Mount Kazbek

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Caucasus, Georgia, Europe
16512 ft / 5033 m
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Mount Kazbek
Created On: May 3, 2005
Last Edited On: Aug 2, 2011


Kazbek (5033 m), is one of the highest and most beautiful mountains of Caucasus. It is located in the East part of Central Caucasus, in Georgia. As Elbrus, Kazbek also is extinct volcano which is clearly appreciable from its conic form with distinctive remains of ancient gigantic crater.
Technically Kazbek is not difficult for climbing. The Normal route is PD, mostly glacier walking, except the crux which is 100 m of easy ice climbing in the couloir below the summit (not steeper then 40 deg.) Kazbek is very popular object for climbing because of its simplicity and convenient easy to access location.

There are many tales, legends and interesting historical facts about this mountain. On the altitude 3800 m in the cave which entrance is in the upper part of 80 m rock, there is ancient monastery Betlemi (Bethlehem). In chronicles "Kartlis Tshovreba" this monastery was quoted as a depository of sanctuary and church treasury. Its monks got in by the long iron chain.
Other legend refers to some more distant times when after the quarrel in Heaven because of the stolen fire Prometheus was chained to the rock. This rock was Kazbek.
The most famous place near Kazbek is the ancient monastery of Saint Trinity Sameba which was built in XIV century on the high hill just above the Kazbegi village.
Mikhail Lermontov mentions this peak in his "Hero of our Time" and in his famous poem Mtsyri.

"Where merge Aragva and her twin,
Kura and fast rush onward, in
Times past, a lonely cloister stood;
By fields, a dense and o'ergrown wood
Encircled 'twas.... A wayfarer,
Toiling uphill, will see what were
A gate and gateposts once and, too,
A church.... To-day, no incense to
Its round dome coils, nor do a prayer
The humble monks chant, hoarse-voiced, there.
Alone, forgot by death and men,
A bent old greybeard, denizen
Of these remote and desolate hills,
Over the ruins watches still
And daily wipes the dust that clings
To tombs, of which the letterings
Of glories past speak and of things
Of like note. Of a tsar one such
Tells who by his gold crown was much
Weighed down, and did of Russia gain
The patronage o'er his domain.
Twas then God's love descended on
The land, and Georgia bloomed, and gone
Her old fears were and old suspense:
Of friendly bayonets a fence
Did, bristling, rise in her defence."

Author: Peter Schoen
Date: Dec 26, 2005 3:58 PM

As far as I know, it is not sure whether Prometheus was chained to Mkinvartsveri/Kazbek - most early Greek authors refer to a peak in the Caucasus or "Mt. Caucasus", not specifying which mountain is meant.
Mt. Kazbek is a likely candidate though, considering it´s shape.

However, a similar (but different in certain aspects) legend indeed takes place on Kazbek - the one of Amirani, one of the legends of Georgian mythology.
He was imprisoned on Mt. Kazbek after challenging God (who had given him great powers) himself.

Author: Peter Schoen
Date: Jan 20, 2006 12:30 PM
Mkinvartsveri is the 3rd highest peak in Georgia after Shkhara (5068 m) and Djanga/Djangi-Tau (5058 m), and the

6th highest in the Caucasus (and Europe) - after
Elbrus (5633 m)
Dykh-Tau (5204 m)
Koshtan (5151 m)
Shkhara (5068 m)
Djangi-Tau (5058 m)

(not counting the Elbrus East Summit and Djangi-Tau West Summit)

Climbing history

The name Kazbek was given to this mountain by Russians who inhabited the Northern side of the Main Caucasian Mountain Range. The native name of this mountain is Mkinvartsveri - in translation from Georgian it means The Mountain With Ice Head..

SP member Corax writes: another name of the mountain is Mkinvari which means The Ice Mountain

The first time Kazbek was climbed by Duglas Freshfield in 1868. Other significant successful ascension of Kazbek is the climb of famous Georgian scientist G. Nikoladze in 1923 from which begins the history of Georgian mountaineering.

Getting There

Approach from Tbilisi is still more convenient also the check point with Russia (Verkhniy Lars) is open now. From Vladikavkaz you can get a taxi to Kazbegi village.

If you go from Tbilisi you can take a taxi or regular bus to Kazbegi village (150 km). There are some comparably good hotels in this village and many possibilities for lodging. Other way is to camp somewhere near the old monastery (1,5-2 hours from the village). The place is one of the most beautiful places in Caucasus.
From the monastery go uphill by marked clearly visible trail to Bethlemi Hut - former meteostation which now works as mountain refuge. The place is relatively comfortable (comparing with tent), equipped with stationary gas and some kind of shop, where you can by beers and snacks, but often overcrowded during the season. From here begins the most of Kazbek routes, including the Normal one.

Author: Peter Schoen
Date: Dec 29, 2005 10:12 AM
Beware that this border crossing is often closed to foreigners. Get infos about the current situation if you want to head from Kazbek to Russia or from Russia to Kazbek (e.g. if you want to combine Kazbek and Elbrus).

The Lonely Planet Thorn Three is a good place to ask -, and also the embassies.

Red Tape

No climbing regulations are present. No permits, no fees. Camping is allowed anywhere, if you camp close to Meteo (Bethlemi Hut) you are to pay 5 lari per tent.

When To Climb

Kazbek is possible to climb through all the year but the most convenient time is summer (June-September). Great possibilities for ski touring during the winter months.


Camping is allowed anywhere. Bethlemi is the only hut on the route.

SP member Pulsar writes: Key to meteostation: This is a word of caution for climbers who plan to climb Kazbek. During peak season, the hut "Meteostation" is almost permanently populated with expeditions. You will not have difficulties to sleep there then. However, outside the main season, it is possible that you find the hut closed. The key is kept down in the village Kazbegi, an the keeper lives along the trail uphill to the Trinity church, at the rim of the village. It will be wise to inform down in Kazbegi prior to your trip if the hut is open to avoid unpleasant surprises.

Mountain Conditions

As any lonely standing high mountain, Kazbek is a subject for sudden weather changes which normally are good to bad starting from morning and getting worse and worse after the midday time. In winter time the weather is more stable. The weather is comparable better during the full moon periods. We do not recommend attempting Mount Kazbek without a Guide or GPS - the weather changes are quite sudden, the routes are quite long. To get lost is very easy job on the flat glacier with a lot of deep crevices.

External Links

Information on the organized commercial tours and technical climbs in Caucasus (Elbrus, Kazbek, Ushba, Shkhara, Koshtan and Dykh-Tau) you can find here

Fresh photos from the recent AlexClimb Caucasus expedition here

Additions and CorrectionsPost an Addition or Correction

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Ski Mountaineer

Ski Mountaineer - Jun 6, 2008 2:23 pm - Hasn't voted

Meteo St. ownership and costs

Be aware that the station is now privatly owned (and is getting improved), with an administrator/guardian being at the station for the spring, summer and fall months, starting in late March.

Price for a night is currently 20 Lari (about 7.5 Euros), pitching tents around the station will cost you 10 Lari.

Rigi - Apr 26, 2014 4:35 am - Hasn't voted

Re: Meteo St. ownership and costs

hello! Is the hit also open beginning of October? Would an ascend then be possible or too late?

many thanks and best regards, André

raimonds - Aug 26, 2014 7:06 am - Hasn't voted

Re: Meteo St. ownership and costs

Probably it is. We were there a few years ago very late September - it was open.

And if the weather is fine, it is not too late. We had the station all to ourselves. Only one of our group made it to the top, but it was not because of the weather but because we only had two days to climb and it proved too much to the rest.

yfcz - Oct 6, 2016 8:37 am - Hasn't voted

Re: Meteo St. ownership and costs

In 2016, price for sleeping inside of the Betlehemi hut is 35 Lari per person. There is also a spring (with delicious water) along the trail inside of the Gergeti village. See the map:


mightyboa - Jun 14, 2010 7:01 am - Hasn't voted

Approach from Russian side

Currently (May 2010) approach from Russian side is again possible, both for Russians and foreigners. However as everywhere at Russian side of Caucasus ridge, you will need a border pass and it takes approximately 1 month to make it, so do apply for it in advance!


alexclimb - Jul 31, 2013 4:04 am - Hasn't voted

Re: Approach from Russian side

Border pass from Russian side can be issued in case of timely apply - 30days for Russians and 60 days minimum for foreign citizens!


dangerCake - Sep 2, 2017 7:51 pm - Hasn't voted

Dormant not extinct

The volcano is in a volcanically-active region and is dormant, not extinct.

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