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Ďumbier is the highest peak of the Nízke Tatry mountains. Its name derives from the word ginger.
The peak is made of granite, and has moderate southern slopes falling to Bystrá dolina (dolina = Valley) and a steep, over 500 m tall northern face falling to Ludárova dolina. Since 1973 the summit has been a part of Ďumbier National Nature Reserve (2044 ha). Ďumbier's neighbour Štiavnica (2025 m), second highest peak in the Nízke Tatry (Low Tatras), can be considered its foresummit. The massif of Ďumbier is delimited by:
Krúpova hoľa (1927 m)
Prašivá (1667 m)
Tanečnica (1681 m)
Krakova hoľa (1751 m)
Štiavnica (2025 m)
Rovná hoľa (1723 m) and
Králičky (1807 m).
The north wall of Ďumbier, along with the cirques at its foot, which cradled glaciers during the Ice Age, make up the finest chunk of alpine scenery throughout the Low Tatras. The place is also home to chamois, brought here from the Tatras a few decades ago, and marmots. The chamois seek shelter on the craggy slopes of the highest peaks of the Low Tatras as the animals have a really tough life in these mountains, especially in winter, when - apart from the weather hazards - they fall prey to the wolves and lynx. The future of the chamois population is uncertain.
Map of Summit Vicinity
On the south slopes of Ďumbier, at around 1500m, which comes down to about 30 minute-descent from the Generál Štefánik Hut via marked trail, there’s an interesting cave, which you can visit after making a reservation over the telephone. The cave is interesting for two reasons: limestone cannot normally be found south of the main ridge of the mountains, and also the way of exploring the cave is diverse – for more information click here. And one more link for details about available route (and fee options.
On the summit, there is a concrete pillar and wooden "double cross" (two bars, the upper is shorter) - the national emblem of Slovakia.
Interesting for climbing is only northern face of Ďumbier – and especially in winter. Climbing is allowed 15 Dec - 28 Feb, there’s an exception valid until 2012, but only for the members of JAMES. Climbing is possible in the area delimited by:
in the East: Štajnerova vežička and Lehotský komín,
in the West: from Ludárova kopa to Kamzičie sedlo
Lehotský komín (chimney) only marks the border of this area, and it cannot be used for climbing. Descent is possible only via Huťkov žľab (couloir) or Východný žľab.
Some of the routes in the northern face:
- Štepánskeho cesta, 4+
- Delová rúra, 5
- Stredom steny, 4+
- Stredom platne, 6A0
- Koniec prázdnin, 5+
- Pravý pilier, M6-
- Zelený kút, 5A1 - to the western summit of Ďumbier
- Černice, 5+ - to the western summit of Ďumbier
- Iba raz, 6- to the western summit of Ďumbier
Pictures from this routes: Horoklub ŠK UMB Banská Bystrica
Summer climbing is difficult due to grass fields and loose rocks.
Huts and trailsOn the southern side sitsGeneral Stefanik Hut, i.e. Chata generála M. R. Štefánika (chata = hut),(1727 m), a good starting point for Ďumbier. The hut can be easily reached from both the South (by road from Bystra to the car park at the Trangoška Hotel, then less than 2 hours’hike upwards) and the East (from a place called Čertovica: pass, road and hut - about 3.5 hours). The old trail leading from the Stefanik Hut directly to the summit is closed in summer, due to erosion caused by tourists. The new red marked trail leads from this hut to Sedlo pod Krúpovou hoľou and from this point to the summit – 1:30 h.
The summit is accessible from Demänovská dolina too. Take the green marked trail starting next to Chata Lúčky. Ascend through Široká dolina (Broad Valley) and via the summit of Krúpova hoľa (1927 m) to the summit of Ďumbier – 4 h.
A nice option is a visit to the summit of Ďumbier while hiking/skiing along the main ridge trail of Nízke Tatry.
HistoryThe slopes of Ďumbier used to be heavily mined due to the resources of iron ore, gold and antimony. During the Second World War there was intense fighting just east of the summit - between the partisans and the German army in the winter 1944. In memory of the partisans, who died in battle a Monument to the Fallen Partisans was erected near the General Stefanik Hut. Generál Štefánik, who died in a plane crash in 1919 while returning home from the West, was a Slovak scholar and activist fighting for an independent Czechoslovakia, which was born as a federation of two nations after the First World War and lasted until the early 1990s, when it split up – entirely peacefully!
Mountain Rescue Team - Horská službawww.horska-sluzba.sk/index.php
On the ridge of Nízke Tatry:
* Dom HS Čertovica
* Dom HS Donovaly
* Kamenná chata pod Chopkom
* Chata gen. Štefánika pod Ďumbierom
* Horský hotel Čertovica
* Hotel Junior Krpáčovo
* TV tower on Kráľova hoľa
Away from the ridge:
* Dom HS Jasná
* Horský hotel Trangoška
* Hotel Mýto pod Ďumbierom
* Pension Jarabá
* Hotel Biotika Krpáčovo
* Hotel Junior Krpáčovo
* Hotel Pusté Pole - Besník
* Pohorelá Ján Šulej
Red TapeThere are no such restrictions as in the High Tatras, but remember, it is a National Park, so you can only walk along the marked paths. Camping is allowed only in designated places, picking plants is forbidden.
Seasonally closed paths: (16.10. - 30.6.)
- Kotliská - Žiar
- Poľana - Sedlo Siná
- Dolina Vyvieranie
The path leading from Chata M.R. Štefánika to Ďumbier is closed in the summer. You have to go via Krupovo sedlo.
In winter, the main ridge is marked by wooden sticks.
Areas for skiing:
a) Demänovská dolina Valley – Chopok North
Jasná - Luková
Luková - Chopok
Otupné - Brhliská
Otupné - Luková
Rovná hoľa - Chopok
Rovná hoľa - Konský Grúň
Záhradky - Priehyba
Záhradky - Rovná hoľa
b) Horná Lehota - Chopok South
Kosodrevina - Chopok
Srdiečko - Kosodrevina
Predná Derešská mulda
Zadná Derešská mulda
c) Partizánska Ľupča
Železnô -Senná kopa
Areas for climbing:
a) Dereše North - Kohútik
b) Demänovská dolina - Machnatô
c) Liptovská Porúbka - Sielnica
d) Demänovská dolina - Blatník (15.8. do 31.1.)
Areas for ski-mountaineering:
- ridge Poľany - Krúpova hoľa: from the north limited by the yellow marked path Nr. 8619/a (Poľany 1873 m - Tri vody - Zadná voda) and from the east by the green marked path Nr. 5426 (Krúpova hoľa 1922 m - Široká dolina -Lúčky)
- ridge Dereše - Chata M. R. Štefánika hut: from the south limited by the line Dereše - Oblaz, from the east by Trangoška Valley
- other areas only along the winter marked routes
The weather forecast for Chopok
Web cams in Jasná
Jasná - web site