Overview and initial attempts
"Chomolungma or Qomolangma" to Tibetans, meaning "Mother Goddess of the Earth". "Sagarmatha" meaning "Goddess of the Sky"to the Sherpa people, (invented in the 1960s by Baburam Acharya in response the the rising question that the Mountain had no Nepalese name)
Mount Everest gets its European name from British Superintentant General of the Survey of India 1830-1843, Sir George Everest.
The ancient name for the mountain is Devgiri, meaning "holy mountain" or Devadurga may have been pronounced it as deodungha by the English in the 1800s.
Info from mac9805b (in italics)
The 1922 British expedition reached a high point of 8,320 meters. This was also the first recorded use of bottled oxygen in Mountaineering.
The 1924 British expedition set two height records. The high point of the expedition was 8,573 meters, which stood as the highest point ever climbed for 29 years until the first ascent in 1953 (assuming Mallory and Irvine did not summit). It was also the highest point climbed without oxygen for 56 years until Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler summited without oxygen from the South Col. Andrew Irvine's body was discovered by Chinese climber Wang Hong Bo in 1979 at 8,150 meters. The Chinese said that his camera was not found with the remains, though some western climbers allege that the Chinese took it. If they did take the camera, with possible summit photos, it would be buried in the avalanche that killed Wang Hong Bo the day after discovering the body. Noel Odell has stated that he saw Mallory and Irvine nearing the base of the second step at about 12:50 pm on June 8, 1924. He said they appeared to climbing strongly.
George Mallory's remains were discovered in 1999 by American Big Wall climber Conrad Anker on the International Mountain Guide expedition led by Eric Simonson. Mallory was found in a self arrest position, suggesting that his cause of death was a fall on the descent. His camera was nowhere to be found.
It has been suggested that the 30 meter vertical rock wall called the second step prevented Mallory and Irvine from summiting in 1924. Due to the extreme altitude and cold, it has long been considered unclimbable. The Chinese expedition to the North Ridge in 1975 installed a ladder here, which is still in use today. However, in 1999 Conrad Anker freeclimbed the second step by jamming the crack just to the left of the ladder with gloves and plastic boots.
For eight years the Dalai Lama refused permission for any further excursions to Everest. Then in 1933 permission was again granted.
Some notable successes
|May 29, 1953||British team led by H.C.J Hunt||Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Sherpa) were the first to summit Everest||South Col|
|May 23, 1956||Swiss team led by Albert Egler||May 23rd Ernst Schmied and Jarmet summit. On May 24th Adolf Reist and Hans Roudolf von Gunten summit.||South Col|
|May 25, 1960||Chinese team led by Shih Chan-chun||Gonpa (Tibet), Chu Yin-hua and Wang Fu-chou summit||North Col/Northeast Ridge|
|May 1, 1963||U.S. team led by Norman Dyhrenfurth||Nawang Gombu (Sherpa) and James Whittaker summit||South Col|
|May 22, 1963||U.S. team led by Norman Dyhrenfurth||Barry Bishop and Luther Jerstad summit||South Col|
|May 22, 1963||U.S. team led by Norman Dyhrenfurth||Tom Hornbein and Willi Unsoeld summit||West Ridge/Hornbein Couloir|
|May 1965||Indian team||A.S Cheema, Nawang Gombu (Sherpa?), Sonam Gyato, Harish Chandra S. Rawat, Phu Dorje (Sherpa), Sonam Wangyal, C.P. Vohra, Ang Kami and Hari al Singh Ahluwalia summit.||South Col|
|May 11, 1970||Japanese team (Saburo Matsukata||Terup Matsura and Naomi Uemura. May 12th Katsutoshi and Sherpa Chotare summit.||South Col|
|May 5/7, 1973|| |
Italian team lead by Guido Monzino
|Rinaldo Carrel, Mirko Minuzzo, Shambu Tamang and Lhakpa Tenzing (Sherpas) summit. May 7, Virgino Epis, Fabrizio Innamorati, Sonam Gyalzen (Sherpa?) and Claudio Benedetti summit.||South Col|
|October 26, 1973||Japanese team lead by Michio Yuasa||Hisashi Ishiguro and Yasuo Kato summit||South Col|
|May 16, 1975||Japanese women's team lead by Eiko Hisano||First women to summit was Junko Tabei as well as Ang Tsering (sherpa).||South Col|
|May 27, 1975||Tibetan/Chinese team lead by Shih Chab-chun||Second women to summit was Phanthog as well as Hou Sheng-fu. Tsering Tobgyal, Ngapo Khyen, Kunga Pasang, Samdrub, Sonam Norbu and Lotse||North Col/ North Ridge/ Northeast Ridge/ route|
|September 24/26, 1975||British team lead by Chris Bonington||Sept 24th, Doug Scott and Dougal Haston Sept 26th Pete Boardman, Pertemba (Sherpa) and Mick Burke||Southwest face (first)|
|October 8, 1976||British/Nepalese team lead by Tony Streather||John Stokes and Michael Lane||South Col|
|May 8, 1978||Reinhold Messner||Reinhold Messner, Peter Habeler first ascent without oxygen||South Face|
|May 13/15, 1979||Team from former Yugoslavia - Slovenian (mostly) and Croatian|| |
The first complete ascent through western ridge; on summit were Jernej "Nejc" Zaplotnik, Andrej Stremfelj, Stane Belak, Stipe Bozic and Sherpa Ang Phu who died on descent
|February 17th,1980||Poland|| |
Leszek Cichy and Krzysztof Wielicki February 17 th, 1980. Polish expedition, leader Andrzej Zawada. First winter ascent of Everest.
|August 20, 1980||Reinhold Messner||First summit by way of North Face route via the north ridge||North Face/North Ridge|
|1982||Canadian Team||First Canadian summit. Laurie Skreslet. Three days later Pat Morrow||South Col|
|October 8th, 1983||C. Buhler,K.Momb,L.Reichardt climbed east face for the first time.|
|1986||Canadian Team||1986 First North American woman, Sharon Wood, Canada. Also summiting Dwayne Congdon, Canada|
|May 23, 2003||Speed Record. May 26, 2003. Lakpa Gelu claimed the record with a time of 10 hours and 56 minutes|
|May 26, 2003||Previous Speed Record. May 23, 2003. Pemba Dorje, set the previous record of 12 hours and 45 minutes only three days earlier.|
|May 30, 2004||Russian Team||Pavel Shabaline, Iljas Tukhvatullin and Andrew Mariev summited Everest via the center of the North Wall - a new route. Story||North Wall|
1984 Bulgarian West Ridge expedition . Author: taikavuorimies Date: Jan 12, 2006 1:58 PM On April 20 1984 Hristo Prodanov became the first Bulgarian to summit mount Everest and the first man ever to scale the West ridge solo and without the use of supplemental oxygen. He died while trying to descend through the West ridge. On May 8-9 four members of the same expedition made the first full traverse of Everest - ascent through the West ridge and descent through the South-East ridge (Hornbein's team did not follow the West ridge completely, they passed through the Hornbein Couloir). These four men were Ivan Valchev, Metodi Savov, Nikolai Petkov and Kiril Doskov. No one has scaled the West ridge since that expedition.
First ski descent & first married couple . Author: alex_vega Date: Dec 28, 2005 11:52 AM Mt. Everest, October 7, 2000 It was a historical day for Slovenian. Davo Karnicar, of Jezersko, Slovenia, accomplished an uninterrupted ski descent from the top of the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (8,848m). At 8 a.m. local time (4.15 CEST), Davo started his historical ascent, fulfilling his longtime dream to which he had aspired since 1996 when a snowstorm halted his efforts. Today, in only five hours, Davo skied uninterruptedly (without taking skis off) from the top of the mountain to base camp at 5,340m. (copied from www.k2news.com) Andrej and Marija Stremfelj , first married couple on world , that is together climbed Everest on October 7 , 1990.
Items of interest
Hungarians on Everest!
On the 23rd of May, 2007 the second hungarian climber, Attila Jelinkó has reached the summit of Mount Everest at 3 o'clock am /CET/. The first was Zsolt Erõss in 2002. Attila Jelinkó is the first non professional hungarian climber who climbed Chomolungma!
New book out on the Himalyan Data Base of Elizabeth Hawley
Everest goes 3G
SP members summit bidsCheck here or here
SP member Kevin Donovan attempted the North Face of Everest. You can read about it hereexpeditioneverest.com Adventure Peaks handled all the lodgistics for this expedition. Just a couple of quick items on the expedition. Enjoy! From MountEverest.Net www.mounteverest.net Photos of Gear - Before & After www.expeditioneverest.com More Just for fun! Link to a Panorama from the summit of Everest. Provided by vertx Times of India article on Spirits on Everest
Getting There[img:66374:alignleft:small:The huge bulk of Mount Everest rises above the Nuptse wall.
A jet-stream driven plume of snow is an indication of the conditions up there.]To get to Nepal you will have to fly from either India, Thailand or Singapore. To get to New Delhi India try (there are many others).
Once you get to Katmandu you will have basically two options:
1 - Fly on Royal Air Nepal's Twin Otter flights to Lukla. A small air strip about ten days from Everest Base Camp (eight from Gokyo peak allowing for acclimitization) 1 hour flight approx. 2 - Take a local bus, Mini Bus hired by you or your Sherpa provider to Jiri. This is a small village at the end of the road. From here it is about a 14-16 day trek to the Kumbu region.
If you have the time do the walk. For three reasons:
1 - You will have a chance to walk through one of the most lush and beautiful lowland areas in Nepal. This is an area that a lot of trekkers miss when flying to Lukla. You will also cross over two high passes with excellent views in all directions.
2 - By taking 2 weeks to arrive in the Khumbu are and having already crossed over two high passes you will be better acclimitized once you arrive in the high peaks area. You will enjoy this more as you will be huffing and puffing less.
3 - You will be following the route taken by most of the early expeditions. There is a lot of history along that path, why not soak it up. You will also have the bragging rights that you did the same route as they in years gone by.
Flying is fast and that has its advantages. But if you have ever been at Lukla after several day s of no flights after bad weather you will understand this. (Trekkers fighting over seats to make their connecting flights home)
Note on recent bus cancellation to Juri Author: vito corleone Date: May 19, 2004 05:08 AM At the moment it is not possible to take the bus to Jiri. There are no busses going to the east of Nepal from Kathmandu because maoists shot at a public bus and killed several people, including civilists. After that, all the bus services were suspended. Nobody knows when the busses will be going again. If you really want to go to Jiri dispite of the worsening security situation (probably not a good idea) you have to hire a car. Nepal News story Still, there are no problems with maoists above Lukla. For Chinese (north side) Fly to Beijing, then to Lhasa, in occupied Tibet. Bus or truck to basecamp very long and dusty and no relief from altitude gain.
Red TapePermits The General Secretary, Nepal Mountaineering Association Post Box No. 1435, Kathmandu. Chinese to come
Helping the Sherpa/Tibetan community
The Sir Edmund Hillary Foundation The Sir Edmund Hillary Foundation 222 Jarvis Street Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 2B8 (416) 941-3315
The American Himalayan Foundation The American Himalayan Foundation 909 Montgomery Street, suite 400 San Francisco CA 94133 Telephone (415) 288-7245 Fax (415) 434-3130
VOCATIONAL TIBETAN EXPEDITION MOUNTAINEERING SCHOOL For further information please contact: Nima Tsering at: Fax: +86 891 633 6366 E-mail: [email protected] Hans Schallenberger at: Fax: +852 2646 5301 E-mail: [email protected]
The walk in from Lukla
Slowly decend to Phakding 8,700 ft. about 2 hr walk from Lukla, you will probably overnight here.
The next morning after about 2-3 hours you will pass through Jorsale 9,100 ft. Here is where you will pay a fee and enter the Sagarmatha (Everest) National Parkand. You will then continue for another 2-3 hours up hill to the main Village of Namche Bazaar 11,300 ft. This is quite an elevation gain especially for those who have flown in. You should rest here one to two days, doing small side trips ect. to acclimitize.
The next day will take you through Shyangboche 11,800 ft. (approx) then onto the village of Khunde 12,600 ft. then onto Khumjung 12,400 ft. then you decend to near the river crossing at 10,650 ft. Cross over at Pungo Tenga. Then it is uphill for two hours to Tengboche. This is another good rest spot.
The following day continue east out of the settlement and down 1.5 hours to Pangboche 12,800 ft. (keep right). Continue for 1.5 hours till you reach a fork in the trail. Go left donw to the river and cross over and uphill to the village of Pheriche (13,950 ft.). Stop here for the night. Here there is a Hospital for treating altitude illnesses. The next day or so go north along the valley floor to the end and then up to the north-east along the glacial moraine past Dunhla (15,075 ft.) (Climbers memorials) to the Village of Labouche (16,175 ft.) another 2-4 hours will bring you to Gorak Shep. From here you can go to Kala Pattar (18,450 ft.) or Everest Base Camp (17,575 ft.) or if you are going to Nupste you will have to cross the moraine to it’s base.
Avoiding Altitude sickness
There's not much you can do to prevent this problem, but there are ways of alleviating its effects. The key to doing this is simple: take it easy. Take a day or two before beginning the walk in to acclimatize yourself to the elevation. Go at your own pace, and don't take chances. Even if you're in excellent shape, don't be fooled. The lack of oxygen at such high altitudes can definitely throw your lungs for a loop. Walk at a comfortable, slow pace and don't carry too much weight. Make sure to hydrate yourself regularly, drinking 4 to 5 liters (nalgene bottles) of water per day; On some climbs camelbacks can be mountain companions because of their convenient water portability. The only problem being keeping the nozzle clean, I find they can get gross and need constant cleaning. My self I attach a 1 litre Nalgene bottle to each side of my backpack so that I can reach them easily without removing my pack. These solutions would have to be modified to suit the weather and conditions of climbing Everest. Bottles would have to be insulated and the tube from the camelback could tend to freeze up. Taking antioxidant vitamin s (A, C, and E) also helps reduce the effects of high altitudes. Of course working out before you go is another great preventative measure. While this doesn't guarantee an easier time when up high, it can enhance your lungs' ability to cope with the challenges of high elevations.
Try to spread out your ascent over a period of two or three days to give your body more time to adapt. Play by the "climb-high, sleep-low" theory of ascent: go on a short hike to a higher elevation, then return to the (lower) elevation at which you'll sleep.
Physical fitness, as mentioned above, is no guarantee against developing altitude sickness. Past excursions to high elevations without developing symptoms is similarly no guarantee against getting sick. There's no way to predict who is more susceptible to altitude sickness, although climbers who overexert themselves, those who are panting or breathless, and those who stagger far behind the rest of the group are likely candidates.
Surefire signs of impending illness include extreme fatigue, headache,loss of appetite, and shortness of breath. If you experience any of these symptoms, the best thing to do is take a break from climbing for a couple days to acclimatize. Once the symptoms disappear, it's safe for you to continue. If the symptoms persist or get worse, you should descend to a lower elevation.
More serious levels of the illness include increasing tiredness, severe headaches, vomiting, and loss of coordination, and are indicative of acute mountain sickness (AMS). If such symptoms appear, don't hesitate to get immediate medical attention. If serious symptoms go ignored for more than 12 hours, they could have dire--even fatal--effects, such as accumulation of fluid in the lungs or brain. The most important symptom of AMS is loss of coordination. If someone staggers or walks in a drunken gait, check them out for further signs of AMS. A good test is, essentially, the police's test for drunkenness--ask the person to walk in a straight line, placing one foot di rectly in front of the other without staggering or losing balance. If the person cannot perform, he or she should descend immediately--and never alone. Go slowly and without exertion, and ideally while it's light outside. Descend should continue until symptoms beg in to decrease; relief usually occurs within 1,000 to 1,500 feet.
There are prescription drugs out there that you can take for severe symptoms. One of the most common is called Diamox; it works by stimulating your breathing. Diamox is a strong medication and has some slight side effects, such as an annoying tingling in the fingers and toes. You will urinate more frequently so getting out of the tent at night in a storm could be a problem (if you don't use a pee bottle). This will also necessitate you drinking more fluids to compensate. If you take too much you can get very ill. My advice is avoid taking it if if you can.
Possible acclimitisation schedule for the South col route
Author: trunl Date: Jan 25, 2005 9:33 PM
Trek to BC- 10 days
Arrival BC April 1
Climbing C1 April 7
Back to BC April 8
Climbing C2 April 11
Back to BC April 13
Climbing C2 April 17
Climbing C3 April 19
Back to BC April 20
Trekking down April 21
Back to BC April 26
1st summit attempt May 1-7
Trekking down May 7-12
Back in BC May 13
Mount Everest : The Reconnaissance 1935
Author: Tony Astill
Date: Dec 01, 2005 06:22 AM
This new book, just published by the author in December 2005 is available from him. Please contact Tony Astill directly by post
'Arcadia' Hazel Grove, Ashurst, Southampton SO40 7AJ England.
Tel  (0) 2380293767 or email [email protected]
This is a hardback book of 360 pages, with 125 photgraphic illustrations now seen for the first time and 10 maps [3 folding]. The unique double dust jacket shows the fine map of the north face of Everest by Michael Spender. Ed Webster says 'I got my copy of your book today. I have just finished flipping through the entire book tonight, admiring each and every page, and sensational is the only word capable of describing your multiple accomplishments of writing, digging, researching, assembling, and publishing this monumental, vital, comprehensively detailed, exceptionally interesting, and historically significant book.'
Annapurna, by Maurice Herzog will fill you in on frostbite. New Paper back issue is on the stands now.
Everest:Expedition to the Ultimate Reinhold Messner/Pape rback/Published 1999
Other Side of Everest : Climbing the North Face Through the Killer Storm Matt Dickinson / Hardcover / Published 1999
Everest again, May 1996 again, this time on the Tibetan side, in a tedious, self-obsessed account from filmmaker Dickinson. While Krakauer and company were toiling up the southern, Nepalese side of Everest three years back, Dickinson was part of a commercial climb on the North Face.
Doctor on Everest : Emergency Medicine at the Top of the World - A Personal Account Including the 1996 Disasterby Ken Kamler, Kenneth Kamler, Edmund Hillary
View from the Summit by Edmund Hillary
Everest: The West Ridge by Thomas F. Hornbein
The Madman Of Everest by Ann Livesay
Climbing Everest : A Meditation on Mountaineering and the Spirit of Adventure by Pat Ament
Everest : Alone at the Summit (Adrenaline Classics Series) by Stephen Venables (Editor). Paperback (August 15, 2000)
Everest : The Struggle to Reach the Top of the World by Geoff Tibballs
Left for Dead : My Journey Home from Everest by Beck Weathers, Stephen G. Michaud (Contributor)
Everest : A Mountaineering History' by Walt Unsworth Hardcover - 736 pages Reprint edition (October 1999)
Ghosts of Everest; The Search for Mallory & Irvine by Jochen Hemmleb, Eric Simonson, Larry Johnson
Eric Shipton: Everest & Beyond Edmund Hillary, Peter M.D. Steele /Paperback/Published 1999
A Life on the Edge: Memoirs of Everest and Beyond -- Jim Whittaker, et al; Hardcover 272 pages September 1999
Climbing High: A Woman's Account of Surviving the Everest Tragedy Lene Gammelgaard / Hardcover /Published 1999
Into Thin Air :The Illustated Version ~by Jon Krakauer Hardcover - 378 pages illustrated edition
Everest : Mountain Without Mercy - Broughton Coburn, et al; Hardcover
The Climb : Tragic Ambitions on Everest - Anatoli Boukreev, G. Weston Dewalt; Hardcover
East of Everest Bob Langley / Hardcover / Published 1986
Into Thin Air : A Personal Account of the Mount Everest Disaster ~ Jon Krakauer / Hardcover / Published 1997
Mount Everest National Park : Sagarmatha Mother of the Universe ~ Margaret Jefferies / Paperback / Published 1991
The Right Mountain : Lessons from Everest on the Real Meaning of Suc cess ~ Jim Hayhurst / Paperback / Published 1997
Sir Edmund Hillary : To Everest and Beyond (Newsmakers) ~ Whitney Stewart, et al / Library Binding / Published 1996
The Crystal Horizon : Everest-The First Solo Ascent Reinhold Messner / Paperback / Published 1998
A Deathful Ridge : A Novel of Everest ~ Andy Wainwright, J. A. Wainwright / Hardcover / Published 1997
The Boardman Tasker Omnibus : Savage Arena, the Shining Mountain, Sacred Summits, Everest the Cruel Way ~ Peter Board man (Editor), Joe Tasker (Editor) / Hardcover / Published 1995
Everest : The History of the Himalayan Giant ~Roberto Mantovani, et al / Hardcover / Published 1997
If you can get your hands on the original book on the first ascent in 193 by Sir John Hunt do so its good reading. I have a copy somewhere, and will provide the info later. Try your local library or the web.
Note on The John Hunt Everest book
Author: nchenkin The first ascent was in 1953, Hunt's book was titled simply The Ascent of Everest There were five printings of the first edition. The fourth printing has a fold-out elevation chart, which is not present in other printings.
When the book was released in the U.S. title was unfortunately changed to The Conquest of Everest. There are plenty of copies of both available in used book site on the web. Plus, it was reissued, as The Ascent of Everest in paperback by The Mountaineers in 1993. Thanks for this nchenkin. Cheers William
Brief gear list
Here is a brief incomplete list for you. Minus the Climbing gear
Political Situation in Nepal
Images for deletion
- Link to Alan's site with pictures
- tables at "www.adeventurestats.com"
accurat statistics about the climbers at Mount Everest. (does not work with Netscape 4.6)
- Everest high definition satellite view
- Expedition Everest 2004
The plan is to attempt the ultimate summit, Mount Everest from Tibet. The route, via the North Ridge, will retrace the original route pioneered by George Mallory and Sandy Irvine up the Rongbuk glacier within Tibet. This route still offers a real mountaineering challenge. Be sure to check out the website for the for the latest updates.
- 360 Degree Panoramic
This is a 360 degree panoramic shot from the summit of Everest. Very cool!
- Base Camp MD
- Trek to Kharta region
From the Chinese side to view the rarely seen east (Kangshung) face of Everest. Great photos.
Additions and Corrections[ Post an Addition or Correction ]