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Belianska Kopa / Bélai-domb
Mountain/Rock

Belianska Kopa / Bélai-domb

 
Belianska Kopa / Bélai-domb

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Slovakia, Europe

Lat/Lon: 49.22816°N / 20.22390°E

Object Title: Belianska Kopa / Bélai-domb

Activities: Hiking

Season: Summer, Fall

Elevation: 6020 ft / 1835 m

 

Page By: SzaniUherkovich

Created/Edited: Aug 9, 2009 / Jul 24, 2013

Object ID: 538947

Hits: 2321 

Page Score: 79.04%  - 10 Votes 

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Topographic isolation: 550 m
Nearest higher peak: Hlúpy/Bolond Gerő, 2061 m
Prominence: 54 m

Overview

The view of Belianska Kopa from south
 The view of Belianska Kopa from south
The pond called Trojrohé pleso
The pond called Trojrohé pleso
Belianska Kopa/Bélai-domb
is a hill with 1835 meter elevation in the High Tatras. There are sources indicating its elevation as 1832 m, too. This hill has several names in the 4 languages used in the High Tatras:
- Slovakian: Belianska Kopa, Belanská kopa, Kopa
- Hungarian: Bélai-domb, Durándi-hegy, Kopa-hegy, Kúp, Dudás, Rézakna-hegy, Rézbányamenti hegy, Bélai lökésetske
- German: Schäferberg, Schewerberg, Schefferberg, Turlsberg
- Polish: Bielska Kopa, Twarożna, Kopa w Koperszadach, Kopa.

It is not among the highest peaks of the High Tatras. Nevertheless it is in a special position: just at the joining point of the High Tatras and Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok. Topographically this hill belongs to the High Tatras, because the saddle (Predné Kopské Sedlo/Elülső-Kopa-hágó) separating it from the rest of the High Tatras is in an 1778 meter altitude, while the saddle separating it from Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok is in a little bit lower elevation: 1750 meter. This latter saddle is called Kopské sedlo/Kopa-hágó.

From other aspects this hill belongs to Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok. While the High Tatras are mainly built of granite, the mass of Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok is built of white limestone. And the main building material of Belianska Kopa/Bélai-domb is white limestone, too. The variety of the stones of this hill is peculiar at the saddle Predné Kopské Sedlo/Elülső-Kopa-hágó joining it to the High Tatras. There the usual white limestone is mixed with light brown calcareous sinter and pink sandstone. The vegetation is extraordinary rich here. The meadows has a large variety of colourful flowers. Though the hill and its environment was intensively used as a grazing ground, since the foundation of the Tatras National Park (TANAP) the area is seriously protected, and the the damage caused by the earlier intensive grazing cannot be seen any more. Besides the meadows the other areas of the hill are covered by mountain pine (Pinus mugo) "forests".
  
North to Belianska Kopa/Bélai-domb you can see the valley called Predné Med’odoly/Elülső-Rézaknák völgye, with the stream Napájadlovy potok/Itató-patak in it. The valley got its name from the copper mines above it, on the hill Belianska Kopa/Bélai-domb and at the saddle Kopské sedlo/Kopa-hágó. In some Polish resources the valley was called Koperszady Wegerskie (meaning Hungarian Copper Mine).

South to the hill there is the valley Dolina Bielich plies/Fehér-tavi-völgy with the stream Biela Voda/Fehér-patak. The stream got its name from the white stones along it and about the white foam of the stream.

There are a few ponds and lakes in this valley at the foot of Belianska Kopa/Bélai-domb. A group of ponds has the collective name Malé Biela plesá. A small lake having its own name is called Trojuholníkové pleso or Trojrohé pleso in Slovakian – and Háromszög-tó (1620 m) in Hungarian. Other variations of its name: Triangl, Triangel, Triangel-tó from the 19th century. It also had the name Déli Fehér-tó in Hungarian sources.

The biggest lake is called Vel’ké Biele Pleso/Nagy-Fehér-tó (1615 m). Its length is 195 meter. Despite its name means „white” lake, its colour is dark due to the sedimented mud in it. In old Hungarian sources its also called Északi Fehér-tó, and in historic Latin sources it’s called Album stagnum. Jr. György Buchholtz describes a tour with his students to this lake in 1724. After WW I this area was claimed by Poland, and in order to protect the area, in 1922 a military building was built here to protect the area. In 1924 this building was converted into a tourist hut. This hut was destoyed in 1942 because another hut was built in the nearby. This second hut took fire in 1974, and it is not in use since then.

Why to Go There?

This peak is far not the highest and not among the most important peaks of the High Tatras. Neverteless there are many reasons why to go there:

1) Special position just at the joining point of two mountains, with excellent view on both of them
2) Very rich flora and variety of stones
3) Not difficult at all, weekend-tourists can walk there, too
4) Enough far from all roads accessible by car – the nearest parking place is in 7.5 km distance. As a consequence this hill doesn’t ”enjoy” the usual crowds of the High Tatras.
 

Routes

View of the 2 highest peaks of Belianske Tatry as seen from Predné Kopské Sedlo
The route crossing Kopa Saddle

> SOUTH-EAST: From the bus stop at Biela voda. There is also a car parking place with fee. From here the tourist trail marked with yellow goes up the valley Biela Voda/Fehér-patak. After 3 km the walking must be continued on the tourist trail marked with blue. In the summer of 2009 the bottom part of the blue trail was closed, and a new trail was opened, moving the junction of the yellow and blue trail a bit further from the original place. This is very likely only a temporary situation due to forestry work along the original route. 8 km in one way.

> EAST: From the mountain resort called Tatranska Kotlina/Barlangliget you can ascend on the tourist trail marked with green up to the Vel’ké Biele Pleso/Nagy-Fehér-tó. From there the last 2 km is on the blue path. 9 km in one way.

> SOUTH: From the Brnčalova hut take the red marked path (a section of the Tatranská Magistrála route) to the Vel’ké Biele Pleso/Nagy-Fehér-tó. From there the last 2 km is on the blue path. 3.5 km in one way.

> NORTH-WEST: Start the tour on the green marked path going south from Javorina. After ľ km continue your walk on the blue marked path going up to Predné Kopské Sedlo/Elülső-Kopa-hágó. 7.5 km in one way.

On the Peak

Vel'ké Biele pleso in the depth
Vel'ké Biele pleso in the depth

 There are mountain pines and grassy areas on the peak, with rich flora. No marked path goes up the peak, so according to the rules of the Tatras National Park access is not allowed to the peak without permission. But don’t worry: the same beatiful view can be seen from the saddle Predné Kopské Sedlo/Elülső-Kopa-hágó. The saddle is lower than the peak only by 55 meter.

The view is excellent. Here are some examples:

     - Havran/Holló-kő (2152 m) and Zdiarska vidla/Sirató-hegy (2146 m) to north-west, in the mountain of Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok.
     - Hlúpy/Bolond Gerő (2061 m) to north, in the mountain of Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok
     - Košiare (2011 m) to north-east, in the mountain of Belianske Tatry/Bélai-Havasok
     - Stežky (1529 m) and the lake Vel’ké Biele Pleso/Nagy-Fehér-tó to south-east
     - Jahňací štít/Fehér-tavi-csúcs (2229 m) to south-west, in the High Tatras.

 

Necessary Gears

No need of any gears

Red Tape

Aconite at the stream called Zeleny Potok
Aconite
 
Keep all the rules of the Tatras National Park (TANAP).

Special attention to the following rules:
- The marked tourist paths can be left only with permission
- Going far from tourist paths is dangerous because of the bears in the forests
- Don’t walk on the paths in darkness
- Camping on the area of TANAP is forbidden

In order to protect the nature and to ensure your safety, the marked trails leading up to the Kopské Sedlo/Kopa-hágó are closed between the 1st November and the 15th June.

When to Climb

From the 16th June to 30th October.

Accomodation

Tourist hut: Brnčalova chata/Zöld-tavi ház.

Campings:
- Intercamp Tatranec
- Camp Jupela
- Sportcamp KSToP

Images