Großer Spießnagel

Großer Spießnagel

Page Type Page Type: Mountain/Rock
Location Lat/Lon: 47.35519°N / 12.30772°E
Activities Activities: Hiking, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Additional Information Elevation: 6168 ft / 1880 m
Sign the Climber's Log


Großer SpießnagelOn the north ridge towards Großer Spießnagel

Spießnägel, some isolated “bumps” at the end of the long north / northeast ridge of Großer Rettenstein with a very low prominence is for sure among the many particular denominations of summits in the Alps. The name means something like “piercing nails” and you might be misled to imagine some nearly unclimbable pinnacles and rock spires but wrong: Spießnägel are hiking summits (in fact there are three more pronounced rock outcrops) and I find the traverse of these piercing nails from north to south together with a climb of Großer Rettenstein one of the best outings, Kitzbüheler Alpen can offer.

One of these three bumps / outcrops carries a summit cross: this is Großer Spießnagel. Funnily enough it is the lowest of the three outcrops ..... but it has besides the summit cross two benches with great views into Kitzbüheler mountains.

Sitting at the end of the Großer Rettenstein north / northeast ridge, Spießnägel divide Spertental with its main village Aschau in two south – north running valleys: Oberer Grund to the east and Unterer Grund with its hanging side valley Schöntal to the west.

The dividing ridge is a real delightful hike; going north to south you first go up to Hirzeckalm, one of the old wooden and withered Kitzbüheler mountain pasture shacks offering food, drinks and a perfect view to Kaisergebirge. Then you traverse Spießnägel: some ups and downs and a short rock scramble let you down to a beautiful small lake, the Hirzecklacke. From there you stroll along the broad ridge to the south, ascending and descending a bit, passing by more small lakes, with great views to Großer Rettenstein, until you end at Schöntaljoch.

Spießnägel are also of geological interest as there are some very rare limestones of Silurian age disclosed in the summit zone.

Getting There

Großer SpießnagelSpießnägel and Schöntal valley as seen from the traverse to Großer Rettenstein

Trailhead for Spießnägel are the parking areas of Aschau im Spertental.

You reach Aschau via road number L 203 from Kirchberg / Tirol.

Kirchberg is located near Kitzbühel.

Leave the highway A 12 München – Kuftsein – Innsbruck – Landeck at exit Wörgl, follow road number 178 shortly and go on road number 170 to reach Kirchberg from western directions.

From eastern directions follow road number 168 to Saalfelden, Fieberbrunn and Sankt Johann, turn on road number 161 to Kitzbühel and on road number 170 to Kirchberg.

The parking areas are located at the beginning of the two valleys Unterer Grund and Oberer Grund which split up at Aschau at the end of Spertental.

Go on L 203 until you pass by Oberlandhütte (alpine club hut) and follow the road to a road junction:

  • the left (dirt) road goes into Oberer Grund (parking area after about 500 m),

  • the road straight on goes into Unterer Grund (parking area about 300 m further on).

  • Routes Overview

    There are two main routes which can be combined to a nice traverse. If you like a longer outing you can include Großer Rettenstein summit, too.

    Unterer Grund route:

    Follow the toll road into Unterer Grund until a trail branches off to your left (signposts, about 900 m from the parking area). Ascend the trail to Sonnwendalm where you meet a forest road. Follow that forest road up to Schöntalalm and further on into Schöntal. You the will reach Schöntal Scherm at a height of about 1660 m, an old and abandoned Alm hut, where the forest road ends.

    Großer SpießnagelSpießnägel as seen from Schöntal
    Großer SpießnagelSpießnägel as seen from Großer Rettenstein with Unterer Grund and Schöntal
    Großer SpießnagelSchöntal and ridge from Rettenstein to Spießnägel

    Follow the trail starting at Schöntal Scherm shortly up to a trail junction. Take the left hand trail wich brings you up to Rettenstein col (1980 m). Turn left and follow the long ridge between Großer Rettenstein und Spießnägel in northern direction, first decending into Hirzegg col with a homonymous small lovely lake. Ascend then to the Spießnägel summits; the last one is the summit cross summit.

    Oberer Grund route:

    Follow first the forest road into Oberer Grund, starting from the parking area. After about 1 km you reach a road junction with signposts: take the right hand road which zigzags up the lower east slope of Spießnägel. The road ends at a height between 1300 m and 1400 m and a trail continues zigzagging up the wooden slopes. It ends at another forest road at about 1500 m; turn right on that road and follow it until you reach the Hirzegg Alm, one of the real old Alm huts of Kitzbüheler Alpen, where you get food and drinks.

    Großer SpießnagelHirzegg Alm
    Großer SpießnagelGroßer Spießnagel as seen from Hirzegg Alm
    Großer SpießnagelUpper Oberer Grund route to Großer Spießnagel

    The route follows now the forest road going south from the Hirzegg Alm until it ends at a hunters cabin. Before you hit that cabin turn right onto a smaller and old Alm road and follow it until it ends and a trail starts to ascend steeply the meadows of the upper slopes of Spießnägel. This trail goes up to the north ridge of Spießnägel; turn left on the ridge and follow the trail up to the summit cross.

    If you follow the Spießnägel ridge, first in some ups and downs, then descending shortly into Hirzegg col with the homonymous lake you can turn there left on a trail which leads back down to the hunters cabin and the Hirzegg Alm thus allowing a short summit loop.

    Großer SpießnagelView to the north - near Großer Spießnagel
    Großer SpießnagelSpießnägel traverse with Wilder Kaiser range
    Großer SpießnagelHirzegg col signposts

    Ski routes:

    Oberer Grund route is a ski route, too. The upper part of the route above Hirzegg Alm is more direct than in summer, using the east slopes of the Spießnägel north ridge for ascent and descent.

    From Unterer Grund go up to Sonnwendam and follow the forest road directly up to Hirzegg Alm. Use the Oberer grund ski route from there on.

    Red Tape & Accommodation

    Großer SpießnagelHirzegg lake

    In summer there are no restrictions as far as I know.

    Respect the rough beauty of the landscape of Spießnägel / Rettenstein area; there are many rare wildflowers and plants on the meadows and many amphibians dwelling in the small lakes and ponds and swamps of the area.

    In winter there are restrictions for ski touring as the wildlife needs large resting zones in the woods. Ski routes for ascend AND downhill are marked and you should follow these marks to avoid disturbance for the wildlife.

    Aschau im Spertental and Kirchberg have many facilities for accommodation.

    Oberlandhütte is a alpine club hut and offers meals also for those who will not stay overnight.

    Hirzegg Alm offers food and drinks.

    Gear & Mountain Condition

    Großer SpießnagelGroßer Spießnagel

    Spießnägel are a year round summit.

    In late spring, summer and autumn it is an easy hike which requires normal hiking gear, good shoes and, if you like, hiking poles.

    The routes are never difficult; the trails are in some parts narrow and cut in steep slopes (e.g. the east slopes of Spießnägel). The traverse of the Spießnägel requires some short easy rock scrambling.

    In winter and spring Spießnägel are one of the many and wellknown ski touring routes around Oberlandhütte. I don´t know if it is done frequently but in my opinion Spießnägel are the less attractive tour in winter around Oberlandhütte as there are long parts on forest roads through dense woods.

    You need full ski touring gear and your avalanche gear for Spießnägel in winter.

    Check the Tirol avalanche bulletin here.

    Current Weather:

    Maps & Guide Books


  • Alpenvereinskarte 1 : 50.000; Kitzbüheler Alpen West, Nr. 34/1, Deutscher Alpenverein, 2010; - topo map with trails

  • Alpenvereinskarte 1 : 50.000; Kitzbüheler Alpen östliches Blatt, Nr. 34/2, Deutscher Alpenverein, 2009; - topo map with trails

  • Alpenvereinskarte 1 : 50.000; Kitzbüheler Alpen West, Nr. 34/1 S, Deutscher Alpenverein, 2010; - topo map with ski routes

  • Alpenvereinskarte 1 : 50.000; Kitzbüheler Alpen östliches Blatt, Nr. 34/2 S, Deutscher Alpenverein, 2009; - topo map with ski routes

  • Austrian Topo Maps:
    Österreichische Karte 1 : 50.000 - UTM (ÖK50):

  • 3214, Kitzbühel

  • 3219, Neukirchen am Großvenediger

  • Other Topo Maps:

  • Freytag Berndt Wanderkarten, WK 301, Kufstein - Kaisergebirge - Kitzbühel 1:50.000

  • Freytag Berndt Wanderkarten, WK 302, Brixental, Wörgl, Kitzbühel. 1:50000

  • Kitzbühel 1 : 25 000: Wander-, Rad-, MTB- und Tourenkarte mit Wanderführer und Panorama. GPS-geeignet; Kompass Verlag

  • Kompass-Karten Nr. 29: Kitzbüheler Alpen: Wandern / Rad / Skitouren. Mit Panora-ma. GPS-genau. 1:50.000

  • Kompass Fahrrad- und Mountainbikekarte, Nr. 3304, Kaisergebirge - Kitzbüheler Alpen 1 : 70 000: Radkarte

  • Guide Books

    Available only antiquarian but an indispensable mountain guide book:

  • Georg Bleier / Kurt Kettner: Alpenvereinsführer Kitzbüheler Alpen, Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, München, 1984

  • Horst Höfler, Kurt Kettner: Kitzbüheler Alpen. Mit Skirouten. Führer für Täler, Hütten und Berge, Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, München, 1976

  • Parents 


    Parents refers to a larger category under which an object falls. For example, theAconcagua mountain page has the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits' asparents and is a parent itself to many routes, photos, and Trip Reports.

    Kitzbüheler AlpenMountains & Rocks