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Großer Möseler / Gran Mesule
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Großer Möseler / Gran Mesule

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Großer Möseler / Gran Mesule

Page Type: Mountain/Rock

Location: Tyrol / South Tyrol, Austria/Italy, Europe

Lat/Lon: 46.99244°N / 11.78187°E

Object Title: Großer Möseler / Gran Mesule

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Scrambling, Skiing

Season: Spring, Summer

Elevation: 11417 ft / 3480 m

 

Page By: rgg

Created/Edited: Mar 22, 2015 / May 21, 2015

Object ID: 933265

Hits: 1505 

Page Score: 87.76%  - 25 Votes 

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Overview

Beautiful ice-capped Möseler...
Beautiful winter view of the steep NW face
The Großer Möseler is an Austrian-Italian border peak in the Zillertal Alps. More precisely, to the north is Austria, to the south the autonomous Italian region of Süd Tirol (which translates to English as South Tyrol). Formerly part of Austria, the main language in this part of Italy is German. These days the locals are openly proud about that, but in the past, their heritage has been forcefully repressed and anything that did not already have an Italian name received one. The Italian name for the peak is Gran Mesule.

Geographical Names
GermanItalian
BruneckBrunico
Chemnitzer HütteRifugio Porro
DolomitenDolomiti
EdelrauthütteRifugio Ponte di Ghiaccio
EisbruggjochPasso Ponte di Ghiaccio
Großer MöselerGran Mesule
HochfeilerGran Pilastro
Hoher WeißzintPunta Bianca
Kleiner MöselerMesule Piccolo
LappachLappago
Möselekopf
Mühlwalder TalValle di Selva dei Molini
Neves StauseeLago di Neves
Neveser HöhenwegAlta Via di Neves
NevesjochPasso di Neves
Östliche MöselescharteForcella Orientale del Mesule
Östlicher NevesfernerVedretta di Neves Orientale
PustertalVal di Pusteria
Rieserferner GruppeGruppo delle Vedrette di Ries
Süd-TirolAlto Adige
TurnerkampCima di Campo
WeißenbachRio Bianco
Westliche MöselescharteForcella Occientale del Mesule
Westlicher NevesfernerVedretta di Neves Occientale
Zillertaler AlpenAlpi Aurine
Being the second highest in the Zillertal Alps, the Großer Möseler doesn't quite get as much visitors as the Hochfeiler, but on a nice summer day you are more than likely to meet other parties on the mountain. Only 29 m lower than the Hochfeiler, the Großer Möseler offers an almost almost 360° summit view.

In addition to the glaciated peaks of the Zillertal Alps themselves, on a clear day you can easily see many of the glaciated peaks of the Stubai and Ötztal Alps and the Hohe Tauern, including Austria's highest summit, the Großglockner. And nearby to the southeast are the small Rieserferner Group, and to the south, just a bit further, are the great Dolomites.

Summit view
Summit view, with the E ridge in the foreground, but Turnerkamp grabbing all the attention

Ridges and Faces

A pale sun tries to penetrate the clouds around the Großer Möseler summit cross
A pale sun tries to penetrate the clouds around the summit cross
Four ridges meet virtually on the summit, roughly along the four cardinal directions. The ridges themselves are predominantly rocky, with some snow. On the Austrian side, the upper slopes between the ridges are mostly glaciated, on the Italian side the glaciers are small.

To the east, after about 400 m the ridge reaches the subsidiary summit of the Kleiner Möseler (3405m), and almost a kilometer from the main summit the Östlicher Möselescharte (3240m) ("Östlich" means eastern, a "Scharte" is a small saddle). Further to the east, the next significant mountain on the ridge is the Turnerkamp (3420m), about a kilometer and a half from the scharte.

A closer view of the crevasses on the ֖stlicher Nevesferner
A closer view of the crevasses on the Östlicher Nevesferner
To the south, the ridge first drops down to the Westlicher Möselescharte (3370m) and then gently rises again to the Möselekopf (3390m), a minor bump half a kilometer from the main summit that is nevertheless graced with its own summit cross. At that point the ridge splits in a southern and a southwestern branch. After a few more turns, the latter eventually leads to the Hoher Weißzint (3371m), and after that to the aforementioned Hochfeiler. The lowest point in between is the Nevessattel (3025m), between Möseler and Weißzint, giving the mountain a prominence of 455 m.

The international border is defined by the east and south ridges, and from the Möselekopf further by the southwest ridge.

Located completely in Italy, from the Möselekopf, the area between the south and southwest ridges hosts the small Westlicher Nevesferner ("Ferner", like "Kees", is a local German word for glacier). Also in Italy, the larger Östlicher Nevesferner covers a substantial part of the high area east by southeast of the mountain, on the south side of the east ridge, all the way to the Turnerkamp. However, the glacier doesn't cover part of the area east of the south ridge anymore.

The west and north ridges are both in Austria. More precisely, the west ridge is to the WNW and the north one soon turns to the NNW, leaving a steep NW face wedged between them. This face is covered by the Furtschaglkees, the much wider one between the west and south ridges by the Schlegeiskees. Finally, between the north and east ridges lies the big and crevassed Waxeggkees.



Satellite view, centered on the summit.Click here for a larger map. 

The first ascent was made by Fox, Freshfield, Tuckett, Devouassoud and Peter Michel in 1865 [1].

Getting There

From Austria

Looking down on Innsbruck
Looking down on Innsbruck
The nearest airport is at Innsbruck, the capital of Tirol. The nearest train station in Mayrhofen, a ski village deep in the Zillertal. The trailhead for the normal route is at the Schlegeisstausee, a big, dammed lake, which and can be reached from Mayrhofen by bus or by car using the Schlegeis Alpine Road. The last part of this is a toll road, and it is open only part of the year. Shortly before the toll barrier, at Gasthof Breitlahner (1356m), would be an alternative trailhead.

From the Schlegeissstausee, it's a couple of hours to the Furtschaglhaus, the recommended place to spend the night before the climb.

From Gasthof Breitlahner there are two options: To the Furtschaglhaus, hike to the Schlegeleisstaussee and onwards; alternatively hike up the Zemmgrund valley to the Berliner Hütte.

From Italy

The nearest airport is still Innsbruck. The nearest train station is in Bruneck / Brunico, a small city in the Pustertal with a lively and scenic old center. Plenty of buses head north towards the Ahrntal and Mühlwalder Tal.

The Edelrauthütte, with the hut warden seeing me off
The Edelrauthütte
The highest and most convenient trailhead is at the Neveser Stausee (1856m), just above the village of Lappach at the end of the Mühlwalder Tal (1439m), which is as far as you can get by bus. With private transport you can drive up to the lake (the last part is a toll road). Alternatively you can leave your car at the parking area right before the toll booth and walk the last part. I recommend using the hiking trail in the valley, well below the small toll road hugging the slopes - all the cars passing by do not make that a pleasant experience. From the lake it's a couple of hours to one of two Italian mountain huts: the rustic Edelrauthütte, located on the Eisbruchjoch, a saddle south of the Hoher Weißzint, or the Chemnitzer Hütte, on the Neveser Joch, a saddle south of the Turnerkamp.

Routes

From Italy

Neves reservoir lake is the...
Neves Stausee, with Großer Möseler in the background
The mountain is climbed from both countries regularly. With much more serious glaciers on the northern slopes, it won't come as a surprise that the easiest way to the summit is from the south, where the normal route does not cross a glacier.

Normal Route (F)

The approach starts at the Neves Stausee, usually via by the Chemnitzer Hütte and from there along the clearly signposted and popular Neveser Höhenweg.

Signs along the Neveser Höhenweg
Signs along the Neveser Höhenweg
One of the many cairns along the Groߟer Möseler normal route
One of many cairns along the route
About an hour from the hut it is time to leave the big hiking trail. With decent visibility you can clearly see the summit; if you can't, ask yourself why you would want to continue.

Doronicum, an alpine pioneer
When the glaciers disappear, pioneers like this Doronicum take over
After leaving the trail, the route fist ascends a big lateral moraine, leading to a fairly level area that until quite recently was still covered by the glacier. The terrain is a mix of slabs, talus and more sandy bits, and there are plenty of cairns. Up the talus and in the sand there are often clear trails - in fact there are several to chose from at first, but in the end they all come together on top of the moraine. It's mostly the same higher up, with slabs, talus and sandy bits, and more cairns. But even when they are all covered by snow, route finding isn't difficult: just aim for the saddle (3373m) with the Kleiner Möseler, just east of the summit.

When there is enough snow, it's possible to ski down from the summit directly to the Neveser Stausee. High up, the route stays close to the south ridge, lower down it follows the Ursprungbach.

Großer Möseler (3480m)
Looking up at the summit from the southeast, high up on the normal route. On the right is the saddle with the Kleiner Möseler. Crampons and ice axe may be useful to get up there in conditions like these. As highlighted by the debris on the snow, the rocks are far from solid, and rockfall is a hazard to be reckoned with.

Though the terrain is never truly steep, the steepest part is right before the saddle, where a short talus slope has to be climbed. After that, the route mostly follows the east ridge. Occasionally it is easier to stay a bit below the crest, on the south side. I simply followed the obvious traces where others had gone before. Real high up I actually found it easier to traverse the southeast face, and I ended up on the south ridge just shy of the summit. However, the rock is crumbly and rockfall can be a hazard if there are more people around, in which case following the ridge is safer than traversing below it.

While there is no need to cross any glacier, lingering snow high on the mountain can make crampons and ice axe useful, especially to get on the saddle.

The Neveser Höhenweg leads to the Edelrauthütte, and so the Großer Möseler can be climbed from there as well, but the approach takes two hours more than from the Chemnitzer Hütte.


The Furtschaglhaus with the...
Furtschaglhaus

From Austria

Normal Route (PD+)

The regularly climbed Austrian normal route starts at the Furtschlaglhaus and leads to the summit via the WNW ridge, the base of which is gained from the west by crossing the Schlegeiskees. Full glacier gear and roping up is strongly advisable.

Other Routes

There are many other routes of varying difficulty. A harder, interesting route follows the steep northwest face, see the photo above.

Grosser Möseler seen from the...
Großer Möseler seen from the Furtschaglhaus.The north ridge is on the left, the WNW ridge in the center.

Red Tape

The high mountains of the Zillertal Alps form a natural park, see Naturpark Zillertal and Zillertaler Alpen, but there are no fees and no special restrictions.

When to Climb

Best in summer for mountaineering, in spring for skiing.

Accommodation

Berliner Huette
Berliner Hütte
On both sides of the border, the villages in the valleys offer plenty of accommodation options. Higher up in the mountains there are several conveniently located refuges:

Books and Maps

A heavily loaded long distance hiker crossing a stream on the Neveser Höhenweg
Crossing a stream on the Neveser Höhenweg
[1] Alpenvereinsführer Zillertaler Alpen, , 12th edition 2013, Bergverlag Rother. ISBN 978-3-7633-1269-6.

There are many available maps for the area. The best one is the Alpenvereinskarte Zillertaler Alpen West, 1:25 000, but it does not cover much of the Italian side.

The various Italian maps that I saw (in 2014) were decent, but they all shared a common problem: they showed the old trajectory of the Neveser Höhenweg, which was destroyed by a landslide in 2010. The reconstructed trail is quite obvious though, so even without a map it's easy to follow. That said, the best Italian map is Tabacco map 36, Sand in Taufers / Campo Tures, 1:25 000.

External Links

Mayrhofen
Mühlwald-Lappach
Weissenbach

Images

Grosser Möseler (3478)Summit viewGroßer Möseler, Hochferner, Hochfeiler and Hoher WeißzintBeautiful ice-capped Möseler...Alpine rosesGrosser Moseler (NW-Face,11417 ft / 3480 m).Großer Möseler from the SE
Grosser Moeseler and HochfeilerGroses MoselerGrosser MöselerGrosser Moeseler from SchoenbichlerhornGrosser MoeselerGrosser Möseler taken from HochfeilerSummit view
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