Pollein, Grand Brissogne
Municipalities, Saint Marcel and Fénis up to Pontey. On the opposite side is bounded by the Municipalities of Cogne, Champorcher and Pont Bozet, all in the Southern slopes of this great area. These last two valleys in reality, for the length of their development, can be considered the valleys themselves, with that Fénis that doubles over his half in the great Valley of Savoney, located between the Mount Rafray and Mount Glacier.
Here we will discuss only those addressed to Dora
, or to the North, they descend perpendicularly towards the same with the characteristic of the river valleys, that is embedded deep between the walls cut by water over thousands of years. Only the Pila Basin has a look of great glacial valley, witnessed by Hill morainic (lateral moraine of an ancient glacier that much of the "Giant Gargantuà" in popular legend) just above and between the little Town of Gressan. In equal manner to the obvious terracing of the Ancient Glacier Balteo flowing, high over a mile over the floor valley, from Mount Blanc to the gates of the City of Ivrea. These clearly mark the withdrawal of the same, as then highlights the great left lateral moraine called "The Serra" which is just a Northwest of this little town with a series of small lakes that signal and draw with precision the retreat of the ice. Withdrawal also occurred for all these vallons, where now there remain only the pitiful remains, now in permafrost, glaciers of tiny highlight of which now only the two of Walloon of Arpisson, under the North Wall of Emilius, to Leppe in the Valley of the laures below the top and the hill of the same name and that of Tersiva in the Valley Fénis-Clavalité-High Comba Tersiva at the foot of the Tersiva North-northeast Face of the same. The rest have all been "burned" by the sun, by time and by rising temperarure, as they have been worn out these highly ancient rocks, very rich in minerals and therefore mines. Area with large number of lakes, including the Great Lake, the largest in Aosta Valley in the Upper Valley of the Lakes Champdepreaz above, but more specifically for this area of the Lakes Chamolé, Gelato and two of Arbolle, Comboé, Laures, Layet, Lavodilec and Margheron. Present the Nature Hunting Reserve of the Marquis Turati (former Reserve Baron Beck Peckoz)
in the small Valley of Saint Marcel, a testimony of a Flora and Fauna of a rich, but always dangerous balance in recent centuries. We like to see the image of these old miners, now that the mines were all closed, intent on dragging downstream with mules their work, even in the cold winters with their big sleds or "Ludzes". Suggestive instead the image of the perpetual struggle between the Rangers and Poachers that until not long ago, many, "beat" the small Valley.
More specifically, though, in this area we turn to the two parallel small Valleys coming down from the Point Tersiva towards Baltea Stream or Middle Valley.
"On the high Fénis-Clavalité Valley with Eastern Great Avert Vallon",
VALLEYS & VALLONS
In order to deploy clockwise from Fénis/Saint Marcel/Grand Brissogne/Pollein/Charvensod/Gressan/Jovençan to Aymavilles Municipalities
Fénis-Clavalité-High Comba Tersiva Valley
Fénis-Clavalité-Savoney small Valleys: from Fénis-Barche (607m), Arbussayes, La Cerise, Le Plan-Mayen (989m), Le Leffrey (1074m), La Servettaz (1107m), Lovignanaz (1169m), by dirt road without permession; from this Les Fontaines (1281m), in Southeast Petite Bella Lana Alp (2256m) to Ballalanaz Pass (2501m) to Point Charmontane (2683m), through and under easy South Crest. From Les Fontaines in South Margheron or Marqueron (1442m), Robbio also Robiaz (1512m), Chez-Boz (1508m), les Maisonnasses (1534m) Pastures; from this in Southeast La Grande Ballalanaz Alp (2334m) to Raye Chevrère Hill (2703m), with path. From Maisonnasses in South Maison Blanche (1526m), Bioley (1527m), Chardonney (1531m) Pastures; from this in Southeast Le Crin (1587m), Les Bayettes (1642m), L'Orgère (1747m), Savoney (2138m) Alpages to Marguerite and Mé(d)zove or Margueron Lochs (2376m), with path. From Lake in Southeast Medzove Hill (2613m) to Lakes-Champdepraz small Valley, with various paths.
Clavalité-High Comba Tersiva small Valleys: from Chardonney in South La Coutà, Celey (1570m), Coujeic, Beneyte (1733m), Le Bayet (1918m), Meney (1949m) to Grand Alpe (2129m) Pastures, with dirt road-path. From fork, immediately before in East, Etsely or Echellier Low (2097m), Upper also Tramouaille (2437m) to Etsely Pass (2812m) and descent to Savoney small Valley, with path. From Grand Alpe: 1)- in East-southeast Tramouaille de Cuneux (2509m) to Fussy Pass (2911m), between Mounts Glacier (3186m) and Delà (3139m), with path; 2)- in South-southeast Moussaillon Loch, Pass (2847m) to Dondena small Valley in Champorcher Valley, with paths. 3)- In South on High Comba Tersiva Fénis Hill (2833m) to Pontonnet small Valley, with paths. Connection in West with Pontonnet Hill (2898m), descent in Urtier small Valley-Cogne Valley, with paths.
Pieiller small Valley: from Fénis-Le Perron (582m) Hamlet, Champlan, Crou de Ban (926m), Le Pieiller de Sermoz (1075m), Maison Longue (1112m), Le Plany (1174m), Le Pieiller (1230m) little Villages, alternative on hairpin road (about 1200m) to Le Coteau (1234m) Village, with municipal road or path from valley floor; from this: 1)- in Northeast Mount Saint Julien (1384m), Saint Grat Sanctuary and, through short descent, Saint Julien Hermitage, with path. 2)- From Le Pieiller road continuation in Southeast to La Morgnettaz (1245m), Champremier (1833m) Villages and connection with Les Druges Comba, at the entrance of Saint Marcel small Valley; 3)- or the same connection but with path, starting from The Morgnettaz, passes through the small Villages of Porteron (1368m; sledge run Combasse), Malplanet (1495m), Les Druges Low and High (1567m).
Saint Marcel Valley
Mounts Corquet-Roux small Valley: from Upper Les Druges (1657m) in South Fontaine Froide (1810m), Bren (1961m), Praz Premier (2011m) Alpages. From this 1)- in Southeast descent to Robioz in Fénis small Valley, with paths; 2)- in Southwest to Crotey Pass (2486m) to Saint Marcel small Valley, with paths. 3)- In West Corquet old Alp (2124m); from alp 4)- in South Mount Corquet (2527m), easily with path. 5)- And yet true West to Mount Roux (2277m) with its rich Chuc-Servette Mines of iron and copper, through uncertain path often covered with rhododendrons.
Crotey small Valley: from Les Druges, Pouria Pasture (1586m), Vargney Alp, Chuc-Servette Old Mines (1810m), Etéley Alp (1741m), through dirt road; fork 1836 metres, near Praborna manganese mine (1891m) and after Etéley (1750m) in East to Lavanché Alp (2071m) and in Northeast to Crotey Pass (2486m); from this in North Mount Corquet, through paths. In Southwest hunters Col de Belfrond (2598m), on easy ridge.
Plan Rué mini Valley: from Plan Rué Alp (2103m) on Saint Marcel farms dirt road in East to Belfrond Pass, with traces on grassy slope, earthly couloirs and easy rock bands, and from this in South to Plan Rué Point (2883m), through traces and easy small rocks on North-northeast Crest.
Terre Bleue small Valley: from Etéley, Mulac-Saint Louis Hunting House (1937m), Plan Rué Pastures (2100m, 2129m), Plan d'Emonin Alp (2205m), Layet Alp (2233m) and Lake to Grande Chaux Hunting House and old Alp (2370m; ruines), through farms dirt road, in East-southeast to Terre Bleue Pass (2827m) and from this: 1)-in Northeast Grand Avert (2991m), without path, small traces and easy rocks on Southwest Crest (I°+, one passage of II°-, exposed to Southeast; snowy rope required); 2)- in South traverse to Little Avert (2947m), through easy North Crest.
Avert-Lavodilec small Valleys: from alternative 2320 metres before Grande Chaux Hunting House in Southeast to Petite Chaux Pasture (2419m) in East, with dirt road, and through moraine: 1)- Grand Avert Pass (2828m), between Grande Crete also Devil's Crest and Grand Avert; from this Grand Avert, through easy (I°) North Crest, with snow rope required; 2)- to Southeast in long crossing Lavodilec Hill (2863m), with path.
Fenetre small Valley: from Grande Chaux in Southwest alternative 2601 metres and 1)- in East-southeast Lavodilec Hill, with path; from this in North to Little Avert (2947m), through debris on Southwest Slope and easy rock band in final part; 2)- in West-northwest Saint Marcel also Corona's Hill (2913m; precious stone "Ollare" blue), with path, in South easy traverse to Laval Points (3091m, 3099m), Gianni Vert (3150m) Points, with traces.
Grand Vallon: from Grande Chaux or from fork 2601 metres in West to Vallonet Pass (3062m), Mount Vallonet (3101m), with small path-traces.
Petit Vallon: from Grande Chaux to West-northwest Grande Chaux Alp (2391m), Leppe Pass (3110m), with path, small path and traces. From this 1)- in North Ilario Antonio Garzotto Point (3274m), through debris and easy rocks on South Slope; in South Leppe Point, easy Northeast Crest.
Eastern Arpisson deep Valley: from fork 1836 metres on farms dirt road to Mulac (1937m) in Northwest long traverse to Choulet Alp (1821m), small saddle with Cross 1939 metres towards the entrance into walloon, Salé (2209m) Alp, with paths, Bonplan Alp (2374m) to Salé or Grande Roise also Brissogne Pass (3008m), with rare traces, moraine, blocks and small earthy gullies in terminal part, with snow rope required. From this 1)- in North easily to Becca of Salé; 2)-in South Little Roise Northern Antesummit (3270m), Summit (3273/4m), with traces, debris, blocks and small rocks in final part (one passage of II°-/II° on Carving said "Pas du Baton", between the both; rope required), at the beginning of Grande Roise Range.
"Plan Rué Point from Mount Corquet, between Fénis and Saint Marcel small Valleys also, better, Valleys",
I valloni caratterizzanti questa lunga area a forma triangolare, che costituisce una grande Appendice Settentrionale del Gran Paradiso, son tutti affascinanti per la ruvidità della loro Natura
</b >. Essa s'estende dal Comune di Aymavilles, all'imbocco della Valle di Cogne, ad Ovest fino a quello di Pontey con il suo bel Castello di Ussel, da poco tempo ristrutturato e meritevole di visita (di fronte abbiamo, al di là della Dora, i Comuni di Châtillon e Saint Vincent ai piedi del Monte Zerbion); scendendo verso Est interessa progressivamente i Comuni di Jovençan, Gressan (con la soprastante rinomata Conca di Pila), Charvensod, Pollein, Grand Brissogne, Saint Marcel e Fénis fino a raggiungere Pontey. Sul versante opposto viene delimitata dai Comuni di Cogne, Champorcher e Pont Bozet, tutti a Meridione di questa grande zona. Questi due ultimi valloni in realtà, per la lunghezza del loro sviluppo, possono essere considerate delle valli vere e proprie, con quella di Fénis che si sdoppia oltre la sua metà nel grande Vallone di Savoney, sito tra i Monti Rafray e Glacier.
Qui tratteremo soltanto di quelli rivolti alla Dora
, ovvero a Nord; essi scendono perpendicolarmente verso la medesima con la caratteristica delle valli fluviali, cioé incassati e profondi tra versanti tagliati dalle acque nei millenni. Soltanto la Conca di Pila ha aspetto di grande valle glaciale, testimoniato dalla Collina morenica (morena laterale di un antichissimo ghiacciaio detta del "Gigante Gargantuà" nella leggenda popolare) appena al di sopra e tra l'abitato di Gressan. In altrettanta maniera per gli evidenti terrazzamenti dell'Antico Ghiacciaio Balteo che scorreva, alto oltre un Kilometro sul fondovalle, dal Monte Bianco fino alle porte della Città di Ivrea. Questi segnano con netta demarcazione il ritirarsi del medesimo, come poi evidenzia la grande morena laterale sinistra detta "La Serra" sita subito a Nordovest di questa cittadina con tutt'una serie di laghetti segnalanti e disegnanti con precisione il ritiro dei ghiacci. Lo stesso avvenuto anche per tutti questi valloni, ove ormai permangono solamente i miseri resti, ormai in permafrost, di minuscoli ghiacciai dei quali s'evidenziano ormai soltanto i due del Vallone dell'Arpisson, sotto la Parete Nord dell'Emilius, quello di Leppe nel Vallone delle Laures al di sotto d'omonima punta e colle e quello della Tersiva nel Vallone di Fénis-Clavalité-Alta Comba Tersiva ai piedi della Parete Nord-nordest della medesima. I restanti son stati tutti "bruciati" dal sole, dal tempo e dall'innalzamento delle temperarure; sì come sono state logorate queste antichissime rocce, alquanto ricche di minerali e quindi di miniere. Area con notevole numero di laghi, tra i quali il Gran Lago, il più grande in Valle di Aosta nell'Alto Vallone dei Laghi sopra Champdepreaz ma, più specificatamente per questa zona, dei Laghi di Chamolé, Gelato ed i due di Arbolle, Comboé, delle Laures, Layet, Lavodilec e Margheron. Presente la Riserva Naturale di Caccia del Marchese Turati (ex Riserva Barone Beck Peckoz)
nel Vallone di Saint Marcel, a testimonianza d'una Flora e di una Fauna ricca, ma sempre in pericoloso equilibrio negli ultimi secoli. Ci piace vedere l'immagine di questi vecchi minatori, ora che le miniere sono state tutte chiuse, intenti a trascinare a valle con i muli il loro lavoro; anche nei freddi inverni con gli slittoni o "Ludzes". Suggestiva invece l'immagine della lotta perpetua tra i Guardiaparco ed i Bracconieri che fino a non molto tempo fa, numerosi, "battevano" i valloni.
Più specificatamente, però, in questo settore ci rivolgiamo ai due Valloni che scendono paralleli dalla Punta Tersiva verso la Dora Baltea e la Media Valle della medesima.
"The important node topography that descends North from Leppe to Roèzes Range marks the watershed between the small Valleys Saint Marcel/Les Laures",
Dora Baltea Central Valley (above Aosta Town & surroundings)
"The high small Valleys of Saint Marcel (left) and Les Laures facing North towards the Dora Baltea",
This area is available right in the middle of Valle d' Aosta and the town from which it takes its name, or the ancient "Augusta Praetoria Salassorum"
by the Praetorian Legions of Rome was once more Cordelia, that is the capital of the Celtic People of Salassians
. Over the same dominate the twin pyramids of Mount Emilius and Becca of Nona who have historical importance in the birth of Alpinism in the Aosta Valley, in fact their first ascents carry respectively the dates of 1823 and 1832, a numbers game also strange because the former is more challenging in the second, but was risen early. As, from the historical side, it is given to know. It is distinguished also with another inconsistency: the Eastern side with the Walloons Laures, Arpisson and Dard has remained intact and wild, while the West with the Pila Basin, with the development of the discipline of skiing after the war and downhill mountain bikes, a few years ago, has taken a decidedly more "mundane". So also for the picturesque and the small Valleys of Comboé Arbolle, after the opening of Federigo Zullo Bivouac at Colle Carrel (1984) and the homonymous Refuge to Arbolle (1998). However, there is no mountaineer who has not visited this area, which has been the godfather of many of them. Maybe because Mount Emilius and its surroundings has always been traditionally a mountain clerical
and a great expression of Christianity Alps.
VALLEYS & small Valleys
In order to deploy clockwise from Grand Brissogne/Pollein/Charvensod/Gressan/Jovençan to Aymavilles Municipalities
From Grand Brissogne to Pollein/Charvensod/Gressan/Jovençan/Aymavilles Municipalities
Les Laures small Valley: from Grand Brissogne (906m), Gremonenche Pasture (1112m), L'Arp 1310m), la Vieille (1629), Le Tramouail Pastures (1795m) to Dessous Laures Lake and Ménabreaz Shelter (2544m, 2546m). From refuge: 1)- in East Salé Pass and Becca (3008m, 3187m), traces, blocks, small rocks in right traverse to pass and easy South Crest; 2)- in Southeast Long Lake (2630m), in South fork 2763 metres and in West Leppe Pass, Point (3110m, 3306m), with path, traces on moraine, snowfields, remains of old Leppe Glacier and easy Northeast Crest. 3)- In North Punta Ilario Antonio Garzotto, debris, easy rocks on South Slope. 4)- From fork in Southwest Upper Lake (2787m), fork 2933 metres, Laures Hill, with path, and Mount (3035m, 3121m), by easy West Crest and descent to Lussert small Valley and three Lochs, with paths. 5)- In West-northwest from fork 2933 Arbolle Pass (3154m), path, final steep earthy gully, and three Punta Rossa (3400m, about 3395m, 3401m), through paths, traces and Northeast Crest, not difficult (F/I°/I°+). 6)- From Dessus Loch (2787m) in West-northwest Iced Lake, Three Capuchins Pass (3242m), with debris and snowfields (requires precaution if frozen), to Mount Emilius (3559m), by paths, debris and traces to East under South-southeast Crest or Standard Route. 7)- In West Peckoz Pass (3042m), Becca of Seneva (3081m), path and easy South-southwest Crest, under the thread to East.
Western Arpisson deep Valley: from Pila main road, hairpin about 950/60 metres with alternative to Low Reverier (1042m), Rongachet bridge up Comboé Torrent and followed Village (1100m), Gorrettaz (1089m) Hamlet, La Barma (1255m) Pasture, Marstsaouchy Meitin, Damon Pastures (1362m, 1410m), Plan Croix Alp (1745m; ruins), Arpisson Low, Upper Alps (1951m, 2010m); from Alp in East 1)- Mount Père Laurent (2625m), with rare traces on Western grassy and steep Slope. 2)- In South Emilius Sources into moraine, Western Arpisson Glacier, Carrel Hill and Federigo Zullo Bivouac (2912m, 2907m). From this 3)- in East Arpisson Glaciers, below Emilius North Wall, to Peckoz Pass, with traces, moraine under glaciers and delicate traverse in final part (snow or ice possibility, in these conditions rope required; but better than the alternative described below). 4)- Before the pass, Testa Blantsette (3140m), through West rocky Slope and easy traverse on ridge in South to Blantsette Carving (3126m): Alternative Route for the traverse to Les Laures small Valley, in descent or with snow through a steep rocky gully with soil; rope required. 5)- Via Ferrata on Northwest Ridge of Mount Emilius, required adequate equipment, technical preparation, training and adaptation to the sense of emptiness; 6)- in Northwest, always from bivouac, Normal Route to Becca of Nona (3142m), with small path and traces on easy Southeast Crest.
Dard-Comboé-Arbolle Gorge and small Valleys: 1)- various possibilities of departure to Arbolle Refuge (2516m), nearby two Arbolle Lochs (2496m). 2)- From Pila main road (the best Saint Salo-Les Gorres 1835m, Les Pousses Pasture 1601m or from Upper Reverier to La Mare 1187m) to Ponteilles Alp (1706m) and waterfall; 3)- from this to Low Comboé Alp (2041m), Comboé Pasture (2114m). In East up Comboé Torrent path to Plan Valé (2379; ruins), Gros Scez fork 2526 metres to 4)- Becca of Nona through path on Southwest Slope; 5)- path to Federigo Zullo Bivouac. From Comboé in South Grand Plan Alp (2158m; ruins) and 6)- connection to Plan Valé; 7)- gorge to Arbolle Refuge, with paths. From Shelter in North-norteast 8)- Three Capuchins Pass and Mount Emilius; 9)- in Northeast Arbolle Pass and three Rossa Points. 10)- In East Valaisan Pass (3210m; absolutely not recommended for the various danger); 11)- in East-southeast Garin Hill to Franco Nebbia Bivouac and Arpisson-Gimillan small Valley, with paths.
Pila Basin: from Aosta City by Cable Railway (Place near Cogne Iron & Steel Works), main road or various muletracks. Possibilities with paths to 1)- Plan Fenetre Hill (2229m), Comboé small Valley and Alp (2114m), in East Carrel Hill and Federigo Bivouac, with paths, to Becca of Nona, through Southeast Crest with traces/path. 2)- in South Chamolé Alp, Lake, Pass (2152m, 2325, 2641m) to Arbolle small Valley and Refuge, with paths. 3)- From Pass in South easy traverse to Testa Nera (2820m), through Northeast Crest, Mount Bellefaça (2970m), Valletta Point (3090m) on watershed. 4)- From Chamolé Lake in Southwest Plan de l'Eyvie Pasture (2253m) to Tsa Sètse small Valley and Hill (2815m) and descent to Arpisson-Gimillan small Valley. 5)- From Hill in East Via Ferrata to Point Valletta (3090m), rope required; 6)- in Northwest Equipped Via Panorama to Tsa Sètse Point, Piatta of Montpers, Grevon, Couis, Drinc, de la Pierre Points, on watershed Cogne Valley/Pila Basin to la Pierre small Valley/Pila Basin.
"Roèzes that dominate the small Valleys Les Laures (of Lakes) & Saint Marcel (of Copper & Manganese Mines)",
Questa area si dispone proprio nel centro della Valle d'Aosta e la Città dalla quale essa prende il nome, ovvero l'antica "Augusta Praetoria Salassorum"
delle Legioni Pretoriane di Roma; più anticamente era Cordelia, cioé la Capitale del Popolo Celtico dei Salassi
. Sopra la stessa dominano le piramidi gemelle del Monte Emilius e della Becca di Nona che hanno un'importanza storica nella nascita dell'alpinismo in Valle di Aosta, infatti le loro prime ascensioni portano rispettivamente le date del 1823 e del 1832; un gioco di numeri anche strano perché il primo é più impegnativo della seconda, ma é stato salito in anticipo. Per quanto, dal lato storico, é dato a sapere. Essa si contraddistingue, inoltre, con un'altra incongruenza: il lato Orientale con i Valloni delle Laures, Arpisson e del Dard é rimasto integro e selvaggio, mentre quello Occidentale con la Conca di Pila, con lo sviluppo della disciplina dello sci dal dopo guerra e della discesa delle mountain bikes, da pochi anni, ha assunto un carattere decisamente più "mondano". Così anche per i pittoreschi Valloni di Comboé e di Arbolle, dopo l'apertura del Bivacco Federigo Zullo al Colle Carrel (1984) e dell'omonimo Rifugio ad Arbolle (1998). Comunque non esiste alpinista che abbia non frequentato questa zona, che ha tenuto a battesimo molti di loro. Forse perché il Monte Emilius ed il suo circondario é sempre stata tradizionalmente una montagna clericale
ed una grande espressione della Cristianità alpina.
"The really wild small Valley of th'Arpisson wakes up after the long Winter: starts the fight between Rangers and Poachers on the ridges of the Cordagnì",