What's New Here?
November 8th, 2014 - Geology chapter added, major updates.
> August 22nd, 2005 - Added the chapter for summit panoramas.
> January 24th, 2005 - Links to the Kanin group added.
> May 27th, 2004 - Alta Via Resiana described. Map & some pictures added.
> May 26th, 2004 - Initial set up of the page.
General remark: (When reading Slovenian words on maps or in books, you will find special characters for ch, sh, and zh. They are written with c, s and z with a caron - little v above them.)
Visoki Kanin Presented
Kanin/Canin group is an Eldorado for cave explorers (speleologists). Its carst high plateaus are like a Swiss cheese, many extremely hard accessible caves exceed the depth of 1000 meters. But here we shall focus on the mountain, not on the whole massif of Kanin but on its highest summit - Visoki Kanin (High Kanin) / Monte Canin.
Many hiking routes and ferrattas reach its summit. As a climbing mountain, Kanin is not so popular. Although high, its summit walls and ridges only moderately exceed the surrounding high plateaus. And walls have a special structure. Formed of many ledges and steps they are not appropriate for harder climbs. In winter and spring high plateaus are also very appropriate for tour skiing (although the usual ski tour can not be done from the summit).
Boka waterfall. Enormous amounts of water suddenly burst out from south slopes of Kanin, as if all water reservoirs would be emptying there. Boka is most beautiful in spring, when high above on the mountain up to 6 meters high snows are melting.
The first recorded ascent on Visoki Kanin / Monte Canin was done in 1842 by Otto Sendtner.
About the Geology of Kanin
The upper part of Kanin massif is built of more than 1000 meters thick layers of Dachstein limestone. Those layers were depositing in shallow, warm seas some 200 million years ago. Dachstein limestone is lying on top of even a few more million years older base of Dolomia Pricnipale (Main Dolomite).
These two rock structures have a bit different features. Limestone is very sensitive on chemical erosion. Water is easily dissolving it, creating thus many karst phaenomena. Dolomite is more resistant to chemical impact, but is mechanically more fragile. In Kanin massif all water immediately goes underground through thousands chiasms, holes and caves, and only in big depths, often more than 1000 meters underground, when it reaches layers of dolomite rocks, water comes on the surface. So strong karst sources can be admired, especially on the southern side - Boka, Gljun and Možnica. On the northern side there are less sources, one such example is on Goriuda meadow. The layers of Dachstein limestone are on the southern side of Kanin massif also thicker than on the northern side, and also the Dolomite base is slanted, its inclination is falling from the north towards the south. That is why Kanin caves are deeper in the southern part and that is why water sources are on the southern side coming out on lower altitudes, bringing out also waters from the northern side of the massif. We should consider the karst nature of Kanin massif when planning tours in it – in higher regions we shall almost nowhere find water on the surface.
Summit PanoramasVisoki Kanin is the last high mountain in the south-western part of Julian Alps. It offers an excellent panorama - from Adriatic sea on south, Carnic Alps and Dolomites on west, the whole Julian Alps on north to hilly interior of Slovenia.
Kanin High Karst PlateausFor a start, here are a few pictures of karst phaenomena on the northern plateau.
Numbers refer to Kanin group huts: (1) Koca na Stolu, (2) Bivouac C.A.I. Manzano, (3) Dom Petra Skalarja na Kaninu, (4) Rif. C. Gilberti, (5) Rif. Divisione Julia-Nevea, (6) Bivouac Marussich, (7) Dom na Predelu.
See the Julian Alps overview page and the Kanin Group page!
By car/bus Soča valley and Bovec can be reached over Vršič pass (from Sava valley) or from the south, from Gorica/Gorizia. From Bovec you can drive by car even higher - to the B station of cable car, and further left to the parking place on 1075 m.
Valleys Rezija/Resia and Reklanica/Raccolana can be reached from Val Canale (Tagliamento river) by deterring from the highway Udine-Tarvisio. Nevejski preval/Sella Nevea (Pass) can also be reached from the NE, from Trbiž/Tarvisio.
Two cable-cars can help you reach the high plateau:
> Cable car Kanin: In summer 2004: Up - from 7:00 to 15:00 (each full hour). Down - from 8:00 to 16:00 (each full hour). pictures
> Cable car Sella Nevea.
> Julijske Alpe - Zahodni del (Western part). Planinska zveza Slovenije. 1:50000.
Visoki Kanin / Monte Canin with its routes. Numbers refer to those, described in text.
Routes are here only shortly described, as I have a personal experience only with the first one. Others have contributed two more descriptions so far.
1. From the east-southeast (using cable-car). From the upper station of Kanin cable-car, cca 2200 m (3 h) or from Dom Petra Skalarja, 2260 m (2,5 h). A medium difficult hike, on a few places secured with steel ropes and pegs.
2. From the south (from Bovec, 483 m). A very long marked route, crossing the whole SE slope and high plateau (more than 2000 meters of altitude). Because of easier route #1, very rarely used. Or, it is a bit less altitude difference, if you start on the parking place 1075 m, near B station of cable car.
3. From the north (from Sella Nevea, 1195 m). First reaching Rif. C. Gilberti, 1850 m, crossing the plateau and a small glacier to the north wall, climbing the wall using one of two ferrattas (one called Julia, the other one Delle Cengie - by ledges). Medium hard ferrattas, often snow and on the glacier ice. From Rif. C. Gilberti 3 h, from Sella Nevea 5 h.
4. From the west (from Rezija/Resia valley, Korita/Coritis village, 641 m). Marked path and scramble to the south ridge and over it to the summit. 7 h.
5. From the north-west - Visoka rosijanska pot (Alta Via Resiana). You can start either in Rezija/Resia valley, 641 m, or on Sella Nevea, 1142 m, and reach by marked paths the Marussich bivouac, just above the Sella Grubia/Peravo (pass), 2041 m. If you want to climb the NW ridge of Monte Canin, you have to climb before the via ferrata "Rosalba Grasselli" on the west crest of Picco di Carnizza / Vrh Krnice, 2443 m, which is short but quite demanding in a couple of aerial passages. From there you continue further on by Visoki Kanin's NW ridge to the summit. The route is not secured all the time and requires climbing of I.-II. UIAA degree.
6. By the south ridge - Visoka rosijanska pot (Alta Via Resiana). This part of the famous high route is very beautiful - marked, exposed, but not secured. It requires climbing of I.-II. UIAA degree, only on one place, where it reaches III. degree, it is secured by steel ropes. The starting point on the high route is Med Baban saddle, 2004 m on the south ridge, which can be reached either from Rezija/Resia or Soča/Isonzo valley.
Red TapeNo limitations.
When To ClimbSummer and autumn (best months are usually July - October)
Spring for tour skiing (Usually march - May)
Huts and Camping
> Bivouac C.A.I. Manzano. For the ascent from south.
> Dom Petra Skalarja na Kaninu, 2260 m, (041) 527-926. For the ascent from south-east.
> Rif. C. Gilberti, 1850 m. For the ascent from north.
> Rif. Divisione Julia - Nevea, 1142 m. For the ascent from north.
> Bivouac Marussich, 2050 m. For the ascent from north.
Mountain ConditionsFor weather see here.
Additions and Corrections[ Post an Addition or Correction ]