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Rysy
Mountain/Rock

Rysy

 
Rysy

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Tatra Mountains, Poland/Slovakia, Europe

Lat/Lon: 49.18330°N / 20.08330°E

Object Title: Rysy

Elevation: 8212 ft / 2503 m

 

Page By: Tomek Lodowy

Created/Edited: Apr 14, 2001 / Apr 28, 2009

Object ID: 150343

Hits: 59895 

Page Score: 97.2%  - 68 Votes 

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Intro

Rysy ,Meeraugspitze ,Tengerszem-csucs 2503

Vysoka, Rysy and Niznie Rysy - High Tatras
Vysoka, Rysy and Niznie Rysy from Mlynar ridge


The twin summitted peak is located in the central part of High Tatras in their main ridge ,on the borderline between Poland and Slovakia.
The north-western summit of Rysy(2499,2) is the highest point of Poland, and therefore in the summer the mountain is climbed by a lot of people from the Polish side.
It is a very steep uphill, but does not require technical climbing. Separate climbing routes are some of the best in the country. The slopes on the Slovakian side are a lot gentler and therefore not less crowded in the high season.

Rysy is the highest peak of Tatras accessible by marked route what explains its great popularity during summer season.

Rysy summit offers one of the widest and richest summit panoramas in Tatras. By good weather conditions one can admire all prominent High Tatra peaks ,several lakes ,Low Tatra mountain range and Western Beskidy mountains.

Magnificent 500 meter high eastern face ,long alpine climbing routes of high difficulties.

Wonderful alpine flora.

The name of the peak
There were some historical disputes about that.
The current version says that the name Rysy comes from the characteristic, long, diagonal couloir crossing western cliffs.
It is also called "Rysa". In Polish rysa means just a scratch ,crack ,fissure.

The name of the peak is the same both in Polish and Slovak languages.

First Ascent:
20.VII.1840 - Eduard Blasy and Jan Ruman older (guide)

First Winter Ascent:
10.IV.1884 - Theodor Wundt and Jakob Horvay (guide)

In 1899 Rysy peak was ascended by Nobel Prize Winner - Maria Sklodowska-Curie with husband,
in years 1913-14 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was there...

Rysy (2503)

Rysy - High Tatras
Rysy in autumn colours from Svistova Valley


10th highest Tatra massif and a culminating point in the main High Tatra ridge line. It rises high above 3 great valleys of Rybiego Potoku(Fish's Stream valley) ,Belovodska (White Water valley) with its high section of Tazka valley (Heavy valley) and Mengusovska on the south.

Viewed from Morskie Oko Rysy peak presents itself quite inconspicuously being partly covered by Niznie Rysy(2430) peak which(though 70 meters lower) seems to be the higher one.

From the west Rysy(2503) massif is bounded by Zabia Przelecz(2225) (Frog's Pass) after which rises legendary ridge of
Zabi Kon(2291) (Frog's Horse).
To the north there is Przelecz Pod Rysami pass(2365) and then Niznie Rysy(2430) peak.
Finally in the south-east wide saddle of Vaha Pass(2337) separates Rysy from Vysoka(2560) massif with Tazky Peak(2520) rising first in the ridge.

Rysy has got 3 summits.
They are situated very close to each other :

- North-western summit(2499,2) is the main culmination ,being a crossing point for the prominent northern ridge .
It is the highest point of Poland

- Middle summit (2503) ,the highest one

- South-eastern summit(2473) ,less prominent one

Rysy (right) and Nizne Rysy...
Rysy from Predna Basta




Getting There

On the Polish side the nearest town is Zakopane - very good communication links with Cracow city and the rest of Poland.

Zakopane
The best base for all those who want to climb the highest peak of Poland is Morskie Oko lake chalet, situated upon the famous ,beautiful mountain lake of the same name.
Morskie Oko lake can be reached by many variations of hiking routes on the polish side side of Tatra Mountains.
Tourists staying in Zakopane usually take one of hundreds of minibuses or buses going in this direction. The drive ends 2 km after the Polish-Slovak border crossing in Lysa Polana on Palenica Bialczanska meadow transformed nowadays into a giant parking place (horribly crowded during summer season). After that You enter National Park gate and have 9 km nice walk-up through the forests of Bialki and Rybiego Potoku valleys before You reach one of the greatest natural treasures of Poland, the most beatiful and the greatest lake of Tatra Mountians - Morskie Oko.
In the summer season when the weather looks stable it is possible to climb Rysy even from Zakopane (Zakopane - Palenica by bus) starting early morning.

PKS Cracow – Zakopane bus departures

PKP - Polish Railways connection search

PKS Zakopane - buses

If You want climb Rysy from Slovak side of the mountains You have to get to Strbske Pleso - the highest situated town of Slovakia - 1335 meters above sea level ,beautiful tourist center and ski resort. Very good communication with Poprad and many other Slovak towns.

Slovak bus and train connection search

The nearest airports to Tatra mountains are located in Cracow(100 km)
in Poland and in Poprad nearby in Slovakia.

Cracow Airport

Poprad-Tatry Airport


Marked Routes Overwiev

Polish side:

Palenica(990) - 3 km - 3/4 h - Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza waterfalls(1099) - 4 km - 1 h - Wlosienica(1310) - 2 km - 1/2 h Morskie Oko lake(1395) -
- 9 km ,400 meters of height difference ,2 1/4 h ,road.

Walk around Morskie Oko lake - 2,5 km ,3/4 h ,Red marks.

Morskie Oko chalet(1410) - 2 km - 3/4 h - Czarny Staw Pod Rysami(1583) (Black Lake) - 1 h - Kociol pod Rysami(1950) - 3 km - 2 3/4 h - Rysy(2499) -
- Rysy(2503) - 5 km ,1100 m of height difference ,3 1/2 h ,Red marks
.

Looking into Eyes of Tatra...
Looking into Eyes of Tatra


Slovak side:

"Popradske Pleso" (electric railway station)(1245) - Popradske Lake(1494) - 4 km ,260 m of height difference ,1 1/4 h ,road ,Blue marks.

Strbske Pleso(1335) - 2,5 km - 3/4 h - Drigant(ca.1500) - 2,5 km - 3/4 h - Popradske Lake(1494) -
- 5 km ,150 m of height difference ,1 1/2 h ,red marked Magistrala trail.

Popradske Lake(1494) - 1,5 km - 1/2 h - Mengusovska Valley - 3/4 h - Zabie Lakes(1919) - 3/4 h - Chata Pod Rysmi Chalet(2250) -
- 1/4 h - Vaha Pass(2337) - 3/4 h - Rysy(2503) - Rysy(2499) - 6,1 km ,1000 m of height difference ,3 h ,blue and red marks
.

Rysy in autumn
From the south


Rysy Area - Map

Tooltip for IE: Rysy

Tatry Wysokie (High Tatra) map, in scale 1:25 000, description in 6 languages, ISBN 83-87873-26-8, available in all shops and book stores in Zakopane . Here you can check the net version

Tatra Maps (English version)

Red Tape

The Tatras are a National Park in both Poland and Slovakia, with strict rules for nature conservation - no fauna or flora can be disturbed.
Hikers are allowed to use only marked routes. Alpine climbing in the area can be practiced in compliance with National Park rules.
During summer season Rysy Peak is a very popular target for tourists.
One can cross the Polish/Slovak borderline via trails leading to the summit from both sides of the ridge.

On 21.12.2007 Slovakia along with Poland signed Schengen Agreement and accessed
to "open borders" Schengen Area, however one must remember that National Park regulations prohibiting crossing the border beside marked trails in the whole area
remain in force.

There are fees for the entry to Polish Tatra National Park (TPN) ,normal ticket costs about 3 zlotys (0,7 Euro).
In Slovakian TANAP there are no fees.

TPN - Polish Tatra National Park

On the way down from Rysy.
Campanula cochlearifolia


TANAP - Slovak Tatra National Park

When To Climb

The best hiking season : August - September
In July frequent t-storms.
In winter the area is endangered by huge avalanches ,but if the conditions are stable (rather not earlier than April - May) it would be great clim(required good winter equipment: crampons ,ice axes etc.).
After heavy rainfalls there is a serious danger of rock avalanches on the polish side.

On 28th January 2003 the greatest avalanche drama in Polish Tatra history took place on the polish route to Rysy summit.
In the area of Bula Pod Rysami high over the Black Lake huge avalanche took 13 members of mountain camp - secondary-school pupils from Tychy.
7 young people died under tons of snowy masses ...

Tatra Mountain Volunteer Rescue (Poland)

Rescue Phone Number : (+48) 601 100 300

Horska Sluzba - Tatra Mountain Rescue (Slovakia)

Rescue Phone Number : 18 300

TOPR - Avalanche Forecast

Camping

Polish side :
As I mentioned before the best place to stay overnight when planning Rysy climb or other great hiking routes in the Morskie Oko area is Morskie Oko chalet(1410)situated beatifully on the morene of the greatest post-glacial Tatra mountain lake - Morskie Oko - The Lake Eye Of The Sea. Behind the main building there is a second hut-looking older chalet where You also can find places for comfortable sleep.
As far as I am oriented prices are quite high and the cheapest beds cost about 35 zlotys (over 8 Euro) per night.
3 h to Rysy summit

Morskie Oko Chalet

Morskie Oko Chalet

In summer months of July and August there is a cheaper alternative especially for those who love camping.
About 2 km down the road from the lake right nearby Wlosienica meadow (old parking place with characteristic building of fast food bar) one will find
PZA (Polish Alpinism Association) Base Camp Field on Szalasiska meadow. I
n 2004 season 15 zlotys (3,5 Euro) per night.

Other mountain chalets of the area :

Stara Roztoka Chalet(1031)
This one can also be regarded as a good base to start climbing Rysy .
Nice old mountain chalet situated in deep forests at the bottom of Bialki Valley close to the main trail to Morskie Oko near famous Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza waterfalls and entry to beatiful Roztoki Valley. Great atmosphere ,calm and lower prices than at Morskie Oko chalet ,28 zlotys (about 6,5 Euro) per night.
About 1,5 h walk-up to Morskie Oko lake from there.

Stara Roztoka Chalet

Five Polish Lakes' Chalet(1671)
The highest situated mountain chalet of Polish Tatras in neighbouring gorgeous valley of Pieciu Stawow Polskich - Five Polish Lakes'

Five Polish Lakes' Chalet

Slovak side:

Chata Pod Rysmi Chalet(2250)
The highest situated mountain chalet of Tatra Mountains and Carpathians - little box stuck to a rocky slope under Vaha Pass(2337), regularly damaged by avalanches during wintertime (last time in winter 2003/04).
The chalet is open seasonally from 1.06 to 31.10 every year.
Very nice atmosphere ,250 SK (7 Euro) per night in season 2004.
1 h to the Rysy summit.

Chata Pod Rysmi Chalet



Popradske Pleso Mountain Hotel(1500)
This hotel (prices definetely too high to call it a chalet!) is situated upon beatiful Popradske Lake in Mengusovska Valley on the main marked route leading to Rysy. Great scenery but the area is usually overcrowded in the summer.
If You're lucky there is a possibilty to get place in a big touristic room ( 360 SK - 9,5 Euro per night/2004) but if it's full your choice is narrowed only to much more expensive hotel rooms.
3 h to Rysy summit

Popradske Pleso Mountain Hotel

There are very good accomodation possibilities (mainly hotels)in Strbske Pleso town(1335) where the red marked route to Rysy begins.

Town of Strbske Pleso

Camping in both Polish and Slovakian Tatra National Park is strictly forbidden.

Polish Tatras - TOP 10

The highest peaks of Polish Tatra Mountains :

1.Rysy 2499,2 meters above sea level
2.Mieguszowiecki Szczyt Wielki 2438
3.Niznie Rysy 2430
4.Mieguszowiecki Szczyt Czarny 2410
5.Mieguszowiecki Szczyt Posredni 2393
6.Cubryna 2376
7.Wolowa Turnia 2373
8.Hinczowa Turnia 2372
9.Zabia Turnia Mieguszowiecka 2336
10.Swinica 2301
...11.Kozi Wierch and Zabi Kon 2291

All of these peaks besides Swinica(2301) and Kozi Wierch(2291) are located in ridges surrounding
deep valley of Morskie Oko - The Lake Eye Of The Sea and all of them besides Kozi Wierch are situated on the Polish-Slovak borderline.

Kozi Wierch Peak(2291) is the highest peak situated completely with all its slopes on Polish ground.

High Tatras of Poland
High Tatras of Poland

Useful POL-ENG Mountain Vocabulary

gora - mountain
szczyt - peak ,summit
wierch - peak
wierzcholek - top ,summit
turnia - crag
przelecz - pass
gran - ridge
grzbiet - range
filar - pillar
zebro - rib
n.p.m. - above sea level
sciana - wall
zleb - gully ,couloir
urwisko ,przepasc - cliff ,precipice
morena - moraine
skala - rock
piarg - scree
kamien ,glaz ,wanta - stone
dolina - valley
wawoz ,przelom - gorge
staw ,jezioro - pond ,lake
polana - meadow ,alp ,glade
schronisko - chalet ,refuge
schron ,szalas - shelter
deszcz - rain
snieg - snow
lawina - avalanche
taternik - Tatra climber
raki - crampons
czekan - ice axe
lina - rope
kask - helmet
narty - skis
namiot - tent

...


External Links

Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
Viewing: 1-14 of 14    
dmikiUntitled Comment

dmiki

Voted 10/10

Coming from the Slovak side if you volunteer to carry up some coal (5-10 kg) to the Rysy hut (Chata pod Rysmi) you will receive a complimentary cup of tea. A nice idea!
Posted Aug 31, 2004 5:46 am
Tomek LodowyUntitled Comment

Tomek Lodowy

Voted 10/10

There is a legal possibilty of camping during the summer season (july-august) on Polish side .





It is a base camp field of PZA (Polish Alpinism Association) at Szalasiska Meadow ,about 20 minutes down the road from Morskie Oko chalet .





The cost per person/night was something about 15 zlotys (3,5 Euro ) last season (2004) .





Special attractions ?


Occasional night visits of local bear family ;-)
Posted Mar 15, 2005 7:51 pm
jckUntitled Comment

jck

Voted 10/10

And then(from Strbskie Pleso) you have two possibilities of getting to the next chalet -green marks or red marks.In winter it's better to take the green one because there's an avalanche danger on the red marks.It takes a little bit more than an hour to get to the chalet near Popradskie Pleso(Poprad's Lake).Then following the blue marks(about 1,5 km) toward north and after that you turned right and by red marks via Rysy's Chalett you reach the summit.From Popradskie Pleso it takes about 3 hours.
Posted May 15, 2005 10:01 am
jckUntitled Comment

jck

Voted 10/10

If you don't like camping or you don't want to stay in crowded Morskie Oko's hut there's another hut about one hour from Morskie Oko-Roztoka Hut.It's very nice place,you may meet there proffesional climbers and other people connected with Tatra Mountains.So if you want to sleep in a hut on the way to Rysy it's better to stay there than in Morskie Oko's hut.To get there you go the normal way to Morskie Oko and about one hour from Lysa Polana you will have to turn left(green marks)and after few minutes you will reach te hut.
Posted May 15, 2005 10:12 am
palaeoUntitled Comment

palaeo

Voted 10/10

As i find, hardest route in Rysy massif is VI+, A3
Posted Feb 7, 2002 6:25 am
Tomas KristoforyUntitled Comment

Tomas Kristofory

Voted 10/10

The nearest slovakian town is Poprad. There is also an airport there. By car or by train you can get to Strbske Pleso village, which lies on the southern downhill of Vysoke Tatry (High Tatras) mountain range around the Strbske pleso mountain lake. There you can start your hike to Rysy.
Posted Nov 13, 2002 4:41 am
bradeUntitled Comment

brade

Voted 8/10

reaching Morskie Oko (Eye of the Sea) Chalet ---> 15km on foot (nice walk) or bike (you may rent one at the enterance of the Park) no cars, horses only
Posted May 5, 2004 4:53 pm
bradeUntitled Comment

brade

Voted 8/10

300m below summit on Slovakian side there is a Chalet opened only in summer
Posted May 5, 2004 4:57 pm
pugwashUntitled Comment

Hasn't voted

Rysy itself from the Polish side is tough going in winter - the path upwards is steep and when it's covered in slow it is pretty prone to avalanche. There is not much protection on it either.
Posted May 19, 2004 10:26 am
dmikiUntitled Comment

dmiki

Voted 10/10

Coming from the Slovak side if you volunteer to carry up some coal (5-10 kg) to the Rysy hut (Chata pod Rysmi) you will receive a complimentary cup of tea. A nice idea!
Posted Aug 31, 2004 5:46 am
Tomek LodowyUntitled Comment

Tomek Lodowy

Voted 10/10

There is a legal possibilty of camping during the summer season (july-august) on Polish side .





It is a base camp field of PZA (Polish Alpinism Association) at Szalasiska Meadow ,about 20 minutes down the road from Morskie Oko chalet .





The cost per person/night was something about 15 zlotys (3,5 Euro ) last season (2004) .





Special attractions ?


Occasional night visits of local bear family ;-)
Posted Mar 15, 2005 7:51 pm
jckUntitled Comment

jck

Voted 10/10

And then(from Strbskie Pleso) you have two possibilities of getting to the next chalet -green marks or red marks.In winter it's better to take the green one because there's an avalanche danger on the red marks.It takes a little bit more than an hour to get to the chalet near Popradskie Pleso(Poprad's Lake).Then following the blue marks(about 1,5 km) toward north and after that you turned right and by red marks via Rysy's Chalett you reach the summit.From Popradskie Pleso it takes about 3 hours.
Posted May 15, 2005 10:01 am
jckUntitled Comment

jck

Voted 10/10

If you don't like camping or you don't want to stay in crowded Morskie Oko's hut there's another hut about one hour from Morskie Oko-Roztoka Hut.It's very nice place,you may meet there proffesional climbers and other people connected with Tatra Mountains.So if you want to sleep in a hut on the way to Rysy it's better to stay there than in Morskie Oko's hut.To get there you go the normal way to Morskie Oko and about one hour from Lysa Polana you will have to turn left(green marks)and after few minutes you will reach te hut.
Posted May 15, 2005 10:12 am
dmikiUntitled Comment

dmiki

Voted 10/10

Due to the annual avalanche risk and damage they are going to construct a new chalet about a hundred meters higher than the current one in the near future (info from the hut warden).
Posted Aug 30, 2005 7:51 am

Viewing: 1-14 of 14    

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